• Jade Parochelin
• Kate Naelga
• Christian Dale Parcia
• Mary Hope Fenete
• Sonnet John Llaguno
• April Mae Balasan
• “Primitive dance” is a dance which is considered as dance in its purest form because
this particular dance form has not been refined, developed, trained, or guided by an
• The early people of the Philippines believed their fate lay in the hands of their gods.
• To the early Filipinos, dance was an expression of community life that animates the
various rituals and ceremonies.
• Ethnic dances are found among the ethnolinguistic groups scattered all over the
Philippine Island, who have not been substantially Westernized, either by Spain or
the United States.
• They share common religious beliefs, generally animistic, and make propitiatory
offerings to household gods called “anitos”
• Tribesmen usually dance around a sacred idol or fire depending upon the purpose
• Cordillera dances are less structured and less formal than most Philippine ethnic and
folk dances. Most steps and movements of the hands go downward to express the
affinity with and closeness to the earth.
• Moslem dance style have absorbed Hindu-Malayan-Arabic influences combining
them in different degrees of intensity.
• Primitive Dances Will be classified into the following:
• 1.) Ritual Dances
• 2.) Life-cycle Dances
• 3.) Occupational Dances
• 4.) Mimetic Dances
• 1.) Ritual Dances – are dances which connect the material world to the spiritual.
• Rituals sustain the spiritual and social life of the Indigenous Filipinos.
• The Babaylan or medicine men of primitive cultures whose powers to invoke the
assistance of a god were feared and respected, were considered by many to be the
first choreographers or composers of formal dances
• At the center of these rites are the baylan or babaylan. Examples of ritual dances
• A.) Pagdiwata – the Tagbanuas of Palawan perform this dance in gratitude for a
good harvest, to implore continued protection and favor from the deities and for
• B.) Dugso – a dance of the Manobos of Bukidnon, is a thanksgiving for a bountiful
harvest, the birth of a male child, or a victory in a war.
• C.) Sohten of the Subanon supplicates the spirits to give strength and courage to a
warrior who shakes a shield and palm leaves.
• D.) Bendian – of Benguet is a dance to heal a prolonged illness, relieve natural
calamities such as famine and draught and to celebrate victory in war
• E.) Tahing Baila – is a prayer dance for a bountiful fish catch
• 2.) Life-cycle Dances are dances which celebrate an individual’s birth, baptism,
courtship, wedding and demise
• The life of the young is devoutly and joyfully ushered in nurtured and promoted.
Examples of these dances are
• A.) Manmanok of the Bagos is a courtship dance which is an imitation of two mating
• B.) Daling-daling of the Tausug is a dance that displays grace as much as affection
HIMOG OR DEATH DANCE
• C.) Himog or Death Dance – is a ceremonial dance performed only by men to ask
gods for help in punishing the killing of their warrior.
• D.) Pangalay Pangantin – is a samal – Badjao dance in the “Pangalay” style
performed by the bride
• 3.) Occupational Dances – are dances which transform defense and livelihood
activities to celebratory performances
• A.) Tudak (Bukidnon) acts out a whole sequence of the rice cycle into dance.
• B.) Tauti – is an unusually exciting occupational dance which vividly portrays the
labors of catching “tauti” (catfish)
• 4.) Mimetic Dances – are special dances which are mimetic in nature. The
surrounding animal life also easily lends itself to imitative dances that are both
graphic and symbolic
SAYAW TU BAUD
• A.) Sayaw tu Baud or pigeon dance is an imitation of flight of pidgeons from hunters
• B.) Pinuhag – imitates movements of a bee gathering honey
• C.) Inamo-amo – mimicked the movements of a monkey as it bounces and gambles
• D.) Ninanog – is an imitation of the movements of the hawk as it pounced on its
• The Primitive dances of the Filipino people draw their inspiration from the different
images around them and religious and social activities of the tribe which are of
communal purpose. They may also have learned many of their dance movements
and patterns from the birds and animals around them
• Many birds and fowls, such as the roosters and the turkeys, go through courtship
rituals that are very much like simple primitive dance patterns.