Penobscot Indian Nation GIS Capacity


Published on

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Binke Wang, a GIS Specialist with PIN, originally from China, was a soil scientist with a Soil & Water Conservation institute, mainly doing soil erosion survey, mapping using aerial photos & satellite images; received his MSc. From U Minn; as a terrain mapping specialist with a Forest Engineering Co, BC, Canada; as a GIS analyst with an intertribal GIS organization, Oregon; came to this tribe in 2001, no more change since then. GIS applications with Forest management, all work is completed together with forest staff, mgr Russ Roy; original zone definition, road/stream class & mgt info is from Russ
  • A couple of words about this tribe, reservation, people, and its natural holdings; A little on a tribal administration setting up, depts & offices to manage the tribal resources, tribal services, & tribal business; Overview of the PIN timber resources, forest management practices, zone management plan; GIS support to forest road maintenance & timber type management; Detailed GIS operations flow chart on forest zone plan creation; Summary Questions
  • PIN Reservation: Location, Eastern Maine, Federally recognized in 1980; Made of >200 islands along Pen River, from Old Town north; Headquarter at Old Town, Maine
  • People: unique residency, all over the country: >2200 tribal members; 57% in Maine; 43% out, mostly New England; 75% the Maine within 50 miles to Old Town; 22% on Indian island, the reservation
  • Indian island, tribal headquarter: Government & community center; Only populated island; >500 members (22%) here;
  • Land Holdings: Rez islands: 4424 ac; Trust lands: 96335 ac: Fee lands: 27398 ac; Total: 128157 ac, 518.63 sq km; 51863 ha.
  • Under the tribal gov., a numbers of offices is set up for resources, the DNR is a dedicated unit for management of the Natural resources; PED & DTR cover other issues of Natural res; Housing, Public Safety, Cultural res & maintenance, who involve some spatial data delineations, interact some business with the DNR on GIS usage;
  • Within the DNR, multiple groups for different aspects of the resources: forest, water, wildlife, fisheries, air quality, law enforcement; GIS facility is overall spatial data support for all programs & beyond;
  • In term of GIS, we have all most current version of ESRI products: ArcGIS9.1, & ArcView 3.3 with full capacity of extensions As well as large format printer, HP Designjet 5500uv, & 44x56in ALTEK high accuracy DataTab digitizer May need a large format of feed scanner?
  • Most data heavy areas: trust lands, & Pen watershed, dedicated DNR programs working on the areas; More development related data available for Indian island; Plenty of water resource, WQ, & background element information on state level; Only island # & name with rez islands, lot info also only limited for the two: Orson & Olamon; Not much for fee land except boundary & basic element; Data specification: UTM/zone19/nad83, fully compatible with public.
  • GIS services: Overall operations: layer captures, spatial analysis, map creation, database & system maint; Projects with DNR & othes PINs; Outbound contacts & data/tec exchange; Conference & training participate rep the tribe;
  • Mostly with Forest & water programs, a little for air, fisheries & wildlife; Often for DTR, Public Safety, PED, Cultural Res, Maint & Housing; Sometimes for Chief, Council/tribal members as well
  • Basic timber components/status: Major: soft wood, hard minor; Some mixed, less alder/shrub; Wetlands, water/bog
  • Forest, special resources: One side: timber products, & wildlife habitat, but also: tie up with ecosystem: water resources, WQ, slope stability, micro climate; Related: human social life: historical site value, recreations, long term water balance, climate status
  • Multiple dimension FM goals: Optimize income: multi uses/sustain yield; Consider other resources: WQ, wetlands, wildlife; Environment mitigation; human-nature relation; Socialize: historical sites, recreations, access roads
  • Relation of FM vs integrated Res Mgt: Wide considerations, multi-side interactions
  • Target layers, GIS operations, transit layers, further operations, product layers, maps or statistical data
  • Process of a primary layer
  • Process of a compound layer, transit layer
  • Layer extract from miscellaneous sources
  • Process of product layer integration
  • Final/product map
  • Another zone map
  • Recall to all covered
  • Penobscot Indian Nation GIS Capacity

    1. 1. PIN’s GIS Application on Forest Management Binke Wang* GIS Specialist, M.Sc. Department of Natural Resources Penobscot Indian Nation * Work completed together with forest staff
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Penobscot Indian Nation (PIN) & its Land Holdings </li></ul><ul><li>DNR programs, & GIS facilities, data & services </li></ul><ul><li>Timber Resources, Forest management Goals & its Strategic Plan </li></ul><ul><li>GIS support to forest road and timber type management </li></ul><ul><li>GIS applications on Forest Zone Strategic Management Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Summary & Questions </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Located in eastern Maine, federally recognized 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>Comprised of >200 islands, from Old Town onto the North </li></ul><ul><li>Headquarters at Indian Island, Old Town, Maine </li></ul>PIN Reservation
