Mini-PresentationEssence of  Jainism     -Tattvartha   Sutra       Jain Center of Greater Boston       Version A1.0, Novem...
Jain Center of Bostont   Yogendra Jain (Coordinator)t   Dr. Sanjay Jaint   Manish Kasliwalt   Parimal Pandyat   Archit Sha...
Tattvartha Sutrat   Teachings of Mahavirat   Scripture to learn All That Is    (Jain Religion, Ethics,    Philosophy)t   W...
Author’s Assumptions       Liberation   t   The Goal of Human Life is                        Liberation                   ...
Author’s Assumptions       Liberation   t   The Goal of Human Life is                        Liberation                   ...
Roots of Tattvartha Sutra500 BC Mahavira’s Teachings<< transmitted by his disciples>>100 AD Written in Sanskrit by Umaswat...
Our Agenda         (Part 1)                 (Part 2)t   Introduction         t   Karmic Bondaget   Who Am I             t ...
Essence of Jainismt   Non-Violence (Ahimsa)     Strengthens the autonomy of life of every      beingt   Non-One-    Siden...
Who Am I?        ?t   Why am I here?t   From where did I come?t   Where am I going?
Who am I ?t I am a symbiosis of physical and  spiritual substancest Why am I here?   I am here to realize who I amt From w...
Fundamentals of Existence        t Beginninglessness        t Dynamic Interplay of          Physical and Spiritual        ...
Enlightened  Person
The Journey Starts                                 AWARENESSWanderingSouls              TIME
Path to Liberation            (Three Jewels)t   Enlightened World-View (Samyak Darshan)t   Enlightened Knowledge (Samyak G...
Path to Liberation                              Omniscience                                                               ...
Types of Knowledge                            KNOWLEDGEMediate (Acquired)     (Paroksha)       (Pratyaksha)        Immedia...
Knowledge : Key To           Omniscience/Liberation                                Partial Elimination                    ...
Six Universal Substances
Substances in the                Universe  Space                    Matter (akash)                           (pudgal)Mediu...
Nature  of Soul
CLASSES OF SOUL       t2    CLASSES Worldly               Liberated(Sansarik)             (Siddha)
QUALITIES OF SOUL              t   QUALITIESOmniscience                  Sentience                              Everlasting
STATES OF SOUL                       5 STATES                                           +                                 ...
Bondage of KarmaBondage is the process by which karma        are attached to the soul            +             --         ...
Seven Tattvast Jiva (souls)t Ajiva (non-sentient entities)t Inflow - Asrava (inflow of karmic particles to the soul)t Bind...
Choice: Circle of Life      or Moksha                 MokshaCircle of Lifeand “Death”
Reality    andAnekantavad
Approach to Truth                                   ApprovedGateways Of                                   Means OfInvestig...
Jain Perspective  Doctrine of                    PhilosophicalNon-absolutism                   Standpoints(Anekantavad)   ...
VIEWS OF REALITYPhilosophy Of Being            Philosophy Of Becoming(Unchanging)                        (Always Changing)...
The Nature of Reality  H 2O Water                    ModesReality = Substance + Quality + Modes
Non-One-Sidedness          (Nayavad-Syadvad)          The same reality can be viewedfrom different standpoints - Doctrine ...
Changelessness Beneath       Changes        SOUL
Non-One-Sidedness         (ANEKANTAVAD)EXISTENCE                                NON-EXISTENCE                       4     ...
Does Truth Exist ?                       Truth Exists                       (Time Specific) Anekantvada - Reduce Ego - Kee...
Inhibiting andWearing off of Karmas
Karma’s Inflow            ActionSpeech               Thought              +         Karma Inflow
Accident on Route to Nirvana          Scenario: A person meeting an accident with a car Result: Vibration of soul in assoc...
Types of Karmic BondageDestructive (Ghatia)                       Knowledge Covering                                      ...
Karmic Bondage Cycle           Actions      Mind, Body, Speech       -                                                    ...
Are Beneficial Karmas         Good?More beneficial   More harmful   karmas             karmas      . Give worldly      Giv...
7 Ways to Inhibit and Wear             off Karma                   Mind, Body,                     Speech        EnduringM...
3. Observing 10 Dharmas                    Truthfulness     Humility                           ContinenceSelf Restraint   ...
Vows
Doors of Inflow of Karmas5 SENSES    4 PASSIONS      5 INDULGENCES      25 URGESt Touch     t Anger         t Causing Inju...
Control Your Passions                PassionsEMOTIONS                                  +/- Karma  Anger  Pride       Vows ...
Activities to Support Vows                   Non-stealingTruthfulnes  s              Non-Violence                         ...
