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This business will be a corporation of the Senior High School students which comprises of seven members, namely: Angel Marie Quillao, Joyselle Anne Gad, Lenny Catipay, Brian Mira, Christian Roncel Remata, Vincent Remata and Dhenver Larazan. Location will be at Jantianon National High School DepartmentThis business will be a corporation of the Senior High School students which comprises of seven members, namely: Angel Marie Quillao, Joyselle Anne Gad, Lenny Catipay, Brian Mira, Christian Roncel Remata, Vincent Remata and Dhenver Larazan. Location will be at Jantianon National High School DepartmentJzjzjjzjzkzkskkak the time I will get you now I think 💬💬 the same y y the morning 🌅 I can get you

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mikeG1-1.pptx

  • 7. The Indian Mosaic With its history dating back to at least 6500 B.C.E., India is one of the world’s oldest surviving civilizations. The many conquerors that came to India were gradually absorbed into the native Indian religions. With great movements of various people in the past came their customs, arts, languages literature, beliefs, and many more facets of their culture.
  • 8. The Harappan civilization, the Aryan influence, the local dynasties, and the Muslim conquest all had their fair share in building the intricate Indian mosaic. As a result, variety and complexity characterize Indian culture.
  • 9. Religion is an essential part of the Indian tradition. Four great religions originated in India – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism – and a myriad of minor cults and local sects. Even Muslims and Christians have found their way into the Indian heartland along with the Jews and Zoroastrians
  • 10. Hinduism perfectly reflects Indian heterogeneity with its eclectic, diversified, and assorted ways of religious expressions that are quite confusing to outsiders. It has no specific founder, no one sacred book, and with innumerable gods and goddesses that any Hindu can venerate.
  • 11. As such, Hinduism can be considered as ‘museum of religions’ (Israel and Grewal 1989). It was during the Vedic Period that Hinduism or Sanatana Dharma became systematized as a religion that preached order and purpose to the cosmos and human life. During this period, universal order became equated with a stable society as evidenced by the establishment of a centralized government and the integration of collective traditions into Indian lives.
  • 12. The Mahayana sect of Buddhism differs from the Theravada school because of its rich array of buddhas and bodhisattvas who have attained spiritual enlightenment. These beings are already eligible to enter nirvana but choose to delay this glorious path to guide others to the path of salvation
  • 13. Born near the end of the 6th century B.C.E., Siddhartha Gautama’ life is closely linked with the historical and religious development of Buddhism in India. Gaining new converts due to its mass appeal as compared to the exclusivity of Hindu beliefs, Buddhism spread far and wide from India to Sri Lanka and to Southeast Asia.
  • 14. On the other hand, whereas many religion focus on the worship of one god, many gods, or the Buddha was not a god but a human being who came to discover how to terminate suffering in order to escape the painful and continuous cycle of rebirth (Coogan 2005).Buddhist followers revere Buddha in the same way that members of other world religions worship their gods.
  • 15. The religion was transported to China and gained much headway as it reached Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. Across the Himalayas, it reached the Tibetan lands. Presently, Buddhism has become more popular outside its place origin while Hinduism has remained entrenched in India throughout many centuries.
  • 16. The Way of the Dao Chinese civilization is one of the world’s oldest, dating back almost 4,000 years ago. Even during the olden days, the Chinese had already endeavored to establish and attain good governance (Perry 1988). China adopted Kung Fu-Tzu’s (Confucius) ideals and ethics as the nation developed meritocracy as a basis for government officials. Confucius is regarded as China’s greatest philosopher and teacher who lived at the same time as Siddhartha Gautama in India
  • 17. Confucian ideals aspire to harmonize human relations and serve as guide to social behavior. Providing a backdrop for traditional Chinese values, Chinese dynasties used Confucian morals and political ideals that became influential among the Chinese people. The Confucian principles can be applied at the levels of individual, community, and state. It is no wonder that Confucian values can be seen in the Chinese method of governance, merit of one’s education, and importance of order in the society (Rozman 1991). An ideal human society is of utmost concern for Confucian followers.
  • 18. Meanwhile, mysteries abound the birth and personal life of Laozi (Lao-tzu) who may have written Dao De Jing (Tao Te Ching or The Book of the Way and its Power) around the 6th century B.C.E. Other sources indicate that he lived during the period of the Warring States around the 5th or 4th century B.C.E. Believed to be a contemporary of Confucius, he once worked as government archivist or record keeper at the time of the Zhou Dynasty but soon left the service due to his frustration with corruption.
  • 19. Around 142 C.E., Daoism began as an organized religion with the establishment of the Way of the Celestial Masters sect by Zhang Daoling during the Han Dynasty. This group along with other later Daoist sects devised intricate rituals, venerated heavenly beings, and wrote numerous religious texts. The writings of Daoism centers on the concept of Dao as a way or path signifying appropriateness of one’s behavior to lead other people.
  • 20. Similar with Daoism, the writings of Confucius frequently dwell upon the theme of the Dao understood as being the truth or way things ought to be done concordant with a specific view of life, politics, and customs. This Confucian view is somehow close to the meaning of Dao in Daoism which means a road, path, or way in which one does something. The Confucian Dao principally concerns human affairs while the Daoist Dao means the way the universe works.
  • 21. On the other hand, Shintoism is a loosely organized local belief of Japan, somewhat an ardent religious form of Japanese patriotism (Hopfe 1893). Its mythology highlights the superiority of Japan over other lands. Shrines celebrate great heroes and important events in Japan’s history. Japanese people believed that their emperors literally descended from the sun goddess Amaterasu.
  • 22. Conscious effort is being done to revere the beauty of Japan’s lands, especially mountains. The term ‘Shinto’ was coined around the sixteenth century C.E. to distinguish native belief system from the imported religions of China and Korea, including Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism.
  • 23. The term actually originated from the Chinese words shen and tao roughly translated as the ‘way of the gods.’ Of primal importance were the kami that were often defined as gods but could also refer to deities of heaven and earth, or even spirits in human beings, animals, trees, seas, and mountains (Hopfe 1983).