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The Role of Online Communication and Social Networking Sites in Migration from U.S. to Mexico<br />James E Benson<br />
Mexican Migration Project<br />Professor Douglas Massey<br />Penn 1982<br />Sociological Factors<br />Previous ties in US<...
Migration vs Online Social<br />Networks<br />Strength<br />“Good” vs. “Bad”<br />Leads to ease of movement<br />
Zahniser 1999<br />Correlation between migration network and migration<br />15 % in 1920s<br />55% in 1990s<br />Migrant s...
SNS<br />New medium in place of old programs<br />Ex: Bracero<br />State-sponsored<br />Implication?<br />Increased migrat...
Sibling<br />Who is using SNS?<br />Younger/ Sibling<br />Students<br />Ties to US<br />Increased likelihood of further mi...
UTEP Students<br />Quasi-experimental design<br />Survey done by MMP<br />Addendums include<br />Media usage<br />“Home” c...
Mexico<br />Contacts of student<br />Online<br />Offline<br />Survey administered online<br />Survey administered F2F<br />
Differences?<br />Online vs Offline<br />Relationship <br />Formation<br />Maintenance<br />Migration Behavior<br />
Process<br />Online Survey<br />F2F Survey<br />Pseudonym for cities<br />Anonymity for respondents<br />Coding and dispos...
Limitations<br />Specific focus cities<br />Convenience Sampling<br />Snowball<br />
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  1. 1. The Role of Online Communication and Social Networking Sites in Migration from U.S. to Mexico<br />James E Benson<br />
  2. 2. Mexican Migration Project<br />Professor Douglas Massey<br />Penn 1982<br />Sociological Factors<br />Previous ties in US<br />Strength of ties<br />Economic Factors<br />Cost<br />Higher Pay<br />
  3. 3. Migration vs Online Social<br />Networks<br />Strength<br />“Good” vs. “Bad”<br />Leads to ease of movement<br />
  4. 4. Zahniser 1999<br />Correlation between migration network and migration<br />15 % in 1920s<br />55% in 1990s<br />Migrant sibling increases probability-much higher than parent<br />
  5. 5. SNS<br />New medium in place of old programs<br />Ex: Bracero<br />State-sponsored<br />Implication?<br />Increased migration<br />
  6. 6. Sibling<br />Who is using SNS?<br />Younger/ Sibling<br />Students<br />Ties to US<br />Increased likelihood of further migration<br />
  7. 7. UTEP Students<br />Quasi-experimental design<br />Survey done by MMP<br />Addendums include<br />Media usage<br />“Home” city<br />Contacts-online and offline<br />Snowball sampling<br />Addressing previous limitations<br />
  8. 8. Mexico<br />Contacts of student<br />Online<br />Offline<br />Survey administered online<br />Survey administered F2F<br />
  9. 9. Differences?<br />Online vs Offline<br />Relationship <br />Formation<br />Maintenance<br />Migration Behavior<br />
  10. 10. Process<br />Online Survey<br />F2F Survey<br />Pseudonym for cities<br />Anonymity for respondents<br />Coding and disposal<br />
  11. 11. Limitations<br />Specific focus cities<br />Convenience Sampling<br />Snowball<br />

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