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Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

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  1. 1. PLANT vs. ANIMAL CELLS<br />Shannon Muskopf, Anacharis, September 9, 2009, via Flicker, Attribution-Noncommercial license<br />Shannon Muskopf, Cheek Cell, September 6, 2009,Via Flicker, Attribution-Noncommercial license<br />
  2. 2. IN GENERAL<br />Structure and Location<br />Cells are dynamic<br />Cells allow life<br />Cells: basic building blocks of life<br />
  3. 3. DYNAMIC CELL<br />LOCATION=JOB<br />The stems purpose is transportation<br />Cells in the stem are elongated<br />BlueRidgeKittes, Corn Section, 3-11-2010 via flicker, Attribution-NonCommerical-shareAlike<br />
  4. 4. The leaf has two main purposes.<br />Stomata control water loss<br />Photosynthesis produce food for the plant.<br />Chloroplasts are where photosynthesis takes place.<br />Shannon Muskopf, Anacharis, September 9, 2009, via Flicker, Attribution-Noncommercial license.<br />DYNAMIC CELL<br />LOCATION=JOB<br />Universities of Miami Libraries Digital Aleuries Montana, 5-24-2009, via flicker, Attribution NonCommercial.<br />
  5. 5. DYNAMIC CELL<br />LOCATION=JOB<br />Purpose of the root is storage<br />Sugar is stored as food<br />There are lots of open spaces<br />Ah Pao, Dicot Root, 9-20-2010, via flicker, Attribution-nonCommerical-share alike <br />
  6. 6. CELL STRUCTURE<br />The Nucleus is in plants and animals<br />The Nucleus stores DNA<br />The Science Floor, Garlic Root Cells, 1-28-2008, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommerical<br />Ribosome<br />Ribosome are in Plants and Animals<br />Ribosomes synthesize Proteins<br />Xevi V, Ultraestructurad’unacel-lula animal, march 14, 2009, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike<br />
  7. 7. Cell Structure<br />Rough ER<br />Ribosomes<br />The Endoplasmic Reticulum(ER) is in both <br />The Rough ERsynthesizes protiens<br />The Smooth ER: synthesizes, breaks down and creates Lipids<br />Xevi V, Ultraestructurad’unacel-lula animal, march 14, 2009, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike<br />Smooth ER<br />
  8. 8. CELL STRUCTURE<br />Golgi Apparatus processes information<br />Nicknamed the "Post Office”<br />Mitochondriaproduces energy<br />Nicknamed the “power plant”<br />Xevi V, Ultraestructurad’unacel-lula animal, march 14, 2009, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike<br />Golgi <br />Apparatus<br />Mitochondria<br />
  9. 9. QUESTION?<br />What is the purpose of the Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum?<br />A- Store DNA<br />B- Synthesize Proteins<br />C- Process, creates, breaks down Lipids<br />D- Process and distribute<br />
  10. 10. PLANT CELL STRUCTURE<br />Chloroplasts are found only in plants<br />They are the location of Photosynthesis<br />Photosynthesis produces food for the plant<br />The Vacuole is found only in plants<br />It stores waste and water<br />Shannon Muskopf, Anacharis, September 9, via flicker, 2009, Attribution-Noncommercial license<br />
  11. 11. ANIMAL CELL STRUCTURE<br />Lysosomes are found only in animals<br />They are nicknamed the “garbage disposal”<br />They're similar to vacuoles in plants.<br />Differences are size, numbers, and storage<br />Xevi V, Ultraestructurad’unacel-lula animal, march 14, 2009, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike<br />
  12. 12. Outer LAYER<br />Phospholipid bilayer<br />Animal Cells only have a Membrane<br />Nicknamed “bouncer”<br />Membranesregulate movement in and out<br />Plants have Mem-<br />branes and walls.<br />A Cell Wall is for support<br />Jess Largent, Phospholipid bilayer, 2-6-2006, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike<br />AJ Cann, Fungal Cell Wall, 4-72009, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike<br />
  13. 13. Purpose<br />Plants and animals rely on each other<br />Plants need Carbon Dioxide (CO2)<br />Animals need Oxygen (O2)<br />Plants create Oxygen during Photosynthesis<br />Animals create Carbon Dioxide during Cellular Respiration<br />
  14. 14. QUESTION<br />What cellular process produces O2?<br />A- Plant and animal cellular respiration<br />B- Photosynthesis in plants<br />C- Photosynthesis in animals<br />D-Cellular respiration in animals only<br />
  15. 15. Come Again<br />Structure<br /><ul><li>Differences
  16. 16. similarities</li></ul>Dynamic<br /><ul><li>Difference between stem, roots, leaf cells</li></ul>Purpose<br /><ul><li>CO2 for plants and O2 for animals</li></li></ul><li>References <br />The information on all of the slides came from:<br />Freeman, Scott. Biological Science third edition: Inside The Cell. San Fransice, 2008.<br />

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