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Framework Categories Technology Concepts 33 Slides

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Categories of Technology Concepts for Revealing a Truly African Type of Modernity: opening a path from the mostly totemic, enchanted, mystified, supernatural, patriarchal / phallocratic and over-religious worldviews and mindsets of pre-modern Africa to the more desacralized, secular, rational, liberal, enlightened and autonomous worldviews and mindsets of modernity

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Framework Categories Technology Concepts 33 Slides

  1. 1. <ul><li>Framework </li></ul><ul><li>of </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>for </li></ul><ul><li>Building STI System Capacities in Africa </li></ul>Jacques L. Hamel
  2. 2. Various Concepts of Technology (1 / 6) <ul><li>Tech = Tools / Utensils </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Objects / Things </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Artifacts / Works of Art </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Resources / Wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Equipment / Machines </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Gadgets / Apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Prosthesis / Aids / Supports </li></ul>
  3. 3. Various Concepts of Technology (2 / 6) <ul><li>Tech = Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interrelations / Interdependence / Functional Totality </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Human, social, economic, cultural </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creating, Innovating, Producing, Utilizing, Repairing … </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training, Protecting…; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech = Co-Determinant in Knowing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>as Integral Part of Tech </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Methods / Processes / Procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only Real Thing! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Various Concepts of Technology (3 / 6) <ul><li>Tech = Ideology </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Messiah </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Lifestyle </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech Society / Culture / Optimization </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Discloser of New Worlds </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Worldviews </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Forecloser of Disappearing Worlds </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dying Worlds </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Medium </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech Mediates Experience, Perception, Activities, Life </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Power Or Empowerment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech Subvert or Consolidate Power Structures </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Milieu </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Background Tech, Omnipresence, Ubiquity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural System </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Various Concepts of Technology (4 / 6) <ul><li>Tech = Practical Arts </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical Arts, Industrial Arts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Chronic Disturber of Comparative Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Revelation of Being </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Co-emergence, Co-constitution, Co-evolution of Tech Being </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Fundamental Ways of: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accessing Reality </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dealing with Reality </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Compensation for Human Deficiencies </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Extensions of Sensory Bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Exteriorizations of Human Capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Expansions of Intellectual Faculties </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Factors of Production </li></ul>
  6. 6. Various Concepts of Technology (5 / 6) <ul><li>Tech = Realization / Reification of Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = ‘Encroacher’ of Nature </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Anthropological Obsession </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Language </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Narrative / Discourse / Communication </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Fatality </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled Techno-Sc Progress </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Humans Evolving Into Tech Components </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Rational Means </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rationalization = Cultural Horizon of Modernity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Instrumentation of Science </li></ul>
  7. 7. Various Concepts of Technology (6 / 6) <ul><li>Tech = Techniques (or Technolgy’s Software) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Applied Science </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Channeling of forces of nature for human purposes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Organized Inorganic Matter </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Study / Enquiry / Science of Techniques (Logos) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Modern Magic (like computer screens) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Tools of Domination / Exploitation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Over Nature + Humans </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Challenge to Nature + Humans </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources to be Revealed , Mobilized, Optimized </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Destroyer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>of Traditional Convictions, Beliefs, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech Society = Essentially Secular </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Framework of Concepts of Technology <ul><li>Instrumentalist / Utilitarian / Functionalist Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Determinist / Autonomist / Fatalist Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Essentialist / Substantivist / Fundamentalist Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Luddist / Rejectionist / Technophobic Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentalist / Naturalist / Romantic Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Modernist / Traditionalist / Preservationist Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Constructivist / Voluntaristic / Idealistic Concepts </li></ul>
  9. 9. Instrumentalist / Utilitarian / Functionalist Concepts of Technology (1 / 3) <ul><li>Tech (Means) for an End (Simplest Model) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech Independent of Ends </li></ul><ul><li>Tech + Ends Well Defined </li></ul><ul><li>Tech do not Serve Non-Intended Ends </li></ul><ul><li>Tech Come after Ends (Ends precede Tech) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech for Every End (Utopian View) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech Primarily Driven by Economic Ends </li></ul>
  10. 10. Instrumentalist / Utilitarian / Functionalist Concepts of Technology (2 / 3) <ul><li>Tech Can Serve Any Society’ Ends </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Capitalist, Socialist, Buddhist, Islamic … </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easily Transferable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech do not Call for More Tech </li></ul><ul><li>Tech do not Create Ends </li></ul><ul><li>Tech do not Search for Ends </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = not Developed if no End </li></ul><ul><li>Tech do not Subvert Existing Ends </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Directed at ‘Real’ Ends (Needs) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Instrumentalist / Utilitarian / Functionalist Concepts of Technology (3 / 3) <ul><li>Tech = Investments, Costs, Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Man’s Bright Future </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Value Neutral </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Good / Virtuous </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Faithful Servant </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Under Control of Societies </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Faith in Triumphant Progress </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Human Advances </li></ul>
  12. 12. Determinist / Autonomist / Fatalist Concepts of Technology (1 / 5) <ul><li>Tech = Driver of History </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Imperialistic </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colonize Every Aspect of Life </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Self-Generating / Determining </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency for its own Sake </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Dominator / Ruler </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nature + Humans </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Marginalizer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>of Peoples, Companies, Countries, Regions, Civilizations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Addition to / Mutation / Outgrowth of Nature </li></ul>
