Re-imagined

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Re-imagined

  1. 1. Re-imagined The future of K12 education by David Havens
  2. 2. Catalyzed by technology, education is undergoing major change Towards greater personalization and access 95% 80% 2 of teachers agree that technology use in the classroom can enhance student learning agree that their students’ learning is more engaging when using technology N = 17,624 teachers 5 STATES EVERY 4 DAYS 5:1RATIO require online coursework to graduate a new edtech company is funded of student to tablet by 2015 Source: Brightbytes, ambient insights, http://kpk12.com/states/
  3. 3. The time is now to re-imagine our education system Outline Ø  Ø  Ø  Ø  Ø  Systemic Challenges [4] New Landscape [15] Re-imagined tools [29] New instructional models [39] Appendix 3
  4. 4. 1 Systemic Challenges “The notion of education as a public good that facilitates socioeconomic mobility for all citizens is at the heart of the American public education system.” Emily Dalton Smith Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
  5. 5. Percentage of low-income students increasing 5 48% of public school students are now eligible for free or reduced lunch 2011 2000 51% 51% 56% +10% 50% 51% 57% 55% 54% 68% 63% 60% Note: The report did not include D.C. because its school system is too small relative to those of states Percentage of low-income students 30 40 50% 50% 55% 60% 60% 57% 71% 55% 66% 56% 50% *students who qualify for free or reduced-priced lunches Source: http://m.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/10/study-almost-half-of-public-school-students-are-now-low-income/280664/
  6. 6. Children in higher income households are improving faster It’s not just the bottom getting left behind – the top 10% financially are pulling away academically Income Achievement Gaps Average difference in standardized test scores between income percentiles Reading, 1943-2000 Birth Cohorts 1.4 90th/50th achievement gap 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 50th/10th achievement gap 0.4 0.2 0 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 Cohort Birth Day Source: http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/04/27/no-rich-child-left-behind/ 1990 2000 6
  7. 7. US per pupil spending varies 300% across states 7 In 2011, ranged from $6212 (Utah) to $19076 (New York) Per Pupil Current Spending (2009) Wyo. $18,068 Utah $7,217 $0 - $9,350 $9,351 - $10,550 $10,550 – 12,000 $12,000 - $13,500 $13,501 - $18,5100 AK, HI Source: http://www.nationaljournal.com/thenextamerica/education/analysis-how-much-states-spend-on-their-kids-really-does-matter-20121016
  8. 8. Students of color are underrepresented in top schools Over 50% of white students are in the top 30% of schools Percentage Of Subgroups Attending Top, Middle, and Bottom performing schools Percentage of students 100% 80% 60% Top 30% of schools Middle 40% 40% Bottom 30% 20% 0% African-American Source: Latino Economically Disadvantaged http://www.edtrust.org/sites/edtrust.org/files/publications/files/Access%20Denied.pdf White Notes: In K12 schools in California, based off API scores (2009) 8
  9. 9. Living in poverty lowers chance of academic success 22% of children with a year of poverty do not graduate Children without Poverty Children with Poverty Experience 26% Dropout Rates 22% 11% 9% 6% 2% Total Proficient Not Proficient 60% Of prison inmates are functionally illiterate Source: http://www.aecf.org/~/media/Pubs/Topics/Education/Other/DoubleJeopardyHowThirdGradeReadingSkillsandPovery/DoubleJeopardyReport040511FINAL.pdf , http://www.begintoread.com/research/literacystatistics.html 9
  10. 10. Teacher satisfaction at lowest level since 1986 Principal satisfaction down, too. Teacher stress has increased since 1985. 10 Teacher Job Satisfaction Through the Years (% Very Satisfied) Series 1 70% 60% 50% 40% 40% 50% 44% 40% 54% 52% 57% 56% 44% 33% 62% 59% 44% 39% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1995 2001 2003 2006 2008 2009 2011 2012 Base: Teachers (2012, n=1,000) Source: https://www.metlife.com/assets/cao/foundation/MetLife-Teacher-Survey-2012.pdf, http://kaleyperkins.com/as-teacher-satisfaction-plummets-educator-finds-way-to-teach-from-the-trunk/
  11. 11. And despite spending 2nd most on education… K-12 Spending Per Student In The OECD Source: OECD, 2009 Education at a Glance 11
  12. 12. United States lags in basic literacy and numeracy skills Based off OECD assessment of adult skills, 2013 Distribution of numeracy proficiency scores Distribution of literacy proficiency scores #17 #22 Source: http://skills.oecd.org/OECD_Skills_Outlook_2013.pdf 12
  13. 13. United States is below average in equity and achievement 13 Based off OECD Program for International Student Assessment, 2012 PISA scores SES Source: http://www.oecd.org/pisa/ (slide 7)
