Does That Make Sense?      Trivial Pursuit                  ByJames, Kierra, Anna, Kara, Rachel and                 Josh
Types, distribution, and functions of              receptors
Which of the following are examples of           exteroceptors?a)   Vision             respond to stimuli fromb)   Pain   ...
Which of the following are examples of           visceroceptors?a)   Chemical stimuli   respond to stimulib)   Deep pressu...
Which of the following are examples of           proprioceptors?a)   muscle spindles       respond to muscle orb)   golgi ...
What are examples of             mechanoreceptors?a)   Pressure            respond to ab)   Touch               mechanical...
Which are examples of              chemoreceptors?a)   All of the above    respond to variousb)   Glucose             chem...
Which of the following are examples of          thermoreceptors?a)   Heat and cold         Stimuli that respond tob)   San...
Which will set off nociceptors?a)   Pneumonia           pain receptors from anyb)   Dust                noxious stimulusc)...
What are examples of photoreceptors?a)   Vision              respond to lightb)   Touchc)   Smelld)   Paine)   None of the...
Which of these explain Free nerve                 endings?a)   microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not ...
Which of these explain root hair                  plexuses?a)   microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not...
Which of these explain merkel disk?a)   microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not connected to any     sp...
Which of these explain meissner                corpuscle?a)   microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not c...
Which of these explain pacinian                 corpuscle?a)   microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not ...
Which of these explain muscle                   spindles?a)   microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not c...
Which of these explain golgi tendon                  organs?a)   microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are no...
Special Senses
Smell
Fill in the blank•   An _________ is a small contact site on    certain neural cells that is used for    processing odoran...
What is this describing?•   Olfactory system is very sensitive. As few as four    odorants molecules can activate an olfac...
Comparison between humans and             CanineThe structure of a dogs nose gives it a sense of smell that is thousands o...
Taste
Fill in the blank• _______ are sensory          a)   Taste buds  organs that are found on     b)   Ears  your tongue and a...
Hearing
Which explains the outer ear?a) consists of two major elements: the external flange of   the ear also known as the pinna a...
Which of these explain the ear canal?a) consists of two major elements: the external flange of   the ear also known as the...
Which of these explain the pinna?a) consists of two major elements: the external flange of   the ear also known as the pin...
Which of these explain the hearing              mechanism?a) consists of two major elements: the external flange of   the ...
What is the correct order of the path              of sound?a) external canal, vibrates eardrum, vibration moves   through...
Balance
What does this describe?• The sense organs           a)   The ear canal  associated with your       b)   Vestibular sense ...
Fill in the blank• ________is a system in    a)   Dynamic equilibrium  a steady state since      b)   Systematic equilibri...
Vision
The Eye• The human eyeball is about 0.9 in (24 mm) in diameter and is not perfectly  round, being slightly flattened in th...
Process of seeing
What process helps in creating Retinal        Image Foundation?a)   refraction of light raysb)   accommodation of the lens...
What are photopigments?a) light sensitive compounds and can all be broken down   into glycoprotein opsin and vitamin A a d...
What are rods?a) light sensitive compounds and can all be broken down   into glycoprotein opsin and vitamin A a derivative...
What are cones?a) light sensitive compounds and can all be broken down   into glycoprotein opsin and vitamin A a derivativ...
Why don’t deer see hunters in bright              orange?a) Deer do not have red sensitive cone cells in   their eyes, so ...
What is the difference between “nearsighted” and“farsighted”? How are each of these connected?a) Nearsighted means someone...
