Fire Pump System Pressure Control

23,072 views

Published on

NFPA 2009 Convention Session T33

Published in: Technology, Business
4 Comments
16 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
23,072
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
95
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1,463
Comments
4
Likes
16
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Fire Pump System Pressure Control

  1. 1. Sprinkler Fire Pumps System Pressure Control - by - James S. Nasby Columbia Engineering File: CE Fire Pump System Pressure Control.ppt
  2. 2. Main Topics Covered: <ul><li>NFPA 20 -2007 Provides Three New Means of Pressure Control in Sprinkler Systems : </li></ul><ul><li>1) Break Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>2) Pressure Regulating or Reducing Valves </li></ul><ul><li>3) Variable Speed Diesel Driven Fire Pumps </li></ul><ul><li>4) Variable Speed Electric Motor Driven Fire Pumps </li></ul><ul><li>5) Bypass Methods of Motor Starting </li></ul><ul><li>Application for variable Speed Pumps & Case Studies : </li></ul><ul><li>6) High Rise and Warehouse Systems </li></ul><ul><li>7) Horizontal and Vertical Fire Pump Examples </li></ul><ul><li>8) Combined (Dual Use) Systems </li></ul><ul><li>9) Requirement for Successful Installations </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1 - Break Tanks <ul><li>5.30 Break Tanks. Where a break tank is used to provide the pump suction water supply, the installation shall comply with this section. </li></ul><ul><li>5.30.1 Application. Break tanks are used for one or more of the following reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1) As a backflow prevention device… [E.g.: City of Houston, Texas] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(2) To eliminate pressure fluctuations in the city water supply… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(3) To augment the city water supply… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5.30.2 Break Tank Size. The tank shall be sized for a minimum duration of 15 minutes with the fire pump operating at 150 percent of rated capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>5.30.3 Refill Mechanism -- on next slides. </li></ul><ul><li>5.30.4 The break tank shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 22, Standard for Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Break Tanks - cont'd Refill Requirements <ul><li>5.30.3 Refill Mechanism - refill mechanism must be listed for automatic operation. </li></ul><ul><li>5.30.3.1 If the break tank capacity is less than the maximum system demand for 30 minutes, the refill mechanism must meet 5.30.3.1.1 through 5.30.3.1.5. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5.30.3.1.1 Dual automatic refill lines: each capable of refilling at a min. rate of 150 percent of the fire pump(s) capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.30.3.1.2 If available supplies do not permit 150 percent, each refill line must be capable of at least 110 percent of the max. system design flow. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.30.3.1.3 A manual tank fill bypass designed & capable of refilling the tank at at least150 percent of the fire pump(s) capacity must be provided. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.30.3.1.4 If available supplies do not permit 150 percent, the manual fill bypass must be capable of at least 110 percent of the max. system design flow. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.30.3.1.5 A local visible and audible low liquid level signal must be provided in the vicinity of the tank fill mechanism. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Break Tanks Refill Requirements - cont'd <ul><li>5.30.3.2 If the break tank is sized to a min. of 30 minutes of the max. system demand, the refill mechanism must meet 5.30.3.2.1 through 5.30.3.2.5. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5.30.3.2.1 The refill mechanism must supply 110 percent of total fire protection system demand [110% × (Total Demand  Tank Capacity) / Duration] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.30.3.2.2 A manual tank fill bypass must also supply the tank at 110 percent of the total system demand [110% × (Total Demand  Tank Capacity) / Duration] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.30.3.2.3 The pipe between the city connection and the automatic fill valve must be installed per NFPA24, Standard for the Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.30.3.2.4 The automatic filling mechanism must be maintained at a min. temperature of 40°F (4.4°C). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.30.3.2.5 The automatic filling mechanism must activate a maximum of 6 in. (152 mm) below the overflow level. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 2 - Pressure Regulating or Reducing Valves <ul><li>Floor Valves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Recognized in NFPA-13 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Some Redundancy (Floor Below and/or Floor Above) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Prohibited in some jurisdictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Riser or Main Valves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Prohibited in NFPA-20 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Clause 5.15.10 &quot; No pressure-regulating devices…&quot; [except for &quot;Low Suction Throttling Valves&quot;] & </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Clause 5.7.6.2* Pressure relief valves and pressure regulating devices in the fire pump installation shall not be used as a means to meet the requirements of 5.7.6.1. