Smoking Smoking is the inhalation of the smoke of burning tobacco encased in cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. Smoking affect everything from the internal functioning of organs to the efficiency of the bodys immune system.
Major Effects Cancer Female infertility Pulmonary Psychological Cardiovascular In pregnancy and sex Renal Influenza Oral Infection Impotence
Dental Correlation Tobacco smoking is linked to a detrimental impact on oral health. Tobacco can be consumed through the mouth in a variety of forms, varied from smoking to smokeless tobacco. These may induce a variety of oral manifestations of diseases.
Oral conditions associated withtobacco useOral precancerous lesions Periodontal diseases• Leukoplakia • Increased plaque and calculus• Erythroplakia depositions• Smokeless tobacco keratosis • IschaemiaOral cancers • Gingival inflammationSquamous cell carcinomas of the • Periodontal pockets• Tongue • Gingival recession• Floor of the mouth • Alveolar bone loss• Lip Root caries• Gingiva Peri-implantitisVerrucous carcinomas of the Halitosis• Buccal mucosa Taste derangement• Gingiva Stained teeth and restorations• Alveolar ridge
Second-hand smoke Secondhand smoke exposure causes disease and premature death in children and adults who do not smoke. Children exposed to secondhand smoke are at an increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), acute respiratory infections, ear problems, and more severe asthma. Smoking by parents causes respiratory symptoms and slows lung growth in their children. Exposure of adults to secondhand smoke has immediate adverse effects on the cardiovascular system and causes coronary heart disease and lung cancer.
Treatment Treatment of the many diseases and conditions associated with smoking is dependent upon the extent and severity of the condition. Treatments are numerous, varied and are best done in consultation with the individuals primary care physician and associated caregivers .