Race & Ethnicity Mini-Lecture

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Because there was a lot of dense material in this mini-lecture, I presented it as a SlideShare to make it visually more appealing and to break up the information a little.

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Race & Ethnicity Mini-Lecture

  1. 1. Race versus Ethnicity• Race is based on Biological Characteristics ▫ Based on Skin color, eye color, hair, sizes/shapes ▫ Categories seem natural, but vary by culture ▫ Originally divided into Caucasians, Mongoloids, and Negroids• Ethnicity is based on Cultural Characteristics ▫ Based on Common Ancestry, Cultural Heritage, and common Nations of Origin ▫ Examples in the US are Jews, Asian Americas, Italians, Irish Americans, Native Americans, etc 1
  2. 2. Myths about Race • Myth 1 = the Idea That Any Race is Superior ▫ Actually, All Races Have both Geniuses and Idiots • Myth 2 = Idea that Any Race is Pure ▫ Actually, Human Characteristics Flow Endlessly Together on a continuum ▫ over 99.9% of biology is the same between races ▫ There is more physiological difference within races than between races ▫ Some researchers claim there are 2 races, some claim there are 2,000 races ▫ Whites in South India often have darker skin than many Australian aborigines who are classified as black, so race varies by culture ...Hence, Race is a social construction 2
  3. 3. Minority versus Dominant Groups• Minority Group = People Singled Out for Unequal Treatment • Not Necessarily the Numerical Minority• Dominant Group = Does the Discriminating to minority groups ▫ Has the most power, privileges, & highest social status 3
  4. 4. Constructing Racial-EthnicIdentity• Ones Sense of Ethnicity is based on: ▫ Relative Size of the ethnic group ▫ Power of the ethnic group ▫ Appearance of the ethnic group ▫ Discrimination enacted towards the ethnic group• Ethnic Work = activities to discover, enhance, or maintain ethnic identity 4
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  6. 6. Prejudice vs Discrimination • Prejudice is an Attitude ▫ It is Learned, not inherent ▫ Internalizing dominant norms occurs when one is prejudiced against their own group, usually unconsciously • Discrimination is an Action or behavior ▫ Institutional Discrimination is rooted in societal structures, not on an individual basis 6
  7. 7. Institutional Discrimination(this is only one example): 7
  8. 8. Theories of Prejudice Psychological Perspectives: • Frustration & Scapegoats • The Authoritarian PersonalitySociological Perspectives:• Functionalism argues that prejudice occurs insituations that encourage it through the structure • Conflict Theory argues that the races are pitted against each other (and that minority groups stay complacent due to a fear of non-physical punishment)• Symbolic Interactionism argues that derogatory slang labels and stereotypes produce prejudice and a self-fulfilling prophecy 8
  9. 9. Global Patterns ofIntergroup Relations(Assimilation is also known as the “melting pot,” whilemulticulturalism is known as the “salad bowl”) • Segregation • Assimilation • Multiculturalism (Pluralism) 9
  10. 10. Race and Ethnic Relations inthe United States: Europeans Americans • Nation’s Founders Included Only Those from England (WASPs: White Anglo-Saxon Protestants) • Other “White” Europeans were originally considered Inferior 10
  11. 11. Race and Ethnic Relations inthe United States: Latinos (Hispanics) • Latinos are an Ethnic group, not a race • Largest minority group in US • US has many Latino undocumented immigrants, but most Latino immigrants are legal • Not a homogenous group; instead, are a very diverse group with widely varying customs based on their many countries of origin 11
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  13. 13. Race and Ethnic Relations inthe United States: African-Americans • Struggle for Civil Rights • Continued Gains, but still not equal • Racism in everyday life (such as the resume study where employers were more likely to call back “normal” named applicants, rather than racially-charged applicant names, while the rest of the resumes were identical) ▫ Overt (obvious, blatant, used more in past generations) versus Covert (subtle, disguised, used more today) Discrimination ▫ Myth of post-race society perpetuates the idea that race is not important in our society, despite research which suggests otherwise • Racial differences persist even when controlling for social class 13
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  15. 15. Race and Ethnic Relations inthe United States: Asian-Americans• History of Discrimination ▫ Especially during railroad expansion• Reasons for Success Now: ▫ Family life and culture that emphasize Educational achievement, Discipline, and community ▫ Assimilation• Not a homogenous group; Diverse depending on country of origin and culture 15
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  17. 17. Race and Ethnic Relations inthe United States: Native Americans • From Treaties to Genocide, Population Transfer • The Invisible Minority (small population, sometimes physically separated on reservations) • Not a homogenous group; Diverse • Pan-Indianism focuses on common themes between various groups and aims to promote the status of all Native Americans, despite differences 17

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