Environmental and climate justice in region vi 2013


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  • Our natural resources are being sold at top dollar with no regard for impact on people or the environment
  • Every community that received waste from the BP oil spill had a POC population that was higher than the national average. The one white county that was going to receive the waste put up such a protest that they ended up not sending the waste there.
  • Picture of one of the landfills that received the oil waste. This is what our communities are living with disproportionately
  • Picture of biomass facility, also disproportionately located in our communities and emitting toxins such as benzene, cadmium, lead, tricholorethylene, mercury, etc. toxins tied to respiratory illnesses, cancers, birth defects, etc.
  • Just bit of grim humor
  • You can point out that this is a picture of a mother feeding her three headed bird, a grim reference to the birth defects that result from exposure to toxic waste.
  • Cesar Chavez High School in Houston Texas. African American and Latino school. That oil refinery is one of 5 within a 10 mile radius of that school which concentrates the level of pollution to which these kids are being exposed. There are no zoning laws in Houston, which is why facilities like these can be on top of our communities.
  • BP Oil Drilling Disaster which impacted the culture, livelihood, and health of communities across the gulf
  • For some their only voice was through expressing their frustration through lawn signs
  • Or wall murals
  • Nuclear facilities are disproportionately located in our communities.
  • As you may know Board Chairman Emeritus Julian Bond was arrested at a protest against the Keystone Pipeline, a development which claims to bring jobs. But, in fact, the jobs it will bring are temporary but what it will bring more of is risk to the communities that host the pipeline and risk to the environment as a result of the pollution that drives climate change that will result from this operation. It goes through two states in Region VI, Oklahoma and it ends in Port Arthur in Texas.
  • See paragraph in the notes that sets up the following slides about coal fired power plants.
  • What makes coal fired power plants in our communities all the scarier is that these facilities are built next to water ways because they use the water to generate steam which is part of the electricity generation process. What’s unfortunate, is that while it takes from the water, it also pollutes the water. Our communities are disproportionately subsistence fisherfolks. So we fish to put food on the table, just like this fellow fishing out of the greenish-brown muck that is polluted by a neighboring plant. One NAACP executive tells the story of fishing out of the Hudson river when rent time was coming up and money was low. He said he stopped when he pulled a fish out of the water and all of the scales fell off.
  • As we know, there are three impacts of climate change. Superstorms like Katrina and Sandy are going to become commonplace.
  • Devastation wrought by katrina
  • We’ve also seen a surge in damaging torndados
  • A community that no longer exists in Pratt City Alabama after the tornados of 2011…
  • A dream home destroyed…now the Clark Family has to move back to the city because the insurance and FEMA money was insufficient to cover the damage
  • A flooded home in Mississippi in Port Gibson, a majority black community, in frightening proximity to the Grand Gulf Nuclear station. With only one escape route for the town, disasters are a double-threat.
  • This is what once fertile ground looks like now…..
  • Our communities are disproportionately food deserts which means we are less likely to have a supermarkets offering nutritious foods within 3 miles of our homes. So the picture on the left is more our reality than the one on the right.
  • The result is that, coupled with the fact that we are also less mobile so not even as able to drive to a supermarket, we have more access to life sapping foods than life lengthening foods. Our supply includes foods high in additives, preservatives, sugar, and sodium rather than the rich anti-oxidant, immune boosting fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • CabinetMeeting held underwater in the Maldives Islands because the President wanted to send a clear message, both to his own country and the world that the Maldives is facing imminent displacement within 20 years, due to rising sea level.
  • The imminent displacement isn’t limited to the Maldives. Kivalina Island in Alaska and Thibodaux in Louisiana are also preparing to have to move whole communities as they are losing large degrees of land mass daily!
  • The companies that run the industries that are polluting our communities and advancing climate change are fighting hard to hold on to their profits. They are investing millions of dollars in lobbying against regulations that protect public health and the environment. They are also investing heavily in keeping officials in office that support their industries while fighting against the re-election of President Obama and others who want to preserve communities and the environment.
  • They fight against regulations that safeguard public health AND they fight against any attempt to shift to policies supporting clean energy and energy efficiency that don’t harm people.
  • I was in Louisiana following Hurricane Isaac and saw a CNN commercial which featured the above dialogue which demonstrates the policy making that prioritize preserving investments over protecting people.
