TEDxGhent 2016 PhD Contest

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Slides of my presentation at TEDxGhent 2016 PhD Contest
24 March 2016, Ghent, Belgium

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TEDxGhent 2016 PhD Contest

  1. 1. 1/10 FACULTY OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION www.janclaes.info TEDxGhent PhD Contest, Ghent 2016 How can you tweak your brain to decrease the number of errors you make?
  2. 2. www.janclaes.info Why do we make errors? Cognitive overload Working slower Making mistakes No learning Lack of knowledge Physical problems 2/10
  3. 3. www.janclaes.info Which advise would you give to Thomas? Thomas Has a demanding job Has four children Is secretary of the local tennis club WEEKEND TASKS Finish report Prepare presentation Make lunch for kids Prepare club meeting … 3/10
  4. 4. www.janclaes.info How do you decide the order of execution? 4/10
  5. 5. www.janclaes.info Which system do you use to calculate 18x24? PROGRESSIVE METHOD REALISTIC METHOD VISUAL METHOD 5/10
  6. 6. www.janclaes.info The best system is a system that fits! Fit with the Task • Simple versus complex • Specific versus abstract • Logical versus creative Fit with the Performer • Prior knowledge • Cognitive limits • Cognitive preferences 6/10
  7. 7. www.janclaes.info Learning style BITS AND PIECES GLOBAL LEARNER BEGINNING TO END SEQUENTIAL LEARNER QUESTION How do you read a news paper? (1) Beginning to end – (2) Bits and pieces 7/10
  8. 8. www.janclaes.info Learning style BITS AND PIECES GLOBAL LEARNER BEGINNING TO END SEQUENTIAL LEARNER Work part by part In an order that makes sense for you Complete each part before continuing with the next Don’t mind which phases and in which order In each phase focus on one aspect only Work phase by phase 7/10
  9. 9. www.janclaes.info Field dependency FOCUS ON ESSENCE FIELD INDEPENDENT WITH MANY DETAILS FIELD DEPENDENT QUESTION How do you tell a story (1) With many details – (2) Focus on essence 8/10
  10. 10. www.janclaes.info Field dependency FOCUS ON ESSENCE FIELD INDEPENDENT WITH MANY DETAILS FIELD DEPENDENT Take frequent, short breaks Process information in the order that you receive it Try to keep solution parts connected Don’t mind working on multiple parts simultaneously Don’t mind skipping parts temporarily Don’t mind solving problems in one big leap 8/10
  11. 11. www.janclaes.info Need for structure CLUTTERED & CHAOTIC LOW DESIRE FOR STRUCTURE CLEAN&STRUCTURED HIGH DESIRE FOR STRUCTURE QUESTION What kind of cook are you? (1) Clean & structured - (2) Cluttered & chaotic 9/10
  12. 12. www.janclaes.info Need for structure CLUTTERED & CHAOTIC LOW DESIRE FOR STRUCTURE CLEAN&STRUCTURED HIGH DESIRE FOR STRUCTURE You may not need this information, because you already apply it But you may like it, because it explains why your approach works But you should realize that you can gain a lot from it and boost your performance You may not like this information, because it doesn’t feel natural 9/10
  13. 13. www.janclaes.info 10 /10

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