Narrative theories


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Narrative theories

  1. 1. Narrative Theories
  2. 2.  Many music videos have narratives which can either follow the lyrics or diverge from the lyrics however there is some theory behind these narratives . Here are a few...
  3. 3. Todrov’s Theory Todorov has a narrative theory which includes five key stages which are as follow: Equilibrium - This is a period in time where everything is steady Disequilibrium - This is where certain circumstances changed making the narrative unsteady and unsettled, usually a problem arises causing the protagonist to become unsettled, this can also happen when they are confronted. Recognition - This is when circumstances change again however they change for the best, usually the protagonist begins to find peach after the disequilibrium. Reparation - This is usually where certain circumstances begin to resolve for themselves New Equilibrium - The happy ending of the story, peace is usually fully restored and the protagonist is happy/content.
  4. 4. Vladimir Propp Vladimir Propp proposed that the characters within the narrative along with their actions will define certain roles and functions an example of this would be Star Wars for example The donor would be Yoda and The princess would be Princess Laya.
  5. 5. Character Roles The hero (someone who is seeking something) The Villain (Someone who opposes the hero) The donor (helps the hero by providing a magical object) The dispatcher (sends the hero on his way) The false hero (falsely assuming the role of hero) The helper (gives support to the hero) The princess (the hero’s reward who needs protection from the villain. Her father
  6. 6. Roland Barthes Roland Barthes proposed that narratives will work with five different codes all of which activate the reader to make sense of the narrative.
  7. 7. Codes Action – A narrative where a resolution is produced via action for example a war or a car chase. Enigma – A narrative which teases the audience with a puzzle/riddle which they strive to solve. These are used to delay the narratives thus ending pleasurably. Symbolic – Connotation – Underlying message to be conveyed Semic – Denotation – Literal meaning of what is being seen. Cultural – A narrative device where the audience can recognise being part of a culture for example slumdog millionaire is showing the Indian culture of life in the slums
  8. 8. Claude Levi - Strauss Claude Levi- Strauss studied how stories reflect the beliefs, myths and values of a culture unconsciously which are then expressed in the form of binary opposites.
  9. 9.  After planning my music video I have found that my music video completely fits with Toderovs theory with the equilibrium at the beginning being the girlfriend and boyfriend together then moving to her boyfriend walking away from her creating disequilibrium with her then befriending her childhood bear and becoming content becoming the recognition moving towards when her boyfriend returns causing reparation to a new equilibrium where she is back with her boyfriend and they are both happy.