  • Companies are driven by protecting profits and they pay top dollar to their executives for decision making that protects the bottom line
  • Self explanatory….
  • 40b---amount African Americans spent on energy in 20091.1%--percentage of energy jobs held by African Americans (compared to our 12% proportion of the population).01%--revenue African Americans reaped from the multibillion dollar energy sector which takes so much of our spending….
  • While we continue to suffer from double-digit unemployment and extreme wealth disaparity
  • It doesn’t have to be this way…..there are many things we can do to seize the new energy economy and build financial stability while protecting the health and wellbeing of our communities and our environment!!
  • Case study--Self explanatory
  • Another Self explanatory case study
  • We can do the same thing in Region VI!!!
  • Zero waste initiatives, by definition, are local which keeps jobs in the community and cuts down on monopolies that concentrate wealth at “the top” with CEOs and other executives.
  • A friend who is completely self-sustaining on clean energy. He gets all of his electricity through solar energy and he generates so much that he can sell the excess back to the grid for the same rate that he would have purchased it. He also heats his house through geothermal system….
  • A church in Alabama gets its energy from solar panels and stores the energy when they aren’t using it, in these batteries in the church utility closet!
  • Self Explanatory
  • Which states have which policies in Region VI
  • We are hosting education sessions in local communities
  • We are organizing NAACP member delegations to testify at EPA
  • We are hosting strategy sessions like this one with HBCUs and government agencies in Louisiana to connect our institutions with the resources we need to advance justice for our communities.
  • We are uplifting African American entrepreneurs like Robert Wallace who owns BithEnergy, a clean energy company that operates throughout the US and globally!
  • We are joining with allies like this group in South Africa who is taking it to the streets to call for corporate social responsibility!
  • In South Africa, calling out the ending profits over people.
  • We are linking with partners who are targeting cutting off financing of industries that are harming our communities.
  • In Chicago, community activism was successful in shutting down two polluting coal plants that were in the ids of African American and Latino communities, providing no jobs to those communities but providing pollution at the expense to especially the children and aging populations of those communities.
  • Civic engagement is critical to make sure we have folks in office who represent our interests.
  • The NAACP has entered into a legal intervention against the coal industry which is suing EPA as they fight for their “right” to continue polluting communities with mercury, arsenic, lead and other toxins as they fight for the repeal of the Mercury and Air Toxics Regulation that limits the amount of toxins coal plants can spew into the air.
  • Youth leadership is key to mobilization and to bring new ideas and new energy to the movement.
  • In Berkeley, this community grows its own food including a garden and chicken coop. They also have a tool library and transportation collective.
  • It’s not just the hippy Californians. In Pittsburgh, the Landslide community grows their own food, has a chicken coop and feeds indigent persons on Wednesdays from the bounty of their community garden.
  • Linking with partners like the Little Village Environmental Justice Organization has been the key to success. Pictured here is Reverend Theresa Dear, NAACP National Board Member, who led a prayer vigil in front of the now-closed Crawford Coal Plant in Chicago.
  • What do you want to do? Will you commit today to launching a campaign/project in your community? If you commit, we will commit to support you!!!
  • Environmental and climate justice in region vi 2013

    1. 1. Environmental and Climate Justice Region VI The Path to Transformation for Our Communities
    2. 2. OVERVIEWWhat We’re Up AgainstWhat Are Our AssetsHow Do We Eliminate Threats and Optimize Our StrengthsRe-envisioning Community
    3. 3. Our Current Course
    4. 4. Waste and Communities
    5. 5. Waste Being Dumped in OurCommunities
    6. 6. Incinerators
    7. 7. Waste
    8. 8. Energy Production
    9. 9. Deepwater Horizon Incident
    10. 10. Nuclear
    11. 11. Cushing, Oklahoma Cushing, Oklahoma looks like a lovely little town with an affluent past. It is, some would say, one of the key oil centers of the United States. The people of Cushing have thrived for generations due to the wealth brought in by oil. But have all of the people of Cushing thrived, or just the Caucasian ones? If you go to Cushing to see President Obama Thursday morning, be sure to ride through the old Black community and see how it looks. It is a symbol of what Cushing did to the Blacks who lived there. Many of the Black folks have died of cancer and the ones still living there seem to be plagued with mysterious illnesses.