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Prohibited in NFPA-24 5.3.1 &quot;No pressure-regulating valve…&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Recognized in NFPA-14 -- but: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anecdotal and direct observation of failures: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stick Open or Closed & Destructive Oscillation </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 3 - Variable Speed Diesel Engine Driven Fire Pumps <ul><li>Salient Points : </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical Pressure Control </li></ul><ul><li>Limited (3) Pre-Set Pressures Available </li></ul><ul><li>Not Field Adjustable </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Response Times Not Field Adjustable </li></ul><ul><li>EPA Emission Limitations (Mechanical Injection & Speed Governor) </li></ul><ul><li>Not Factory Mutual Approved </li></ul>
  8. 8. 4 - Variable Speed Electric Motor Driven Fire Pumps <ul><li>Salient Points : </li></ul><ul><li>Redundant Back-up Means: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic fall-back to Full Speed Running </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manual Mode Switch and Mechanical Operator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Precise PID * Control Loop (Feedback Control System) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Field Adjustable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any Pressure Set-Point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Precise Control Over Gains and Dynamic Timing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NEMA 12 (U.L. Type 12) Non-Vented Construction Available </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excludes Dirt, Moisture, Water, Insects, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects VFD circuitry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Five Year Standard Factory Warrantee Available </li></ul><ul><li>* PID = Proportional - Integral - Differential (Process Controller) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Variable Speed Electric Motor Driven Fire Pumps - cont'd <ul><li>Salient Points - continued : </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive Field Experience: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over Five Years of Operation History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over Fifty Unit-Years of Experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 25,000 Running Hours of Experience (20K for One Unit) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stable over Widely Varying Hydraulics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Robust PID Loop can handle: Fast, Slow and Multiple Hydraulic Time Constants. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Very Precise Pressure Control Acheivable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controls to Within a Fraction of One PSI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settles Pump Output to Desired Pressure Set Point Rapidly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.L. Listed and F.M. Approved Construction Available </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some available with a 50°C (122°F) Temperature Rating </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduced Power and Demand Charger for Weekly Testing </li></ul>
  10. 10. Variable Speed Electric Motor Driven Fire Pumps - cont'd <ul><li>Mandatory Elements (NFPA-20 Section 10.10) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Variable Speed Section </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full Fire Pump Controller Section </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic and Manual Switch-over Circuitry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VFD (Variable Speed Drive) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate Pressure Transducer for PID Feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restart Delay on Switch to Bypass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully Isolated VFD (Off-line in Stand-by Condition) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fused Variable Speed to Protect the Bypass Path </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum 5% Line Reactor (most also have a D.C. one) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional Alarm Signals & Contacts </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Variable Speed Electric Motor Driven Fire Pumps - cont'd <ul><li>NFPA-20 Further Requirements (Section 10.10) : </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Full Rated Horsepower VFD </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic Switch to Bypass if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VFD doesn't respond in 5 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressure is low for more than 15 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lock in Bypass Mode (Avoids False Operation) </li></ul><ul><li>Fully Coordinated Protection Between Variable Speed and Bypass Paths </li></ul><ul><li>Lockable Cabinets </li></ul><ul><li>Separate Control for Multiple Pump Sites (No Common Control, No Common Point of Failure) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Variable Speed Motor Drive Controller
  13. 13. Variable Speed Motor Drive Controller
  14. 14. Variable Speed Motor Drive Controller Full Speed Bypass Path Variable Speed Path Fully Redundant Fire Pump Controller Note: A-T-L (D-O-L) Full Voltage Starting in this Example
  15. 15. Variable Speed Motor Drive Controller
  16. 16. Variable Speed Motor Drive Controller
  17. 17. Variable Speed Motor Drive Controller Bays: FPC Section, Transfer Switch Section, VFD Section.
