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Palazzo Medici Riccardi - Precedent Studies

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Palazzo Medici Riccardi - Precedent Studies

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Palazzo Medici Riccardi - Precedent Studies

  1. 1. FORMS, SPACE & SHAPES PALAZZO MEDICI RICCARDI, FLORENCE, ITALY. GENERAL CHARACTERSITICS, APPERANCES, FORMS, SHAPES AND SPACES OF THE RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE Renaissance architecture is the architecture of the period between the early 15th and early 17th centuries which demonstrate a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture. Stylistically, Renaissance architecture followed Gothic architecture and was succeeded by Baroque architecture. Romansque Architecture Gothic Archtecture Renaissance Architecture 6th - 10th century 12th - 16th century 15th - 17th century
  2. 2. (i) Emphasizes on symmetry, proportion, geometry and regularity of forms. (ii) Implementations of classical ordered elements ( ancient Roman architecture ). (iii) Usage and implementations of columns, pilasters and lintels. (iv) Repetitive usage of semicircular arches, hemispherical domes, niches and aedicules. (v) Replacement and substitution of complex proportional systems and irregularity into simples forms. EXTERIOR (i) FAÇADE ( before extension ) - Usage of tripartite elevation which surrounds the building ( height of structure per floor decreases as it goes higher ) - Densityof the façade of the buildingdecreases as it goes upwards to avoid the face of the buildinggettingconstrained. Ground Floor Façade : - (a) Ground floordensityis denser as larger arches alternatingwith small squared windows filled the façade. ( Florentine manner ). (b) Windows are heavilybarred to portraycell like windows. (c) Walls are fabricated usingrusticated bricks.
  3. 3. 1st Floor Façade : - (a) RepetitiveimplementationsofPair Light Windows which is enclosed as a pairunder a single arch. (b) Walls are implemented via less robust rusticated brick walls to decrease densityin conjunction with the decreased height. (c) Brick crust arch is fitted atop of the arch of the Pair Light Windows which are centered by roundels. 1. Brick Crust Arch 2. Arch 3. Roundels 4. Pair Light Windows 2nd Floor Façade : - (a) Façade are the least dense amongall three floors. (b) Fabricated with Pair Light Windows fitted under an arch and roundel. 1 2 3 4
  4. 4. (c) Plain non textured walls to decrease densityin terms of ornaments alongwith its decreased height. As an overall, the façade implements the tripartite elevation bywhich heights are decreased as it goes upwards.In order to avoid the façade being visualized as too constrainingin terms of space, the densityofthe walls in terms of texture and also ornamental structure are reduced graduallyas it moves upwards. Each floors are topped with cornices and the cornices for the ground floorand first floorof the buildingforms sills of the windows for the first and second floor of the building. 1. Elaborated cornice 2. Family Coat of Arms 3. Tabernacle Windows / Kneeling Windows ( Inginocchiata ) - addition by Michelangelo after later extension The elaborated cornice act as an entablature to support the weight of the roof. It portrays the might and nobilityofthe owner and hence leadingto 1 2 3
  5. 5. it indirectlyportrayinga slight classicism motif. The familycoat of arms further portrays the family’s reputation,wealth and nobilityat that particularperiod oftime. Partial Elevation Of the Frontal Façade ( South East Elevation ) Frontal Façade of the Palazzo Medici Riccardi ( South East Elevation ) Family Coat Of Arms Mullioned Windows ( Pair Light Windows )
  6. 6. Placement & Orientation of structure on Façade : - The main entrance is emphasized bythe elaborated rusticated stonework and is further emphasized in terms of placement through its orientation being in the center of the building’s ground floorfaçade. The tabernacle windows / kneeling windows are placed in a way whereby they are both flankingthe main entrance on both the left and right side. Kneeling WindowsCrowning Cornices ( Entablature ) Family Coat Of Arms Roundels Medallions
  7. 7. Close Up Details of Shape and Forms of the Kneeling Windows : - Kneelingwindows or also known as the tabernacle windows ( Inginocchiata ) added and design by Michelangelo,is called that way in the sense that it is further supported bytwo aedicules ( brackets ). Side Elevation ( South West Elevation ) indicating the kneeling windows which fabricates the façade Aedicules Kneeling Windows Aedicules
  8. 8. Family Coat of Arms (i) Coat of Arms of Medici (ii) Coat of Arms of Riccardi Both of the familycoats of arms signifies its modesty,nobilityand wealth and also reputation.It also signifies the families’occupation as two wealth bankingfamilies. Close up images of the Family Coat of Arms of Medici Coat of Arms of Medici Coat of Arms Riccardi