Does that make sense
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Does that make sense

  1. 1. Does That Make Sense? Trivial Pursuit ByJames, Kierra, Anna, Kara, Rachel and Josh
  2. 2. Types, distribution, and functions of receptors
  3. 3. Which of the following are examples of exteroceptors?a) Vision respond to stimuli fromb) Pain outside the bodyc) Smelld) Temperaturee) All of the Above
  4. 4. Which of the following are examples of visceroceptors?a) Chemical stimuli respond to stimulib) Deep pressure arising within the bodyc) Paind) Both A and Be) Smell
  5. 5. Which of the following are examples of proprioceptors?a) muscle spindles respond to muscle orb) golgi tendon organs tendon stretch and helpc) pacinian corpuscles the body monitor body positiond) All of the above
  6. 6. What are examples of mechanoreceptors?a) Pressure respond to ab) Touch mechanical stimulusc) Stretchd) Hearinge) All of the above
  7. 7. Which are examples of chemoreceptors?a) All of the above respond to variousb) Glucose chemicalsc) Hormonesd) Oxygene) Carbon Dioxide
  8. 8. Which of the following are examples of thermoreceptors?a) Heat and cold Stimuli that respond tob) Sand and water the change inc) Swamps and wetlands temperatured) All of the abovee) None of the above
  9. 9. Which will set off nociceptors?a) Pneumonia pain receptors from anyb) Dust noxious stimulusc) Onionsd) Sulfuric Acide) None of the above
  10. 10. What are examples of photoreceptors?a) Vision respond to lightb) Touchc) Smelld) Paine) None of the above
  11. 11. Which of these explain Free nerve endings?a) microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not connected to any specific sensory receptorb) Nerve that is stimulated each time the hair is movedc) found in the basal layer of the epidermis; believed to act as slow-acting tactile endorgans.d) any one of a number of small, special pressure-sensitive sensory end organs with a connective tissue capsule and tiny stacked plates in the dermis of the hand and foot, the front of the forearm, the skin of the lips, the mucous membrane of the tongue, the palpebral conjunctiva, and the skin of the mammary papilla. A single nerve fiber penetrates each oval capsule, spirals through the interior, and ends as a globular mass. Also called tactile corpuscle.e) cutaneous mechanoreceptors that sense pressure and stretch.f) A stretch receptor found in vertebrate muscle.g) any of the mechanoreceptors arranged in series with muscle in the tendons of mammalian muscles, being the receptors for stimuli responsible for the lengthening reaction.
  12. 12. Which of these explain root hair plexuses?a) microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not connected to any specific sensory receptorb) Nerve that is stimulated each time the hair is movedc) found in the basal layer of the epidermis; believed to act as slow-acting tactile endorgans.d) any one of a number of small, special pressure-sensitive sensory end organs with a connective tissue capsule and tiny stacked plates in the dermis of the hand and foot, the front of the forearm, the skin of the lips, the mucous membrane of the tongue, the palpebral conjunctiva, and the skin of the mammary papilla. A single nerve fiber penetrates each oval capsule, spirals through the interior, and ends as a globular mass. Also called tactile corpuscle.e) cutaneous mechanoreceptors that sense pressure and stretch.f) A stretch receptor found in vertebrate muscle.g) any of the mechanoreceptors arranged in series with muscle in the tendons of mammalian muscles, being the receptors for stimuli responsible for the lengthening reaction.
  13. 13. Which of these explain merkel disk?a) microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not connected to any specific sensory receptorb) Nerve that is stimulated each time the hair is movedc) found in the basal layer of the epidermis; believed to act as slow-acting tactile endorgans.d) any one of a number of small, special pressure-sensitive sensory end organs with a connective tissue capsule and tiny stacked plates in the dermis of the hand and foot, the front of the forearm, the skin of the lips, the mucous membrane of the tongue, the palpebral conjunctiva, and the skin of the mammary papilla. A single nerve fiber penetrates each oval capsule, spirals through the interior, and ends as a globular mass. Also called tactile corpuscle.e) cutaneous mechanoreceptors that sense pressure and stretch.f) A stretch receptor found in vertebrate muscle.g) any of the mechanoreceptors arranged in series with muscle in the tendons of mammalian muscles, being the receptors for stimuli responsible for the lengthening reaction.
  14. 14. Which of these explain meissner corpuscle?a) microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not connected to any specific sensory receptorb) Nerve that is stimulated each time the hair is movedc) found in the basal layer of the epidermis; believed to act as slow-acting tactile endorgans.d) any one of a number of small, special pressure-sensitive sensory end organs with a connective tissue capsule and tiny stacked plates in the dermis of the hand and foot, the front of the forearm, the skin of the lips, the mucous membrane of the tongue, the palpebral conjunctiva, and the skin of the mammary papilla. A single nerve fiber penetrates each oval capsule, spirals through the interior, and ends as a globular mass. Also called tactile corpuscle.e) cutaneous mechanoreceptors that sense pressure and stretch.f) A stretch receptor found in vertebrate muscle.g) any of the mechanoreceptors arranged in series with muscle in the tendons of mammalian muscles, being the receptors for stimuli responsible for the lengthening reaction.