  13. 13. Determinist / Autonomist / Fatalist Concepts of Technology (2 / 5) <ul><li>Tech = Destiny of Humans </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Unstoppable Progress (doomed) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Irreversible Situation </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Unpredictable Direction </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Uncontrollable Future </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Zillion of Interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Mechanistic Worldview </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Winner over Humans </li></ul>
  14. 14. Determinist / Autonomist / Fatalist Concepts of Technology (3 / 5) <ul><li>Tech = Neither Good Nor Bad </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Cumulative </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Obliterates Time and Space </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Own Logic / Dynamic </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Autonomous </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Human Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = No Human Design </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Supreme / Hegemonic Value </li></ul>
  15. 15. Determinist / Autonomist / Fatalist Concepts of Technology: Ex.(4 / 5) <ul><li>Social Evolution Characterized in Tech Terms </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Steam Age, Electrical Age, Internet Age </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Human Societies ‘Primitive’ Or’ Advanced’ </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>According to Level of Tech Development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Agric Tech Produced Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Military Tech Produced Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Salvation Tech Produced Darkness of Anti-Scientific Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Murderous Crusaders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Torturing Inquisitors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deadly Conquistadores </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evangelizing Colonizers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Determinist / Autonomist / Fatalist Concepts of Technology: Ex. (5 / 5) <ul><li>Printing Press Produced Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Ship / Cannon / Compass Tech Produced Colonization </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Tech Produces Global Society </li></ul><ul><li>Info Tech + Biotech Will Produce Human Progress? </li></ul><ul><li>Motto: ‘Science Finds; Industry Applies; Man Conforms’ </li></ul>
  17. 17. Essentialist / Substantivist / Fundamentalist Concepts of Technology (1 / 6) <ul><li>Tech = Turn Humans into Objects / Things </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Reveal Humans as ‘Non/New Humans’ </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Embody Rationality / Tyranny of Reason </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Challenge Nature (to deliver Energy …) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Fabricate new Ends </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Search for Alternative Ends </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Challenge Existing Established Ends </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Undermine Superstitious Ends </li></ul><ul><li>Tech > Bad than Good </li></ul>
  18. 18. Essentialist / Substantivist / Fundamentalist Concepts of Technology (2 / 6) <ul><li>Tech = Not Under Human Control </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = New Master </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Environment + Way of Life </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Techno-Society / Techno-Culture / Techno-Scape </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Anthropological Object / Constant </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Code </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Embodiment of Beliefs, Values, Interests, Norms, Regulations, ex: speedbump … </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Obscure / Block Possible Ways of Life </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thousands of Traditional But Basically only One Tech Way </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural impoverishment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Accelerates Obsolescence of Humans </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>End of Man, History, Philosophy … </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Essentialist / Substantivist / Fundamentalist Concepts of Technology (3 / 6) <ul><li>Tech = Frame (of Human Activity) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Manipulator </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Controller / Structurer </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Strengthen Some Capacities / Weaken Others </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Social Pathologies </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Changes Human Nature (Mechanistic being) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Mode of Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Ambivalence / Duality </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constructive / Destructive, Revealing / Concealing, Disclosing / Deworldling </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Essentialist / Substantivist / Fundamentalist Concepts of Technology (4 / 6) <ul><li>Tech = Reproduces / Strengthens Power Structures </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Fetish / Mania </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Technocratic Rationality / Technocrats / Technocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Tech= Truncate / Prune / Evolve Cultures </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to Requirements of Tech Rationality </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Erodes Human Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech Being / Society / Culture </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Homogenizer of Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Social Shaper / Constructor / Organizer </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Cultural Framer / Instrument </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural Embedding of Tech </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suppresses individuality </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Essentialist / Substantivist / Fundamentalist Concepts of Technology (5 / 6) <ul><li>Tech = Seduction / Obsession / Fixation of Humans </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Dependence / Addiction / Enslavement </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Impotence / Reduction (of Abilities) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Regimentation / Enframing / Normalization </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Domination / Control / Subjugation </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = No-Privacy / No-Confidentiality </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Disaffection / Alienation </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Objectification ( ‘Destining’) of Human </li></ul>
  22. 22. Essentialist / Substantivist / Fundamentalist Concepts of Technology (6 / 6) <ul><li>Tech Transform Humans into: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toys / Playthings of Tech </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standing Reserves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raw Materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System Components </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System Operators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cogs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Devices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Humans = Tooled By Their Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Humans = Tech Creatures </li></ul>
  23. 23. Luddist / Rejectionist / Technophobic Concepts of Technology (1 / 3) <ul><li>Tech (Technical Knowledge) = Threat </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of Ancient Alexandria Library (+200,000 doc) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest Luddist Act in History </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Assault on Cultures, Beliefs, Traditional Ways of Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional African Cultures Cannot Survive Challenge of Tech </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Rationality Incompatible With Human (African?) Mythologies, Superstitions … </li></ul>