  14. 14. Summary 14 Ø  Income Inequality is growing and has powerful implications on educational attainment Ø  The conditions of poverty can create academic challenges and correlate to dropout rates Ø  When compared internationally, US lags in both equity and achievement Source: Committee on Education Funding Note: Assembled by Jenny House, President of Redrock Reports
  15. 15. 2 New landscape “It’s not about the technology; it’s about sharing knowledge and information, communicating efficiently, building learning communities and creating a culture of professionalism in schools. These are the key responsibilities of all educational leaders.” Marion Ginapolis Superintendent at Lake Orion Public Schools
  16. 16. 45 states adopt Common Core - national goals for student learning 16 Pushing students to think critically, collaboratively, creatively Common core adoption across the USA Adopted Not Yet Adopted Source: corestandards.org, Aug 22, 2013
  17. 17. Rising focus on noncognitive factors to improve student agency 17 New academic mindsets and learning strategies linked to school success Innovative disposition Growth Social Emotional Intelligence Grit Cultural Competency Leads to a desire to look smart Fixed Mind-set Intelligence is static Leads to a desire to learn Growth Mind-set Intelligence can be developed Character Effort Habits of scholarship Creativity Perseverance Sources: Angela Duckworth: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~duckwort/images/Grit%20JPSP.pdf, Carol Dweck: http://alumni.stanford.edu/get/page/magazine/article/?article_id=32124
  18. 18. Technology is ubiquitous in the classroom 97% of teachers have at least one computer in the classroom 94% enter or view grades using electronic system 40% of teachers use technology often in the classroom 5:3 current average ratio Student : Computer 5M iPads in K12 Source: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2010/2010040.pdf, http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=46 18
  19. 19. Learning can continue beyond the school building With US smartphone and tablet owners on the rise U.S. Smartphone and Tablet Owners 140 120 (millions) 100 80 60 40 20 Smartphone Owners Tablet Owners 0 Source: Pew Research Center, comScore, U.S., census bureau, http://kaiserfamilyfoundation.files.wordpress.com/2013/04/8010.pdf Note: Includes smartphones owners over age of 13 and tablet owners over age of 18 19
  20. 20. Teacher demographics are changing Younger teachers more comfortable with technology Age of Public School Teachers, 1987-88 to 2007-08 40% under 30 digital natives! Source: 96% number from http://blog.edmentum.com/leading-way-education-technology, http://www.gse.upenn.edu/review/feature/ingersoll 20
  21. 21. Tech companies bring devices and content ecosystems to K12 21 Apple dominates hardware while Google Apps for Education (GAFE) grows rapidly App stores deliver rich, diverse content Cost of hardware lowers; “hardware-as-a-service” enables new buying flexibility Samsung Amplify Microsoft Apple Source: apple.com, google.com, samsung.com, edmodo.com, schoology.com Google
  22. 22. Though serious tech infrastructure challenges remain 93% of computers have internet access 22 72% of schools lack adequate bandwidth to use 1:1 devices in every classroom <1% of schools have adequate bandwidth for 2017 estimates BUT Source: http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=46
  23. 23. State and local budgets are tightening 23 K-12 Funding Sources U.S. K-12 Education Spending YoY Growth by Fiscal Year, 1991-2011 State and Local Budget Surplus/Shortfall by Fiscal Year, 1990-2015F Net Funding Surplus/Shortfall Historical $B 43 45 47 55 -85 -105 Source: The Parthenon Group 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 0 2004 1 2003 -103 2 2002 Net Funding Surplus/Shortfall 3 2001 -76 4 2000 -59 -36 -52 1999 Net Funding Surplus/Shortfall -37 -45 -47 -45 -65 5 -21 1998 -25 -16 1997 -125 -5 6 -4 -2 -5 1996 -85 35 -105 15 7 1995 -65 6 1994 -45 14 8 1993 -25 5 8 Series 1 1992 -5 13 18 34 % 9 1991 15 17 29 42 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012E 2013E 2014E 2015E 2016E 35 46 Forecasting
  24. 24. Venture capital flows into K-12: 74 financings in 2012 $427m from angels and institutional funders, transaction size ranges from $.2-80m Source: http://www.newschools.org/blog/closer-look 24
  25. 25. Angel investment fueling early stage edtech 25 Breakdown of NSVF)Syndicate)Investors) NSVF co-investors reveals demographics of capital sources Socially#aligned#and#tradi:onal#venture#firms#are#an#increasingly#important#part#of#the#Seed#Fund's# funding#network# Composition of NSVF Syndicate Investors 30%# 20%# 2012# Source: NSVF 2013# Composi6on)of)NSVF)Syndicated)Investors) Founda:ons# Tradi:onal#VC# Angel#Investors# Socially#Aligned#Investors# Founda:ons# Tradi:onal#VC# 0%# Angel#Investors# 10%# Socially#Aligned#Investors# Percentage)of)Dollars)Syndicated) 40%#
