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Jainism and Jain Way of Life   (Philosophy, Religion, and a Way of Life)                    By:               Yogendra Jai...
Jainism is a                       Religion                        and a                      Way of Life Non-Violence  (A...
For thousands of years,                    Jains have been practicing                    vegetarianismAnimal Compassion  V...
Meditation                    For thousands of years,                    Jains have been practicing                    Med...
For thousands of years,           Jains have been practicing           EqualityEquality                                   ...
Environmentalism                   For thousands of years,                   Jains have been                   Environment...
For thousands of years,             Jains have been practicing             Non-Absolutism             (Respect other views...
“Soul - God” –Each living beinghas a Soul; God is afully enlightenedSoul. Each Soul iscapable ofbecoming God.             ...
Jain Fundamentals• Who Created the Universe:  – No one; Matter changes• Purpose of Life:  – Help each other; Realize one’s...
Jain Fundamentals (cont.)• Human Suffering is due to:  – We are unable to understand our true nature• Is there reincarnati...
Jain Fundamentals (cont.) ?• Why do we pray?  – To celebrate the qualities of perfect Soul• Science  – Strong correlation ...
Jain Festivals• Mahavir’s Birthday:• Mahavir’s Nirvan Celebration:  – Diwali, New year• Paryshan Parv:  – Remembering and ...
Essence of Jainismin Thoughts/Speech/Action …   • Non-Violence (Ahimsa)     – Strengthens the autonomy of life of every   ...
Timeline                                                                 Judaism     2600BC      2200BC                   ...
Mahavira ca. 599-527BCE•Parallels Buddha’s life•Family wealth vs. poverty•Joined ascetics•Became far more extremein practi...
Palitana, Gujarat     Non-                    Violence
Non-Violence
Jain Monastics: Digambara (“sky           clad male monks”)– Given up all belongings– Live alone or in small  groups in th...
Jain Monastics: Two major sects           • Svetambara (“white clad”)             – Wear white robes             – Live in...
Jain Way of Life is UniversalIrrespective of your Religion                                  Non-                          ...
“Validated” Treasure in Jainism                   •   Non-Violence                   •   Filtered/boiled water            ...
Internal God/Soul versus External                                  GodWestern Schools:          JainsimSoul               ...
QUALITIES OF SOUL               • QUALITIESOmniscience                 Sentience                             Everlasting  ...
Liberation                              Liberation              Life span                Status                    Body   ...
Choice: Circle of Life     or Moksha                    MokshaCircle of Lifeand “Death”                               Non-...
Karma & Reincarnation   western schools:                 eastern schools:   linearity of life cycle          cycle of life...
Different CoreWestern Schools:                      Eastern Schools:        External god controls you             God is t...
A profound truth for all                  times“One who neglects or disregards the  existence of earth, air, fire, water a...
Help Each Other• Parasparopgraho Jivänäm –               – Tattvärtha Sutra All life is bound together by mutual support a...
Non-violence and Compassion     (in Jain Scriptures)   • Ahimsä is disciplined behavior towards    every living being -   ...
Why are Jains vegetarians?Non-vegetarian Living - Cruelty to Animals:• Animals Killed per Day in USA     Cattle    - 130,0...
Why are Jains Vegetarians (cont.)? Non-vegetarian Living - Impact on Ecology • Greenhouse effect   – Worlds 1.3 billion co...
Why are Jains Vegetarians ?Non-vegetarian Living - Impact on Ecology• Land Usage  – A third of the surface of North Americ...
Non-Possession• Non-Possession/Self-restraint is the  second most important Jain principle  – Reduce one’s needs and wants...
The ancient Jain scriptural aphorism              • “Aparigraha seve attai karanti                prananam behanam”       ...
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Jainism presentation

