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Back injuries – injuries to the spine and surrounding soft tissues – are common following a motor vehicle accident or other traumatic event. There are many different kinds of spinal and soft-tissue injuries that can be obtained. A soft tissue injury is an injury to the soft tissues of the body – the muscles, ligaments and tendons. A joint is where two bones meet. The joints in the spine are called facet joints. The facet joints allow the bones of the spine to glide smoothly through a range of motions. Injury to the facet joint will result in the joint becoming stiff, swollen, and tender. A soft tissue injury or spinal injury can result in permanent and painful nerve damage if swelling caused by the primary injury (e.g., a herniated or bulging disc) causes compression on the nerve.