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Grammar Book Jacinta Regnery

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Grammar Book Jacinta Regnery

  1. 1. Jaclyn Regnery
  2. 2. Table of Contents 1. Nacionalidades 2. Stem Changing Verbs 3. Indirect Object Pronouns 4. Pronoun Placement 5. Gustar 6. Affirmative and Negative Words 7. Superlatives 8. Reflexives 9. Affirmative Commands 10. Negative Command 11. Irregulars 12. Sequencing Events
  3. 3. Stem Changing Verbs o>ue Almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almorzaís almuerza almuerzan e>I Pedir pido pedimos pides pedís pide piden e>ie Pensar pienso pensamos piensas pensaís piensa piensan
  4. 4. Indirect Object Pronouns Singular Plural Me Nos me us Te Os familiar you familiar you Le Les formal you, him/her you, them
  5. 5. Pronoun Placement Affirmative Command When using an object pronoun, attach the pronoun to the end of the command. Cruza el parque > ¡Crúzalo! Negative Command Object pronouns precede the verbs in negative commands, just as with other conjugated verbs. ¡No lo uses! > Don’t use it Indirect Object Pronouns/ Direct Object Pronouns can go in four places:  Before conjugated verb  Attach to an infinitive  Attach to a gerrund
  6. 6. Gustar Singular Plural Me gusta… Me gustan… Te gusta… Te gustan… Le gusta… Le gustan… Nos gusta… Nos gustan… Os gusta… Os gustan… Les gusta… Les gustan…
  7. 7. Affirmative and NegativeWords Affirmative Words Negative Words algo nada something nothing alguien nadie someone no one algún/alguno(a) ningún/ninguno(a) some none, not any siempre nunca always never también tampoco also neither, either
  8. 8. Superlatives To express extremes with most adjectives, drop the final vowel and add the ending –ísimo(a). The adjective must agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies. c>qu rico(a)>riquísimo(a) g>gu largo(a)>larguísimao(a) z>c feliz>felicísimo(a) La idea de Guillermina es interesantisima. Guillermina’s idea is very interesting.
  9. 9. Reflexives Reflexive pronouns are used with reflexive verbs to indicate that the subject of the sentence receives the action of the verb. Me lavo Nos lavamos Te lavas Os lavaís Se lava Se lavan When there is no reflexive pronoun, the person doing the action does not receive the action. Pepa se lava. Pepa lava el carro. Pepa washes herself. Pepa washes the car.
  10. 10. Affirmative Commands Give instructions or commands to someone by using the affirmative tú commands of regular verbs. Caminar: ¡Camina! ¡Camina en el parque! Comer: ¡Come! ¡Come toda la hamburguesa! Abrir: ¡Abre! ¡Abre la puerta, quiero entrar! Drop the ‘s’
  11. 11. Negative Commands When you tell someone what not to do, you use a negative command. They are formed by Hablo < -es for –ar verbs ¡No hables! Vuelvo < -as for -er and –ir verbs ¡No vuelvas!  Taking the yo form of the present tense  Dropping the -o  Adding the appropriate ending and adding ‘s’  ar>e  ir, er>a
  12. 12. Irregulars Affirmative  Negative Infinitive Command Infinitive (yo form) Command decir di tener (tengo) No hacer haz tengas ir ve venir (veno) No venas poner pon dar (doy) No dé/digas salir sal ir (voy) No vayas ser sé ser (soy) No seas tener ten hacer (hago) No hagas venir ven estar (estoy) No estés saber (sepo) No
  13. 13. Sequencing EventsPrimero FirstEntonces ThenSegundo SecondLuego/Después Then/AfterPor Fin FinallyAntes de/Después de Before/AfterPor la maňana/tarde/noche In the morning/afternoon/night

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