Research or Proposal Writing - DEFINITION OF TERMS

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Research or Proposal Writing - DEFINITION OF TERMS

  1. 1. DEFINITION OF TERMS 14 STEPS TO DEFINE TERMS IN YOUR PROPOSAL OR RESEARCH PAPER Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  2. 2. Location At the start of the paper, before the major contents Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  3. 3. Location The definition of terms can be after the paragraph that describes the purpose of the study • Statement of the Problem • Purpose of the Study • Definitions • Significance of the Investigation • Literature Review • Questions or Hypothesis
  4. 4. Example Use one paragraph for each term that you define Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  5. 5. Example The dictionary definition of the term illegal immigration is “the migration of people across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destined country” (Merriam-Webster’s 1993). In this paper, the term illegal immigration is used to mean “nonresidents who enter a country without an acceptable passport or visa.”
  6. 6. STEP 1 ADJECTIVE + NOUN COMBINATIONS Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  7. 7. STEP ONE Select the terms of your Thesis Statement: Adjective + Noun combinations such as –illegal immigration –school uniforms –campus romance
  8. 8. STEP 2 VERBS Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  9. 9. STEP 2 Select the terms of your Thesis Statement: Verbs such as –influence –affect –determine
  10. 10. STEP 3 VERBS + ADJECTIVE COMBINATIONS Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  11. 11. STEP 3 Select the terms of your Thesis Statement: Verb + adjective combinations such as –is more effective –are bigger –can be detrimental
  12. 12. STEP 4 ADVERB + VERB COMBINATIONS Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  13. 13. STEP 4 Select the terms of your Thesis Statement: Adverb + Verb combinations such as –negatively influence –positively affect
  14. 14. STEP 5 YOUR OWN DEFINITIONS Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  15. 15. STEP 5 Use the following format: In this essay, the term term1 is used to mean “your own meaning inside the quote marks.” In this essay, the term term2 is used to mean “your own meaning inside the quote marks.”
  16. 16. EXAMPLE In this essay, the term illegal immigration is used to mean “people who go to another country without the correct passport or visa.” In this essay, the term influence is used to mean “to affect something in some way.”
  17. 17. STEP 6 THE LIST FORMAT Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  18. 18. STEP 6 You can write in list format. The term being defined is in italics. Term A – Definition Term B - Definition
  19. 19. STEP THREE You can write in paragraph format. Use one paragraph for each term, including dictionary definition and your own definition. Use a sentence format, such as follows. According to Webster (2001), the term troll is a noun that means “insert definition here.” In this paper, the term troll is a verb that means “to collect” as in “to troll the internet for quotes.”
  20. 20. STEP 7 USE YOUR RESEARCH NOTES Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  21. 21. STEP 7 Open the MS Word file Research Notes at http://thereferencebox.jimdo.com /free-textbooks/research-notes/ Read and follow the instructions.
  22. 22. APA Reference: Online Dictionary A reference list of an online dictionary or thesaurus should include: • headword of the entry cited (in quotes) • title of the source (in italics) • date the dictionary or thesaurus was published, posted, or revised (Use the copyright date noted at the bottom of this and every page of the Merriam-Webster Dictionary.) • full URL of the site (up to and including the file name) • date you accessed the dictionary (in parentheses)
  23. 23. Example The entry for hacker in the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, if you accessed it on May 8, 2011 can be referenced in two ways: "hacker." Merriam-Webster.com. 2011. http://www.merriam-webster.com (8 May 2011). APA Style: hacker. 2011. In Merriam-Webster.com. Retrieved May 8, 2011, from http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/hacker
  24. 24. APA Reference: Online Dictionary • Reference: APA: Dictionary Click to cite a dictionary • Structure: Author Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Entry Name [Def. Number]. In F. M. Last (Ed.) & F. M. Last (Trans.), Website Title. Retrieved Month Date, Year, from URL. • Examples: Citation [Def. 2]. (n.d.). In Merriam Webster Online, Retrieved September 24, 2011, from http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/citation. Hemorrhage [Def. 1]. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster Online. In Merriam-Webster. Retrieved January 2, 2013, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/citation. • Make sure to: Add a definition number (ex 5b). – See the visual citation guide on how to cite a dictionary in APA format .
  25. 25. How do I cite a work that has no listed author in an APA-style paper? • According to the OWL website’s resource on APAstyle citations, "When your essay includes parenthetical citations of sources with no author named, use a shortened version of the source’s title instead of an author’s name. Use quotation marks and italics as appropriate. • For example, parenthetical citations of the source above would be: (Merriam-Webster’s 1993). • The reference list would be Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (10th ed.).(1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
  26. 26. STEP 8 USE A DICTIONARY Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  27. 27. STEP 8 Use a dictionary or thesaurus with available APA information: author, title, date, publisher, page number. Copy-paste the words that you want to use into your research notes.
  28. 28. Why use many dictionaries? • The teacher might be impressed by the number of entries in the List of References • Each dictionary might reveal a slightly different meaning; one might be the best for your use. • Some dictionaries might not have all the required APA information.
  29. 29. STEP 9 COPY THE DICTIONARY DEFINITION Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  30. 30. STEP 9 Complete one Research Note for each term. For exercise, use a different dictionary for every term or, if this is not possible, use different dictionaries.
  31. 31. STEP 10 USE THE TWO DEFINITIONS: YOUR OWN AND THE DICTIONARY DEFINITION Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  32. 32. STEP 10 On half of your monitor, display completed Research Notes tables. On the other half, open the file Class Work and type your own definitions paragraph.
  33. 33. STEP 11 QUOTE FROM THE DICTIONARY INTO YOUR PAPER Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  34. 34. STEP 11 After each term, type a pair of quote marks. From the Research Notes, copy-paste the definition of each term inside the quote marks.
  35. 35. STEP 12 WRITE AN IN-TEXT CITATION AFTER EACH QUOTED DEFINITION Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  36. 36. STEP SIX There are three ways to write an in-text citation: In the beginning, in the middle, or in the end of a sentence.
  37. 37. STEP 13 VARY THE IN-TEXT CITATIONS Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  38. 38. STEP 13 Type your in-text citation for each quoted text. In each sentence, you may alternate the location of the intext citations.
  39. 39. STEP 14 SHOW ME Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  40. 40. STEP 14 Show me the first three terms to check if you are doing it right.
  41. 41. End Notes LENGTH TWO-WORD TERMS ORIGINAL DEFINITIONS Image courtesy of (blog.akta.com)
  42. 42. LENGTH The length of the paragraph depends on the number of terms defined.
  43. 43. TWO-WORD TERMS When a key term is composed of two or more words, there may be one dictionary definition for the entire key term, or one for each word in the term.
  44. 44. ORIGINAL DEFINITIONS To minimize external influence, write your definitions before researching the dictionary definitions.
  45. 45. END OF PRESENTATION Email comments or suggestions to mr.jaime.aiu@gmail.com THANK YOU

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