  15. 15. Which of these explain pacinian corpuscle?a) microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not connected to any specific sensory receptorb) Nerve that is stimulated each time the hair is movedc) found in the basal layer of the epidermis; believed to act as slow-acting tactile endorgans.d) any one of a number of small, special pressure-sensitive sensory end organs with a connective tissue capsule and tiny stacked plates in the dermis of the hand and foot, the front of the forearm, the skin of the lips, the mucous membrane of the tongue, the palpebral conjunctiva, and the skin of the mammary papilla. A single nerve fiber penetrates each oval capsule, spirals through the interior, and ends as a globular mass. Also called tactile corpuscle.e) cutaneous mechanoreceptors that sense pressure and stretch.f) A stretch receptor found in vertebrate muscle.g) any of the mechanoreceptors arranged in series with muscle in the tendons of mammalian muscles, being the receptors for stimuli responsible for the lengthening reaction.
  16. 16. Which of these explain muscle spindles?a) microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not connected to any specific sensory receptorb) Nerve that is stimulated each time the hair is movedc) found in the basal layer of the epidermis; believed to act as slow-acting tactile endorgans.d) any one of a number of small, special pressure-sensitive sensory end organs with a connective tissue capsule and tiny stacked plates in the dermis of the hand and foot, the front of the forearm, the skin of the lips, the mucous membrane of the tongue, the palpebral conjunctiva, and the skin of the mammary papilla. A single nerve fiber penetrates each oval capsule, spirals through the interior, and ends as a globular mass. Also called tactile corpuscle.e) cutaneous mechanoreceptors that sense pressure and stretch.f) A stretch receptor found in vertebrate muscle.g) any of the mechanoreceptors arranged in series with muscle in the tendons of mammalian muscles, being the receptors for stimuli responsible for the lengthening reaction.
  17. 17. Which of these explain golgi tendon organs?a) microscopic sensory nerve endings in the skin that are not connected to any specific sensory receptorb) Nerve that is stimulated each time the hair is movedc) found in the basal layer of the epidermis; believed to act as slow-acting tactile endorgans.d) any one of a number of small, special pressure-sensitive sensory end organs with a connective tissue capsule and tiny stacked plates in the dermis of the hand and foot, the front of the forearm, the skin of the lips, the mucous membrane of the tongue, the palpebral conjunctiva, and the skin of the mammary papilla. A single nerve fiber penetrates each oval capsule, spirals through the interior, and ends as a globular mass. Also called tactile corpuscle.e) cutaneous mechanoreceptors that sense pressure and stretch.f) A stretch receptor found in vertebrate muscle.g) any of the mechanoreceptors arranged in series with muscle in the tendons of mammalian muscles, being the receptors for stimuli responsible for the lengthening reaction.
  18. 18. Special Senses
  19. 19. Smell
  20. 20. Fill in the blank• An _________ is a small contact site on certain neural cells that is used for processing odorants. Odorants are a) Olfactory pathway chemical signatures that are shed by most substances and creatures. These molecular b) Olfactory receptors chemicals are more commonly referred to c) Smell as "smells." The receptors are located on olfactory receptor cells, which are present d) Muscle spindles in very large numbers (millions) and are clustered within a small area in the back of the nasal cavity, forming an olfactory epithelium. Each receptor cell has a single external process that extends to the surface of the epithelium and gives rise to a number of long, slender extensions called cilia. The cilia are covered by the mucus of the nasal cavity, facilitating the detection of and response to odor molecules by olfactory receptors.