  24. 24. Luddist / Rejectionist / Technophobic Concepts of Technology (2 / 3) <ul><li>Tech = Creates Needs (Corrective) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Deshumanizer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Love car > wife </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Deskiller (Marx) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Destroyer of Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Constrainer of Human Ideals </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Destabilizer of Social Values </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Family Dinners </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Instrument of Domination / War </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Enslaver / Demon </li></ul>
  25. 25. Luddist / Rejectionist / Technophobic Concepts of Technology (3 / 3) <ul><li>Tech = Runaway Monster of Destruction </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Turn People Away </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From Intellectual Excellence / Performance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Weaken Spirituality </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secularization Always Accompany Tech </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Low Materialist Pursuits </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Profit, Power … </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Dangerous Universalizing Pressures </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leveling of Humanity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Embodiment of Inferior Western Values </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>West not a Model to Imitate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Instruments of Neo-Colonization </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Irresistible Western Tech </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Environmentalist / Naturalist / Romantic Concepts of Technology (1 / 3) <ul><li>Tech = Overheating Mega-Machine </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impacting on Climate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Violence to Nature </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Disaster / Catastrophe </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy, Water, Species… </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Eco-Destruction / Denaturation </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Desacralization </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Eco-cidal, Killing + Extinction </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biowealth Reduction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Contamination </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Danger (Misuse) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Environmentalist / Naturalist / Romantic Concepts of Technology (2 / 3) <ul><li>Tech = Processor (of Nature) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = ‘Profanizer’ / ‘Denaturer’ </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Raper / Abuser </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = User / Consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Constructor of Artificial Environments </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Generator of Various Wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Torturer - Dying / Extinct Species </li></ul>
  28. 28. Environmentalist / Naturalist / Romantic Concepts of Technology (3 / 3) <ul><li>Tech = Potential Risk </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GM crops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nuclear Plants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Un-Sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eco-Unfriendly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Degrades Life </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consequently Degrades Humans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Under Applied / MisApplied </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water/Drought, Energy, Agriculture, Industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Impoverisher of Soil </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Degrader of Food Quality? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organic Agric Movements </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Pre-Modernist / Traditionalist / Preservationist Concepts of Technology (1 / 2) <ul><li>A Highly Technologized Africa = Catastrophe for Humanity </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledges </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ways of Life </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Human Experiences </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Idioms / Cultures </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Embedded in Traditional </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Languages, Principles, Customs, Magic, Rituals, Morals, Ethics, Ideals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Indigenous Tech </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inherited through Totalizing Cultures </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Valuable (It Worked but will it Work in new Evolving Contexts?) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not Fading Vestiges of Pre-Modern Times but lower Efficiency </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Pre-Modernist / Traditionalist / Preservationist Concepts of Technology (2 / 2) <ul><li>Tech Inhibited in Totemic (immobile) / Animist / Customary Societies </li></ul><ul><li>Tech Stagnation is Politically Sustained </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech Change Unknown, Feared, Repressed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech Progress = Nightmare </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech Transfer = Cultural Transfer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intercultural Encounter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Doctrinaire Abrahamic Systems = Meta-Mirages </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Super-Tech of Salvation Keeping Tech out of Worldviews </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Indigenous Languages + Knowledges Need Enhancing </li></ul>
  31. 31. Constructivist / Voluntaristic / Idealistic Concepts of Technology (1 / 3) <ul><li>Tech Can be Better Designed / Controlled </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To Better Serve its Creators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many Tech Designs Possible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech Needs not Cause Excessive </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Cruelty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Mediation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Societal Violence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anthropological Limitations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Tools for Challenging: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Ways of Thinking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Values, Mythologies, Cosmo-fables </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Superstitions, Prejudices, Illusions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-scientific Worldviews / Mentalities / Mindsets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mirages, Harmful Traditions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fantasies, Clichés </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delusions, Taboos </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Constructivist / Voluntaristic / Idealistic Concepts of Technology (2 / 3) <ul><li>Tech = Can be ‘Good’ Weapon </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Aims Greatest Potentials of Humans </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Liberator / Emancipator </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>= Freedom + Development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = New Age </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Dawn / African Century </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for Evolving New Africans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Framework for Various Chosen Lifestyles </li></ul><ul><li>Tech = Better Transformation of Cause-Effect Relations into Means-Goal Circular Relations </li></ul>
  33. 33. Constructivist / Voluntaristic / Idealistic Concepts of Technology (3 / 3) <ul><li>Tech = Messianic Hope </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech = New Religion (= Will of God?) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech = Possibility of Better World </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech = Savior (From Animality, Poverty, Ignorance, Diseases … </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Political Object </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution Subject to Democratic Processes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Important Roles of Gov (promoter, regulator, user..) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech = Terrain of Struggle / Drama </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Activism, Public Debates, Participation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation Product of Freethinkers, Avant-Guardists, Dreamers, Leaders, Secular Preachers, Visionaries, Public Intellectuals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blasphemers, Rebels, Heretics, Dissenters, Anarchists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have role in constructing voluntaristic counter or alter African futures </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
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