Pathway guide quantity_surveying_construction_dwl_pt

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Pathway guide quantity_surveying_construction_dwl_pt

  1. 1. Quantity Surveyingand ConstructionAssessment of Professional Competence rics.org/pathwayguides
  2. 2. Published by: RICS, Parliament Square, London SW1P 3ADAll rights in this publication, including full copyright or publishing right, content and design, are owned by RICS,except where otherwise described. Any dispute arising out of this publication is subject to the law and jurisdictionof England and Wales. 02 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  3. 3. ContentsIntroduction 04Pathway requirements 07 Quantity surveying and construction APC 07Competency guidance 08 Capital allowances (T008) 09 Commercial management of construction (T010) 10 Conflict avoidance, management and dispute resolution procedures (M006) 11 Construction technology and environmental services (T013) 12 Contract administration (T016) 13 Contract practice (T017) 14 Corporate recovery and insolvency (T020) 15 Design economics and cost planning (T022) 16 Due diligence (T025) 17 Healthy and safety (M008) 18 Insurance (T045) 19 Procurement and tendering (T062) 20 Programming and planning (T063) 21 Project evaluation (T066) 22 Project financial control and reporting (T067) 23 Quantification and costing of construction works (T074) 24 Risk management (T077) 25 Sustainability (M009) 26Supplemental guidance 27 • Profile of a newly qualified chartered quantity surveyor 28 • Selecting optional competencies 49 • Study check list 51 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 03
  4. 4. IntroductionAbout the APC NOTE: In the case of doubt the competency definitionsThe RICS Assessment of Professional Competence in this pathway guide will always take priority.(APC) ensure that those applying for RICS membershipare competent to practise and meet the high standards of You MUST use this guide in conjunction with theprofessionalism required by RICS. There is a wide range 2006 core APC documentation which is availableof pathways available to qualify as an RICS member on the RICS website and comprises:covering 22 different areas of practice. • APC Requirements and competencies guideThe APC normally consists of – February 2012• a period of structured training • andidate guides (2006) – (the particular candidate C• a final assessment. guide you need will depend on your route to membership)The structured training is based on candidates achievinga set of requirements or competencies. These are a mix • uide for supervisors, counsellors and employers Gof technical, professional, interpersonal, business and – graduate route to membership, July 2006.management skills.How to use this guideThis guide supports the core 2006 APC documentation. Itis designed to help you understand more about qualifying asan RICS member in quantity surveying and construction. Theguide is based on UK market practice and may be unsuitablefor candidates based in other countries. The material is set outin three sections.Section one – provides information on this area of practicewith a general overview of the quantity surveying andconstruction pathways.Section two – lists the competency requirements of thequantity surveying and construction APC pathways (as setout in the APC Requirements and competencies guideFebruary 2012).Section three – describes the main technical competenciesassociated with quantity surveying and construction, providingexpanded sector specific guidance on each of them. Thisforms the main part of the guide.Section four – This part of the pathway guide gives additionalhelp to all those involved with the APC quantity surveyingpathway to understand, interpret and use the competencydefinitions contained within the guide. It has been produced bythe QS APC Technical Review Panel of the Quantity Surveyingand Construction Faculty and has been ratified by theFaculty Board. 04 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  5. 5. IntroductionAbout the competiencies Choosing your competenciesThe APC aims to assess that you are competent to carry It is important that you give careful thought to your choiceout the work of a qualified chartered surveyor. To be competent and combination of competencies. Your choice will inevitablyis to have the skill or ability to perform a task or function. The reflect the work you do in your day-to-day environmentRICS competencies are not just a list of tasks or functions, (driven by the needs of your clients/employer). Your choicethey are also based upon attitudes and behaviours. The and combination of competencies will be a reflection of yourcompetencies have been drawn up in a generic way so that judgement. At the final assessment interview, the assessorsthey can be applied to different areas of practice and will take these choices into account. They will expect you togeographical locations. This guide is designed to help you present a sensible and realistic choice that reflects the skillsinterpret these competencies within the context of quantity needed to fulfil the role of a surveyor in your field of practice.surveying and construction. This guide should help candidates and employers with aThe competencies are defined at three levels of attainment degree of assistance in choosing the competencies that areand each APC pathway has its own specific combination of most appropriate to their area of practice.competencies that you must achieve at the appropriate level.You must reach the required level in a logical progression and How to find helpin successive stages: RICS has a fully trained Contact Centre team who will be able to help you with any general APC queries:Level 1 – knowledge and understanding RICS HQLevel 2 – application of knowledge and understanding Parliament SquareLevel 3 – reasoned advice and depth of technical knowledge. London SW1P 3AD United KingdomThe competencies are in three distinct categories: t +44 (0)870 333 1600Mandatory competencies – the personal, interpersonal, f +44 (0)20 7334 3811professional practice and business competencies common contactrics@rics.orgto all pathways and compulsory for all candidates. These are www.rics.orgexplained in more detail in the APC Requirements andcompetencies guide – February 2012.Core competencies – the primary competencies of yourchosen APC pathway.Optional competencies – a set of competencies selected bythe candidate from a list defined for the particular pathway. Inmost cases there is an element of choice. These are mostlytechnical competencies, but certain mandatory competenciesalso appear on the optional competency list and candidatesare permitted to select one of these at a higher level.This guide only deals with the principal core and optionalcompetencies associated with this area. It does not coverthe mandatory competencies. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 05