    4. 4. <ul><li>>2200 Tribal members </li></ul><ul><li>22% on Indian Island, the reservation; </li></ul><ul><li>57% in Maine, 43% in other states, mostly in New England </li></ul><ul><li>75% of Maine Penobscot within 50 mi of Old Town </li></ul>Penobscot People [email_address] 43% 57% 22% 22%
    5. 5. <ul><li>Tribal Government & Community Center located at </li></ul><ul><li>Only populated Rez. island, southernmost of Rez. </li></ul><ul><li>>500 Tribal members, 22%, reside on </li></ul><ul><li>Tribal business & services here as well </li></ul>Indian Island
    6. 6. <ul><li>Reservation Islands: 4424 ac </li></ul><ul><li>Trust Land: 96335 ac, </li></ul><ul><li>Fee Land: 27398 ac </li></ul><ul><li>Total lands: 128157 ac </li></ul>PIN Land holdings
    7. 7. Tribal Government & DNR Chief & Council Human Services Planning/Eco. Dev. Public Safety Finances Housing Authority Natural Resources Maintenance Grant & Contracts Health Services Trust Responsibility Treatment Plant Personnel Career & Education Cultural Resources Administration Human Care Public Works Resources Care
    8. 8. DNR Programs & GIS GIS
    9. 9. Basic GIS Facilities <ul><li>ArcGIS9.1 w/extensions: </li></ul><ul><li>3D Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Geo-statistical Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher </li></ul><ul><li>Street Map </li></ul><ul><li>ArcView3.3 w/extensions: </li></ul><ul><li>3D Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Network Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Image Analysis </li></ul>ALTEK 44x56 Digitizer HP5500uv Plotter
    10. 10. General Data availability Geometry identified & defined as UTM, Nad83, zone19; also Albers, State plane, Nad27; >20GB, feature/image, 50%/50% Fully compatible with public Data spec. State bnd, routes, rivers, streams, lakes/ponds, , watershed, bedrocks, soils, contour, DEM, wells, aquifer, congrs, census, county, township, air monitoring sites, wq-sites, discharge, NPDES, facility, map sheet index Background, air & water projects downloaded State+ watershed/basins, hua, stream class, water system, dams, fishery habitat, ownership, rez-islands, boat landing, sediment, wam, conductivity, wq-sites, discharge, NPDES, facility, duck box, bugs pt, algae, dioxin Hydro, WQ, WTR/projects Created Pen Water-shed bnd, soils, contours, road, water, drg7.5m, ortho-aerial, lots, flood, buildings, streets, water line, sewer line, hydrants, multi-dated ortho-aerial, more maps Civil eng, real estates Indian Island bnd, soils, contours, road, water, drg7.5m, ortho-aerial, island#/name, lot@orson & olamon, lot maps, navigation maps Basic elements & administration Rez. islands bnd, soils/some, contours, road, water, drg7.5m, ortho-aerial, hunting maps Basic elements Fee lands bnd, timber types, soils, wetlands, camps, cultural points, spring, mill, wildlife/some, road/class/inv, contours, water, zones, drg7.5m, ortho-aerial, hunting/forest maps Cadastral & Projects created Trust lands Sample layers Content Extent
    11. 11. Typical GIS Services <ul><li>Overall GIS processing/operations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New layer capture and update; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial analysis and modeling; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Map design and output; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Database integration and manipulation; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System maintenance, trouble shooting and upgrade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus on DNR programs, also other Depts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DTR, PED, Cultural Resources, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing, Maintenance, Public Safety, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Council/Chief & Tribal Members… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outreached with outside entities for data exchange, tec upgrade: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GIS/eng services, work for the tribe, or on tribal property; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal, State, other tribal governments; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational/research/technology/academic institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Participate in conference, training session & other technology exchange sites as a rep of tribal GIS, </li></ul>
    12. 12. Sample Projects completed <ul><li>Forest : annual timber inventory, update, road inventory, maintenance, classify, update, water classify, update, zone plan/update </li></ul><ul><li>Water resources : monitoring site mapping, watershed, discharge, waste disposal facility mapping, spatial analysis; wetland, landfill </li></ul><ul><li>Fishery & wildlife : dams, species inventory, gps data organize, habitat, spatial pattern/temporal trend </li></ul><ul><li>Air quality : monitoring site maps </li></ul><ul><li>DTR/Public safety : E911/indian island access, Rez lot automation, assignment, set-aside </li></ul><ul><li>PED/Outreach : alder stream & Carrabassett wind mill layout/analysis, Pine-tree landfill; data provision to business partners; </li></ul><ul><li>Housing : lot/background element info, site plan for land development; </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance : Trust land route inventory, mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural res : special site plan, historical site mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Council/Chief : Tribal member residency vs Indian-island proximity </li></ul><ul><li>Tribal members/museum : Miscellaneous maps, game/business navigation, hunting, property mgt </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Soft wood is major, hard wood minor; </li></ul><ul><li>Some mixed wood, less others: alder; </li></ul><ul><li>Quite bit wetland, bog, flowage & water areas; </li></ul><ul><li>Timber in all tribal land, management on the trust lands: 69359 ac. </li></ul>PIN Timber Resources Timber types (%@area) in Trust Lands
