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The Cold War

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The Cold War

  1. 1. The Cold War
  2. 2. . ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR Cold War - a definition The Situation in Europe: – “Iron Curtain”, Soviet Satellites” Cooperation and Security? NATO, Warsaw Pact, United Nations Containment: Truman Doctrine; Marshall Plan; Berlin Airlift The Situation in Asia : Communism in China; Division of Korea                             
  3. 5. After the War Global re-organization and reconstruction
  4. 6. In the last half of the 20 th century, Western European nations worked cooperatively for security and prosperity
  5. 7. Post World War II Europe Threat of Soviet expansion …… Communist satellites were installed in Eastern Europe
  6. 8. Post World War II Europe The United States becomes leader of the “Free World”
  7. 9. Post World War II Europe 50 million people dead as a result of the war. War left millions homeless and starving Cities, factories, schools, and hospitals lay in ruins
  8. 10.                                            
  9. 11. The Cold War Definition fear distrust paranoia arms race Competition Athletics influence space race MOVIES INDIRECT WARS                                            
  10. 12. I hope the Russians love their children too. “ Russians” by Sting                                        
  11. 13.                                            
  12. 14. 1946 Truman Doctrine 1948 Berlin Airlift 1949 China becomes Communist 1949 NATO fromed 1950 Korean War 1954 US detonates Hydrogen bomb 1955 Russia detonates the Hydrogen bomb 1957 Sputnik launched by mother Russia 1961 Berlin Wall is built 1962 Cuban Missle Crisis 1965 Vietnam War 1972 Détente – a cooling of Cold War tensions                                            
  13. 15. 1946 1948 1949 1949 1950 1954 1955 1957 1961 1962 1965 1972                                            
  14. 16. Post World War II Europe Communist Bloc Truman Doctrine Berlin Airlift Marshall Plan Berlin Wall NATO Warsaw Pact
  15. 17. YALTA CONFERENCE Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin agree to jointly govern postwar Germany Feb 1945                             
  16. 20. OCCUPIED ZONES OF BERLIN                                                              
  17. 21. THE UNITED NATIONS Organization that watches over world affairs in order to promote cooperation and peace. June 1945                             
  18. 22. THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL Organization that watches over world affairs in order to promote cooperation and peace.                             
  19. 23. The Iron Curtain Speech
  20. 24. THE IRON CURTAIN SPEECH March 5, 1946 Great Britain’s Prime Minister Winston Churchill phrase “iron curtain” represented Europe’s division between democratic Western Europe and Communist Eastern Europe                             
  21. 25. THE IRON CURTAIN
  22. 26. NATO N.A.T.O Organization in which member nations contribute air, land, naval forces for mutual self-defense .
  23. 28. THE IRON CURTAIN SPEECH March 5, 1946 Great Britain’s Prime Minister Winston Churchill phrase “iron curtain” represented Europe’s division between democratic Western Europe and Communist Eastern Europe                             
  24. 29. THE WARSAW PACT - 1955 An alliance between Russia and its satellites to crush democratic movements in Eastern Europe                             
  25. 30. Balance of Power N.A.T.O Warsaw Pact
  26. 32. The Truman Doctrine
  27. 33. THE TRUMAN DOCTINE March 12, 1946 A request for $400 million in aid from Congress to combat communism in Greece and Turkey. CONTAINMENT!!                             
  28. 34. THE MARSHALL PLAN A massive aid program to rebuild Europe from the ravages of World War II. Nearly $13 billion in U.S. aid was sent to Europe from 1948 to 1952 . June 1947                             
  29. 35. THE BERLIN AIRLIFT From June 1948 to May 1949, U.S. and British planes airlift 1.5 million tons of supplies to the residents of West Berlin.                             
  30. 36. THE BERLIN AIRLIFT Rail and barge traffic begins to stack up as the blockage begins in earnest. Before the currency reform, black-market activity was common throughout Germany                             
  31. 37. OCCUPIED ZONES OF BERLIN                                                              
  32. 39. Berlin Blockade
  33. 40. Miniature parachutes can be seen dropping from Halvorsen's C-54 as he brings the plane in for a landing at Tempelhof

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