Beijing MoST standards + IPR conference Clark-OASIS-2011

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Presentation at Chinese invitational conference on working with patents and IPR in standards projects

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Beijing MoST standards + IPR conference Clark-OASIS-2011

  1. 1. Standards &Intellectual Property开放数据标准,知识产权法Jamie Clark, General Counsel ( 首席律师 ), OASIS Beijing, October 2011 主机和组织者
  2. 2. "OASIS 是最大 5000 多名与会专家, 从 600 家公司,政府和个人。的开放标准的电子商贸集团。 " 超过 70 个技术委员会,制定 全球标准。 Over 5,000 participants representing more than 600 organizations and"The largest individuals, since 1993.standards group 70+ technical committees producingfor electronic royalty-freecommerce on the and RAND standards.Web" http://www.oasis-open.org/
  3. 3. OASIS interoperates with the world标准合作和全球协调是一流的 OASIS 优先 ISO, IEC, ITU, UN-ECE MoU for E-Business ISO/IEC JTC1 SC34, SC38; ISO TCs 154, 215, ITU-T SG 17 OECD, SWIFT, UPU, World Bank, Asia PKI, Changfeng (Beijing), CESI, EA-ECA, Korean NIA, CEN/ISSS, Euro ICTSB, ETSI, PSLX, SIENA, Standards-AU ABA, ACORD, AIAG, CalConnect, CSCC, HL7, MBAA, NAESB, LRC, InfoCard/OpenID, Kantara/Liberty, OAGi, ODCA, OGC, OMA, OMG, RosettaNet/GS1/UCC, W3C http://www.oasis-open.org/liaisons
  4. 4. OASIS Global Work onSoftware Standards in China中国软件标准的 OASIS 工作 Primeton, Sursen, Founders, RedOffice ISO/IEC DIS 14297 (UOML) JTC1 SC38 & CESI SmartGrid and SOA conferences 中 是 方 准 祖 国 官 标 的 居
  5. 5. OASIS interoperates with the world标准合作和全球协调是一流的 OASIS 优先专家创建标准。OASIS 是一个裁判, 不是足球运动员。Member experts develop and approve our standards.OASIS staff is merely the referee.
  6. 6. Problems with Patents: 1Fences are easy to understand. 栅栏容易理解。
  7. 7. 你的权利要求 Your claim 我的权利要求 My claimFences are easy to understand. 栅栏容易理解。
  8. 8. 你的权利要求 Your claim 我的权利要求 My claimFences are easy to understand. 栅栏容易理解。
  9. 9. 你的马your horse 我的马 my horse你的权利要求 Your claim 我的权利要求 My claimFences are easy to understand. 栅栏容易理解。
  10. 10. Patent claims, not so easy.专利权利要求往往是含糊和困难。
  11. 11. 我的权利要求 My claim 你的权利要求 Your claim Patent claims, not so easy.专利权利要求往往是含糊和困难。
  12. 12. 我的发明 你的发明 我的权利要求 My claim 你的权利要求 Your claim Patent claims, not so easy.专利权利要求往往是含糊和困难。
  13. 13. ? 我的发明 你的发明 我的权利要求 My claim 你的权利要求 Your claim Patent claims, not so easy.专利权利要求往往是含糊和困难。
  14. 14. Problems with Patents: 2Patents are just one part of a larger government planfor marketplace regulation: conflicting goals Trade between nations Competition between industrial companies Fairness and safety专利法是只有一个原则 , 政府调控市场的目标具有多重性。 国与国之间的贸易 之间的竞争实业公司 安全性和公平性
  15. 15. Problems with Patents: 3Patent filings are not carefully tested.1. File, have small review2. Wait for a lawsuit3. Test the validity with a big review专利申请并不总是认真测试。1. 文件,有一个弱的审查2. 等待诉讼3. 试的有效性,有一个严重的审查 ?
  16. 16. Patent filings may not be carefullytested when filed.专利申请并不总是认真测试。 U. S. Patent No. 5,443,036 (1993): "Method of exercising a cat" ?
  17. 17. Some improvements to testing of validity,in US patent laws: 2011 changes in law More re-examination of applications But other mixed changes ?些改进过程: 2011 种变化的专利法 申请的审查 , 其他人多可能反对它 但其他混合的变化
  18. 18. Is a patent enforceable? All the legaluncertainty creates economic uncertainty.这专利真正有效的?法律的不确定性导致经济不确定性。 ?
  19. 19. Is a patent enforceable? All the legaluncertainty creates economic uncertainty.这专利真正有效的?法律的不确定性导致经济不确定性。 ?
  20. 20. Is a patent enforceable? All the legaluncertainty creates economic uncertainty.这专利真正有效的?法律的不确定性导致经济不确定性。 ?
  21. 21. “Patent pooling” agreements are aconsensus alternative to battles.“ 专利池”的合同是个可能的替代律师战斗。
  22. 22. “Patent pools”: But we may neverknow if the patents are valid.“ 专利池”,但我们可能永远不会了解如果专利是有效的。 ? ? ?
  23. 23. “Patent pools”: And it is not alwaysclear if everyone is included.“ 专利池”,这并不总是很明确。? ? ?
