Galicia fish farm planning

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Dblin Castle, Ireland, 11 abril 2014

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Galicia fish farm planning

  1. 1. Sustainable aquaculture project Good Practice Workshop GALICIA FISH FARM PLANNING Dublin Castle. Ireland April 11st, 2014 Javier Ojeda APROMAR Asociación Empresarial de Productores de Cultivos Marinos /201
  2. 2. AQUACULTURE IN GALICIA Production (2013): • 8,120 t of turbot (75% of Europe) • 350 t of sole • 4,500 t of trout • 210,000 t of mussels Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 /202
  3. 3. AQUACULTURE IN GALICIA Facts & figures (2013): • Flat fish are produced in land based fish farms • Highly technological farms • 16 farms, 5 hatcheries. • ~ 600 workers; sales > 60 M€ Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 /203
  4. 4. AQUACULTURE IN GALICIA Facts & figures (2013): • A fairly healthy business. • But a problem exists… All economic, social and environmental requirements for growing in a sustainable way are there, but nothing happens. Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 /204
  5. 5. Last new farm (Camariñas-2004) Last farm enlargement (Xove-2007) TURBOT PRODUCTION IN GALICIA (FARMED) Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 /205
  6. 6. AQUACULTURE IN GALICIA Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 Number of new farms since 2004 = 0 ! /206
  7. 7. AQUACULTURE IN GALICIA Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 We face a governance problem! o Siting land based aquaculture in populated coasts is a challenge o However, neighboring citizens welcome fish farms o Successive governments have tried (unsuccessfully) to establish aquaculture planning. /207
  8. 8. GALICIA MARINE AQUACULTURE PLANNING Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 Limitations: o Spanish law does not allow construction on the coastline close to the water. o If Galicia wants to continue leading flat fish aquaculture it has to create a legal exception for land based marine farms and approve a specific legislation. o This new regulation should have the highest possible legal status. /208
  9. 9. THE NEW GALICIA MARINE AQUACULTURE PLAN Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 Work began in 2008 o Basic principle: Total planning of marine land-based fish farming at Regional level. o Legal position: Maximum political & governance level: Declared of Public Interest and Social Benefit. Regional, overcoming municipal reluctances. /209
  10. 10. GALICIA MARINE AQUACULTURE PLANNING Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 Objective: o Selection of adequate areas for land based marine aquaculture and the establishment of conditions for development: • Siting of farms in pre-selected areas • One farm per area • No new authorisations outside those areas. • Clear rules for farm building and management. • Obliging for best environmental practices. /2010
  11. 11. GALICIA MARINE AQUACULTURE PLANNING Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 Criteria for selection of areas: o Environmental: • Not on singular landscapes • Not on sand dune zones • Not incompatible with N2K, but away from priority habitats • Minimising visual impact • Management of other environmental foot prints /2011
  12. 12. GALICIA MARINE AQUACULTURE PLANNING Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 Criteria for selection of areas: o Urban development: • Not on urban or developable zones • Uninhabited zones preferred • With close by roads • Near to electricity lines • Minimum surface = 60,000 m2 • Distance among areas, to contamination points and rivers > 3.5 km. /2012
  13. 13. GALICIA MARINE AQUACULTURE PLANNING Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 Criteria for selection of areas: o Oceanographic: • Ocean quality sea water (35 g/l) • Excellent microbiological condition • Height above mean sea level < 25 m • Water temperature 10ºC - 21ºC • Suitable pumping conditions /2013
  14. 14. GALICIA MARINE AQUACULTURE PLANNING Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 Criteria for selection of areas: o Social: • Not close to touristic areas • Not close to popular beaches • Need for acceptability by social agents, town council and other administrations • Special care on preserving social, cultural and traditional values /2014
  15. 15. AQUACULTURE IN GALICIA Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 Number of new farms with the new Plan = 0 ! Having a Plan is not enough! /2015
  16. 16. AQUACULTURE IN GALICIA/SPAIN/EU Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 The main problem is the plethora of rules inadequately required to aquaculture, + unleveled playing field on production and marketing with respect to imports. /2016
  17. 17. Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 Problems: • Overuse of the Precautionary Principle • Establishment of extremely high prices on the use of water • Non acceptance of internationally recognised carrying capacity models • Unrealistic taxing on effluents • Ultra restrictive criteria for determining environmental flows /2017 AQUACULTURE IN GALICIA/SPAIN/EU
  18. 18. Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 Problems: • Insufficient basic knowledge about the industry by environmental competent authorities. • Governments see in the WPD a lucrative source of taxes. • Excessive sensitivity to criticism asserted by minority groups • Higher (better?) lobbying capacity by other stakeholders /2018 AQUACULTURE IN GALICIA/SPAIN/EU
  19. 19. Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 EXAMPLES OF (REAL) GOOD PRACTICE Stolt Sea Farm (Lira, A Coruña, Galicia) • Producing 1,200 t of turbot + hatchery • Operating since 1993 • A Protected Area was created in 2004 in the surrounding coast: Os Miñarzos because of environmental values. /2019
  20. 20. Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 EXAMPLES OF (REAL) GOOD PRACTICE Tres Mares - Lires (Cee, A Coruña, Galicia) • Producing 3.000 t trout. • Operating since 1969 • All studies prove that local environmental conditions remain perfect /2020
  21. 21. TAKE AWAY MESSAGE Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 The WFD & MSFD are here to achieve water bodies with good environmental status and improvement of the aquatic environment. +1 Both FDs are objective oriented legislations. It is Member states who establish how to get there.
  22. 22. Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 +2 Aquaculture should comply with and benefit from the WFD & MSFD and not be a victim of them. Let’s help our competent authorities to implement EU environmental legislation without imposing unnecessary burdens or unfair competition on producers (EC dixit). The Guidelines this workshop is about are to aid MS on how to better achieve those objectives. TAKE AWAY MESSAGE
  23. 23. 5 WAYS TO IMPROVE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE FDS: Sustainable aquaculture project. Good Practice Workshop. Dublin Castle. Ireland. April 11st, 2014 EU level analysis & harmonisation of: 1. The application of the Precautionary Principle. 2. How to price the use (≠ consumption) of water. 3. Carrying capacity models 4. Taxing of contaminants in effluents 5. Determination of environmental flows. +3
  24. 24. Sponsors of APROMAR Thanks for your attention. I hope you found this presentation interesting.

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