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Advocacy Planning Model

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Advocacy planning model based on information gathered through primary and secondary research. It seeks to empower persons affected by the problem to contribute to the solution.

Advocacy Planning Model

  1. 1. Advocacy Planning The Advocacy Planning Model Prepared by: St. Rachel Ustanny, M.Sc., B.Sc. (Hons.)
  2. 2. Problem Selection Issue Prisoner’s rights Problem Statement Lack of realisation of human rights by persons incarcerated in Jamaica adult penal institutions
  3. 3. Problem Selection cont’d Problem Pre-assessment What are the benefits of the affected? 1. Realisation of human rights 2. Increased literate and rehabilitated inmates 3. Less tense prison environment 4. Increased displays of sensitivity 5. Reduction in recidivism 6. More effective penal institutions
  4. 4. Problem Selection cont’d Problem Pre-assessment Are there possibilities to involve those who are directly affected? The affected group will be needed to play critical roles such as: Facilitating research activities, Community mobilisation, Facilitating local meetings, Internal lobbying, Providing advice about institutional structure, Motivating family members to get involved, Encouraging ex-inmates to participate Review and edit communiqué
  5. 5. Problem Assessment • Low self-esteem by inmates • Lack of motivation to be rehabilitated • Increased violence in penal institutions • Lack of respect law & human rights • Corruption • System failure • Increased recidivism rates Lack of realisation of human rights by Jamaicans incarcerated in adult penal institutions • Lack of knowledge • Underpaid & unmotivated prison staff • High levels of frustration & neglect • No value of human rights • Limited resources for human rights • Lack of human rights policies • No enforcement of human rights legislation • Corruption • Vindictive & punishing system • Corruption • Part of the black struggle • Bureaucracy • Little access to the Constitution, etc.
  6. 6. Problem Assessment cont’d Information needed How to get information Report of human rights Inmate and ex-inmate stories violations and testimonies Internet research, United Information on prisoner’s Nations website, Jamaican rights, responsibilities, common Constitution, Houses of violations, and prison human Parliament, recommended rights policies and programmes books Jamaicans for Justice, Mandate of non-governmental Independent Commission on human rights organisations Human Rights operating in Jamaica Inmates, prison rights advocacy List of national stakeholders group & coordinator important for advancing networking and advocacy Interview with correctional Primary research on the lack of officers, vox pop with Jamaicans awareness and respect for in a bus park or taxi stand, human rights by Jamaicans interview with inmates, interview with members of the advocacy group
  7. 7. General Aim To ensure, for all inmates of adult correctional institutions in Jamaica, the realisation of human rights based on the standards articulated by the relevant United Nations tools and the Jamaican Constitution
  8. 8. Objectives To increase knowledge about and respect for human rights by prison officials and inmates by executing human rights workshops in one adult correctional centre (July 2008- March 2010) To network with and forge partnerships with stakeholders interested in and who have responsibility for inmate rehabilitation by writing introductory letters aimed at inviting them to a meeting to advance dialogue on support needed (July 2008-October 2008) To promote public awareness of prisoner’s rights and the human rights violations of inmates of adult correctional institutions in Jamaica, as well as the potential impact on the society by producing educational and advertising materials on the issues and publishing them on the Internet and in traditional media (March-December 2009) To encourage national dialogue about the human rights violations of inmates of adult correctional institutions in Jamaica by engaging in media advocacy—talk show call-ins, letters-to-editor, press releases, public concert, media interview (July 2008- Ongoing) To encourage the mobilisation of family members of incarcerated Jamaicans serving time in adult correctional institutions in Jamaica by word-of –mouth in prisons and introductory letters and key note presentations to churches (July 2008-July 2009)
  9. 9. Target Prioritisation Target Indirect How to Target’s How to Target’s target contact feelings influence way of target about issue target decision- making Family & Inmates Inmates, Very Appeal to Consult with friends churches supportive of kinship & other friends inmates their Christian & family values Executive JFJ Board of Letter & Aware of Request Consult with Director, JFJ Directors telephone call human rights partnership BOD on (BOD) to JFJ violation in support to some issues & prisons- implement a autocratic supportive human rights decision with project others Executive IJCHR BOD Letter to Conducts Request Consult with Director, IJCHR work on partnership BOD on IJCHR prisoners’ support to some issues & rights- implement a autocratic supportive human rights decision with project others MNS- PS Letter to MNS Governmental Petitioning of Don’t know responsibility family & for prisons- friends, maybe Advocacy defensive spearheaded by NGOs Head of MNS-PS Letter to Management Obtain TOR from Correctional Correctional responsibility support of MNS, advice Services Services for prisons- MNS-PS of MNS-PS maybe defensive Inmates Family & Word-of- Very Appeal to lack Individualistic friends mouth at visits, supportive of of lack of word-of- respect for realisation of mouth by prisoners’ minimum inmates rights human rights standards Correctional Head of Correctional Responsible Orders from By orders, officers Correctional Services for inmate head of individualistic Services Department rehabilitation- Correctional maybe Services defensive
