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Media regulation


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Media regulation

  1. 1. Media regulation PCC and IPSO
  2. 2. Evolution of Media Regulation • Before the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) The press was controlled by the Press Complaint Commission (PCC) , a voluntary regulatory body which governed and regulated over both newspapers and magazines. • The PCC had no legal power over the newspapers it governed however it charged them if something was against the specific codes of conduct which were pre determined by the body itself. • The PCC was argued to make the press self ruling looking more trustworthy however it was mainly governed by ex-news editors and people with links to the industry. • This along with many other shady things about the PCC made it somewhat untrustworthy. Finally following the phone hacking scandal in 2014 and the little action the PCC made following this the body was shut down. • The Papers are now governed by the ISPO who are still regulating papers and magazines today.
  3. 3. The Levison Enquiry • The levison enquiry looked into the responsibility of the text based media body controlling the Papers and magazines. The enquiry looked to see if the PCC, the body at the time allowed free press whilst being responsible. • Levison found that the PCC was not suitable for the roll in which it promised to fulfil. It suggested to replace the current body with an independent body which would take an active roll in promoting high standards and prosecuting and penalizing those who don’t conform. • It suggested legislation, for the first time, would play a key roll in allowing those affected by the media to avoid the courts system all together and for the victims accusations of mistreatment by the press to be backed by pre-set laws. • In response the Independent Press Standards Organisation ISPO was created as a regulatory body appose to a Complaints handling organisation. • This however is still argued by some to be not the best solution as the body is still has huge links with the industry's financial backers.
  4. 4. Super injunctions • A super injunction is a means in which a body can submit a block of all media coverage regarding an event. This prevents all UK papers and news sources from reporting any information on the event in question even if the event or events is in the public interest. • Who uses them? The use of a super injunction is often to hide an embarrassing or personal event because of this it makes them ideal for celebrities who commit things such as affairs or soliciting prostitutes. • One recent case follows the scandal related to Sir Elton John and his husband. They on a whole would describe themselves as a role model for gay and lesbian parents, this makes the scandal regarding their open relationship portray them in a negative light, hence the super injunction. • The problem with a super injunction however is the exploits surrounding them the ability to hide something within the public interest is somewhat questionable. However the question comes into place as to where how affective is super injunction and the answer is not very as foreign news sources can still report on the matter in the case of Sir Elton, Scottish papers.
  5. 5. Normative Theory • Normative theory defines that the press should be mirroring the public opinion and interest whilst being fully inclusive of any apparent, important or impending affairs. • Its argued that this along with a free press is the ideal situation, however this is difficult as a free press often arises radicalistic views to be published, these views, whilst still being public interest, are often misinterpreted as public opinion. • Normative theory in western culture covers points such as: • Freedom • Equality • Current affairs • Liberalism • Capitalism • And corruption
  6. 6. Points For Regulation • Allows for those affected by the media to be backed by a ruling body- many affected by the press can often feel as if sufficient actions aren't being enforced when in regards to things such as misrepresentation. • Helps in providing the right product for the right audience • stops the frequency in which the media offends the public • Allows for the product to be of high quality- Stops unworthy or illegitimate products and reporting's from being un-prosecuted. • Provides a need for social sciences to be funded- In regards to the type of news which is acceptable for a specific audience as some, especially the young, can be greatly traumatised by un-filtered content.
  7. 7. Points Against Regulation • Regulation of media is somewhat necessary however the news should not be censored, all news within the public interest should be allowed to be covered in depth. • The privacy or innocence of some should not affect the publics right to have public interest reported on • Most regulation is ineffective already, stopping it would make papers and other such media sources more time and cost efficient • In regards to the BBFC and age ratings it should be the job of a parent or guardian to assess the suitability of a media product for their child, this is especially because some children and young adults mature at different rates.