  18. 18. Variable Speed Motor Drives VFD Theory of Operation 3 Phase Line Freq. AC to DC Smoothing(Ripple Reduction) DC / AC (at &quot;X&quot; KHz)
  19. 19. Variable Speed Motor Drives VFD Theory of Operation - cont'd 2 KHz One Cycle VFD Inverter Output Voltage Waveform
  20. 20. Variable Speed Motor Drives VFD Theory of Operation - cont'd Approximate Motor Current Waveform 2 KHz Ripple One Cycle
  21. 21. Variable Speed Electric Motor Driven Fire Pumps - cont'd <ul><li>The Installation Must Be Such That : </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum ambient must not exceed controller (marked) rating </li></ul><ul><li>Mfr's vent air clearance spaces and service spaces must be adhered to </li></ul><ul><li>The motor must be suitable for use with a variable speed drive </li></ul><ul><li>Motor current draw must not exceed 100% of FLA, even though the motor may have a 1.15 or higher service factor </li></ul><ul><li>A gen-set must be suitable for use with a variable speed drive </li></ul><ul><li>The power source must be capable of bypass mode Starting method </li></ul><ul><li>The pump and motor must be rigidly coupled </li></ul><ul><li>The pump and motor must be properly grouted </li></ul><ul><li>A relief valve is required for emergency operation unless system pressure can not be exceed at churn and full speed and max. suction pressure </li></ul>
  22. 22. Variable Speed Electric Motor Driven Fire Pumps - cont'd <ul><li>Successful Installations require a Suitable Controller : </li></ul><ul><li>UL Listed and F.M. Approved * </li></ul><ul><li>* Note that F.M. Approval requires both Low and High Temperature testing of the entire controller and at full and partial loads, and also the pressure regulation accuracy over both various loads and temperature extremes. </li></ul><ul><li>A U.L. Listed Type 12 (NEMA 12) Non-Vented Enclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Air to Air or Air to Water Cooling Means Rated NEMA 12 or better * </li></ul><ul><li>* Not dependant on air conditioning or other refrigeration schemes. </li></ul><ul><li>Set point and VFD parameters stored in permanent non-volatile memory (Flash or EEPROM) * </li></ul><ul><li>* Not dependant on battery backed memory schemes. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible and Robust VFD with 800 Vdc or higher Over-voltage Shutdown (D.C. Capacitor Voltage) </li></ul><ul><li>A Flexible and Robust PID (Pressure Regulation) Loop </li></ul>
  23. 23. Variable Speed Electric Motor Driven Fire Pumps - cont'd Possible responses from any feedback control system. Under Damped Response Uncontrolled (Destructive) Oscillation Critically Damped (Ideal) Response Over Damped Response
  24. 24. Variable Speed Motor Drive Pumps Multi-Acre Multi-Building Campus Fire Pump House Location Tower 55 Acre Campus
  25. 25. Variable Speed Motor Drive Pumps Multi-Acre Multi-Building Campus (253 Second Chart Span) Multiple Fire Water Loops - plus - Remote Tower - lead to - Multiple System Hydraulic Time Constants Note that these were measured after pump shutdown
  26. 26. Variable Speed Motor Drive Pumps Multi-Acre Multi-Building Campus (151 Second Chart Span)
  27. 27. Variable Speed Motor Drive Pumps Multi-Acre Multi-Building Campus (86 Second Chart Span)
  28. 28. Variable Speed Motor Drive Pumps Multi-Acre Multi-Building Campus Measured: 25s, 20s, 4s, 2s Hydraulic Time Constants --- Stable pressure control requires a robust PID control loop and expert set-up knowledge and experience. (63 Second Chart Span)
  29. 29. Variable Speed Electric Motor Driven Fire Pumps - cont'd <ul><li>NFPA-20 Further Requirements: </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Full Rated Horsepower VFD </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic Switch to Bypass if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VFD doesn't respond in 5 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressure is low for more than 15 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lock in Bypass Mode (Avoids False Operation) </li></ul><ul><li>Fully Coordinated Protection Between Variable Speed and Bypass Paths </li></ul><ul><li>Lockable Cabinets </li></ul><ul><li>Separate Control for Multiple Pump Sites (No Common Control, No Common Point of Failure) </li></ul>
