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# How Many Errors Can Be In My Paper?

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How to estimate the number of errors that can appear in your paper or proposal based on the number of errors in your problem statement or thesis statement

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### How Many Errors Can Be In My Paper?

1. 1. Errors In My Work? HOW TO ESTIMATE NUMBER OF ERRORS BASED ON ERRORS IN THE PROBLEM STATEMENT Image courtesy of www.pregnancymagazine.com
2. 2. SUMMARY • If your problem statements contain 30 words and there are 6 errors... • ... then your 5-page proposal can contain 1,750 words and 348 errors. • This refers to technical errors only: punctuation, spelling, vocabulary, grammar, and syntax. • This excludes errors of content, formatting and language register, which may increase the number of errors.
3. 3. Estimate of Error Frequency • If your problem statement has 30 words • And there are 5 errors • Then your research proposal can have about 348 errors total
4. 4. Estimate Error Frequency: EEF% • Problem statement Number of words in problem statement (Example: 5) Number of errors in problem statement (Example: 30) • Problem statement EEF% (30 ÷ 5) = 6 errors per 30 words (6 errors ÷ 30 word-groups) = 0.2 = 20% • Research proposal The number of words per A4 page is @350. A research proposal contains about five (5) pages. (5 pages x @350 words) = @1,750 words • Research Proposal (1,750 words ÷ 30) = 58 groups of 30 words (58 word- groups x 6 errors per group) = 348 errors How many percent of the paper is that? • Estimated error frequency EER% 348 ÷ 1,750 = 0.1988 = 20%
5. 5. ASSESSMENT OF THE PROBLEM STATEMENT TYPES OF ERRORS Image courtesy of www.zazzle.com
6. 6. Technical Errors 1. Spelling Correct arrangement of letters 2. Vocabulary Correct use of spaces Correct use of symbols 4. Grammar Correct word forms Correct word functions in relation to other words Use of words with correct meanings Use of words with only one 5. Syntax meaning Correct order of words Use of words that make Use of Standard English sense in the context 3. Punctuation Correct use of case
7. 7. ASSESSMENT RUBRIC: TECHNICAL ERRORS Text sample 01. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 02. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 03. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 04. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 05. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 06. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 07. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 08. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 09. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 10. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 11. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 12. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL G00 COMPLETE STUDENT NAME V TEACHER DATE A* = 90 to 100 A = 80 to 90 B = 70 to 80 C = 60 to 70 D = 50 to 60 F = 0 to 49 [In drafting: PASS or FAIL grade only]
8. 8. Other Errors 6. Content Accurate content 7. Formatting Correct formatting Correct indention Correct spacing Correct font formats 8. Language Register Correct use of the passive voice The correct use of tentative language Correct use of modals Correct use of formal vocabulary 8. Attribution Correct use of quotes with citation Correct use of paraphrases with citation Correct listing of References
9. 9. ASSESSMENT RUBRIC: OTHER ERRORS Text sample 01. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 02. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 03. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 04. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 05. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 06. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 07. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 08. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 09. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 10. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 11. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL 12. Criteria: Description guide A* A B C PASS FAIL G00 COMPLETE STUDENT NAME V TEACHER DATE A* = 90 to 100 A = 80 to 90 B = 70 to 80 C = 60 to 70 D = 50 to 60 F = 0 to 49 [In drafting: PASS or FAIL grade only]