Not Negation of Life,ButAffirmation of the Eternal     Celebrate life with the ultimate vision
Gunasthans
What are Gunasthans ?These fourteen stages of spiritual development  allow for stopping of    K      Karma Inflow         ...
What Causes Change In      S14         Stages?                             S14      S12     Right         Aghatiya        ...
Taste of Samyak Darshan             (Stage:1,2,3,4)                                 Spiritual                             ...
Realization and Self       Restraint (Stages 5,6,7)Small Vows                       Great Vows(Anu Vrata)                 ...
Suppresion/Elimination    (Stage: 8,9,10,11)        - -        +        + +                  -                         +
Elimination of Deluding    Karmas (Stage 12)Obstructive Karmas Intuition-covering   KKnowledge-covering
Omniscient Soul            (Parmatma)t   At stage 13     Souls attain full enlightenment and possess      infinite percep...
Omniscience with Activity        (Stage 13)
Omniscience(Final Stage: 14)
Where Do I Stand?                Karmas      Samyak       Self                                                  Meditation...
Meditation
Types of Meditation Mournful     Wrathful Analytic   White (Pure)
Meditation
Liberation
Liberation                              Liberation              Life span                Status                    Body   ...
The Soul After Liberationt   What after Liberation ?     Soul’s separation     Soul’s upward motion     Soul’s arrival ...
Parasparopagraho           JivanamSoul’s render service to one another   t   Souls influence each other through service   ...
Tattvarth surtra -_ancient_s
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Tattvarth surtra -_ancient_s

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Presentation / slides on Tattvarth Sutra. This was presented by Jain Center of Greater Boston at the Toronto JAINA convention and later presented at Harvard and other Jain Centers.

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  • very good presentation , can use tattvaetha sutra in chart by prakash chhabda of indore pub. by jivraj granthmala
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  • What are the factors that enables these changes? There is not just one paramater but multiple parameters constitute these changes. Right Belief which we also call as Enlightened World View or Samyak Darshan starts building up as we move up the ladder. Right knowledge comes with the perception. At the same time, karmas are reducing. As you can see here, the deluding karmas reduce with the increase in knowledge. Vow is another success parameter in this whole journey. And we will learn more about them at stages 5 thru 7.
  • 2 more to go !! huh !! In the last time unit of 12th stage, the soul eliminates the five knowledge covering, four intuition-covering, and the five-obstructive karmas to attain the 13th stage. Soul attains full enlightenment at this stage. As we have learnt earlier, souls at stage 13 are called as &apos;sakal parmatmas&apos; which means Aghatiya karmas are still present. Mind-Body-Speech interaction or also called as Yog is also present. And that&apos;s the reason this stage is also referred as Omniscience with Physical Activity. This is the stage of Arihant bhagwans !!
  • Tattvarth surtra -_ancient_s

    1. 1. Mini-PresentationEssence of Jainism -Tattvartha Sutra Jain Center of Greater Boston Version A1.0, November 1998C 1997 by The Jain Center of Greater Boston., Inc. All rights reserved.
    2. 2. Jain Center of Bostont Yogendra Jain (Coordinator)t Dr. Sanjay Jaint Manish Kasliwalt Parimal Pandyat Archit Shaht Nitin Soganit Preeti Jain (Graphics)
    3. 3. Tattvartha Sutrat Teachings of Mahavirat Scripture to learn All That Is (Jain Religion, Ethics, Philosophy)t Written by (Acharya) Umasvati in the second centuryt Translated by Dr. Nathmal Tatiat Accepted by all Jain Sects
    4. 4. Author’s Assumptions Liberation t The Goal of Human Life is Liberation t Liberation is Perfect Knowledge, Perfect Intuition, and Eternal Bliss t All Knowledge is Partial Truth Except OmniscienceOmniscience
    5. 5. Author’s Assumptions Liberation t The Goal of Human Life is Liberation t Liberation is Perfect Knowledge, Perfect Intuition, and Eternal Bliss t All Knowledge is Partial Truth Except OmniscienceOmniscience
    6. 6. Roots of Tattvartha Sutra500 BC Mahavira’s Teachings<< transmitted by his disciples>>100 AD Written in Sanskrit by Umaswati1900’s: Several English Translations1997 : Toronto Jain Convention: First multi-mediapresentation by Jain Center of Greater Boston
    7. 7. Our Agenda (Part 1) (Part 2)t Introduction t Karmic Bondaget Who Am I t Inhibiting andt Enlightened Person Wearing off Karmat Six Universal Sub. t Vowst Knowledge t 14 Gunsthanst Anekantvad t Meditationt Soul’s Link to the t Liberation World t Discussions <Break>
    8. 8. Essence of Jainismt Non-Violence (Ahimsa)  Strengthens the autonomy of life of every beingt Non-One- Sideness(Anekantavad)  Strengthens the autonomy of thought of every individualt Non-Possession (Aparigraha)  Strengthens the interdependence of all existence
    9. 9. Who Am I? ?t Why am I here?t From where did I come?t Where am I going?