  30. 30. Variable Speed Electric Motor Driven Fire Pumps - cont'd <ul><li>NFPA-20 Requirements - cont'd - Main Relief Valves: </li></ul><ul><li>5.18.1.1 Where a diesel engine fire pump is installed and where a total of 121 percent of the net rated shutoff (churn) pressure plus the maximum static suction pressure, adjusted for elevation, exceeds the pressure for which the system components are rated, a pressure relief valve shall be installed. </li></ul><ul><li>5.18.1.2* Pressure relief valves shall be used only where specifically permitted by this standard. </li></ul><ul><li>5.18.1.3 Where an electric variable speed pressure limiting control driver is installed, and the maximum total discharge head adjusted for elevation with the pump operating at shutoff and rated speed exceeds the pressure rating of the system components, a pressure relief valve shall be installed. </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Regarding 5.18.1.3, where the pump churn (shutoff) pressure at full speed plus the max. suction pressure does not exceed the system pressure rating, the relief valve is not needed and should be avoided since it is a point of failure if it opens prematurely or gets stuck open. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Variable Speed Electric Motor Driven Fire Pumps - cont'd <ul><li>NFPA-20 Requirements - cont'd - Main Relief Valves: </li></ul><ul><li>9.5.1.1 All motors shall comply with NEMA MG-1, Motors and Generators, shall be marked as complying with NEMA Design B standards, and shall be specifically listed * for fire pump service. </li></ul><ul><li>9.5.1.3 Motors used with variable speed controllers shall additionally meet the applicable requirements of NEMA MG-1, Motors and Generators, Part 31 and shall be marked for inverter duty. </li></ul><ul><li>9.5.2.2(2) Where the motor is used with a variable speed pressure limiting controller, the service factor shall not be used. </li></ul><ul><li>* No Listed Variable Speed Fire Pump Motors yet . However, the motors used must still otherwise meet all three of these clauses. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Induction Motor Locked Rotor Codes Note: Controllers (15 Hp and higher rated ) are NOT rated, tested, approved, or listed for starting codes above Code &quot;G&quot;.
  33. 33. 9 - Bypass Methods of Motor Starting <ul><li>Eight Common Motor Starting Types: </li></ul><ul><li>Across‑the‑Line (A‑T‑L or Direct‑On‑Line) </li></ul><ul><li>Part Winding (Half Winding) Start </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Resistor Start * </li></ul><ul><li>Primary (or Neutral) Reactor Start </li></ul><ul><li>Wye‑Delta (Star‑Delta) ‑ Open Transition * </li></ul><ul><li>Wye‑Delta (Star‑Delta) ‑ Closed Transition * </li></ul><ul><li>Soft Start / Soft Stop (SCR Phase Modulation) </li></ul><ul><li>Autotransformer * </li></ul><ul><li>*Not Recommended for Variable Speed Applications </li></ul>
  34. 34. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Full Voltage <ul><li>Across-The-Line (Direct-On-Line) - Full Voltage Starting </li></ul>Starting Amps = 600% KWatt = 240% Torque * = 100% *Reference Value
  35. 35. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Part Winding Starting Amps = 390% KWatt = 156% Torque * = 48% *Will bring Fully Loaded Pumps up to Speed
  36. 36. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Part Winding Note: The Motor Must be Wound Specifically for Part Winding Start .
  37. 37. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Primary Resistor <ul><li>Reference Only Greatly Increases Starting KW load on Gen-Sets due to High Power Factor (0.80pf on 65% Tap Setting) </li></ul>
  38. 38. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Primary Reactor <ul><li>Starting </li></ul><ul><li>Amps = 390% </li></ul><ul><li>KWatt = 111% </li></ul><ul><li>Torque * = 42% </li></ul><ul><li>*Will bring Fully Loaded Pumps up to Speed </li></ul>
  39. 39. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Primary Reactor
  40. 40. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Y-Δ Closed Transition Starting Amps = 200 / 600% KWatt = 80 / 240% Torque * = 33% *Will NOT bring Fully Loaded Pumps up to Speed Also requires additional Wye contactor Interlocking in addition to Motor Contactors (not practical).
  41. 41. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Y-Δ Closed Transition The &quot;Y&quot; and &quot;M2&quot; Contactors must be both Electrically and Mechanically Interlocked to avoid inadvertent short circuits.
  42. 42. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Y-Δ Open Transition Same Problems as with Y-Δ Closed Transition But also has a Transition Hazard (High Spike Current which can cause the Circuit Breaker to Trip with Stiff Source) Lagging Leading Closed
  43. 43. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Soft Start (Solid State) Starting Amps = 240 / 400% KWatt = Ramps Torque * = 16 / 44% *Will bring Fully Loaded Pumps up to Speed
  44. 44. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Soft Start (Solid State)
  45. 45. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Autotransformer Starting Amps = 276% KWatt = 110% Torque * = 42% *Will bring Fully Loaded Pumps up to Speed Requires additional Wye contactor Interlocking in addition to Motor Contactors (not practical).