  21. 21. What is this describing?• Olfactory system is very sensitive. As few as four odorants molecules can activate an olfactory receptor. a) Olfactory However, the activation of an afferent fiber does not guarantee an awareness of the stimulus. Axons leaving pathways the olfactory epithelium collect into 20 or more bundles that penetrate the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone b) Olfatory to reach the olfactory bulbs of the cerebrum where the receptors first synapse occurs. Efferent fibers form nuclei elsewhere in the brain also innervate neurons of the c) Smell olfactory bulbs. Axon leaving the olfactory bulb travel along the olfactory tract to reach the olfactory cortex, d) Muscle Spindles the hypothalamus and portion of the limbic system. Olfactory stimulation is the only type of sensory information that reaches the cerebral cortex directly; all other sensations are relayed from processing centers in the thalamus. The parallel distribution of olfactory information to the limbic system and hypothalamus explains the profound emotional and behavioral responses, as well as the memories, that can be triggered by certain smells.
  22. 22. Comparison between humans and CanineThe structure of a dogs nose gives it a sense of smell that is thousands oftimes better than a human beings. A dogs nose has two hundred millionnasal olfactory receptors. Each receptor detects and identifies the minuteodor molecules that are constantly flying off different objects.Of all a dogs senses, its sense of smell is the most highly developed. Dogshave about 25 times more olfactory (smell) receptors than humans do.These receptors occur in special sniffing cells deep in a dogs snout and arewhat allow a dog to "out-smell" humans.Dogs can sense odors at concentrations nearly 100 million times lowerthan humans can. They can detect one drop of blood in five quarts ofwater! Sniffing the bare sidewalk may seem crazy, but it yields a wealth ofinformation to your dog, whether its the scent of the poodle next door ora whiff of the bacon sandwich someone dropped last week.When a dog breathes normally, air doesnt pass directly over the smellreceptors. But when the dog takes a deep sniff, the air travels all the wayto the smell receptors, near the back of the dogs snout. So for adog, sniffing is a big part of smelling.
  23. 23. Taste
  24. 24. Fill in the blank• _______ are sensory a) Taste buds organs that are found on b) Ears your tongue and allow c) Neurotransmitters you to experience the tastes sweet, salty, sour, d) Nose and bitter. The receptor e) None of the above cells located in your tastes buds send messages through sensory nerves to your brain. Your brain then tells you what flavors you are tasting.
  25. 25. Hearing
  26. 26. Which explains the outer ear?a) consists of two major elements: the external flange of the ear also known as the pinna and the ear canal.b) is terminated by the eardrum, which separates the outer ear from the middle earc) projects from the side of the head at an angle of 30° to the occipital scalpd) is the eardrum of an ear simplifies incoming air pressure waves to a single channel of amplitude. In the inner ear, the distribution of vibrations along the length of the basilar membrane is detected by hair cells.
  27. 27. Which of these explain the ear canal?a) consists of two major elements: the external flange of the ear also known as the pinna and the ear canal.b) is terminated by the eardrum, which separates the outer ear from the middle earc) projects from the side of the head at an angle of 30° to the occipital scalpd) is the eardrum of an ear simplifies incoming air pressure waves to a single channel of amplitude. In the inner ear, the distribution of vibrations along the length of the basilar membrane is detected by hair cells.
  28. 28. Which of these explain the pinna?a) consists of two major elements: the external flange of the ear also known as the pinna and the ear canal.b) is terminated by the eardrum, which separates the outer ear from the middle earc) projects from the side of the head at an angle of 30° to the occipital scalpd) is the eardrum of an ear simplifies incoming air pressure waves to a single channel of amplitude. In the inner ear, the distribution of vibrations along the length of the basilar membrane is detected by hair cells.
  29. 29. Which of these explain the hearing mechanism?a) consists of two major elements: the external flange of the ear also known as the pinna and the ear canal.b) is terminated by the eardrum, which separates the outer ear from the middle earc) projects from the side of the head at an angle of 30° to the occipital scalpd) is the eardrum of an ear simplifies incoming air pressure waves to a single channel of amplitude. In the inner ear, the distribution of vibrations along the length of the basilar membrane is detected by hair cells.
