Presidents and Foreign Policy

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  • Lyndon Johnson was president from 1963-1969
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Presidents and Foreign Policy

  1. 1. Presidents and Foreign Policy
  2. 2. GEORGE WASHINGTON 1789-1797                             
  3. 3. FAREWELL S tay A way from F oreign E ntanglements Please remember….
  4. 4. THOMAS JEFFERSON 1801-1809                             
  5. 5. The Louisiana Purchase <ul><li>Importance of New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson’s concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>Events in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>The Purchase – how and who </li></ul>
  6. 7. Strict Interpretation of the Constitution VS. Doubling the size of the U.S .
  7. 9. JAMES MONROE 1817-1825                             
  8. 10. The Monroe Doctrine 1823
  9. 11. TEDDY ROOSEVELT U.S. as a World Power 1901-1909                             
  10. 12. The Roosevelt Corollary
  11. 13. ROOSEVELT COROLLARY <ul><li>An extension of the Monroe Doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>Justifies U.S. intervention in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. will exercise police powers at the threat of intervention </li></ul>                            
  12. 14. Enlarged Canal Zone
  13. 15. WOODROW WILSON President during World War I 1913-1921                             
  14. 16. THE U.S. ENTERS THE GREAT WAR Wilson asks Congress for a war declaration WHY?                             
  15. 17. THE COSTS of WAR 26 million deaths (½ civilians from starvation, disease, exposure) 20 million wounded 10 million became displaced refugees                             
  16. 18. 1. Territorial losses - overseas territories, and land in France 2. Military restrictions - limits army, forbids navy and air force 3. War guilt clause - sole responsibility for war, $33 billion in war reparations 4. League of Nations formed - Germany, Russia excluded THE TREATY of VERSAILLES Punish Germany JUNE 28, 1919                             
  17. 19. Wilson's 14 Points
  18. 20. WILSON’S PEACE PLAN “Fourteen Points” - January 1918 No secret alliances/treaties Freedom of the seas Lower tariffs to foster trade Arms reduction ( to lessen militaristic impulses) Self-determination of colonies                             
  19. 21. The Debate of US entry into the LEAGUE OF NATIONS
  20. 22. Checks and Balances
  21. 23. FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT President during World War II 1933-1945                             
  22. 24. CHALLENGES TO NEUTRALITY <ul><ul><li>1935-1937 Congress passes 3 neutrality acts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1941 88% of Americans still oppose US entering the war </li></ul><ul><li>1940 Lend Lease </li></ul>                            
  23. 25. WORLD WAR II – The Rise of Dictators
  24. 26. US Neutrality at the start of the WAR…1939 <ul><ul><li>“ Your boys </li></ul></ul><ul><li>are not </li></ul><ul><li>going to </li></ul><ul><li>be sent </li></ul><ul><li>to any foreign war” </li></ul>FDR                             
  25. 28. FDR’s war declaration December 7 th 1941
  26. 29. “ Big Three” at Yalta. 1945
  27. 30. HARRY S TRUMAN P resident at the end World War II and start of the Cold War 1945 - 1953                             
  28. 32.                                            
  29. 33. THE TRUMAN DOCTINE March 12, 1946 A request for $400 million in aid from Congress to combat communism in Greece and Turkey. CONTAINMENT!!                             
  30. 34. THE MARSHALL PLAN A massive aid program to rebuild Europe from the ravages of World War II. Nearly $13 billion in U.S. aid was sent to Europe from 1948 to 1952 . June 1947                             
  31. 36. MacArthur (Five Star General) Wants all out war with China A-bomb . Truman (President) Wants a limited war in Asia VS.                             
  32. 37. JOHN KENNEDY President during the Cold War 1 961-1963                             
  33. 38. <ul><li>Foreign Policy: </li></ul><ul><li>The Cold War Continues </li></ul><ul><li>Bay of Pigs </li></ul><ul><li>Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin Wall </li></ul>                          
  34. 41. Berlin Wall JFK                                        
  35. 43. LYNDON JOHNSON President during VIETNAM 1969-1974                             
  36. 44. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution “… all necessary measures to repel any armed attack to prevent further Aggression”
  37. 45. RICHARD M. NIXON President during VIETNAM 1968-1974                             
  38. 46. Vietnam: Far Way, But not Forgotten
  39. 47. &quot;Vietnamization&quot;

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