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St. lawrence sipple

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St. lawrence sipple

  1. 1. The Crossroad of Challengeand Opportunity in FiscallyStressed Schools andCommunitiesJohn W. Sipple, PhDAssociate ProfessorNYS Center for Rural Schools (NYRuralSchools.org)Community and Regional Development InstituteCornell UniversityNorth Country Symposium, April 2013
  2. 2. My Goals• Stimulate a discussion of opportunity in an era ofchallenge• Share insight from recent research on theinterface between schools and the communitiesthey serve.• Offer a view of schools linked to communities• Offer tools & ideas: Immediate and long-range.
  3. 3. Central Questions• Schools Communities• Communities Schools• When did Schools and Communities becomeseparate?• What are key Policies/Programs?• What should WE do?
  4. 4. A bit of History• 1910 - Administrative Progressives• 1953 - US Dept. of Health, Education & Welfare• 1979US Dept. of EducationUS Dept. of Health and Human Services
  5. 5. The Real World?SchoolingJobsEarlyCareFamiliesCommunitiesHealthNutritionOpportunity Assets
  6. 6. Today in NYSHealthDept.Office ofChildrenandFamilyServicesEducationDept.LaborDept.JobsEarlyCareSchooling Families Communities
  7. 7. “Integrated, BasicScience of Pediatrics”
  8. 8. A new perspectiveShonkoff et al (2012). Pediatrics.
  9. 9. Key Tensions & ActionsShort-Term Long-TermSchool-basedBigCommunity-based Also Big
  10. 10. Key Policy Levers (e.g.)• Early care and UPK• District Consolidation/School Closure• Curriculum (Local vs. Common Core)• Teacher Hiring• Teacher Quality (APPR)• Revenues? Expenditures?• Each of these shapes schools and communities
  11. 11. PAD County Profile(Pad.human.cornell.edu)
  12. 12. Ability to Pay$0$50,000$100,000$150,000$200,000$250,000$300,000199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010Median Income Wealth/PupilNYCBig 4Small CityHN RuralAve NeedLow Need
  13. 13. Ability to Levy Tax$0$200,000$400,000$600,000$800,000$1,000,000$1,200,000199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010Median Property Wealth/PupilNYCBig 4Small CityHN RuralAve NeedLow Need$20/$1000 = $20,000/pupil
  14. 14. Lyson Hypothesis• A school is vital to the survival of ruralcommunities.• Viable villages generally contain schools: dyingand dead ones either lack them or do not havethem for long.• The capacity to maintain a school is a continuingindicator of a communitys wellbeing.• School district consolidation has deleteriouseffects on small rural communities.
  15. 15. Rural Villages in NYS020406080100120140160180200Small withschoolSmall withoutschoolLarge withschoolLarge withoutschoolNumberofvillage199020002010
  16. 16. Lyson Redux30,00035,00040,00045,00050,00055,00060,00065,0001990 2000 2010Median House value (1990 $)SM-SchoolSM-No SchoolLG-SchoolLG-No School
  17. 17. Lyson Redux20,00025,00030,00035,00040,00045,0001990 2000 2010Household Income (1990 $)SM-SchoolSM-No SchoolLG-SchoolLG-No School
  18. 18. HH Inc2000HH Inc2010PerCap Inc2000PerCap Inc2010H Value2000H Value2010Large+ +School+School XSize -<39- - - - - -W Child+ + + + + +% White- - - - -White collar+ + + + + +Self Employ+ + + + + +No CommuteR2 .79 .60 .73 .57 .71 .51
  19. 19. 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%% of 4 year olds in UPK Program by NRC Category andYearBig 4HN Sub/CityHN RuralAve NeedLow Need
  20. 20. 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Infants Toddlers PreSchoolPercent of Age Eligible Children Served by NRCCategoriesBig 4HN Sub/CityHN RuralAve NeedLow Need
  21. 21. Capacity of Communities to Serve Age Cohorts by NRCCategories in 2007Big 4HNSub/City HN Rural Ave Need Low Need TotalNo UPK# Districts 4 29 162 102 297Infants 4% 3% 8% 10% 8%Toddlers 12% 5% 13% 19% 14%Preschoolers 165% 41% 44% 61% 51%With UPK# Districts 4 40 125 195 32 396Infants 13% 14% 5% 9% 14% 8%Toddlers 26% 23% 7% 16% 30% 15%Preschoolers 73% 91% 47% 55% 86% 59%
  22. 22. Capacity of Communiites to Serve Age Cohorts by NRC Categoriesin 2007Big 4HNSub/City HN Rural Ave Need Low Need TotalNo UPK# Districts 4 29 162 102 297Infants 4% 3% 8% 10% 8%Toddlers 12% 5% 13% 19% 14%Preschoolers 165% 41% 44% 61% 51%With UPK# Districts 4 40 125 195 32 396Infants 13% 14% 5% 9% 14% 8%Toddlers 26% 23% 7% 16% 30% 15%Preschoolers 73% 91% 47% 55% 86% 59%
  23. 23. Teacher Labor MarketsKilleen, Loeb & Williams (2013)
  24. 24. Next Steps – What to do?• Easy access to Data – Tools (NYRuralSchools.org)• Informed Local Decision making• Local and Regional Analysis and Planning• Demographics & Enrollment• Financial Planning/Scenarios• District Reorganization Analysis• Public Participation and Communication
  25. 25. Budget Playground
  26. 26. Reorganizer
  27. 27. Recent Trends
  28. 28. Universities and Higher Ed• Market forces• Competition and Access• Technology• MOOCs• Public Good• Utilitarian/Professional vs. Academic

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