Traumatic Injury B O DI L Y O R EM O TI O N A L I N J UR Y R ESUL TI N G F R O MP HYSI C A L O R M EN TA L WO UN D O R S H O C K. A TR A UM A TI C I N J UR Y I S C A USED B Y S O M E THI N G O UTSI DE THE P E R S O N ’S B O DY A S O P P O SEDTO A SI C KN ESS O R A DI SEA SE.
Abrasion Avulsion Avulsion is a tearing away of skin and underlying tissueAbrasion is a defect in skincaused by direct or tangentialimpact or scrapes the epithelialsurface. There is removal of surface layersby friction
Contusion Laceration Discontinuity of the skin resulting from a tangential impact that splits and tears the epithelium Incision There is opening of skin by a cutting instrument, leaving apposed edges as in surgeon’s knife.Contusion or bruises – ex is aHematoma. There is rupture ofsmall blood vessels leading toextravassation of blood into thetissues.
Prevention By identifying risk factors present within a community and creating solutions to decrease the incidence of injury, trauma referral systems can help to enhance the overall health of a population. Commonly injury prevention strageties are utilized to prevent injuries in children as they are a high risk population.Generally, injury prevention strageties involve education of the general public to specific risk factors and developing strageties to mitigate injury.
Signs and Symptoms fever puslike or foul-smelling drainage excessive swelling redness of the skin a blister filled with greenish or brownish fluid a burn that doesnt heal in 10 days to 2 weeks
Treatment In people who are bleeding due to trauma, tranexamic acid decreases the mortality rate. For severe bleeding, say from bleeding disorders, a protein that assists blood clotting, Factor VII, may be appropriate, While it decreases blood use it does not appear to decrease the mortality rate.Other drugs such as etomidate and midazolam may be used during rapid sequence induction if there is a compromised airway and there is trouble intubating. Various other medications may be used in conjunction with other procedures in order to stabilize a person who sustained a significant injury.