Social Change

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Social Change

  1. 1.  HUNTING & GATHERING SOCIETY (Domestication of plants & animals)Social Change:  HORTICULTURAL & PASTORAL SOCIETY (Invention of the Plow) Social Revolutions  AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY (Invention of the Steam Engine)  INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY (Invention of the Microchip)  POSTINDUSTRIAL/INFORMATION SOCIETY
  2. 2. Industrial Revolution& Capitalism Simple way of life before capitalism; sharing communal land England, 1500s – Enclosure Movement  Surplus of labor helps lead to capitalism  Protestant Work Ethic = prosperity as a sign of salvation helps propel capitalism
  3. 3. Weber’s Ideal Typesof Modernization Gemeinschaft  Gesellschaft Simple  Complex Similar  Diverse Small  Large Rural  Urban Extended families  Nuclear families Reciprocity  Competition Traditional  Modern (chart on pg 654 of textbook)
  4. 4. Theories of SocialChange Evolutionary Theories  Unilinear Cultural Progress  Multilinear Natural Cycles Conflict over Power (Marx)  Thesis ≠ Antithesis  Synthesis Ogburn’s Theory  Invention  Discovery Cultural Lag  Diffusion
  5. 5. Social Movements Goal is Social Change Examples: Civil Rights Mvmt, Women’s Rights Mvmt, White Supremacist Mvmt, Environmental Mvmt Spread movement’s message via mass media Use propaganda to influence others to follow the cause  Propaganda is sociologically used as a neutral term
  6. 6. The Environment Most pollution comes from Most Industrialized Nations  Industrialization  Not properly disposing of harmful waste Environmental Injustice – minorities and poor are most likely to be affected by pollution  Factories are built on cheap land  NIMBY for upper & middle class neighborhoods Most Industrialized Nations can outsource disposal of harmful waste China now produces more pollution than the US
  7. 7. Sociology & the Environment  Environmental Movement  Environmental Sociology  focus on the relationship between societies and the environment  Goal is to study how humans affect the environment and vice versa, NOT to stop pollution, nuclear power, etc PhysicalExtracting Ecological limit onresources problems economic growth

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