  30. 30. What is the correct order of the path of sound?a) external canal, vibrates eardrum, vibration moves through ossicles, stapes vibrates oval window of cochlea, creates pressure wave in the fluid insideb) Vibration moves through ossicles, external canal, creates pressure wave in the fluid inside, stapes vibrates oval window of cochlea, vibrates eardrumc) stapes vibrates oval window of cochlea, creates pressure wave in the fluid inside, external canal, vibrates eardrum, vibration moves through ossiclesd) None of the above
  31. 31. Balance
  32. 32. What does this describe?• The sense organs a) The ear canal associated with your b) Vestibular sense sense of balance or c) Posterior canal equilibrium are found in the vestibule and d) None of the above semicircular canals. e) Sense of balance There are two types of equilibrium, static equilibrium and dynamic equilibrium. Static equilibrium
  33. 33. Fill in the blank• ________is a system in a) Dynamic equilibrium a steady state since b) Systematic equilibrium forward reaction and c) Taste backward reaction occur at the same rate. d) Balanced equilibrium e) None of the above
  34. 34. Vision
  35. 35. The Eye• The human eyeball is about 0.9 in (24 mm) in diameter and is not perfectly round, being slightly flattened in the front and back. The eye consists of three layers: the outer fibrous or sclera, the middle uveal or choroid layer, and the inner nervous layer or retina. Internally the eye is divided into two cavities— the anterior cavity filled with the watery aqueous fluid, and the posterior cavity filled with gel-like vitreous fluid. The internal pressure inside the eye (the intraocular pressure) exerted by the aqueous fluid supports the shape of the anterior cavity, while the vitreous fluid holds the shape of the posterior chamber. An irregularly shaped eyeball results in ineffective focusing of light onto the retina and is usually correctable with glasses or contact lenses. An abnormally high intraocular pressure, due to overproduction of aqueous fluid or to the reduction in its outflow through a duct called the canal of Schlemm, produces glaucoma, a usually painless and readily treatable condition, which may lead to irreversible blindness if left untreated. Elevated intraocular pressure is easily detectable with a simple, sight-saving, pressure test during routine eye examinations. The ophthalmic arteries provide the blood supply to the eyes, and the movement of the eyeballs is facilitated by six extraocular muscles which run from the bony orbit which insert the sclera, part of the fibrous tunic.
  36. 36. Process of seeing
  37. 37. What process helps in creating Retinal Image Foundation?a) refraction of light raysb) accommodation of the lensc) constriction of the pupild) convergence of the eyese) None of the abovef) All of the above
  38. 38. What are photopigments?a) light sensitive compounds and can all be broken down into glycoprotein opsin and vitamin A a derivative called retinalb) highly light sensitive, light causes the opsin to expand. When opsin and retinal open a process called bleaching takes place and active sites cause actions potentional to be created in the cell. The objects are seen in shades of grey until the opsin is back to its original shape. Red, green, and blue reflect light rays of a different wavelength.c) less sensitive to light and rods so brighter light is necessary in order for them to breakdownd) None of the above
  39. 39. What are rods?a) light sensitive compounds and can all be broken down into glycoprotein opsin and vitamin A a derivative called retinalb) highly light sensitive, light causes the opsin to expand. When opsin and retinal open a process called bleaching takes place and active sites cause actions potentional to be created in the cell. The objects are seen in shades of grey until the opsin is back to its original shape. Red, green, and blue reflect light rays of a different wavelength.c) less sensitive to light and rods so brighter light is necessary in order for them to breakdownd) None of the above
  40. 40. What are cones?a) light sensitive compounds and can all be broken down into glycoprotein opsin and vitamin A a derivative called retinalb) highly light sensitive, light causes the opsin to expand. When opsin and retinal open a process called bleaching takes place and active sites cause actions potentional to be created in the cell. The objects are seen in shades of grey until the opsin is back to its original shape. Red, green, and blue reflect light rays of a different wavelength.c) less sensitive to light and rods so brighter light is necessary in order for them to breakdownd) None of the above
  41. 41. Why don’t deer see hunters in bright orange?a) Deer do not have red sensitive cone cells in their eyes, so they cant tell red or orange from green and brownb) They are stupidc) are blind to bright colorsd) None of the above
  42. 42. What is the difference between “nearsighted” and“farsighted”? How are each of these connected?a) Nearsighted means someone is able to see things close to them but not from far away, and farsighted means someone is able to see from a distance better than up close. Both can be corrected either through Lasix eye surgery, contacts and or glasses.• Is this true or falsea) Tb) F

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