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Jainism presentation

  1. 1. Jainism and Jain Way of Life (Philosophy, Religion, and a Way of Life) By: Yogendra Jain (yokjain@yahoo.com) Jain Center of Greater Boston Non- Violence
  2. 2. Jainism is a Religion and a Way of Life Non-Violence (Ahimsa)http://youtube.com/watch?v=N9NcGAE4WOU Non- Violence
  3. 3. For thousands of years, Jains have been practicing vegetarianismAnimal Compassion Vegetarianism Non- Violence
  4. 4. Meditation For thousands of years, Jains have been practicing Meditation and Yoga Non-Meditation & Yoga Non- Violence Violence
  5. 5. For thousands of years, Jains have been practicing EqualityEquality Non- Non- Violence Violence
  6. 6. Environmentalism For thousands of years, Jains have been Environmentalist Non- Non- Violence Violence
  7. 7. For thousands of years, Jains have been practicing Non-Absolutism (Respect other views) (Truth has many perspectives)Anekantvad Non- Non- Violence Violence
  8. 8. “Soul - God” –Each living beinghas a Soul; God is afully enlightenedSoul. Each Soul iscapable ofbecoming God. Non- Violence
  9. 9. Jain Fundamentals• Who Created the Universe: – No one; Matter changes• Purpose of Life: – Help each other; Realize one’s own full potential; To manage one’s passions;• Who controls your actions – We are responsible for our own actions• How do we become happy – By managing our passions (anger, greed, ego, pride) Non- Violence
  10. 10. Jain Fundamentals (cont.)• Human Suffering is due to: – We are unable to understand our true nature• Is there reincarnation: – Yes – until we reach full realization• Is there a Jain “bible” – Yes.• Tolerance for other religions: – Yes. Respect and understand other faiths Non- Violence
  11. 11. Jain Fundamentals (cont.) ?• Why do we pray? – To celebrate the qualities of perfect Soul• Science – Strong correlation with other religions Non- Violence
  12. 12. Jain Festivals• Mahavir’s Birthday:• Mahavir’s Nirvan Celebration: – Diwali, New year• Paryshan Parv: – Remembering and Practicing the qualities of the Soul Non- Violence
  13. 13. Essence of Jainismin Thoughts/Speech/Action … • Non-Violence (Ahimsa) – Strengthens the autonomy of life of every being; Ahimsa - diet, fellow being, environment, thoughts and actions • Non-One-Sidedness (Anekantavad) – Strengthens the autonomy of thought of every individual • Non-Possession (Aparigraha) – Strengthens the interdependence of all and share limited resources Non- Non- Violence Violence
  14. 14. Timeline Judaism 2600BC 2200BC 1940sAD Israel Abraham Exodus from Egypt Christianity 30BC Christ Islam 571AD Mohammed JainismBeginningless/Endless 557BC, Mahavir Buddhism 483BC Gautam Buddha Beginningless/Endless Hinduism Non- Violence
  15. 15. Mahavira ca. 599-527BCE•Parallels Buddha’s life•Family wealth vs. poverty•Joined ascetics•Became far more extremein practice of Non-Violence•Ahimsa yields true release•Ahimsa produces Jina (releasefrom this life or conqueror overattachment, hence the name Jain) Non- Violence
  16. 16. Palitana, Gujarat Non- Violence
  17. 17. Non-Violence
  18. 18. Jain Monastics: Digambara (“sky clad male monks”)– Given up all belongings– Live alone or in small groups in the forests– Teach Jainism– Spend 3 months during rainy season in one location (to minimize killing insects on the ground from excessive walking) Non- Violence
  19. 19. Jain Monastics: Two major sects • Svetambara (“white clad”) – Wear white robes – Live in community – Admit both men and women – Some wear face masks to protect minute life forms from harm Non- Violence
  20. 20. Jain Way of Life is UniversalIrrespective of your Religion Non- Violence
  21. 21. “Validated” Treasure in Jainism • Non-Violence • Filtered/boiled water • Jain mathematics • Plant life & Environmentalism • Equality towards women • Animal Protection“More than • Molecules and atoms2500 Years old…” • Compassionate diet/ Vegetarianism • Meditation and Yoga – mind Non- Violence
  22. 22. Internal God/Soul versus External GodWestern Schools: JainsimSoul Soul __ Non- Violence
  23. 23. QUALITIES OF SOUL • QUALITIESOmniscience Sentience Everlasting Non- Violence
  24. 24. Liberation Liberation Life span Status Body ObstructiveView Deluding Knowledge Covering Sensation Omniscience Intuition Covering Non- Violence
  25. 25. Choice: Circle of Life or Moksha MokshaCircle of Lifeand “Death” Non- Violence
  26. 26. Karma & Reincarnation western schools: eastern schools: linearity of life cycle cycle of life/death - nirvana heaven nirvana cycle of life/deathbirth: pure enlightenment deathstate elimination of hell karmic bondage Non- Violence
  27. 27. Different CoreWestern Schools: Eastern Schools: External god controls you God is the soul – within you Religion/philosophy/science Religion and philosophy separate are intertwined Linear nature of life/death Cyclic nature of life/death - nirvana Karma determine your As you sow so you reap on next life judgement day Non- Violence
  28. 28. A profound truth for all times“One who neglects or disregards the existence of earth, air, fire, water and vegetation, disregards his own existence which is entwined with them” - Lord Mahavir (599-527 BC) Non- Violence
  29. 29. Help Each Other• Parasparopgraho Jivänäm – – Tattvärtha Sutra All life is bound together by mutual support and interdependence (If one does not care for nature one does not care for oneself) – Refreshingly contemporary in its premise and in its promise. – Forms the basis of the modern day science of ecology. Non- Violence
  30. 30. Non-violence and Compassion (in Jain Scriptures) • Ahimsä is disciplined behavior towards every living being - – Dashvaikalika Sutra (6/9) • Absence of violence of any sort towards all beings at all times is Ahimsä. – Yogasutra • In its absolute definition: ‘Ahimsä is the absence of destructive thoughts, feelings or attitude’ Non- Violence
  31. 31. Why are Jains vegetarians?Non-vegetarian Living - Cruelty to Animals:• Animals Killed per Day in USA Cattle - 130,000 Calves - 7,000 Hogs - 360,000 Chickens - 24,000,000 Non- Violence
  32. 32. Why are Jains Vegetarians (cont.)? Non-vegetarian Living - Impact on Ecology • Greenhouse effect – Worlds 1.3 billion cows annually produce 100 million tons of methane – Methane is a powerful greenhouse gas which traps 25 times as much solar heat as CO2 • Water Consumption – Livestock (Cattle, Calves, Hogs, Pigs) production accounts for more than half of all the water consumed in USA. Non- Violence
  33. 33. Why are Jains Vegetarians ?Non-vegetarian Living - Impact on Ecology• Land Usage – A third of the surface of North America is devoted to grazing – Half of American croplands grow livestock feed for meat and dairy products – 220 million acres of land in the USA have been deforested for livestock production – 25 million acres in Brazil, and half the forests in Central America Non- Violence
  34. 34. Non-Possession• Non-Possession/Self-restraint is the second most important Jain principle – Reduce one’s needs and wants as far as possible. – Not to waste the gifts of nature – Nature provides enough for our NEED not enough for our GREED Non- Violence
  35. 35. The ancient Jain scriptural aphorism • “Aparigraha seve attai karanti prananam behanam” – Lord Mahavir • We kill other lives because of our greed and possessiveness. • This is the primary cause of all violence as well as imbalance in the environment. Non- Violence

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