  46. 46. Bypass Methods of Motor Starting - Autotransformer The &quot;Y&quot; and &quot;M&quot; Contactors must be both Electrically and Mechanically Interlocked to avoid inadvertent short circuits.
  47. 47. Starting Methods -vs- Motor Types
  48. 48. Motor Starting Characteristics Parameter Chart
  49. 49. Motor Starting Characteristics Parameter Notes to Chart
  50. 50. 7 - Rough Rules of Thumb <ul><li>Transformer or Gen-Set Sizing – 125% almost never enough </li></ul><ul><li>Full Voltage (A-T-L) Starting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often needs 300% to 500% Sizing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduced Inrush Starting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often needs 250% to 400% Sizing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Depending on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Device Impedance and Voltage Drops of: Transformer Source and Primary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiring Run and Wiring Run to Controller </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sizing for Variable Speed depends on Bypass Start method. </li></ul><ul><li>For More info. see : </li></ul><ul><li>mastercontrols.com/EngInfo/Articles/Nasby/Motor-Starting-Parameters_WP0.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>From: mastercontrols.com/AboutFPC/MCSldA00.htm </li></ul><ul><li> And: mastercontrols.com/EngInfo/MCEngInf.htm#TechArts </li></ul><ul><li>Why not to specify Wye-Delta Starting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mastercontrols.com/EngInfo/Articles/Nasby/Wye-Delta_Starting_White_Paper.pdf </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. Variable Speed Case Studies <ul><li>Application for Variable Speed Pumps : </li></ul><ul><li>6) High Rise and Warehouse Systems </li></ul><ul><li>7) Horizontal and Vertical Fire Pumps </li></ul><ul><li>8) Combined Fire and Domestic Water Systems </li></ul><ul><li>9) Requirement for Successful Installations </li></ul>
  52. 52. 6 - High Rise and Warehouse Systems
  53. 53. High Rise and Warehouse Systems - cont'd Pressure Variables Pump Pressure ~ RPM Squared
  54. 54. High Rise and Warehouse Systems - cont'd Pressure Set-Point (Set Pressure) Feedback Control System (PID Loop) &quot;limits&quot; the pressure by &quot;flattening&quot; the curve to the desired set pressure by controlling the pump speed.
  55. 55. High Rise and Warehouse Systems - cont'd Note that all pumps are allowed to have a 40% rise to churn (Shutoff). Set-point (PID) control compensates for pressure variations in: 1) Suction Supply 2) Pump Inlet Friction Loss 3) Pump Curve It does not compensate for discharge & system piping friction loss since pressure is sensed at the pump discharge. Note that by the time the pressure drops below the Set Pressure, the pump will be running at Full Speed .
  56. 56. High Rise and Warehouse Systems - cont'd For best economy, use the most efficient pump to reduce the horsepower required. A flat pump curve does not help the controller control pressure. The pump curve must be monotonic (no rise in the pump curve). Note motor Inverter Duty Label.
  57. 57. High Rise and Warehouse Systems - cont'd Variable Speed Pump Mitigates Pressure Loss between Pump House and buildings.
  58. 58. High Rise and Warehouse Systems - cont'd 2500 Gpm Test Flow 1,500,000 Sq.Ft. Distribution Center 250 Hp 2500 Gpm Pump Serious Supply Pressure Variation
  59. 59. 7 - Horizontal and Vertical Fire Pump Examples <ul><li>Horizontal Split Case </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical In-Line </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical Turbine </li></ul><ul><li>Deep Well Vertical Turbine </li></ul>
  60. 60. Horizontal and Vertical Fire Pump Examples - cont'd A large College Campus Education Building (Sprinkler Retrofit).