  6. 6. IntroductionAbout Quantity surveying • advising on the setting of budgetsand construction • onitoring design development against planned expenditure mQuantity surveyors are the cost managers of construction. • conducting value management and engineering exercisesThey are initially involved with the capital expenditure phaseof a building or facility, which is the feasibility, design and • managing and analysing riskconstruction phases, but they can also be involved with the • managing the tendering processextension, refurbishment, maintenance and demolition ofa facility. • preparing contractual documentationThe construction industry is global and extends across all • controlling cost during the construction processreal estate and infrastructure markets. Quantity surveyors work • anaging the commercial success of a project for a contractor min all sectors of the construction industry worldwide. In realestate this covers residential, commercial, industrial, leisure, • aluing construction work for interim payments, valuing vagricultural and retail facilities. In infrastructure it covers roads, change, assessing or compiling claims for loss and expenserailways, waterways, airports, sea ports, coastal defences, and agreeing final accountspower generation and utilities. Quantity surveyors may also • negotiating with interested partieswork in process engineering, such as chemical engineeringplants or oil rigs. • giving advice on the avoidance and settlement of disputes.They must understand all aspects of construction over the Chartered alternative designations related to this pathwaywhole life of a building or facility. They must have the ability to All candidates qualifying under the Quantity surveying andmanage cost effectively, equating quality and value with construction APC pathway, whether they work in private practiceindividual client needs. or for a contractor, will be entitled to use the designation ‘Chartered Quantity Surveyor’.RICS qualification pathways in this sector:Quantity surveying and construction APC RICS also offers a Quantity surveying and constructionAs a quantity surveyor you may be working as a consultant pathway in its Associate qualification.in private practice, for a developer or in the development armof a major organisation (eg retailer, manufacturer, utility company For further details on Associate membership and thisor airport), for a public sector body or for a loss adjuster. On pathway please go to rics.org/associatethe contracting side you could be working for a major nationalor international contractor, a local or regional general contractor,for a specialist contractor or sub-contractor, or for a managementstyle contractor.Your work may include the following:• preparing feasibility studies or development appraisals• ssessing capital and revenue expenditure over the a whole life of a facility• advising clients on ways of procuring the project 06 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  7. 7. Pathway requirementsQuantity surveying andconstruction APC Notes: Candidates should select from one of the following fields of work in which to demonstrate their competency.Mandatory competencies Other fields may be accepted, subject to written approvalYou must achieve the minimum levels as set out in the from the RICS Contact Centre.mandatory competencies. • BuildingCore competencies • Civil EngineeringLevel 3 • Railways• Commercial management of construction or Design • Petro-chemicals economics and cost planning* • Oil / gas installations• Contract practice • Mechanical and electrical installations.• Construction technology and environmental services *Quantity surveyors working in a commercial or contracting• Procurement and tendering environment will probably choose Commercial management of construction to Level 3. Quantity surveyors working in a• Project financial control and reporting consulting environment within either the public or private sector will probably choose Design economics and cost• Quantification and costing of construction works. planning to Level 3.Optional competenciesTwo competencies at Level 2 from the list below.• Capital allowances• Commercial management of construction or Design economics and cost planning (whichever is not selected as a core competency)• Contract administration• Corporate recovery and insolvency• Due diligence• Insurance• Programming and planning• Project evaluation• Risk management• Conflict avoidance, management and dispute resolution procedures or Sustainability. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 07
  8. 8. Competency guideThe pages that follow are intended to provide guidance forusers on the main competencies associated with quantitysurveying and construction.The guidance has been drawn up by experienced practitionersand aims to give you a clear and practical understanding ofhow to apply the listed core and optional competencies in thecontext of quantity surveying and construction. The guidancedoes not cover the mandatory competency requirements.The official competency definitions (at levels one, two andthree) are provided, followed by a description of the keyknowledge and activities that are likely to fall within thescope of each competency.The information provided is designed to be helpful but informalguidance. The knowledge and activities described under eachcompetency are not exhaustive, and should not be relied uponas any form of revision list. Candidates must satisfy themselvesand their employers that they have reached the required levelof attainment before applying for final assessment.The competencies are arranged in alphabetical order.The full list of RICS competencies and pathway requirementscan be found in the APC Requirements and competenciesguide – February 2012. 8 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 08
  9. 9. Competency guideCapital allowancesReference no. T008Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the taxation incentives/capital allowances available on property and structuresin order to prepare claims and give advice to clients. Candidates should have an awareness of thevarious types of capital allowance that are available in accordance with capital allowances legislation.They should have a thorough understanding of types used on their projects.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Apply knowledge of capital allowances and Provide evidence of giving reasoned advice; of capital allowances and grants. grants, including the ability to use source preparing claims; making applications for documents necessary to prepare taxation grants; preparing and presenting reports to allowances analyses. clients; and corresponding and negotiating with the relevant government and other authorities. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • he definition of capital allowances and the T • ollecting the relevant documentation to C • reparing and presenting reports and P history behind their existence prepare a claim relating to the type of documentation transaction. For acquisitions this might • The client types that they apply to include sale agreements, valuation reports, • roviding advice on issues affecting P ledgers, drawings and specifications. For acquisitions, disposals and developments • he main types of capital allowances available T developments this might include ledgers, relating to property, including plant and • iving advice on the effect and interaction G building contracts, final accounts, invoices machinery, industrial building allowances, of capital allowances, general taxation and hotel allowances and enhanced capital • nderstanding, establishing and applying U accounting issues allowances entitlement and compliance issues, including • egotiating and agreeing capital allowances N other capital allowances such as long life • he property types that capital allowances T claims with taxation authorities. assets, short life assets, flat conversion, apply to. research and development • dentifying and quantifying qualifying I expenditure • he property types that capital allowances T apply to. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 9
  10. 10. Competency guideCommercial management of constructionReference no. T010Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the commercial management of construction works. Candidates shouldhave an awareness of how commercial competitiveness balances against profitability. They must havea thorough understanding of the financial processes used to achieve profitability and how theseintegrate with the overall delivery of the projectExamples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Apply your knowledge to the financial Monitor, report and advise on project of the principles of the management of management of construction projects, cashflows and profitability. Evaluate and construction projects. including regular monitoring and reporting advise on the financial implications and on cashflow and profitability. appropriate management actions. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • dentifying and understanding the I • Collecting of data for reports • onitoring, analysing, reporting and advising M components that make up the cost of the at a senior level on project cashflows and project to the contractor • Carrying out cost to completion exercises profitability for internal use • nderstanding of the effect that the design U • Preparing cashflows • valuating and advising on financial implications E and construction processes have on the cost and appropriate management actions. • reparing reports such as liability statements, P • wareness of the techniques used to A cost to complete and cost value reconciliations reconcile the cost against income • Applying value engineering processes • wareness of the techniques to financially A • reparing and submitting cost data for P manage sub-contractors and suppliers in-house and/or external use in relation to • Understanding the use of cashflows. areas such as cost of preliminaries, comparative cost of different construction techniques and taxation allowances. 10 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  11. 11. Competency guideConflict avoidance, management and disputeresolution proceduresReference no. M006Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the quantity surveyor’s involvement with the avoidance, management andresolution of disputes in construction projects. Candidates should be aware of the various processesand techniques commonly used in the industry. They should have a detailed understanding of howthese are applied in practice.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Provide evidence of practical application Provide evidence of the application of the of the techniques for conflict avoidance, in your area of practice having regard to above in the context of advising clients in the conflict management and dispute resolution the relevant law. various circumstances referred to above. procedures including for example adjudication and arbitration, appropriate to your APC pathway. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • echniques for conflict avoidance, management T • eveloping further knowledge of the D • eveloping an in depth knowledge of law D and resolution, in particular by the appropriate relevant law governing conflict avoidance governing conflict avoidance and management selection of procurement routes and use of and management and dispute resolution and dispute resolution procedures, including processes such as partnering procedures relevant legislation and case law • ow various forms of contract deal with H • eing involved with adjudication procedures B • iving reasoned advice on different dispute G dispute avoidance and their provisions for in particular and have an understanding of resolution procedures having reference to resolving disputes the default procedures where a construction particular project circumstances contract does not make provision for • egal and statutory requirements for the L adjudication • iving advice on relevant law governing G resolution of disputes in construction contracts evidence of fact and expert evidence and the • eing involved with other dispute resolution B practice and procedures adopted by surveyors • onflict management and dispute resolution C procedures in the role of either advocate or expert witness procedures within the construction process including negotiation, mediation and conciliation, • ompiling evidence for use in dispute C • Giving advice as an expert witness. adjudication, arbitration, independent expert resolution procedures. determination and litigation. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 11
  12. 12. Competency guideConstruction technology and environmental servicesReference no. T013Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the design and construction of buildings and other structures. Candidatesshould have a clear understanding of the design and construction processes commonly used in theindustry. They should have detailed knowledge of construction solutions relevant to their projects.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Apply your knowledge to the design and Advise on the selection and application of the principles of design and construction construction processes. of particular processes within your area of relating to your chosen field of practice. experience. This should include liaison with specialists and consultants to develop project specific design and construction solutions. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • he stages of design from inception to T • ppreciating how design solutions vary for A • dvising on the choice of construction A completion different types of building such as clear span solutions for your project requirements for warehousing or acoustic • mpact of current legislation and regulations I requirements for accommodation • eporting on the impact of different design R (both national and international) solutions and construction processes on cost • nderstanding alternative construction details U and programme. • ow the various elements of the building H in relation to functional elements of the design work and inter-relate such as different types of piling or structural frame solutions. • The process of constructing the works • perational and maintenance processes O post contract. 12 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  13. 13. Competency guideContract administrationReference no. T016Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the role of a surveyor administering a construction contract. Candidatesshould be aware of the roles and responsibilities of the administrator under the main forms of contract.They should have a detailed understanding of the contractual provisions relating to the forms ofcontract that they have administered.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Implement administrative procedures Advise on the administrative procedures of the contractual, legislative and statutory necessary for the smooth running of a necessary for the smooth running of a terminology/requirements, of a construction construction contract. construction contract including document contract. control techniques and systems, meetings and reporting procedures. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • he various standard forms of contract T • Issuing instructions • Resolving disputes and sub-contract used in the industry • Dealing with payment provisions • ssessing entitlement for extension of time A • asic contractual mechanisms and procedures B applied at various stages of the contract • Managing change procedures • ssessing entitlement for loss and expense A • he roles and responsibilities of T • Involvement with dispute avoidance • dvising all parties of their contractual rights A the administrator. and obligations. • ealing with completion and possession issues D • Issuing certificates. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 13
  14. 14. Competency guideContract practiceReference no. T017Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the various forms of contract used in the construction industry. Candidatesshould have an awareness of all of the main standard forms of contract and a thorough understandingof contract law, legislation and the specific forms that they have used.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Apply your knowledge of the use of the Provide evidence of reasoned advice, of the various forms of contract used in various standard forms of contract at prepare and present reports on the selection the construction industry and/or your area project level, including the implications and of the appropriate form of contract and of business. obligations that apply to the parties to warranties for your chosen procurement the contract. route. This should include advising on the most appropriate contractual procedure at the various stages of a construction or other contract. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • Basic contract law and legislation • Producing contract documentation • electing the appropriate form of contract S and/or sub-contract for your chosen • Contract documentation • arrying out the contractual mechanisms C procurement route and procedures relevant to the financial • he various standard forms of contract and T management aspects of your project, such • dvising on the most appropriate contractual A sub-contract as change procedures, valuations, loss and procedure at the various stages of a contract expense and final accounts • When the different forms would be used • valuating the appropriateness and implications E • nderstanding general contractual provisions U of proposed contractual amendments. • asic contractual mechanisms and B such as letters of intent, insurances, retention, procedures at various stages of the contract bonds, liquidated and ascertained damages, • hird party rights including relevant legislation T early possession, practical completion and and the use of collateral warranties. other common contractual mechanisms. 14 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  15. 15. Competency guideCorporate recovery and insolvencyReference no. T020Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the involvement and actions of a quantity surveyor when insolvency occurson a construction project. Candidates should have an awareness of the processes and proceduresthat can apply when a party to a contract becomes insolvent and what help and support a quantitysurveyor can give to the various parties involved, including the insolvency practitioner. They must havea thorough understanding of the how insolvency has affected their project and the legal and contractualposition of the parties involved.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Demonstrate an understanding of the Provide evidence of reasoned advice, prepare of the role of the Chartered Surveyor in various types of appointment that can be and present reports on the property assets of corporate recovery and insolvency situations. made to administer/manage the affairs of insolvent companies and individuals and/or insolvent and potentially insolvent companies in the administration of Fixed Charge and individuals. Receivership appointments. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • he principles of the different insolvency T • ndertaking valuations and notional final U • iving reasoned advice to a contracted party G procedures, such as liquidation, administration, accounts in relation to an insolvency on on how to proceed following the insolvency receivership and company voluntary a project of the other party to the contract arrangement • aking action to facilitate the completion of T • iving reasoned advice to a client on how G • ow standard form contracts deal H a project where insolvency has occurred to proceed to complete a project following with insolvency an insolvency. • ndertaking work in support of an U • he nature of an insolvency practitioner’s T insolvency practitioner. role and his expectations as a client • ow a quantity surveyor might support an H insolvency practitioner. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 15