    12. 12. Coal Power in New Mexico City Plant 3-mile State 3-mile P.O.C. Grade Name Average Income Population Income PercentageFruitland Four $6,762 39.2% 94.9% F Corners Prewitt Escalante $6,701 38.8% 90.2% FWaterflow San Juan $11,982 69.4% 74.9% F
    13. 13. Four Corners Generating Station
    14. 14. Louisiana City Plant Name 3-mile State 3-Mile Grade Average Income P.O.C. Income Percentage Population Lena Rodemacher $11,154 66.0% 66.7% F New Big Cajun 2 $16,983 100.4% 49.5% D- RoadsMansfield Dolet Hills $13,767 81.4% 50.3% D
    15. 15. Oklahoma City Plant 3-mile State 3-mile Grade Name Average Income P.O.C. Income Percentage PopulationPanama AES $13,636 77.3% 19.0% D+ Shady PointRed Rock Sooner $13,555 76.8% 44.8% D+Chouteau Chouteau $14,026 79.5% 26.2% D+
    16. 16. TEXAS City Plant 3-Mile State 3-Mile Grade Name Average Income P.O.C. Income Percentage PopulationAmarillo Harrington $9,134 46.6% 46.3% F San Spruce/ $17,703 90.2% 42.6% DAntonio Deely Sudan Tolk $14,050 71.6% 49.7% D Tatum Martin $14,863 75.8% 33.8% D+ LakeChristina San Miguel $15,583 79.4% 49.4% D+
    17. 17. CLIMATE CHANGE
    18. 18. Climate Change
    19. 19. Impacts---Extreme Weather
    20. 20. Increase in Extreme Weather
    21. 21. Extreme Weather
    22. 22. Obliteration of Communities and Erosion of Cultures
    23. 23. Who is Recovering/Returning?
    24. 24. Port Gibson—Grand Gulf
    25. 25. Shifts in Agricultural Yields
    26. 26. Food Insecurity in the USCorner Store Supermarket
    27. 27. Feast and Famine in Urban America Corner Store Supermarket
    28. 28. Sea Level Rise
    29. 29. Profits Over People
    30. 30. Anti-Regulatory Investments Company Total Spent on Lobbying in 2010 Southern Company $13,220,000 Edison International $13,080,000American Electric Power $10,313,196 Duke Energy $4,800,000 Dominion $2,050,000 First Energy $1,865,000 Xcel Energy $1,720,000 DTE Energy $1,500,000
    31. 31. Fighting Renewable EnergySouthern Company successfully opposed a plan to create a national electricity market in 2004 and has dedicated significant money and effort to fighting the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS), which would require utilities to purchase 15% of their power from renewable sources by 2020.
    32. 32. CNN NEWSROOM-Hurricane IssacMALVEAUX: And Senator, finally, why is it thatPlaquemines Parish did not get that support for alevee?LANDRIEU: Because the Corps of Engineers has aformula that they use to determine where they aregoing to build or reinforce the levees, based oneconomic impact ….you get less points if there isless of an economic impact……
    33. 33. CEO Compensation for 2010 at Companies Owning the Top EJ Offenders Company CEO Name CEO Compensation Edison International Theodore F. Craver Jr. $9,536,038 Dominion Thomas F. Farrell II $16,924,385 DTE Energy Gerald M. Anderson $5,601,383 Duke Energy James E. Rogers $8,815,181 Xcel Energy Richard C. Kelly $9,956,433 Southern Company Thomas A. Fanning $6,019,151 First Energy Anthony J. Alexander $11,627,657[i] AFL-CIO CEO Pay Database, Accessed November 2011 http://www.aflcio.org/corporatewatch/paywatch/ceou/industry_2011.cfm
    34. 34. Deepening DisparityThe average CEO compensation for these companies in 2010 was $9,782,889 while the average worker in these companies made $33,840.On average the CEOs at these companies were compensated at 289 times the rate of compensation for the average worker.