  10. 10. Stakeholder Classification MNS-PS Head of Correctional Services Target Inmates Correctional officers Advocacy Objective To increase Churches knowledge of & MNS respect for human Concerned rights by prison Jamaicans Correctional officials & inmates in Services one adult correctional Human rights NGOS institution in Jamaica, Department July 2008- Families & friends Correctional officers March 2010 Allies Tertiary students Jamaicans Inmates Beneficiaries Human rights Professional funding agencies workers
  11. 11. Available Resources Financial Resources 1. None Human Resources 2. 12 family & friends with various skills 1 Coordinator skilled in events planning, research & facilitation 2 inmates with leadership & organising skills Other Resources 3. Human rights documents and other materials obtained from Internet research
  12. 12. Action Plan Advocacy Objective: To increase knowledge about & respect for human rights by prison officials & inmates in one adult correctional institution in Jamaica, July 1, 2008- March 31, 2010 Target Activity Resources required Persons/ Timeframe org responsible Department Introductory letter Human resource: Coordinator July1-31, of to head of Coordinator, bearer 2008 Correctional Correctional Equipment: Computer, Services Services requesting printer meeting Stationery: Envelops, letter size printing paper MNS-PS Introductory letter Human resource: Coordinator July1-31, to MNS-PS Coordinator, bearer 2008 requesting meeting Equipment: Computer, MS Office, printer Stationery: Envelops, letter size printing paper Human rights Introductory letter Human resource: Coordinator July1-31, NGOs to Executive Coordinator, bearer 2008 Directors seeking Equipment: Computer, MS the support of their Office, printer organisations in Stationery: Envelops, letter specific activities size printing paper Human rights Conduct research Equipment: Computer & Coordinator July1, 2008- funding on their areas of Internet access Ongoing agencies work, criteria for funding, etc. Correctional Workshops on Human resource: Coordinator April 1, 2009- Officers human rights & Coordinator, administrative March 31, responsibilities assistant 2010 Equipment: Computer, printer, MS Office, Internet Stationery: Pocket folders, letter size printing paper, pencils Inmates Workshops on Human resource: Coordinator April 1, 2009- human rights & Coordinator, administrative March 31, responsibilities assistant 2010 Equipment: Computer, printer, MS Office, Internet Stationery: Pocket folders, letter size printing paper, pencils
  13. 13. Monitoring & Evaluation Advocacy Objective: To increase knowledge about & respect for human rights by prison officials & inmates in one adult correctional institution in Jamaica, July 1, 2008- March 31, 2010 Target Activity Timeframe Expected Indicators outcome Department of Introductory letter July1-31, 2008 Meeting with head Positive response Correctional to head of of Correctional to letter pointing to Services Correctional Services the scheduling of a Services requesting meeting date meeting Monitor: dates & times MNS-PS Introductory letter July1-31, 2008 Meeting with MNS- Positive response to MNS-PS PS to letter pointing to requesting meeting the scheduling of a meeting date Monitor: dates & times Human rights Introductory letter July1-31, 2008 Letter, phone call, Positive response NGOs to Executive or meeting affirming to letter pointing to Directors seeking the support for the scheduling of a the support of their human rights meeting date organisations in programming in Monitor: dates & specific activities Jamaican times correctional institutions Human rights Conduct research July1, 2008-Ongoing Attainment of Funding sources funding agencies on their areas of funding to execute identified, work, criteria for human rights fulfilment of basic funding, etc. education & criteria for applying research project for for funding, positive 1 year in 1 reply to funding correctional proposal institution in Jamaica Correctional Workshops on April 1, 2009- Increased Ability to articulate Officers human rights & March 31, 2010 knowledge & human rights, responsibilities awareness of behaviour change, human rights and acceptance and prisoners’ rights promotion of an internal human rights policy Inmates Workshops on April 1, 2009- Increased Ability to articulate human rights & March 31, 2010 knowledge & human rights, responsibilities awareness of behaviour change, human rights and acceptance and prisoners’ rights promotion of internal human rights policy

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