  16. 16. Competency guideDesign economics and cost planningReference no. T022Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the impact of design and other factors on cost throughout the life ofthe building and the control of cost during the pre-contract stage. Candidates should have anawareness of how design decisions and construction processes impact on construction andoperational costs. They must have a thorough understanding of techniques used to manage andcontrol costs pre-contract.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Apply your knowledge to the cost Give strategic and reasoned advice, of the main factors that affect design management of design development on a including the preparation and presentation economics over the whole life of a building. project from feasibility to design completion. of reports with reference to cost, time, Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Prepare and submit cost data to in-house quality and buildability. Advise on various of how cost planning assists in the financial and/or external data collection agencies. market factors and trends in construction control of projects during the design costs. Comment on accuracy and risk. development stage. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • he main factors that affect design economics T • Producing estimates and cost plans • reparing and presenting reports with P over the whole life of the building including reference to cost, time, quality and buildability, capital and life cycle costs • Carrying out life cycle costing exercises including qualifications and exclusions • ow cost planning assists in the financial H • Applying value engineering processes • Evaluating building design efficiency control of projects during the design • Preparing cost reports • ssessing/evaluating market factors and A development stage trends in construction costs • reparing and submitting cost data to P • The various stages of cost planning in-house and/or external data collection • nalysing the accuracy of predicted cost A • Sources of cost data agencies. using benchmarking techniques • djustments that may be required for factors A • Interrogating historical cost data including location, specification, time and market forces. • Using value and risk management techniques. 16 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  17. 17. Competency guideDue diligenceReference no. T025Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the due diligence work and/or fund monitoring on construction projects.It may also cover the duties of quantity surveyors monitoring the financial management of managementstyle contracts. Candidates should have an awareness of the areas of concern for funders and clientswithin a project and the techniques used in the forensic interrogation and monitoring of those areas.They must have a thorough understanding of the techniques used on their projects.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge of the techniques Apply your knowledge of cost, quality and Provide evidence of reasoned advice and used for cost, quality and time related forensic time related forensic examination in your area report to clients on cost, quality and time examination in your area of practice. of practice. related forensic examination in your area of practice. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • The main areas of risk for a funder/client • Reviewing development appraisals • hecking compliance with loan agreements C and agreements to lease • he process of analysing contract T • eviewing specialist reports and checking R documentation statutory and other approvals • elivering reports to the funder/client on time, D cost and quality matters covered by your • ow to interrogate pricing data in relation H • nalysing the suitability of procurement A monitoring activities to development appraisals, cash flows, strategies and contract documentation, construction costs and risk allowances including third party rights issues and • iving advice to the funder/client on suitable G insurances action to be taken in respect of issues • echniques for assessing suitability of T identified by your monitoring activities. programmes • nterrogating pricing data in relation to I development appraisals, cash flows, • elevant statutory approvals, such as R construction costs and risk allowances planning and building control • stablishing suitability of project programmes, E • ow to monitor interim payments and H quality control procedures and health and planned progress. safety arrangements • hecking suitability and appointments of C project team • Analysing project and construction risks • Reviewing interim valuations for draw-down • onitoring progress against planned M programmes • Reviewing final accounts. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 17
  18. 18. Competency guideHealth and safetyReference no. M008Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the relationship between the work of the quantity surveyor and healthand safety issues within the construction industry. Candidates should be aware of legal, practicaland regulatory requirements. They should have a detailed understanding of the health and safetyprocesses and guidelines used to achieve this.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Apply evidence of practical application of Provide evidence of reasoned advice given of the principles and responsibilities imposed health and safety issues and the requirements to clients and others on all aspects on health by law, codes of practice and other regulations for compliance, in your area of practice. and safety. appropriate to your area of practice. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • Personal safety on site and in the office • btaining formal health and safety O • iving reasoned advice on and/or taking G qualifications including first aid, industry responsibility for health and safety issues • Procedures imposed by law specific or nationally recognised qualifications relating to: • The impact on health and safety of: • eing involved with specific roles and B – Impact of design on construction responsibilities within the various regulations. – Design – Alternative construction processes – Construction processes – Impact of design on occupation and maintenance – Building maintenance – Undertaking risk assessments – Employment of staff. – Current legislation. 18 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  19. 19. Competency guideInsuranceReference no. T045Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers specific insurance provisions related to property and development.Candidates should be aware of how insurance is used to deal with risk in development. They shouldhave a detailed understanding of the contractual requirements under the various standard formsof contract.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Apply your knowledge and/or be involved with Demonstrate a thorough understanding of of the principles and practices of insurance the insurance of construction and/or property the regulations and practice governing the in relation to your area of practice. related matters. insurance of construction and/or property related matters. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • he insurance provisions within the standard T • eveloping specialist knowledge in areas D • eporting on cost impact of insurance claims R forms of contract such as asbestos and terrorism to loss adjustor • pecific insurance mechanisms such as joint S • Compiling cost data for an insurance claim • eporting on re-construction costs for fire R names, subrogation, net contribution clauses, insurance valuations in the aggregate, each and every event and • ompiling cost data for a fire C excess provisions insurance valuation. • dvising clients on trends in the construction A insurance market • pecialist insurances such as performance S bonds, professional indemnity and • dvising on how insurances can be used A retention bonds. to mitigate risk. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 19
