Writing the Topic Sentence (Assertion) v5

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How to write the topic sentence (assertion) based on the problem statement

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Writing the Topic Sentence (Assertion) v5

  1. 1. FROM PROBLEM STATEMENT TO TOPIC SENTENCE Image courtesy of ksl.com LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  2. 2. Contents BEFORE YOU BEGIN • Requirement 1 • Requirement 2 • Requirement 3 EXAMPLE 1 • Step 1: Problem statement to topic sentence • Formula: How to write a topic sentence • Step by Step example • Step 2: Add a source that supports your ideas FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW • e-research note #1 • Step 3: Add a theory that supports your ideas • e-research note #2 • Step 4: Add urgency • Step 5: Alphabetize the list of references EXAMPLE 2 • If your problem statement is like this, you may have a problem PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  3. 3. Before You Begin You must complete three problem statements. Each one must include at least 3 elements. 1. A target beneficiary: specified age, gender, educational background, culture or location –Reason: Poster design and content will be influenced by these elements FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  4. 4. Before You Begin 2. Beneficiary needs must be clearly urgent or the problem or situation must be clearly critical. – Reason: This results in a useful proposal. – Tip 1: If the urgency is unclear, add an in-text citation that is hyperlinked to a website that proves the urgency. (Example) – Tip 2: If the website is long, add a paragraph number: Author last name, year, para. # (Example). FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  5. 5. Before You Begin 3. Relevance: What the beneficiary must do to meet the needs must be countable or quantifiable in terms of time, steps, units, outputs, etc. – Reason: It is easier to measure a project’s success, progress, or development if the goals or steps are countable. – Reason: When you write a project report, it’s easier to write about progress, success or development. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  6. 6. FROM PROBLEM STATEMENT TO TOPIC SENTENCE EXAMPLE 1 Image courtesy of telegraph.co.uk FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  7. 7. From problem statement to topic sentence Problem Statement In three weeks, I will create an English-Uzbek poster with 6 pictures that shows 6 steps for children 4 to 6 years old to follow and learn how to spell 25 simple English words in 3 months. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW Topic Sentence Children 4 to 6 years old can follow six pictures on a poster to learn to spell 25 English words in 3 months. FORMULA Target beneficiary + can + measurable action + to + urgent need PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  8. 8. STEP 1: Use this formula Target beneficiary + can + measurable action + to + urgent need Example Children 4-6 years old + can + follow six photos on a poster and learn + to + spell 25 English words in 3 months Result Children 4-6 years old can follow six photos on a poster and learn to spell 25 English words in 3 months. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  9. 9. Step by Step Original Text In three weeks, I will create an English-Uzbek poster with 6 pictures that shows 6 steps for children 4 to 6 years old to follow and learn how to spell 25 simple English words in 3 months. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE Topic Sentence Writing Step 1 • Target beneficiary + can • Children 4 to 6 years old can Step 2 • Target beneficiary can + measurable action • Children 4 to 6 years old can follow six pictures on a poster and learn Step 3 • Target beneficiary can + proposed measurable action + to + urgent need • Children 4 to 6 years old can follow six pictures on a poster and learn to spell 25 English words in 3 months END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  10. 10. Step 2: Add a source Problem Statement In three weeks, I will create an English-Uzbek poster with 6 pictures that shows 6 steps for children 4 to 6 years old to follow and learn how to spell 25 simple English words in 3 months. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW Topic Sentence Children 4 to 6 years old (Barrington, 2013, para. 10) can follow six photos on a poster and learn to spell 25 English words in 3 months. Barrington, E. (2013). Spelling Milestones 5-6. Available online 21 Nov 2013 at www.kidspot.com PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  11. 11. KEYWORDS MATCH
  12. 12. Hyperlink Title Author Para. 10 Date FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  13. 13. Step 3: Add a theory Problem Statement Topic Sentence In three weeks, I will create an English-Uzbek poster with 6 pictures that shows 6 steps for children 4 to 6 years old to follow and learn how to spell 25 simple English words in 3 months. Children 4 to 6 years old can follow six photos on a poster and learn (Piaget, 1976) how to spell 25 English words in 3 months. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW Piaget, J. (1973). Main Trends in Psychology. London: George Allen & Unwin as quoted in ICELS. (2013) Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development. Available online 21 Nov 2013 at www.icels-educators-for-learning.ca PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  14. 14. KEYWORDS THEORY NAME ADD NEW KEYWORD MATCH
  15. 15. Website Author Title Para. 7 Secondary Source Date FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  16. 16. Step 4: Add urgency 
  17. 17. Step 5: Alphabetically arrange the references Children 4 to 6 years old (Barrington, 2013) can follow six pictures on a poster and learn (Piaget, 1976) to spell (Bly, 2013) 25 English words in 3 months. REFERENCES Barrington, E. (2013). Spelling Milestones 5-6. Available online 21 Nov 2013 at www.kidspot.com Bly, D. (2013). “Poor spelling can have dire consequences” in Times Colonist. Available online 21 Nov 2013 at www.timescolonist.com Piaget, J. (1973). Main Trends in Psychology. London: George Allen & Unwin as quoted in ICELS. (2013) Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development. Available online 21 Nov 2013 at www.icels-educatorsfor-learning.ca FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  18. 18. FROM PROBLEM STATEMENT TO TOPIC SENTENCE EXAMPLE 2 Image courtesy of (blog.triblive.com) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  19. 19. Problem 1: No specific target beneficiary Problem Statement Topic Sentence In three weeks I will design an information poster with 10 colorful pictures created by me in English and Pashto about assessing different types of spicy, sour, and hot food in Afghanistan for making them better. 1. Target beneficiary: Who will benefit from this proposal or project? FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE • There is no specified target beneficiary • This will be a difficulty later when you are writing the assertion, the thesis statement, and the proposal END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  20. 20. Problem 2: No clearly urgent need Problem Statement In three weeks I will design an information poster with 10 colorful pictures created by me in English and Pashto about assessing different types of spicy, sour, and hot food in Afghanistan for making them better. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE Topic Sentence 2. Urgent need: What beneficiary need is urgent? What problem or situation is critical? • There is no clearly urgent need or critical problem or situation • This will be a difficulty later when you are writing the assertion, the thesis statement, and the proposal END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  21. 21. Problem 3: No measurable action Problem Statement In three weeks I will design an information poster with 10 colorful pictures created by me in English and Pashto about assessing different types of spicy, sour, and hot food in Afghanistan for making them better. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE Topic Sentence 3. Relevance: What must the beneficiary do to meet the need or solve the situation? • There is no clear action proposed • There is no measurable or quantifiable action proposed • This will be a difficulty later when you are writing the assertion, the thesis statement, and the proposal END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  22. 22. END OF PRESENTATION Send comments or suggestions to mr.jaime.aiu@gmail.com THANK YOU Image courtesy of (www.freegreatpicture.com) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED

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