  26. 26. The economy demands new skills In computer science alone, a one million job shortage In 2020: 51,474 graduates / 122,300 CS jobs 100 Million dollars from Obama for jobs in education 1,000,000 more jobs than students by 2020 9 out of 10 schools don’t even offer programming classes 1400000 1200000 1000000 800000 600000 1.4million computing jobs 400000 200000 400,000 computer science students 0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Source: https://www.zdnet.com/vc-firm-study-high-skilled-stem-talent-shortage-in-u-s-is-real-7000016053 26
  27. 27. Educational attainment is correlated to higher earnings And lower unemployment Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey 27
  28. 28. Summary 28 Ø  The Common Core State Standards will allow for states to collaborate and compare data as students think more critically Ø  Younger teachers and newer jobs pave the way for innovation and technology (which is everywhere) Ø  Consumer technology companies enter K12 market with hardware + software Source: Committee on Education Funding Note: Assembled by Jenny House, President of Redrock Reports
  29. 29. 3 Re-imagined Tools Used by over 25 million students in US K12 “We need technology in every classroom and in every student and teacher’s hand, because it is the pen and paper of our time, and it is the lens through which we experience much of our world.” David Warlick North Carolina State Department of Public Instruction
  30. 30. Re-imagination of literature One size fits all à personalized and interactive Print, static, limited to physical supply 30 Accessible anywhere, customized by teacher, personalized
  31. 31. Re-imagination of current events Periodic updates à real time stories with comprehension checks Print, updated weekly, standardized Accessible anywhere, personalized, adaptive 31
  32. 32. Re-imagination of behavior management Sticker charts à ongoing feedback and behavior tracking Labor intensive, limited data, not visible to parents or guardians 32 Mobile, quick, accessible to parents and guardians
  33. 33. Re-imagination of engagement Abstract and standardized problems à relevant and personalized content Generic, often irrelevant to the students’ life 33 Problems based on personal interest and real world applications
  34. 34. Re-imagination of assessment formats Deterministic and summative à open-ended and formative Right or wrong, guessing is prevalent Real time enables more tailored instruction and quick adjustments 34
  35. 35. Re-imagination of credentialing Physical diplomas à credentialing and e-portfolio services Brand focused, lacks visibility into skills 35 Tracks progress, competency, and mastery – useful to employers
  36. 36. Re-imagination of data Report cards à interactive dashboards Static, quarterly reports with little qualitative data 36 Real-time, accessible, more nuanced and diverse data, can be mastery based
  37. 37. Re-imagination of teacher training 37 From static resources to interactive video and assistance One size fits all, theory-heavy programs Online, personalized, simulation based, focus on skill mastery
  38. 38. Summary 38 Ø  Every corner of the education system is being touched by innovation and/or technology Ø  Many startups are targeting districts or systems to make the analytics, outcome measuring, technology, and buying more streamlined and efficacious Ø  View the entire edsurge edtech index (originally by NewSchools) here: https://www.edsurge.com/products/ Source: Committee on Education Funding Note: Assembled by Jenny House, President of Redrock Reports
  39. 39. 4 New instructional models “Our collective charge in K-12 innovation today should go beyond merely designing and producing new tools. Rather, our focus should primarily be to design new classroom models that take advantage of what these tools can do.” Joel Rose Founder, New Classrooms
  40. 40. Lab Rotation 40 Students receive instruction from teacher and practice online Student groups rotate between traditional classroom and online instruction in a computer or learning lab Classroom with computers Classroom with teacher Group A eg: Milpitas Schools District, original Rocketship Source: Education Elements http://educationelements.com/our-services/blended-learning-model-schools and http://www.christenseninstitute.org/blended-learning-model-definitions/, https:// phs.pusdk12.org/library
  41. 41. Flex Rotation 41 Students work at own pace with small group sessions when needed Students learn primarily online in a brick and mortar school location Classroom with computers eg: Carpe Diem Schools, Summit Group A Source: Education Elements http://educationelements.com/our-services/blended-learning-model-schools and http://www.christenseninstitute.org/blended-learning-model-definitions/