  20. 20. Competency guideProcurement and tenderingReference no. T062Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers how a project is structured and delivered in terms of risk allocationand contractual relationships and how tendering processes are used to establish a contract price.Candidates should have a clear understanding of the different types of procurement and tenderingcommonly used and the advantages and disadvantages of each to the parties involved. They shouldhave a detailed working knowledge of the procurement routes and tendering procedures used ontheir projects.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Apply your knowledge to the implementation Give reasoned advice on the appropriateness of the main types of procurement. Demonstrate of the procurement routes selected for your of various procurement routes. Manage the knowledge and understanding of the tendering projects and to carrying out tendering and tendering and negotiation process and present and negotiation processes involved negotiation processes relevant to them. reports on the outcome. in procurement. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • he main types of procurement used in both T • mplementing procurement routes such as I • valuating the appropriateness of various E the public and private sectors, both nationally traditional, design and build, management procurement routes and internationally forms, term and serial contracting and other types • anaging the tendering and M • endering and negotiation processes T negotiation process involvedin procurement • roducing and/or compiling tender P documentation such as letter of invitation, • Preparing procurement and tendering reports. • ncillary processes such as partnering and A form of tender, health and safety documentation, framework agreements design documentation and contractual details (Please note: pricing documents are covered • odes of practice and procedures C under the Quantification and costing of commonly used. construction works) • arrying out of tendering and negotiation C processes such as single and two stage tendering, the use of codes of practice and electronic tendering. 20 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  21. 21. Competency guideProgramming and planningReference no. T063Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers a surveyor’s involvement with the programming and planning of constructionprojects. Candidates should have an awareness of the various principles, techniques and issues thatrelate to the programming and planning of projects generally. They must have a thorough understandingof how these principles and techniques have been used and how specific issues have been dealt withon their projects.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Describe the principals of financial and Assess, interpret and report on the Provide evidence of reasoned advice on, programme monitoring of projects, including programme control of projects. or implement the principals of, executive planning techniques such as Gantt charts etc. programme control of projects. Your advice Demonstrate knowledge of the various types should demonstrate a good understanding of of programmes and schedules commonly planning techniques (pert diagrams, network used on projects. analysis/critical path methods). Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • nderstand the need for pre-contract U • ormulating and reporting on a project F • nterpreting the effectiveness of a I planning and programming techniques programme for different construction projects project programme using planning techniques • ifferent planning techniques eg Gantt D • roviding reasoned advice on the financial P Charts, Network Analysis and Critical Path • eporting the client’s financial R planning of construction projects (eg a client/ Analysis etc forecast expenditure of a project using developer might have a particular way of planning techniques funding a project, either fully financed or • he principles of how a programme is T generating finance from sales in phase one affected by change • alculating a critical path network analysis C to finance later phases. This would give rise and/or PERT network analysis as appropriate to very different strategies affecting both the • he need for good programming when T to determine the longest path timing and the cost of a project) forecasting accurately materials, man-power, machinery and money • dentifying the impact of contractual I • nalysing and advising on the possible A provisions on the effective planning of projects. outcomes in the event of a strategy change • he use of planning and programming when T eg financing provisions, time of construction, forecasting expenditure scope changes • he importance of a project or a contract T • dvising on a project programme when A programme when used together with different determining different procurement options. forms of contract. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 21
  22. 22. Competency guideProject evaluationReference no. T066Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the financial aspects of feasibility studies and development appraisals.Candidates should be aware of the various elements of a feasibility study and development appraisaland the factors that can affect them. They should have a detailed understanding of the techniquesused to assess financial viability.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Describe the feasibility study Apply the techniques used in value Initiate and monitor a feasibility study. Advise process, including the financial and management/value engineering, life cycle/ on the economics of design, on the use of town planning aspects associated whole life costing and risk assessment, value management and value engineering with a development appraisal. together with a balance sheet analysis. techniques and on how to undertake a full risk and balance sheet analysis. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • nderstand the process of carrying out a U • roviding cost data for a development P • arrying out an appraisal; reporting and C development appraisal using techniques such appraisal, particularly in respect of advising on the outcome as residual valuation construction costs • dvising on the impact of costs associated A • nderstand the various financial elements of a U • nderstanding how financial data might U with the various elements of the appraisal development appraisal such as land and be obtained for elements of a development on the overall viability. construction costs, fees, finance costs, value appraisal (other than construction costs), or income steam and profit for example land and financing costs, fees, taxation, property valuation, income stream • wareness of the impact of non-financial A and profit factors such as town planning on an appraisal • arrying out life cycle cost exercises in C • nderstand the basic principals of techniques U relation to an appraisal used in association with development appraisals such as value management, value • eing involved in value and risk management B engineering, life cycle and whole life costing exercises in relation to an appraisal. and risk management. 22 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  23. 23. Competency guideProject financial control and reportingReference no. T067Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the effective cost control of construction projects during the constructionphase. Candidates should be aware of the principles of controlling and reporting costs on anyconstruction project. They should have a detailed understanding of the control and reporting processesused on their projects (please note: for surveyors working in contracting this competency coversexternally issued cost advice and reports).Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Apply your knowledge to the management Advise on strategies and procedures to of the effective control of costs during a project. of project costs. This should include the control predicted expenditure in line with Demonstrate understanding of the legal and preparation and presentation of financial a budget. contractual constraints and the effect of time reports on the performance of a project at and quality on the cost of a project. appropriate intervals, to provide effective forecasting of costs, risks and their financial implications. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • he effective control of costs during the T • anaging project costs during the M • mplementing change control procedures I construction phase of a project construction phase within the contract • he legal and contractual constraints on the T • eporting and forecasting costs for different R • Establishing reporting regimes/protocols cost of a project such as changes in building procurement routes and client types legislation and design risk allocation • sing risk management and U • sing cashflows in financial management U analysis techniques. • he reporting and forecasting of costs during T the construction phase • anaging provisional sums/contingencies/ M risk allowances. • he principles of contingencies/ T risk allowances. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 23
  24. 24. Competency guideQuantification and costing of construction worksReference no. T074Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the measurement and definition of construction works in order to valueand control costs. Candidates should have an awareness of the various methods of quantifying andpricing construction works used throughout a project. They must have a thorough understanding ofthe specific methods used on their projects.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Apply your knowledge to the quantification Advise on appropriate methods of of the principles of quantification and costing and costing of construction works, including quantification and costing for specific projects. of construction works as a basis for the the use of appropriate standard methods Take responsibility for the preparing and financial management of contracts. of measurement and forms of cost analysis. issuing pricing documents. Price or analyse Carrying out measurement and costing of such documents. Give advice on and/or works at all stages of the construction process. supervise the valuation of construction works throughout a project. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • he quantification of construction works T • uantifying construction works at the Q • dvising on appropriate methods of A (including both measurement and definition) various stages of a project measurement and costing • he various standard methods of measurement T • roducing pricing documents such as bills P • Selecting of appropriate pricing documents of quantities, schedules of activities/works, • The costing of construction works schedules of rates or contract sum analyses. • egotiating and agreeing the valuation N of construction works at various stages • he measurement of buildings and structures T • arrying out the costing of construction C of the project such as the contract sum, to agreed standards. works by methods such as tendered rates, construction and final account. quotations or dayworks. 24 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  25. 25. Competency guideRisk managementReference no. T077Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the management of risk on construction projects. Candidates shouldbe aware of the benefits to be gained and the techniques and processes used to manage risk.They should have a detailed understanding of how risk is dealt with on their projects.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate your knowledge and Apply your knowledge to carry out risk Provide evidence of reasoned advice and understanding of the nature of risk and, in assessments taking into account all relevant implement systems to manage risk by particular, of the risks associated with your factors. Understand the application of the competent management in relation to area of business/practice. various methods and techniques used to specific projects. measure risk. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • The principles of risk management • Contributing towards the identification of risk • dvising on the appropriate procurement A route in relation to the client’s attitude to risk • ow the various procurement routes deal H • dentifying who owns the risk in relation to the I with risk chosen procurement route on your project • ecognising and advising on the appropriate R methodologies and approach to risk on • Mitigation strategies • ontributing towards strategies to mitigate risk C a project • The techniques used to quantify risk • ontributing data towards the quantification C • aking ownership of the risk register and T of risk advising on appropriate risk mitigation strategies • The effect of risk on programme and cost. • onsidering the effect of risk on programme C • pplying techniques to quantify risk and A and management cost specific to their project. advising client’s on the appropriate level of contingency. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 25