  9. 9. Close up image of the placement of the Family Coat of Arms of Medici onto the edge of the Palazzo Medici Riccardi Close up images of the Family Coat of Arms of Riccardi
  10. 10. Roundels Medallions The roundels medallionswhich represents it bearingthe Medici symbols and acts as an ornamental structure to fabricate the façade which is also use to centralize the arches and the mullioned windows (Pair Light Windows ). Crowning Cornices ( Entablature ) Roundel Medallions
  11. 11. The mouldingcornices & entablaturesreflect classical motive design and architectural style which is decorated with lilies which forms the Farnese Architectural ornamental style. Cornices ( Entablature )
  12. 12. INTERIOR Palazzo Medici Riccardi are those typical Renaissance palaces wherebyit is orientated inwards to be away from busy and noisystreets,hence leadingto the buildinghavingits own open courtyard / cortile or cloisters.The cloisters are influenced and adapted from typical traditionalRoman Peristyles. Main Stairs Central Courtyard / Cloister Imperfect Square as main shape and form Nearly symmetrical balance alignment Main entrance doorway
  13. 13. (i) Nearly symmetrical balance alignment - In accordance with the style of architectural design in the Renaissance architecture trend which emphasizes symmetry,proportion and balance, this buildingset to obey the rules of that particulartrend. (ii) Main stairs - The main stairs are not really emphasized in the way that they are design to seem to be enclosed in walls which flankone side of the cloister. (iii) Main entrance & doorway - It is situated in the middle of the façade which directs to a long tunnel like entrance into the central axis of the court. (iv) Internal central courtyard , cloister / cortile - The main feature of the entire buildingwhich is greatly influenced by Brunelleschi. Internal Central Courtyard( MonasticCloister / Cortile ) Replaced with conjoined columns instead of pilasters
  14. 14. The internal courtyard is inspired from Brunelleschi’s design forthe FoundlingHospital’s façade. The elements and ornaments ofdesigns is implemented and the entire façade is bent around to form a hollow square – courtyard.It is contrastingto the highly robust and elaborated exteriorin order to portraysimplicityand serenityof life. Colonnaded loggia First piano nobile Open colonnade (Michelozzian & Corinthian colonnade ) Usage of three main principles in design : - (i) Simplicity (ii) Powerful 2nd Floor 1st Floor Ground Floor Symmetrically balanced arrangement and alignment Usage of ornaments such as arches roundels and brick crust arches shows strong enclosure of the windows
  15. 15. (iii) Repetitive The repetition ofwindows,roundels,arches and also arches to fabricate the entire indoorfaçade of the central cortile.
  16. 16. Specifications and details of the Central Cortile up close The internal height ofthe façade of the central cloister is identical to that of the exteriorfaçade of the building. Implementations in order to decrease the visual space constrain within the internal cloister : (i) Frieze is brought highlyelaborated and wider which comprises of roundels which are placed belowthe centers of the pairlight windows in order to make it seems closer together. (ii) The pairlight windows are centered abovethe middle of the arch and directly abovethe frieze’s roundels. (iii) The spaces between the arches of the pairlight windows which meet at the corners of the courtyard are smaller compared to the 1 2 3
  17. 17. spaces between the pairlight windows at a single face of the façade of the courtyard. All of the specifications and features ofthe central cortile are designed in a way that it covers up the errors for all the 4 sides of the central courtyard at the tighter angles of the central courtyard. - The arrangement of the main buildingofthe entire Palazzo Medici Riccardi is mainlycomposed bytwo cuboids whereby the main buildingis flanked at the right side by another extension. - The size difference between the main buildingand the extended section is not that distinctivein terms of the back part. - The alignment ofthe entire buildingis placed in a way that its slightly symmetricallybalanced. Central cortile
  18. 18. Referencing http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/architecture/renaissance.htm http://www.house-design-coffee.com/colonnade.html 1) The architecture of the Italian renaissance / Peter Murray 2) Italian architecture from Michaelangelo to Borromini / Andrew Hopkins 3) Florence: the city and its architecture / Richard Goy 4) World architecture : the masterworks / Will Pryce

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