    10. 10. Who am I ?t I am a symbiosis of physical and spiritual substancest Why am I here? I am here to realize who I amt From where did I come? I come from the past karmic influencest Where am I going? I am moving towards liberation
    11. 11. Fundamentals of Existence t Beginninglessness t Dynamic Interplay of Physical and Spiritual Reality t Cause and Effect (through Karma)
    12. 12. Enlightened Person
    13. 13. The Journey Starts AWARENESSWanderingSouls TIME
    14. 14. Path to Liberation (Three Jewels)t Enlightened World-View (Samyak Darshan)t Enlightened Knowledge (Samyak Gyan)  Types of Knowledge  Bhavanast Enlightened Conduct (Samyak Charitra)  Lay Vows  Holy Vows
    15. 15. Path to Liberation Omniscience and Liberation Purity Non- of Thought Violence Karmic AWARENESS Shedding The Vows Karmic BondageWandering and InflowSouls TIME
    16. 16. Types of Knowledge KNOWLEDGEMediate (Acquired) (Paroksha) (Pratyaksha) Immediate (Innate) Empirical (avadhi) Clairvoyant (mati) • Gained through the senses • Perception of things that are out of the natural range of senses • Mind’s ability to comprehend (manahparyaya) Mind-reading what is sensed • Act of seeing the objects Articulate (shrut) of another’s mind • Conceptualization through (keval) Omniscient language • Knowledge of all other substances in all their modes
    17. 17. Knowledge : Key To Omniscience/Liberation Partial Elimination & Partial Suppression MoreDelusion K A R M A S* More KN OWLED G E Enlightened Clairvoyance Other than omniscience, all other categories are mixture of knowledge & ignorance  Omniscience is perfect Innate, pure enlightenment
    18. 18. Six Universal Substances
    19. 19. Substances in the Universe Space Matter (akash) (pudgal)Medium of Rest Jiva(adharma) (jiva)Medium of Motion Time(dharma) (kal)
    20. 20. Nature of Soul
    21. 21. CLASSES OF SOUL t2 CLASSES Worldly Liberated(Sansarik) (Siddha)
    22. 22. QUALITIES OF SOUL t QUALITIESOmniscience Sentience Everlasting
    23. 23. STATES OF SOUL 5 STATES + -- + +Suppression Elimination Purification Mixing Shedding
    24. 24. Bondage of KarmaBondage is the process by which karma are attached to the soul + -- + +
    25. 25. Seven Tattvast Jiva (souls)t Ajiva (non-sentient entities)t Inflow - Asrava (inflow of karmic particles to the soul)t Binding - Bandha (binding of karmic part. to the soul)t Stopping - Samvara (stopping the karmic inflow)t Shedding - Nirjara (falling away of karmic particles)t Liberation - Moksh (liberation from worldly bondage)
    26. 26. Choice: Circle of Life or Moksha MokshaCircle of Lifeand “Death”
    27. 27. Reality andAnekantavad
    28. 28. Approach to Truth ApprovedGateways Of Means OfInvestigation Knowledge The categories of truth can be understood with Philosophical more precision and Standpoint clarity through these 3 ways
    29. 29. Jain Perspective Doctrine of PhilosophicalNon-absolutism Standpoints(Anekantavad) (Nayavad) Sevenfold Predication [Sapta-bhanginya]
    30. 30. VIEWS OF REALITYPhilosophy Of Being Philosophy Of Becoming(Unchanging) (Always Changing) EVER EVER UNCHANGING CHANGING LIKE LIKE THE THE SUN WEATHER Stresses Stresses Substance Modes (guna) (paryaya) Philosophy of Being (substances) and Philosophy of Becoming (modes) Are Both Real And Integral
    31. 31. The Nature of Reality H 2O Water ModesReality = Substance + Quality + Modes
    32. 32. Non-One-Sidedness (Nayavad-Syadvad) The same reality can be viewedfrom different standpoints - Doctrine of “MAY-BE” water
    33. 33. Changelessness Beneath Changes SOUL
    34. 34. Non-One-Sidedness (ANEKANTAVAD)EXISTENCE NON-EXISTENCE 4 1 2 7 5 6 3 INEXPRESSIBILITY The Seven Fold Predication of the Real
    35. 35. Does Truth Exist ? Truth Exists (Time Specific) Anekantvada - Reduce Ego - Keep an open mind
    36. 36. Inhibiting andWearing off of Karmas
    37. 37. Karma’s Inflow ActionSpeech Thought + Karma Inflow
