Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Crime Prevention and Modern Policing

921 views

Published on

Changing needs to meet the future

Published in: Economy & Finance, Business
  • Be the first to comment

Crime Prevention and Modern Policing

  1. 1. Crime Prevention & Modern Policing “ Changing Needs to Meet the Future” CtC Conference 1 st December 2006 Ch. Insp. James Cooke
  2. 2. Presentation Contents <ul><li>Historical role of Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Prevention Needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Study : CtC London Youth Survey 2004-5 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multi Agency Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Policing Context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Intelligence Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Violent Crime Risk Management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modern Prevention Business Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Future Needs </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historical Role of Prevention <ul><li>Sir Robert Peel and the Primary Objectives of Policing 1829 </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention vs Reduction : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes removed or controlled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suppression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Historical Role Police Crime Prevention Officer (CPO) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Modern Crime Prevention <ul><li>The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Community Safety Managers </li></ul><ul><li>The Prevention Disciplines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Product, layout and System Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavioural Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Management (Offender,victim and location) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. CtC London Youth Survey Gang and Gun Crime 2004-5 <ul><li>Risk and Protective Factors Audit: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trident Boroughs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools Surveyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response Profiling </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Multi Agency Prevention <ul><li>Local Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensing, Planning & Highways, Health, Housing, Education, Children Services, Social Services, Environmental Health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voluntary Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbourhood Watches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crime Prevention, Design Advisors, Architectural Design Advisors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><li>Land Owners </li></ul>
  7. 7. National Intelligence Model <ul><li>Tactical and Strategic Assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Problem and Subject Profiling </li></ul><ul><li>The Control Strategy : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Problem Solving Process <ul><li>MPS Staged Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Option Appraisal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring and Review </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Problem Analysis Triangle Target/Victim Place Offender
  10. 10. Violent Crime Risk Management Threat Source Behavioural Drivers Risk Identification Risk Assessment Case Management Location Victim Offender - Town Centres - Clubs / pubs - Crack houses / shebeens - Estates - High risk streets / locations - Repeat victims - Mugging - Domestic Violence - Stalking - Street violence - Commercial premises - PPOs - MAPPA - Gang members - Criminal Networks - Peer group - Individual dangerous offenders <ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Financial need </li></ul><ul><li>Self defence </li></ul>1. BOCU Frontline - Safer Neighbourhood Teams - Response teams - CID Investigations 2. SCD BIUs - Homicide - SCD 7 - SCD 8 - SCD 5 - SCD 12 3. SO BIUs - SB - SO13 <ul><li>SCD BIUs </li></ul><ul><li>CSUs </li></ul><ul><li>CAIT </li></ul><ul><li>MAPPA </li></ul><ul><li>PPOs </li></ul><ul><li>SAPPHIRE </li></ul><ul><li>MENTAL DISORDER </li></ul><ul><li>GANGS </li></ul><ul><li>COMPASS </li></ul><ul><li>TOOLS: </li></ul><ul><li>MATRIX 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>PRISM </li></ul><ul><li>ASSET </li></ul><ul><li>ONSET </li></ul><ul><li>OAYSIS </li></ul><ul><li>RISK & PROTECTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>SPECCS </li></ul><ul><li>Sleepner Model </li></ul><ul><li>JTrack </li></ul><ul><li>VISOR </li></ul><ul><li>Chapt. 8 </li></ul><ul><li>MAPPA level 1, 2, 3 </li></ul><ul><li>PPO Case conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Tasking & Co-ordination </li></ul><ul><li>(BOCU + SCD + SO) </li></ul>Intelligence + Problem Solving + Action Planning Action Planning Action Planning Referral 1
  11. 11. Intervention Axis NIM level (structure & systems) 2. 1. PSP interventions: Offender Victim Location Individual / Family Individual / Peer Group Individual / Gang Individual / Crim Ntwrk 0 - 5 6 - 10 11 - 15 16 - 20 21 - 25 26 - 30 31 - 40 beyond Age / Gang Affiliation Lifecycle CtC /Crime concern Risk and protective Social services / education <ul><li>CDRP </li></ul><ul><li>PPO scheme </li></ul><ul><li>YOT </li></ul><ul><li>(asset) </li></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Prison Service </li></ul><ul><li>Oaysis </li></ul><ul><li>Probation </li></ul><ul><li>Oaysis </li></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Prism </li></ul><ul><li>CN Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>RAMP </li></ul><ul><li>MAPPA </li></ul><ul><li>Prison Service </li></ul><ul><li>Probation </li></ul><ul><li>Sure Start </li></ul><ul><li>WaveTrust </li></ul><ul><li>YIPs </li></ul><ul><li>YISPs </li></ul><ul><li>BOCU enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Gang mediation services </li></ul><ul><li>Gang exit planning </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul>Safer London Foundation <ul><li>SCD 6 Asset confiscation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Prevention Business Areas <ul><li>Urban Design and Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Product, layout and System Design </li></ul><ul><li>Town Centre Management </li></ul><ul><li>Business Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Offender & Victim Management </li></ul><ul><li>Counter Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Safer Neighbourhoods </li></ul>
  13. 13. Future Needs <ul><li>Modular Training and Competency based accreditation </li></ul><ul><li>Building Prevention into mainstream business planning </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Development </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Scanning </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute for Prevention </li></ul>

×