Traumatic Injury     B O DI L Y O R EM O TI O N A L   I N J UR Y R ESUL TI N G F R O MP HYSI C A L O R M EN TA L WO UN D  ...
TYPES OF TRAUMATIC      INJURY          ●Abrasion          ● Avulsion         ● Contusion          ● Incision         ● La...
Abrasion                           Avulsion                                              Avulsion is a tearing away of    ...
Contusion                       Laceration                                   Discontinuity of the                         ...
Prevention By identifying risk factors present within a community and creating solutions to decrease the incidence of inj...
Signs and Symptoms fever puslike or foul-smelling drainage excessive swelling redness of the skin a blister filled wi...
Treatment In people who are bleeding due to trauma, tranexamic acid decreases the mortality rate. For severe bleeding, sa...
Related to Dentistry Enamel infraction Enamel fracture Uncomplicated crown fracture (enamel-dentin    fracture)   Comp...
Treatment and test definitions Dentin coverage Pulp capping Partial pulpotomy (shallow pulpotomy) Manual repositioning...
traumatic injury ~ magistrado
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traumatic injury ~ magistrado

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traumatic injury ~ magistrado

  1. 1. Traumatic Injury B O DI L Y O R EM O TI O N A L I N J UR Y R ESUL TI N G F R O MP HYSI C A L O R M EN TA L WO UN D O R S H O C K. A TR A UM A TI C I N J UR Y I S C A USED B Y S O M E THI N G O UTSI DE THE P E R S O N ’S B O DY A S O P P O SEDTO A SI C KN ESS O R A DI SEA SE.
  2. 2. TYPES OF TRAUMATIC INJURY ●Abrasion ● Avulsion ● Contusion ● Incision ● Laceration ● Puncture Wound ● Gunshot wound ● Sound wave injury
  3. 3. Abrasion Avulsion Avulsion is a tearing away of skin and underlying tissueAbrasion is a defect in skincaused by direct or tangentialimpact or scrapes the epithelialsurface. There is removal of surface layersby friction
  4. 4. Contusion Laceration Discontinuity of the skin resulting from a tangential impact that splits and tears the epithelium Incision There is opening of skin by a cutting instrument, leaving apposed edges as in surgeon’s knife.Contusion or bruises – ex is aHematoma. There is rupture ofsmall blood vessels leading toextravassation of blood into thetissues.
  5. 5. Prevention By identifying risk factors present within a community and creating solutions to decrease the incidence of injury, trauma referral systems can help to enhance the overall health of a population. Commonly injury prevention strageties are utilized to prevent injuries in children as they are a high risk population.Generally, injury prevention strageties involve education of the general public to specific risk factors and developing strageties to mitigate injury.
  6. 6. Signs and Symptoms fever puslike or foul-smelling drainage excessive swelling redness of the skin a blister filled with greenish or brownish fluid a burn that doesnt heal in 10 days to 2 weeks
  7. 7. Treatment In people who are bleeding due to trauma, tranexamic acid decreases the mortality rate. For severe bleeding, say from bleeding disorders, a protein that assists blood clotting, Factor VII, may be appropriate, While it decreases blood use it does not appear to decrease the mortality rate.Other drugs such as etomidate and midazolam may be used during rapid sequence induction if there is a compromised airway and there is trouble intubating. Various other medications may be used in conjunction with other procedures in order to stabilize a person who sustained a significant injury.
  8. 8. Related to Dentistry Enamel infraction Enamel fracture Uncomplicated crown fracture (enamel-dentin fracture) Complicated crown fracture (enamel-dentin-pulp fracture) Uncomplicated crown root fracture Complicated crown root fracture Root fracture Alveolar fracture
  9. 9. Treatment and test definitions Dentin coverage Pulp capping Partial pulpotomy (shallow pulpotomy) Manual repositioning Surgical repositioning Orthodontic repositioning Partial repositioning Total repositioning Pulp extirpation (pulpectomy) Pulp testing

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