    14. 14. Forest: Resource & Eco-element <ul><li>Important natural resources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Timber products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife habitat; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Critical ecosystem element: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water resource: wetland, runoff process, ground water; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil erosion & water quality; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass movement & slope stability; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Micro-climate: ground wind speed, humidity and heat.. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Human being social life: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical/cultural sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recreational sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional water balance, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term atmosphere circulation & global climate change </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Optimize income from logging—timber harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Make multiple uses & sustain the yields </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain water quality & wetland resources </li></ul><ul><li>Protect wildlife & fisheries habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigate environmental hazards/damage/degradation </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonize nature sustainability vs. human desire </li></ul><ul><li>Care for Cultural/historical sites & prized plants/species </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve scenic beauty & recreational resources </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain access (roads) for management & property usage </li></ul>Basic Goals of Forest Management
    16. 16. Project Activity Plan Strategic Plan Program Plan Integrated Resource Management Plan Wildlife Management Plan Forest Resource Management Plan Cultural Resource Management Plan Water Resource Management Plan Environment Hazard Mitigation Plan Activities operations Water quality; Wetland resources; Hydrology Archeology; Anthropology; Indian history Population /species; Habitat; Migration Timber types; Forest engineering; Comprehensive resources; Environmental Soil erosion; Mass movement; Avalanche; Beaver damming; Cliff/high elevation Activities operations Activities operations Activities operations Activities operations
    17. 17. <ul><li>Timber Type Inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Timber Product Harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Road Design and Layout </li></ul><ul><li>Road Classification and Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Zoning Strategic Plan of Forest Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water body buffer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Road buffer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife habitat area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wetland area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recreational area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural/historical sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment sensitive sites: high elevation, steep slope… </li></ul></ul>GIS/GPS Projects with Forest Management
    18. 18. <ul><li>Timber type resources inventory; </li></ul><ul><li>Timber product harvest plan; </li></ul><ul><li>Timber growth monitoring, </li></ul><ul><li>Timber volume estimate </li></ul><ul><li>Timber status assessment & potential evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pattern view, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>query, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>statistical manipulation, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>modeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mapping </li></ul></ul>GIS/GPS support to Timber Operations
    19. 19. <ul><li>Road layout design & road network analysis, </li></ul><ul><li>Road classification, </li></ul><ul><li>Road acreage estimate, </li></ul><ul><li>Road engineering: building, maintenance & upgrade, </li></ul><ul><li>Access & delivery info for forest management, recreation & other on-site business </li></ul>GIS/GPS support to Forest Road Systems
    20. 20. <ul><li>Linear object buffer: roads, streams; </li></ul><ul><li>Polygon object buffer: rivers, wetland, lake/ponds; </li></ul><ul><li>Other area delineation: wildlife habitat, recreational/high view areas, high elevation area, extracted/digitized from other layers/sources, GPSed from field; </li></ul><ul><li>Set-aside layer creation: cultural/historical sites/areas (no definite boundary), gravel pits, environmental sensitive sites; </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-data integration, deliverable finalization: layers, data table or maps. </li></ul>GIS Operations for Zoning Plan
