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Demand Review
• What is the Law of Demand?
• When Price goes up, Demand goes down
and
• When Price goes down, Demand goes up
What is a Demand Curve?
• A graph that show change in demand with
a change in price
What is Elasticity of Demand?
• How much demand changes with a
change in price
• Elastic Demand:
– Demand changes a lot with a change in price
• Inelastic Demand:
– Demand changes very little with a change in
price
When is a demand curve accurate?
• When there is only a change in price.
When non-price factors affect demand it
shifts left or right.
What are 4 non-price factors that
affect Demand?
1. Change in Income
2. Substitution Effect
3. Complimentary Products
4. Changes in Attitude
SUPPLY
How business owners adapt to
meet changes in price
Why do people start businesses?
• Supplier’s Motive:
PROFIT
Def. The difference between the cost to
produce a good or service and the amount it
is sold for.
Ex. It costs $8 to make a pizza (human, natural
and capital resources), I sell it for $10, my
profit is…
$2!!
Law of Supply
Part 1. As PRICE increases, SUPPLY increases
Part 2. As PRICE decreases, SUPPLY decreases
PRICE
goes
up
SUPPLY
goes
up
Then…
PRICE
goes
down
SUPPLY
goes
down
Then…
Explain that to me again please.
• According to the law of supply, suppliers will
offer more of a good at a higher price
• Think about it: If people are willing to pay more
for what I am selling, then I want to make as
much of that product available as possible.
• Ex. The price of pizza goes from $10 to $11, but
it still only costs me $8 to make, I want to make
as many as I can to maximize my profit (make
as much money as I can!)
Supply Schedule
• A supply schedule is a chart that lists how
much of a good a supplier will offer at
different prices.
Example of a Supply Schedule
• Market Supply
Schedule for a slice of
pizza:
Price per
slice of
Pizza
Slices
supplied
per day
$.50 1,000
$1.00 1,500
$1.50 2,000
$2.00 2,500
$2.50 3,000
$3.00 3,500
Supply Curves
• A supply
curve is a
graph of the
quantity
supplied of a
good at
different prices.
$0.00
$0.50
$1.00
$1.50
$2.00
$2.50
$3.00
$3.50
1000 2000 3000
Slices of Pizza Supplied
Per day
Price
per
slice
of
Pizza
Supply
of Pizza
Elasticity of Supply
• Def. The degree to which a change in
price will change supply
Or
• If we change the price, will supply change
a lot or a little?
• Elasticity depends on how easy it is to
change production
Elastic Supply
• Items that have supplies that are
increased easily are ELASTIC, the supply
will go up/down a lot with a change in
price.
• Ex. CDs, Books, Pizza (all can increase
supply with little difficulty; resources are
easy to come by)
INELASTIC SUPPLY
• Items that have supplies that are
increased with great difficulty are
INELASTIC, the supply will go up/down
very little with a change in price.
• Ex. Cars (to increase production, need to
build a new factory, hire 100s of workers,
etc.)
• Apples (to increase production, would
have to plant more trees, taking years to
grow and produce apples)
Change in Supply
• A supply curve is only accurate as long as
there are no changes other than price that
could affect a consumer’s decision
• When factors other than price (non-price
factors) affect the supply curve, the entire
curve shifts to the left or to the right
Non-Price Factors that effect
Supply
• These factors will cause the supply curve
to shift to the left (less quantity supplied)
or to the right (more quantity supplied)
• There are 3 non-price factors that
influence supply
1. Change in Costs of Production
Def. If a producer can find a cheaper way to
produce an item, it’s supply curve will
change
• Ex. Humans writing books- long and
expensive
• Computers print books faster and cheaper
• RESULT: More books offered at a lower
price
2. Price of Resources Change
• Human Resources: pay worker more,
changes supply (produce less pizzas).
• Natural Resources: price of cheese
increases, produce less pizzas
• Capital Resources: Rent increases,
produce less pizzas
3. Maximize Profit
Def. If a producer makes more profit selling
one product instead of another, the supply
for both products changes.
• Ex. Price of DVD’s and VCR tapes remain
the same, but I can make more profit
selling DVD’s
• RESULT: Reduce the supply of VCR
tapes and increase supply of DVD’s.
How does Scarcity of an item affect
the supply?
• If an item is scarce, then there is little to no
supply
• Ex. Gas (even if price goes up, it is difficult
for oil companies to get more gasoline to
consumers)
How does a Boycott affect supply?
• Supply for a boycotted item increases
because nobody is buying it.
• Ex. During the Montgomery bus boycott,
there was an increased supply of bus
seats because nobody was riding the bus.
How does the War In Afghanistan
affect supply?
• Increase in supply of war-related
materials. (The military will pay more for
metal, cloth, gas masks, etc. so
businesses increase their supply)
• Increased supply of news
• Decreased supply of certain items.