  24. 24. Start with the basics首先我们谈的很简单的原则专利问题 The problems with patents 专利权利要求往往是含糊和困难 Claims may be vague 许多相互竞争的规则 Competing regulations & goals 专利的有效性往往是未知的 Patent validity may be vague
  25. 25. Start with the basics首先我们谈的很简单的原则专利问题 The problems with patents放标准规则管理的专利 How standards fit into patent practices
  26. 26. Standards & Patents放标准规则管理的专利Standards are voluntary.If companies choose to contribute to standards,they usually are safe from competition laws, ifthey are working in open standards.标准是自愿的。标准工作安全,如果标准委员会是公开和公平。
  27. 27. Standards & Patents放标准规则管理的专利Safe from regulation if they are fair and do notmislead others (commit fraud).安全从监管的问题,如果专家是真实和公平的。In the US “Rambus” cases, a company proved incourt that it obeyed rules for reporting its patents:but still was charged by the government later forunfair activity.
  28. 28. Standards & Patents放标准规则管理的专利Open standards = rules and practices are fair, host isreliable and neutral.开放的手段,标准规则和做法是公平的,主机是可靠和中立。 WTO 技术壁垒贸易条约 (Technical Barriers to Trade) ISO/IEC JTC1 “PAS” US OMB Circular A-119 盟委员会 2011 年标准的立法 (European Commission 2011 standards legislation)
  29. 29. Standards & Patents放标准规则管理的专利Each open standards host organizations has rules aboutpatents: 每个标准主机组织的规则 Disclose patents ( 披露专利 ) Prefer broad licenses ( 喜欢广泛许可证 ) Commit to licenses ( 承诺牌照的 ) Share or pool licenses ( 股份或池牌照 ) Resolve conflicts ( 解决冲突 )
  30. 30. Standards Rules for Patents专利标准规则 Disclosure披露专利 Volunteer experts must report what喜欢广泛许可证 patents may affect implementations of the final standard.承诺牌照的 Some reporting rules are more clear than股份或池牌照 others.解决冲突 ISO/IEC/ITU, OASIS, IETF
  31. 31. Standards Rules for Patents专利标准规则 Prefer broad licenses披露专利 Some rules encourage, or require, royalty-free licenses from volunteer喜欢广泛许可证 experts承诺牌照的 Most rules require “RAND” terms, but that requirement is not clearly defined股份或池牌照解决冲突 ISO/IEC/ITU, IETF (only encourages) OASIS (can require)
  32. 32. Standards Rules for Patents专利标准规则 Commit to licenses披露专利 Most rules do not impose specific喜欢广泛许可证 license terms on patents from volunteer experts承诺牌照的 Some do not require any commitment or股份或池牌照 report about licenses offered. (IETF) Some do impose specific license terms解决冲突 on volunteer experts (OASIS). http://www.oasis-open.org/cn/who/intellectualproperty.htm
  33. 33. Standards Rules for Patents专利标准规则 Share or pool licenses披露专利 Some rules provide rights to any user.喜欢广泛许可证 Some only license to other volunteer experts.承诺牌照的 Some also have special licenses for股份或池牌照 testing unfinished work.解决冲突 Many have “reciprocity” terms.
  34. 34. Patents in software 软件专利
  35. 35. Patents in software 软件专利 ? Software is still a new field. Patent laws really were 我的权要求 designed more for mechanical and medical inventions.你的权利要求 US did not accept software or business process for patents: but the court changed its mind in 1998. 软件是新的。专利不处理好。 1998 年后, US 允许软件专利。
  36. 36. Patents in software 软件专利 Government and citizens ? have special concerns about open data and 我的权要求 Internet use. Buyers (RFPs) are more你的权利要求 demanding. Open source software use affects license needs. 政府和公民有特殊需要的,开放的数据。 软件购买者可能会要求标准。 开源软件的影响许可证的需要。
  37. 37. Patents in software 软件专利 ? Average cost of litigation: 诉讼的平均费用: 我的权要求 USD 3-12 million RMB 19-76 000 000你的权利要求 Many are much bigger: 许多更大: SCO Group vs. IBM Oracle vs. Google
  38. 38. 謝謝!Standards & Intellectual Property 2011 开放数据标准,知识产权法 2011 Yan (Allison) Shi http://www.oasis-open.org/cn/flash1.htmOASIS China Representative 代表人 OASISallison.shi@oasis-open.org Jamie Clark, General Counsel 首席律师 Beijing, October 2011jamie.clark@oasis-open.org http://weibo.com/jamiexml

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