    21. 21. GIS Flow Chart Primary objects elements GIS Operations Temp layers GIS operations Final layers/maps Set Aside Point Layer Forest Resource Management Zoning Map/Plan Zone Type Layer Roads Streams Temp Polygons Rivers, Ponds, Lakes & Wetlands Deer Wintering areas Recreational Areas Poly Buffer Line buffer GPS Digitized Extracted Union together Set Aside sites High Elevation Areas Extracted From Contour GPS Digitized Road/Stream Buffer zones Water/wetland Buffer zones Wildlife/View Protection areas Set aside areas Set aside Sites Calculate Zone types Calculate Zone types Calculate Zone types Calculate Zone types Calculate Zone types Union sub-layers Calculate overall types Prioritize zone class Fix sliver polys Dissolve redundancy
    22. 22. <ul><li>Specify a segment of the objects: roads, or streams—GPS or extracted from existing information; </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the class or grade of the road/stream segments; </li></ul><ul><li>Assign a buffer distance to the object; </li></ul><ul><li>Create buffer </li></ul><ul><li>Calculate zone type value </li></ul>Linear Object Buffer
    23. 23. Polygon Object Buffer <ul><li>Specify target areas/polys: ponds, lakes & rivers--extracted from existing information; </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the features for buffer sizes; </li></ul><ul><li>Assign a buffer distance to a field for each area; </li></ul><ul><li>Create buffer </li></ul><ul><li>Combine target areas & buffer </li></ul><ul><li>Calculate zone type value </li></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>Deer Wintering area: LURC zoned deer yards, extracted/ digitized </li></ul><ul><li>Wetland areas: extracted from the LURC zoned wetlands & other mapped wetlands </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational areas: lake sites, Hill top…, , current/potential, GPS/digitized </li></ul><ul><li>High elevation (>2700 ft): extracted from a contour layer; </li></ul>Other Area Delineation
    25. 25. <ul><li>Cultural/historical interest sites, point or no-definite-boundary areas; </li></ul><ul><li>Human disturbed sites: gravel pit, </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational sites: current or potential: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boat landing, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bog area, open area, scenic stretch; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Camp sites; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public springs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS/digitized from various sources </li></ul></ul>Set-Aside Layer
    26. 26. <ul><li>Union individual transit zone layers </li></ul><ul><li>Fix sliver polygons; </li></ul><ul><li>Calculate overall zone type values; </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritize zone types; </li></ul><ul><li>Dissolve redundant boundary </li></ul><ul><li>Finalize zone type layers </li></ul>Multi-data Integration
    27. 27. GIS Flow Chart Primary objects elements GIS Operations Temp layers GIS operations Final layers/maps Set Aside Point Layer Forest Resource Management Zoning Map/Plan Zone Type Layer Roads Streams Temp Polygons Rivers, Ponds, Lakes & Wetlands Deer Wintering areas Recreational Areas Poly Buffer Line buffer GPS Digitized Extracted Union together Set Aside sites High Elevation Areas Extracted From Contour GPS Digitized Road/Stream Buffer zones Water/wetland Buffer zones Wildlife/View Protection areas Set aside areas Set aside Sites Calculate Zone types Calculate Zone types Calculate Zone types Calculate Zone types Calculate Zone types Union sub-layers Calculate overall types Prioritize zone class Fix sliver polys Dissolve redundancy
    28. 28. <ul><li>Produced a zone map with polygon and point zone information; </li></ul><ul><li>Created statistical zoning data using the attributes; </li></ul><ul><li>Made plans 2001 & 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Kept track of new development, maintain data update </li></ul>Zoning Maps/Plan Zone Plan 2001
    29. 29. <ul><li>Easier, efficient, straight-forward operations; </li></ul><ul><li>Create reliable & flexible format of data layers </li></ul><ul><li>Provide multiple scenarios for optimum operations. </li></ul><ul><li>Critical steps: buffer object identifications; zone type order setting </li></ul>Conclusion Zone Plan 2003
    30. 30. <ul><li>PIN, a tribe at Penobscot River, Maine, has quite bit of land holdings, including forest resources/environment; </li></ul><ul><li>A Forest Program & GIS in the DNR set up to take care of the PIN forest resources & other spatial data issues; </li></ul><ul><li>Forest, as a resource & a part of environment, plays a critical role in ecosystem; complicated goals & integrated strategy required for forest management; </li></ul><ul><li>GIS applied in the forest management with success, examples presented include: GIS supports forest road maintenance, timber type management, and zone plan creation; </li></ul><ul><li>Zone plan made of a series road, water & wetland buffers, and other sensitive protection areas, where GIS applied effectively. </li></ul>Summary
    31. 31. Questions? Thanks for your attention!