  42. 42. Classroom Rotation 42 Learn basics online, practice in groups, and go beyond with teacher Students groups rotate between traditional classroom instruction and online instruction within the classroom Group with computers eg: KIPP Empower Academy, Alliance Public Schools, Mission Dolores Academy Group with teacher Small work groups Source: Education Elements http://educationelements.com/our-services/blended-learning-model-schools and http://www.christenseninstitute.org/blended-learning-model-definitions/
  43. 43. Flipped Classroom 43 Watching content at home frees up class time to go deeper Classroom Flip provides opportunity for uses The Learning Environment Learning Through Activity Anecdotal student achievement results can be dramatic, reducing failure rates by 30% in several cases. To do so needs thoughtful implementation: Create conditions for success Plan Implement Improve influences influences To see a detailed implementation guide, visit: Educational Technology Source: http://www.knewton.com/flipped-classroom/ http://learningaccelerator.org/media/5965a4f8/DLNSS.BL2PDF.9.24.13.pdf
  44. 44. Charter schools also growing to support new models 44 With over 5000 schools and 2.3 million students, many focused on high needs areas INCREASE IN CHARTER SCHOOLS AND ITS STUDENTS NUMBER OF NEW & CLOSED CHARTER SCHOOLS 2500 10000 2000 1500 8000 Schools 6000 H ROWT : 135% G 10 YRS 1000 4000 # of schools Thousands 600 NEW schools 550 500 450 400 350 300 250 500 2000 CLOSED schools 200 150 0 0 2002-2003 2007-2008 Enrolled Students Source: 2012-2013 Number of Schools http://www.uscharters.org/2013/01/us-charter-school-movement-reaches-new.html 100 2007 2008 2009 2010 School year 2011 2012
  45. 45. Summary 45 Ø  Schools are changing the way time is spent in the classroom Ø  With improved data feedback from tech to teacher, teachers can better tailor instruction to individuals or groups dynamically Ø  Many schools are experimenting with new models, and we will see much more innovation to come Source: Committee on Education Funding Note: Assembled by Jenny House, President of Redrock Reports
  46. 46. 46 So, you want to re-imagine education?
  47. 47. JOIN IN 47 JOIN OUR COMMUNITY ATTEND AN EVENT newschools.org/community edsurge.com/events Ø  http://www.newschools.org/entrepreneurs WORK FOR A START UP edsurge.com/jobs LEARN MORE newschools.org/entrepreneurs
  48. 48. 48 Appendix
  49. 49. US lags even in basic technology proficiency Like coordinating and updating reservations online 49
  50. 50. Parents expect more than 3 R’s from education systems When asked which result was “most essential” in K12 after reading, math, and STEM education, parents were divided: Vocational Preparation 15% 24% Citizenship, Democracy, and Leadership skills High Test Scores 16% Openness to Diversity 16% Arts and Music instruction 14% 15% Source: What Parents Want: Education Preferences and Trade-offs (A Fordham Report) College Acceptance 50
  51. 51. New “Deeper thinking” tests are harder As new standards roll out, test scores fall (public and private) Percentage of New York City students who were proficient Source: New York State Education Department 51
  52. 52. Higher income students more likely to attend selective college 52
  53. 53. 20% of Americans control 95% of the wealth 53 And dramatically different opportunities are available to that 80% Bottom 80% : 11% of net worth Bottom 80% : 5% of financial wealth 5% 11% 11% 35% 12% Top 1% Next 4% Next 5% 14% 42% 13% Next 10% Bottom 80% 28% Net worth distribution, 2010 Source: http://www2.ucsc.edu/whorulesamerica/power/wealth.html 30% Financial wealth distribution, 2010
  54. 54. Over $687 billion spent on US K-12, mostly state and local 54 According to the Global Silicon Valley estimates K-12 Funding Sources (1971-2009) Source: Committee on Education Funding Note: Assembled by Jenny House, President of Redrock Reports
  55. 55. Financially struggling students overrepresented in pool of dropouts Poverty Experience of Children Not Graduating from High School Poverty Experience of All Children Poverty Experience of Children Not Graduating No 30% Yes 38% No 62% Source: Yes 70% http://www.aecf.org/~/media/Pubs/Topics/Education/Other/DoubleJeopardyHowThirdGradeReadingSkillsandPovery/DoubleJeopardyReport040511FINAL.pdf 55
  56. 56. Teachers have fewer years of experience Years of Experience of Public School Teachers, 1987-88 to 2007-08 Source http://www.gse.upenn.edu/review/feature/ingersoll : 56
  57. 57. Different majors lead to different earnings Source: http://www.npr.org/blogs/money/2013/09/10/219372252/the-most-and-least-lucrative-college-majors-in-1-graph 57

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