Beyond Tang: The
Hidden Benefits of the
Space Program
Dr. Nadine G. Barlow
Dept. Physics and Astronomy
Northern Arizona Un...
Space Program Benefits




US Space Program
has been around
since 1958
Technology
developed for space
program has often
...
NASA Spinoffs
Health and Medical
Spinoffs
ICU Monitoring Systems


Developed from systems
used to monitor
astronauts during the
space missions.
Image Processing


Image Processing technology now
used in CAT scans and MRI evolved
from techniques originally developed...
Breast Cancer Detection




BioScan System detects new cancer
lesions by looking for heat caused by
increased blood flow...
Other Medical Spinoffs
Molecular
Modeling

CCD Imaging

Robotic
Surgery

Telemedicine
Transportation and
Public Safety Spinoffs
Highway Monitoring


Monitoring of traffic at
multiple intersections and
highways was developed
from NASA Mission
Control...
Grooved Highways and Runways




NASA research
showed that cutting
thin grooves across
concrete runways
reduces the risk...
Global Positioning Satellite
Technology






Global satellites now provide
very precise positional
information.
GPS un...
Other Transportation Spinoffs

Composite Materials
Automatic Navigation Systems

Fuel Cell Technology
Consumer Spinoffs
Communications




Communication satellites
have revolutionized longdistance telephone
communications.
Much of the cell ...
Scratch-Resistant Lenses


Coatings developed by
NASA for spacecraft
have been adapted to
produce lenses which are
10x mo...
Product Coding




NASA developed
computer-read bar
coding to keep track of
shuttle parts.
Now used to “scan”
products a...
Other Consumer Spinoffs

Camera Chips

Chair Lifts



Fiber
Optics
Environmental and
Resource Management
Weather Satellites


Weather satellites have dramatically improved weather
forecasts and severe weather predictions.
Volcano and Wildfire Monitoring
Resource Monitoring




Remote sensing
technology developed for
analysis of planetary
images has improved
agricultural p...
Other Environmental Spinoffs
Digital Maps

Ocean Studies

Ozone Hole and Climate Studies
Computer Technology
Miniaturization


Much of the technology
which has led to smaller
computers was derived
from NASA’s need to
reduce weight...
Data Analysis Tools


The need to sort through
huge amounts of data
from space missions has
led to data analysis tools
us...
Automatic Detection Techniques


Technology to develop
rovers with autonomous
hazard detection capability is
being used i...
Scientific Knowledge
Greenhouse Effect


The extreme greenhouse
effect identified on
Venus in the 1960’s led
to more research into
global warm...
Climate Change






Mars is now believed to
have once been much
more Earth-like, with
lakes and possibly oceans
of liq...
Sun-Earth Connections


SOHO and other Sunobserving spacecraft help
us determine when flares
and coronal mass
ejections m...
Search for Life


Consideration of possible
habitats conducive to life
elsewhere in the solar system
and universe has led...
Education



Kids love space!
Space-themed activities
help to inspire many
students to study math
and science.
For More On NASA Spinoffs
Go to Spinoffs page:
http://www.sti.nasa.gov/tto/
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Beyond tang

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Beyond Tang: The Hidden Benefits of the Space Program
Dr. Nadine Barlow
Dept. Physics and Astronomy
Northern Arizona University
Flagstaff, AZ

Published in: Technology, Education
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Beyond tang

  1. 1. Beyond Tang: The Hidden Benefits of the Space Program Dr. Nadine G. Barlow Dept. Physics and Astronomy Northern Arizona University Flagstaff, AZ
  2. 2. Space Program Benefits   US Space Program has been around since 1958 Technology developed for space program has often subsequently provided practical benefits to society.
  3. 3. NASA Spinoffs
  4. 4. Health and Medical Spinoffs
  5. 5. ICU Monitoring Systems  Developed from systems used to monitor astronauts during the space missions.
  6. 6. Image Processing  Image Processing technology now used in CAT scans and MRI evolved from techniques originally developed for analyzing lunar and planetary images.
  7. 7. Breast Cancer Detection   BioScan System detects new cancer lesions by looking for heat caused by increased blood flow. Infrared imaging technology originally developed for planetary and terrestrial observations.
  8. 8. Other Medical Spinoffs Molecular Modeling CCD Imaging Robotic Surgery Telemedicine
  9. 9. Transportation and Public Safety Spinoffs
  10. 10. Highway Monitoring  Monitoring of traffic at multiple intersections and highways was developed from NASA Mission Control technology.
  11. 11. Grooved Highways and Runways   NASA research showed that cutting thin grooves across concrete runways reduces the risk of hydroplaning. These grooves improve aircraft tire friction performance in wet conditions by 200-300%.
  12. 12. Global Positioning Satellite Technology    Global satellites now provide very precise positional information. GPS units have dramatically improved search and rescue operations. Wide Area Augmentation System provides detailed information on aircraft locations.
  13. 13. Other Transportation Spinoffs Composite Materials Automatic Navigation Systems Fuel Cell Technology
  14. 14. Consumer Spinoffs
  15. 15. Communications   Communication satellites have revolutionized longdistance telephone communications. Much of the cell phone technology has been derived from space program spinoffs.
  16. 16. Scratch-Resistant Lenses  Coatings developed by NASA for spacecraft have been adapted to produce lenses which are 10x more scatch-resistant than ordinary glass lenses.
  17. 17. Product Coding   NASA developed computer-read bar coding to keep track of shuttle parts. Now used to “scan” products at check-out counters.
  18. 18. Other Consumer Spinoffs Camera Chips Chair Lifts  Fiber Optics
  19. 19. Environmental and Resource Management
  20. 20. Weather Satellites  Weather satellites have dramatically improved weather forecasts and severe weather predictions.
  21. 21. Volcano and Wildfire Monitoring
  22. 22. Resource Monitoring   Remote sensing technology developed for analysis of planetary images has improved agricultural production. Similar technology can be used for natural resource management and disaster analysis.
  23. 23. Other Environmental Spinoffs Digital Maps Ocean Studies Ozone Hole and Climate Studies
  24. 24. Computer Technology
  25. 25. Miniaturization  Much of the technology which has led to smaller computers was derived from NASA’s need to reduce weight on space missions.
  26. 26. Data Analysis Tools  The need to sort through huge amounts of data from space missions has led to data analysis tools useful in many everyday applications.
  27. 27. Automatic Detection Techniques  Technology to develop rovers with autonomous hazard detection capability is being used in robots to explore hazardous environments on Earth.
  28. 28. Scientific Knowledge
  29. 29. Greenhouse Effect  The extreme greenhouse effect identified on Venus in the 1960’s led to more research into global warming on Earth.
  30. 30. Climate Change    Mars is now believed to have once been much more Earth-like, with lakes and possibly oceans of liquid water. What happened to Mars to make it the cold, dry world we see today? Could something similar happen to Earth?
  31. 31. Sun-Earth Connections  SOHO and other Sunobserving spacecraft help us determine when flares and coronal mass ejections might affect Earth and our orbiting spacecraft.
  32. 32. Search for Life  Consideration of possible habitats conducive to life elsewhere in the solar system and universe has led to discovery of life in extreme terrestrial environments.
  33. 33. Education   Kids love space! Space-themed activities help to inspire many students to study math and science.
  34. 34. For More On NASA Spinoffs Go to Spinoffs page: http://www.sti.nasa.gov/tto/

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