    38. 38. Accident on Route to Nirvana Scenario: A person meeting an accident with a car Result: Vibration of soul in association with mind and bodyEvents: • Troubling thoughts - Inflow (Asrava) • Mind constantly thinking - Bondage (Bandha) • Let bygones be bygones - Stoppage (Samvara) • Practice austerity- Shedding (Nirjara)
    39. 39. Types of Karmic BondageDestructive (Ghatia) Knowledge Covering Non-Destructive (Aghatia) Intuition Covering Karma Sensation Deluding (View, Conduct) Karma Life Span Body Status Obstructive
    40. 40. Karmic Bondage Cycle Actions Mind, Body, Speech - Omniscient Reaction Fr + + ui tio - Dormant Karma n O cc ur s+ + - + + +Karmic s onParticles a ssi gP on Se - Str lf -R es tr a + + + in t + Strong Intensity + - Only + Non-Destructive + + Karmas Less Intensity Inhibition and Wearing Off
    41. 41. Are Beneficial Karmas Good?More beneficial More harmful karmas karmas . Give worldly Give worldly pleasures pain
    42. 42. 7 Ways to Inhibit and Wear off Karma Mind, Body, Speech EnduringMoving HardshipsCarefully Practicing Right Austerities Conduct Right Control 12 Reflections
    43. 43. 3. Observing 10 Dharmas Truthfulness Humility ContinenceSelf Restraint Forgiveness PurityRenunciation Detachment Austerity Straightforwardness
    44. 44. Vows
    45. 45. Doors of Inflow of Karmas5 SENSES 4 PASSIONS 5 INDULGENCES 25 URGESt Touch t Anger t Causing Injury t Evilt Taste t Pride (Ego) t Lying t Torturet Smell t Deceit t Stealing t Deceitfult Sight t Greed t Incontinence t ...t Hearing t Possessiveness t Possessive clinging
    46. 46. Control Your Passions PassionsEMOTIONS +/- Karma Anger Pride Vows help in minimizing passions Deceit Greed Passions Less Karmas
    47. 47. Activities to Support Vows Non-stealingTruthfulnes s Non-Violence Non- Possessiveness Celibacy
    48. 48. Not Negation of Life,ButAffirmation of the Eternal Celebrate life with the ultimate vision
    49. 49. Gunasthans
    50. 50. What are Gunasthans ?These fourteen stages of spiritual development allow for stopping of K Karma Inflow K
    51. 51. What Causes Change In S14 Stages? S14 S12 Right Aghatiya S12 Knowledge S10 S10 Right Vows S7 S7 Belief S4 Ghatiya S4 Karma S1 S1t Accelerated destruction of deluding karmas Deluding Karmas Knowledge ⇒ Pure Soul
    52. 52. Taste of Samyak Darshan (Stage:1,2,3,4) Spiritual Life Begins Deluded (Who Am I?)World View
    53. 53. Realization and Self Restraint (Stages 5,6,7)Small Vows Great Vows(Anu Vrata) (Maha Vrata)
    54. 54. Suppresion/Elimination (Stage: 8,9,10,11) - - + + + - +
    55. 55. Elimination of Deluding Karmas (Stage 12)Obstructive Karmas Intuition-covering KKnowledge-covering
    56. 56. Omniscient Soul (Parmatma)t At stage 13  Souls attain full enlightenment and possess infinite perception, knowledge, bliss and vigor.  Stage of ‘Omniscience with Physical Activity’  Aghatiya karmas are still present !  Souls at this stage are referred as “Arihant”
    57. 57. Omniscience with Activity (Stage 13)
    58. 58. Omniscience(Final Stage: 14)
    59. 59. Where Do I Stand? Karmas Samyak Self Meditation (Delusion) Darshan Restraint (EWV) (Vows) Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Stage 6 Stage 7Stage 8 - 11 Stage 12 Stage 13 Stage 14
    60. 60. Meditation
    61. 61. Types of Meditation Mournful Wrathful Analytic White (Pure)
    62. 62. Meditation
    63. 63. Liberation
    64. 64. Liberation Liberation Life span Status Body ObstructiveView Deluding Knowledge Covering Sensation Omniscience Intuition Covering
    65. 65. The Soul After Liberationt What after Liberation ?  Soul’s separation  Soul’s upward motion  Soul’s arrival at the border of cosmic spacet What is the soul’s nature after liberation  Pure and perfect enlightened world view  Enlightened knowledge  Enlightened intuition
    66. 66. Parasparopagraho JivanamSoul’s render service to one another t Souls influence each other through service which may be favorable or unfavorable t They cannot live independently of one another t They must bear the karmic results individually.. t They create a common environment and lie together in wealth and woe

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