  26. 26. Competency guideSustainabilityReference no. M009Description of competency in context of this sectorThis competency covers the role of the quantity surveyor in dealing with the impact of sustainabilityissues on development and construction. Candidates should have an awareness of the various waysin which sustainability can impact on development and construction. They must have a thoroughunderstanding of the impact made by sustainability on their projects and have been involved with thefinancial management of that impact.Examples of likely knowledge, skills and experience at each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding Provide evidence of the practical application Provide evidence of reasoned advice given of why and how sustainability seeks to balance of sustainability appropriate to your area of to clients and others on the policy, law and economic, environmental and social objectives practice, and of awareness of the circumstances best practice of sustainability in your area at global, national and local levels in the context in which specialist advice is necessary. of practice. of land, property and the built environment. Examples of knowledge comprised within Examples of activities and knowledge Examples of activities and knowledge this level are: comprised within this level are: comprised within this level are: • he principles of sustainability within T • arrying out capital cost and value C • iving reasoned advice to your client and G development and the construction process engineering exercises to determine the members of the project team on the financial impact of sustainability issues on design impact of sustainability on a project • he relationship between property and T and construction processes the environment • iving reasoned advice on the application of G • arrying out life cycle cost exercises which C environmental law and policy • ow national and international legislation, H take account of sustainability issues regulations and taxation relating to sustainability • nterpreting environmental reports and giving I affect construction • nderstanding the measures undertaken U reasoned advice on the financial impact and by governments and international bodies to programme implications on a project • riteria by which sustainability is measured C encourage the reduction of the environmental in relation to finished buildings impact of development. • iving advice on sustainable material G selection and how performance baselines • he principles of how design, technology and T can be estimated. construction processes can contribute to sustainable building • he principles of material resource efficiency T within the supply chain. 26 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION
  27. 27. Supplemental guidanceAdditional guidance for the APC QS PathwaySection 1 – Profile of a newly qualified chartered quantity surveyorThis section sets out, as a minimum, the areas in which a newly qualified chartered quantitysurveyor will have gained knowledge and experience during their time on the APC.With the introduction of the QS Pathway Guide in 2006 the APC gives a clear definition of the areasand levels of technical competence required of a QS candidate. Because each candidate’s journeyto achieving the competencies will be unique, the definitions and examples take a generic approachthat could be applied anywhere in the industry. So, what in detail should an individual candidatehave knowledge of or have experienced on their unique journey to professional competence?This profile aims to help all those involved with the APC process understand and interpret the APCcore competencies for the QS pathway. It should be read in conjunction with the QS pathway corecompetencies definitions.Section 2 – Selecting of optional competenciesIn addition to the core competencies, candidates are required to choose two other competenciesat level 2. These must be selected from the closed list of competencies for the quantity surveyingpathway. This section will help candidates with the selection of these optional competencies.Section 3 – Study check listIn this section the competencies are broken down into a check list of topics to help candidatesmake sure they have covered everything that is appropriate to their journey through the pathway.The list is not meant to be prescriptive. It is not comprehensive, nor must a candidate necessarilycover every topic. This section is an aide-mémoire only.NOTE: In the case of doubt the competency definitions in this pathway guide will alwaystake priority.This supplemental guidance is intended to assist all candidates worldwide. The examples given inSection 1 and the topics listed in Section 3 often refer to UK practice. Candidates in other worldregions should interpret these in relation to practices in their region. QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION 27
  28. 28. Supplemental guidanceSection 1 However, in some of the components within the elements,Profile of a newly qualified such as value management or life cycle costing, it may notchartered quantity surveyor be possible to obtain adequate or any experience. Equally a candidate is unlikely to experience all types of procurementThe following profile sets out in elements the work of a and might not experience every type of tendering. In all ofquantity surveyor. The elements are then broken down into these cases candidates will need to undertake additionalcomponents. The elements do not match exactly the core private study and try to make contact with someone who hascompetency titles in the pathway guide, but are referenced to experience in the area to lift their knowledge to the requiredthem. This is because the­core competencies span a number level of competency.of elements.APC QS candidates will need to gain knowledge andexperience in all of the following elements.Elements• Estimating• Cost planning• Procurement• Tendering• Contract selection• Contract procedures• ost contract cost control OR Commercial P management of contracts• Quantification of works• Construction technologyEvery effort should be made to do this.In the final assessment candidates will be expected to have adepth of knowledge in the areas of their experience, but also abreadth of knowledge across all of the following profile.The APC recognises that candidates might work in a specificsector (water utility, residential, education), or for a particulartype of client (commercial developer, government department,airport operator), or in one geographical region (UK, USA,UAE). What is important is that candidates cover the followingprofile within their sector(s) and for their client(s) in their region.They should always have an awareness that things might bedone differently in other sectors or in the industry at largewithin their region. Where their sector or client does things in aspecific way, candidates should be aware of the industry norm.­­­ 28 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND CONSTRUCTION

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