  61. 61. Horizontal and Vertical Fire Pump Examples - cont'd Same College Campus, Different Education (Also Retrofit)
  62. 62. Horizontal and Vertical Fire Pump Examples - cont'd The College Buildings
  63. 63. Horizontal and Vertical Fire Pump Examples - cont'd 125 Hp deep well dual use vertical turbine pump
  64. 64. Horizontal and Vertical Fire Pump Examples - cont'd 125 Hp deep well dual use pump
  65. 65. Horizontal and Vertical Fire Pump Examples - cont'd 100 Hp Vertical In-line pump
  66. 66. 8 - Combined (Dual Use) Systems <ul><li>Water Supplies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep Well </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Types (Purpose) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic and Fire Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process Water for Heat Pumps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Back-up Fire Water (Must Have) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Pumps w/ Municipal Source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Wells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well & Tower </li></ul></ul>
  67. 67. Combined (Dual Use) Systems - cont'd <ul><li>Optional Multiplexing (Must be Independent) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Variable Speed Jockey Pump </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternate Between Pumps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tower Re-fill (Domestic Water) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Optional Additional Control - Pressure Switch & </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote Fire Signal Start </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building (Campus) Control System (speed control) </li></ul></ul>
  68. 68. Combined (Dual Use) System Fire and Domestic Water Very Large Mall Domestic and Fire Water (Backup for Domestic) Four Pumps 2 @ 30 Hp (VIL) 2 @ 60 Hp (HSC) T-Switch Controllers Triplexed (Lead-Lag) With Interlocked Backup Pressure & Fire Signal (Remote) Start on Lead Pump (Sports Store Ammunition Storage)
  69. 69. Combined (Dual Use) System Fire and Domestic Water
  70. 70. Triple Dual Use System Fire, Domestic & Tower Refill Near Minneapolis Water Treatment Room
  71. 71. Triple Use System Very Medical Housing Campus Domestic & Fire Water & Tower Refill Deep Well Pump 125 Hp 1250 GPM Triple Controller Control 1) Pressure Start Based on Tower Water Level 2) Fire Alarm System Start and Full Speed Run 3) Campus Control System controls speed for best water treatment (300 to 400 gpm for tower refill daily. Note: Tower limits campus water system pressure (tower overflows).
  72. 72. Dual Use Fire and Domestic Water DOD Approved Very Large Many Building Military Installation - 3 Pumps: Variable Speed Motor Drive, Diesel PLD Drive & VFD Jockey Pump
  73. 73. Dual Use Fire and Domestic Water 125 Hp Controller with Dual Coolers Low Suction, Low and High System Pressure Alarms Note Alarm Set : Used to consolidate Tamper Signals to Fire Pump Controller which feeds a Radio Link Alarm System
  74. 74. Dual Use Fire and Domestic Water Two sets of Dual Relief Valves (one Set to Waste the other Bypasses) Coordinates with several other pump rooms and fire pumps.
  75. 75. 9 - Requirement for Successful Dual-Use Installations <ul><li>Back-up Fire Water Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Careful Analysis and System Design </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable Controller(s) - See Section 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful Attention to Pressure Settings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible and Robust PID Loop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper Sequencing &Multiplexing Between Pumps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully Independent Control </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proper Installation - See Section 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Training of Personnel </li></ul>
  76. 76. Requirement for Successful Dual-Use Installations - cont'd <ul><li>Automatic sequencing of pumps required in accordance with 9.6.3 (and required by 10.5.2.5). </li></ul><ul><li>Note: This eases the starting electrical load. </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic sequencing of fire pumps needed for pumps in parallel or in series </li></ul><ul><li>- Any pump supplying suction to another pump starts before it (High Zone Delayed Start) -or- </li></ul><ul><li>- I f water requirements call for more than one pumping unit to operate (pumps in parallel) </li></ul><ul><li>- Pumps must start at intervals of 5 to 10 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>- Failure of any pump may not prevent any others from starting </li></ul>
  77. 77. NFPA-20 2007 Chapter 9 Electric Drive for Pumps - Cont'd <ul><li>Motor Starting Slide Show Links: </li></ul><ul><li>mastercontrols.com/EngInfo/Articles/Nasby/EFPXS-2B_WP5.PDF </li></ul><ul><li>mastercontrols.com/EngInfo/Articles/Nasby/Motor-Starting-Parameters_WP0.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>mastercontrols.com/EngInfo/Articles/Nasby/Wye-Delta_Starting_White_Paper.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>mastercontrols.com/ProdInfo/Flyers/ECV_Application_Notes-Iss4.PDF </li></ul><ul><li>Above from: mastercontrols.com/EngInfo/MCEngInf.htm#TechArts </li></ul><ul><li>mastercontrols.com/EngInfo/Articles/Nasby/Handouts/Motor_Starting/Session_321-2_Supplemental-Handout.PDF </li></ul><ul><li>Above from: mastercontrols.com/AboutFPC/MCSldA00.htm </li></ul><ul><li>This Show: </li></ul><ul><li>slideshare.net/JamesSNasby/fire-pump-system-pressure-control </li></ul>
  78. 78. Questions ? [email_address] 847-677-3468

×