Online security terms


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A presentation describing online security terms including antivirus free internet security

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Online security terms

  1. 1. Adware Software that displays pop-up advertising Adware can also track what you are searching for to give you more relevant adverts
  2. 2. Antivirus A piece of software which protects your computer from viruses. You can often download some reliable free internet security which will protect your computer from harm.
  3. 3. Cookies Files that are saved to your computer when you visit websites They normally contain information about your browsing habits Because of cookies, webpages are often customised to your previous searches Cookies also automatically fill in forms with previously entered information from other forms
  4. 4. Firewall Your first line of defence when you are online Protects your computer from hackers Usually programmed in your hardware but can also be software All messages from the internet are fed through the firewall to ensure they are safe
  5. 5. Hacker An experienced computer user who attempts to gain access to your computer and data without your permission Hackers call themselves ‘crackers’
  6. 6. Keylogging Malicious programmers, called a keylogger, which is used to track your usage of your keyboard in an attempt to learn your usernames and passwords Keyloggers can even record instant messages and e-mails
  7. 7. Trojan A virus that attaches itself to another program in order to gain access to your computer Can be known as a Trojan Horse Examples of these include adverts that claim to clear your computer of such viruses
  8. 8. Spyware Software which is installed on your computer to monitor your computer usage Spyware is often bundled in another piece of software you want to download It can also find out your e-mail addresses and even your bank details
  9. 9. Spam Unwanted e-mails such as advertising Newsletters from brands can also be identified as Spam Most e-mail account suppliers will have Spam filters to help you organise what you want and don’t want to read
  10. 10. Strong Password A strong password is one with capital letters, numbers and symbols You should have a number of secure passwords which you rotate when you join a new website A strong password should be as random as possible, therefore making it difficult for hackers to guess
  11. 11. Phishing The sending out of genuine looking e- mails in an attempt to gain personal details from you An example of this is fake e-mails from the bank asking you to authenticate your account by inputting your account details
  12. 12. Malware General term used for software that is intended to do harm to your computer, such as viruses, Trojans etc
  13. 13. Virus A file which tries to harm your computer or allow a hacker to gain access to your information Viruses are created by hackers and can easily bring your computer to a stand- still as well as using up your remaining memory space
  14. 14. How to protect your PC1. Download a trusted free internet security package2. Create some strong passwords and vary them between sites3. Change your passwords every 6 months4. Log out of a site as soon as you are finished5. Don’t click on a link if it looks dangerous
  15. 15. Need more help? Are there more terms you don’t understand? Check out an online jargon buster such as Webopedia to learn more what these terms mean and what you can do to protect yourself against them.