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Establishing the Actual Costs of Textbooks: Data from Virginia's Community Colleges

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Open Education Conference presentation.

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Establishing the Actual Costs of Textbooks: Data from Virginia's Community Colleges

  1. 1. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard Jamison Miller, The College of William and Mary Amanda Carpenter-Horning, John Tyler Community College Kim Grewe, Northern Virginia Community College Establishing the Actual Costs of Textbooks Data from Virginia’s Community Colleges Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard
  2. 2. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard $1,200Estimated cost per year for “books and supplies”, The College Board–Annual Survey of Colleges
  3. 3. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard BACKGROUND 1. Phil Hill deconstructs myth of $1,200 number http://mfeldstein.com/how-much-do-college-students-actually-pay-for-textbooks/ 2.Quill West devises an approach to generate “real” numbers 3.[LibOER] group begins to replicate approach and compile data 4.Richard Sebastian introduced the authors; collaboration explored 5.Discussed methodology with Quill West; room for customization 6.Discussed needs with Cat Finnegan & Megan Healy at VCCS a. Full time students most commonly enrolling in 4-year transfer programs, widely known across VCCS as “general education” programs and certificates
  4. 4. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard DESIGN & DELIMITATIONS 1. Contact academic advising offices at each college, N=23 2.Ask for a sample schedule that reflects: “a general education approach, for a college-ready student enrolled full time and ultimately intending to transfer to a four-year institution.”
  5. 5. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard [crickets chirping]
  6. 6. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard AMENDED DESIGN & DELIMITATIONS 1. Analyzed responses from academic advisors to find common courses recommended for first-year students. 2.Cross-referenced the commonly recommended courses to the VCCS Master Course file to develop a first-year schedule that could be taken at all 23 institutions.
  7. 7. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard First-Year Schedule Fall- ENG 111 (College Composition 1) BIO 101 (General Biology 1) MTH 163 (Pre-Calculus 1) SDV 100 (College Success Skills) HIS 121 (US History 1) Spring- ENG 112 (College Composition 2) BIO 102 (General Biology 2) ART 101 (History and Art Appreciation 1) SOC 200 (Principles of Sociology) HIST 122 (US History 2)
  8. 8. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard AMENDED DESIGN & DELIMITATIONS 1. Visited each college’s bookstore website 2.Recorded the highest cost option available (new textbook) and lowest cost option available (used, rental, or digital versions) 3.Analyze data After determining the 23 course schedules, next we
  9. 9. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard RESULTS: FALL 2016 TOTALS (comprehensive, N = 23) Data is available here: https://goo.gl/q8YWbs Minimum cost Maximum cost Mean $413.47 $637.09 Range $75.25 - $599.25 $75.25 - $1,016.25
  10. 10. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard RESULTS Data is available here: https://goo.gl/q8YWbs r = 0.82
  11. 11. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard RESULTS Data is available here: https://goo.gl/q8YWbs
  12. 12. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard RESULTS: FALL 2016 TOTALS (comprehensive, N = 23) MAP 1 http://bit.ly/2feAxjx
  13. 13. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard RESULTS: FALL 2016 TOTALS (comprehensive, N = 23) http://bit.ly/2e3WbKc
  14. 14. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard 1ST YEAR TOTALS (preliminary, n = 12) Minimum cost Maximum cost Mean $869.24 1,351.76 Range $602.76 - $1,218.01 $1,015.10 - $1,941.00 Overall Mean $1,110.50
  15. 15. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard LIMITATIONS 1. Data generating schedule consistent across colleges (sample schedules not directly from advisors at each college) 2.Fall 2016 “minimum cost” data collected after start of semester (lower values possible when more used/rentals still available) 3.A “production side” approach (doesn’t capture every student’s experience, schedule, or other purchasing routes)
  16. 16. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard NEXT STEPS 1. Complete Spring 2017 data generation 2.Report to VCCS (New Horizons Conference, submit to Inquiry)
  17. 17. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard Questions?
  18. 18. Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard Jamison Miller, The College of William and Mary, jrmiller@wm.edu, @millerjamison Amanda Carpenter-Horning, John Tyler Community College, acarpenter@jtcc.edu Kim Grewe, Northern Virginia Community College, kgrewe@nvcc.edu, @Kim_Grewe Establishing the Actual Costs of Textbooks Data from Virginia’s Community Colleges Image: CC(BY) 2.0 Thomas Leuthard Data is available here: https://goo.gl/q8YWbs

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