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  1. 1. Naturalistic Method Luis Carlos Romero Reyes Robinson Montealegre Alejandro Franco Pedagogical Research I Amazonia University English Program Night
  2. 2. Naturalistic observation is a research method commonly used by psychologists and other 1 social scientists.
  3. 3. This type of research is often utilized in situations outside the lab.
  4. 4. Naturalistic observation differs from structured observation in that it involves looking at a behavior as it occurs in its natural setting with no attempts at intervention on the part of the researcher.
  5. 5. ADVANTAGES OF NATURALISTIC RESEARCH 3 One of the advantages of this type of research is that it allows the researcher to directly observe the subject in a natural setting.
  6. 6. It allows researchers to study things that cannot be manipulated in a lab due to ethical concerns. It can help support the external validity of research, but quite another to actually observe those findings actually occurring in a natural setting.
  7. 7. DISADVANTAGES OF NATURALISTIC 3 METHOD People may behave differently when they know they are being watched. People may try to behave in a certain way in order to conform with what they think the researcher expects to see. Different observers may draw different conclusions from the same witnessed behavior.
  8. 8. 3 DATA COLLECTION METHODS Tally counts: The observer writes down when and how many times certain behaviors occurred. Observer narratives: The observer may take notes during the session and then go back later to try to collect data and discern behavior patterns from these notes. Audio or video recordings: Depending upon the type of behavior being observed, the researchers might also decide to make actual audio or videotaped recordings of each observation session.
  9. 9. HYPOTHESIS 2 In principle, one can conduct naturalistic observation nearly anywhere. Humans also make good subjects for naturalistic observation. Naturalistic observation is probably the best method around for the process of formulating new hypotheses. Researchers are always going to bring preconceived ideas to a naturalistic-observation episode. So, naturalistic observation is a good first step in research; it is good for formulating hypotheses, but care needs to be used to control for bias.
  10. 10. COLLECTED DATA3 Researchers often use sampling to gather information through naturalistic observation. The goal is to make sure that this sample of data is representative of the subject's overall behavior. Time sampling: Involves taking samples as different intervals of time, which may be random or systematic. Situation sampling: Involves observing a behavior in a variety of different situations and settings.
  11. 11. GROUNDED THEORY, CASE OF 5 STUDY Grounded Theory method is a way of thinking about and conceptualizing data. The propose is to discover processes that occur as individuals interact with other social context. Human beings act toward things on the basis of the meanings that the things have for us.
  12. 12. CONCLUSSION Naturalistic researchers must identify and gain entry to the site they want to study, determine the role they will take, what and how they will observe, who they will interview and what they will ask. and how to record the information and present it.
  13. 13. References 1. Goodwin, C.J. (2004). Research in Psychology: Methods and Design. Wiley. 2. eiten/C1Intro/NatObserv.html 3. m 4. http:// s/f03_comm250/fbk_chapters/10.pdf 5. comm250/fbk_chapters/10.pdf