Ex. Gas

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supply sa pamilihan

  • 1. Demand Review • What is the Law of Demand? • When Price goes up, Demand goes down and • When Price goes down, Demand goes up
  • 2. What is a Demand Curve? • A graph that show change in demand with a change in price
  • 3. What is Elasticity of Demand? • How much demand changes with a change in price • Elastic Demand: – Demand changes a lot with a change in price • Inelastic Demand: – Demand changes very little with a change in price
  • 4. When is a demand curve accurate? • When there is only a change in price. When non-price factors affect demand it shifts left or right.
  • 5. What are 4 non-price factors that affect Demand? 1. Change in Income 2. Substitution Effect 3. Complimentary Products 4. Changes in Attitude
  • 6. SUPPLY How business owners adapt to meet changes in price
  • 7. Why do people start businesses? • Supplier’s Motive: PROFIT Def. The difference between the cost to produce a good or service and the amount it is sold for. Ex. It costs $8 to make a pizza (human, natural and capital resources), I sell it for $10, my profit is… $2!!
  • 8. Law of Supply Part 1. As PRICE increases, SUPPLY increases Part 2. As PRICE decreases, SUPPLY decreases PRICE goes up SUPPLY goes up Then… PRICE goes down SUPPLY goes down Then…
  • 9. Explain that to me again please. • According to the law of supply, suppliers will offer more of a good at a higher price • Think about it: If people are willing to pay more for what I am selling, then I want to make as much of that product available as possible. • Ex. The price of pizza goes from $10 to $11, but it still only costs me $8 to make, I want to make as many as I can to maximize my profit (make as much money as I can!)
  • 10. Supply Schedule • A supply schedule is a chart that lists how much of a good a supplier will offer at different prices.
  • 11. Example of a Supply Schedule • Market Supply Schedule for a slice of pizza: Price per slice of Pizza Slices supplied per day $.50 1,000 $1.00 1,500 $1.50 2,000 $2.00 2,500 $2.50 3,000 $3.00 3,500
  • 12. Supply Curves • A supply curve is a graph of the quantity supplied of a good at different prices. $0.00 $0.50 $1.00 $1.50 $2.00 $2.50 $3.00 $3.50 1000 2000 3000 Slices of Pizza Supplied Per day Price per slice of Pizza Supply of Pizza
  • 13. Elasticity of Supply • Def. The degree to which a change in price will change supply Or • If we change the price, will supply change a lot or a little? • Elasticity depends on how easy it is to change production
  • 14. Elastic Supply • Items that have supplies that are increased easily are ELASTIC, the supply will go up/down a lot with a change in price. • Ex. CDs, Books, Pizza (all can increase supply with little difficulty; resources are easy to come by)
  • 15. INELASTIC SUPPLY • Items that have supplies that are increased with great difficulty are INELASTIC, the supply will go up/down very little with a change in price. • Ex. Cars (to increase production, need to build a new factory, hire 100s of workers, etc.) • Apples (to increase production, would have to plant more trees, taking years to grow and produce apples)
  • 16. Change in Supply • A supply curve is only accurate as long as there are no changes other than price that could affect a consumer’s decision • When factors other than price (non-price factors) affect the supply curve, the entire curve shifts to the left or to the right
  • 17. Non-Price Factors that effect Supply • These factors will cause the supply curve to shift to the left (less quantity supplied) or to the right (more quantity supplied) • There are 3 non-price factors that influence supply
  • 18. 1. Change in Costs of Production Def. If a producer can find a cheaper way to produce an item, it’s supply curve will change • Ex. Humans writing books- long and expensive • Computers print books faster and cheaper • RESULT: More books offered at a lower price
  • 19. 2. Price of Resources Change • Human Resources: pay worker more, changes supply (produce less pizzas). • Natural Resources: price of cheese increases, produce less pizzas • Capital Resources: Rent increases, produce less pizzas
  • 20. 3. Maximize Profit Def. If a producer makes more profit selling one product instead of another, the supply for both products changes. • Ex. Price of DVD’s and VCR tapes remain the same, but I can make more profit selling DVD’s • RESULT: Reduce the supply of VCR tapes and increase supply of DVD’s.
  • 21. How does Scarcity of an item affect the supply? • If an item is scarce, then there is little to no supply • Ex. Gas (even if price goes up, it is difficult for oil companies to get more gasoline to consumers)
  • 22. How does a Boycott affect supply? • Supply for a boycotted item increases because nobody is buying it. • Ex. During the Montgomery bus boycott, there was an increased supply of bus seats because nobody was riding the bus.
  • 23. How does the War In Afghanistan affect supply? • Increase in supply of war-related materials. (The military will pay more for metal, cloth, gas masks, etc. so businesses increase their supply) • Increased supply of news • Decreased supply of certain items. Ex. Gas