    35. 35. African Americans and Energy $40 Billion 1.1% .01%
    36. 36. Our Overall Economic Plight While the national rate of unemployment during February 2012, was 8.3% that rate is nearly double of African Americans at 14.1%. A report by the Pew Research Center revealed that the wealth divide between whites and people of color hit a record high in 2009, with the median wealth of white households 20 times higher than black households
    37. 37. ANOTHER WAY
    38. 38. Diverting Waste
    39. 39. Achieving 75% waste diversion in 2030 would:• Create 1.5 million new jobs• Lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 515 million tons (~72 coal plants or 50 million cars)• Significantly reduce pollution impacting human & ecological health
    40. 40. $8 million for $600 million 1,500 ton- for 1,500 ton- per-day per-day recycling incinerator centerSlide courtesy Brenda Platt, ILSR
    41. 41. Recycling Recology, San Francisco’s primary recycling, composting and waste company, employs more than 1,000 workers who are represented by the Teamsters. Some 118 new employees have been hired in recent years to sort recyclables and monitor the collection routes in order to meet San Francisco’s aggressive recycling goals.
    42. 42. Diversion from Landfills=JOBS  In Seattle 2009, nearly 100,000 tons of organic waste was diverted from landfills by the city of Seattle’s program. The city of Seattle’s waste diversion efforts not only benefit the environment, but also sustain family- supporting jobs for the more than 1,000 solid waste and recycling drivers and transfer station employees in Seattle and King County who are represented by the Teamsters Union.
    43. 43. California 115,000 jobs in recyclingIllinois 40,000 jobs in recyclingNew York 32,200 jobs in recyclingMinnesota 18,000 jobs in reuseNorth Carolina 15,000 jobs in recyclingMassachusetts 13,900 jobs in recyclingSan Francisco 1,000 union jobs
    44. 44. Promoting Local OwnershipLocal ownership programs can create two to three times as many jobs per megawatt produced. And these local jobs keep over three times as much money and wealth in a community compared to big companies.
    45. 45. Promoting Energy Efficiency and Clean Energy
    46. 46. Why Progressive Energy Policies?  ENERGY EFFICIENCY: The less energy we use, the less we are polluting, the less our communities are exposed to pollution ,and the less we are advancing climate change, which also disproportionately harms our communities.  CLEAN ENERGY: The more clean energy we use, the less harmful energy we are using saving our community health, property values, and the sustainability of our environment.
    47. 47. Energy Efficiency
    48. 48. Cooperative/Low Fuel Transportation
    49. 49. Wind Energy
    50. 50. Solar Powered Homes/Businesses/Communities
    51. 51. Defining Progressive Energy Policies  Renewable Portfolio Standards —States commit to a minimum amount of their energy mix that will come from renewable sources  Should be mandatory  Should be at least 25% by 2025  Energy Efficiency Standards —States commit to reducing their energy consumption  Should be mandatory  Should be at least 1% annual reduction of previous year retail electricity sales.  Net Metering– Utility customers who generate their energy through renewable sources are able to sell excess energy generated back to the grid for the same purchasing price utility companies charge for electricity.
    53. 53. Taking Action
    54. 54. Educating Ourselves in Chicago
    55. 55. Engaging with the EPA
    56. 56. Curtailing Financing
    57. 57. Advancing Just Policy
    58. 58. Civic Engagement
    59. 59. Legal Action--MATS Intervention
    60. 60. Local, Cooperative Communities
    61. 61. Local Cooperative Communities
    62. 62. Together We CAN!
    63. 63. !! JOIN US !! Conduct a Community Assessment and Develop an Action Plan Start a Coal Blooded Campaign Start a Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard Campaign Start an Energy Efficiency Standard Campaign Start a Net Metering Campaign Initiate a Clean Energy or Energy Efficiency Demonstration Project Develop a Disaster Plan Start an Eco-District in Your Municipality Launch a Youth and College 10,000 Steps Campaign
    64. 64. Our Resources 2010 Climate Justice Toolkit Coal Blooded: Putting Profits Before People—National Report Coal Blooded Action Toolkit 10,000 Steps Youth and College Toolkit Beasts of the Southern Wild Discussion Guide Coming Soon Just Energy Policies State By State Compendium ECJ Comprehensive Toolkit Black Church ECJ Toolkit
    65. 65. Thank You Jacqui PattersonDirector, Environmental and Climate Justice Program 443-465-9809 jpatterson@naacpnet.org