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University of the Book:Reading, Libraries, and Inquiry Learning    James W. Marcum, Ph.D.                    August 2010
A different (millennial) generation•   Technologically savvy (natives)•   Diverse; different learning styles•   Visually e...
DANGER: The Shallows• Internet is rewiring our brain• An ―ecosystem of  interruption technologies‖• A permanent state of  ...
• So…what are we to  do?
Start: greater emphasis on reading• Reading is the  essential skill upon  which other  intellectual powers  depend  – Jacq...
VALUE of Reading• Deep reading is the best  antidote for the distracted  (shallow) minds being  created by the internet• G...
Challenge: Revive ―reading”• Free voluntary (extended) reading  produces better  – vocabulary  – spelling  – writing  – wi...
The Library College Idea• Assumption: good book  collections provide a rich  ―wherewithal‖ for learning• Professional libr...
Louis Shores‘ ―Case‖• Culmination of independent study  movement• Revolt against ―lockstep‖ classes• Good reading compares...
New ‗Learning‘ Theories• Multiple learning styles• Self-directed learning• Active learning• Social learning• Connectivism
New Education Practices• Beyond Lifelong Learning  –   Undergraduate research  –   Inquiry learning  –   Problem-based lea...
New Technologies Create         Opportunities• Internet/web-based information  sharing and communication• Learning managem...
And New Learning Resources• Learning Management  Systems (Blackboard)• Open academic content  exchanges (Merlot, MIT‘s OCW...
Consider: ―Library Based,     Learner-Centered Inquiry”• Learner initiated reading &  learning (individual OR group)• Reso...
Key methodology:• Resource (research)-based  inquiry  – Puts learner at the center of the    process  – Uses clear objecti...
And new methods:• Engaging, constructivist self-identity  development via autobiography        - Antikainen, Living in a L...
Discovery LearningTo break free of known facts  (dogma) requires:• Allowing for initiative and self-  direction• Encouragi...
And DIY Learning•   Technology enabled•   Open Content (MIT, 2001)•   Open University/Education•   Personal Learning Netwo...
UNIVERSITY OF THE BOOK• All of which sets the stage for a  renewed emphasis on  deep/extended reading (i.e.  books)• Groun...
Facing the ―post Web‖ world• ―Google: The Search Party is  Over,‖ Fortune (Aug 16, 2010)• ―The Closing of the Digital  Fro...
•What do YOU think?
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Library college10

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Thougts about a new role for the library.

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  1. 1. University of the Book:Reading, Libraries, and Inquiry Learning James W. Marcum, Ph.D. August 2010
  2. 2. A different (millennial) generation• Technologically savvy (natives)• Diverse; different learning styles• Visually engaged• Comfortable with multitasking• Learn by doing• Instinctively collaborative• Smartest generation? • D. Tapscott, Grown Up Digital (2008)• Or…Dumbest generation? • M. Bauerlein, The Dumbest Generation (2009)
  3. 3. DANGER: The Shallows• Internet is rewiring our brain• An ―ecosystem of interruption technologies‖• A permanent state of distractedness and forgetfulness• … a far-reaching effect on reading, writing, and language itself… – N. Carr, The Shallows (2010)
  4. 4. • So…what are we to do?
  5. 5. Start: greater emphasis on reading• Reading is the essential skill upon which other intellectual powers depend – Jacques Barzun, (1991). Begin Here: The Forgotten Conditions of Teaching and Learning. U Chicago Press, 20-27.
  6. 6. VALUE of Reading• Deep reading is the best antidote for the distracted (shallow) minds being created by the internet• Good books have provided the means to better understanding and perspective (… i.e. leadership) for generations
  7. 7. Challenge: Revive ―reading”• Free voluntary (extended) reading produces better – vocabulary – spelling – writing – with longer retention and – more and better reading in the future.• …than formal instruction. – S. Krashen, The Power of Reading, 2nd ed. 2004.
  8. 8. The Library College Idea• Assumption: good book collections provide a rich ―wherewithal‖ for learning• Professional librarians can guide reading inquiry.• This is not a new idea • Louis Shores. The Library-College. Philadelphia: Drexel, 1966. • Marie Schuster. The Library-Centered Approach to Learning. Palm Springs, CA: ETC, 1977.
  9. 9. Louis Shores‘ ―Case‖• Culmination of independent study movement• Revolt against ―lockstep‖ classes• Good reading compares with classroom instruction for effect• Learning mode: match the resource to the individual• Utilize the well selected and ‗presented‘ books in the library
  10. 10. New ‗Learning‘ Theories• Multiple learning styles• Self-directed learning• Active learning• Social learning• Connectivism
  11. 11. New Education Practices• Beyond Lifelong Learning – Undergraduate research – Inquiry learning – Problem-based learning – Discovery learning – Communities of Learning – Distance and Online Learning
  12. 12. New Technologies Create Opportunities• Internet/web-based information sharing and communication• Learning management systems• Collaborative knowledge building• Weblogs, wikis, social learning tools• Mobility and miniaturization (wireless, cell phones laptops, PDAs)
  13. 13. And New Learning Resources• Learning Management Systems (Blackboard)• Open academic content exchanges (Merlot, MIT‘s OCW, etc.)• Publisher databases, resources (Elsevier, Emerald, ACS, etc.)• Social Learning (blogs, wikis, collaboration tools)
  14. 14. Consider: ―Library Based, Learner-Centered Inquiry”• Learner initiated reading & learning (individual OR group)• Resource (book) based• Librarian guided• Specialist advised• Technology enabled – Stakeholder engaging – Revenue generating
  15. 15. Key methodology:• Resource (research)-based inquiry – Puts learner at the center of the process – Uses clear objectives and a … – Rich learning environment • Multiple, varied resources • Technology support • Individual or social learning – Incorporating face-to-face knowledgeable guidance
  16. 16. And new methods:• Engaging, constructivist self-identity development via autobiography - Antikainen, Living in a Learning Society (1996)• Guided Inquiry: – Rich learning environment – Intervention, at critical moment – Frequent feedback – Assessment – Connects learning to students‘ ―life,‖ interests, goals, questions • C. Kuhlthau, et al. (2007) Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st Century.
  17. 17. Discovery LearningTo break free of known facts (dogma) requires:• Allowing for initiative and self- direction• Encouraging work in teams• Questioning authority• Using constructivist, problem- solving pedagogies• Considering alternative examples and scenarios – Marcum, ―From Information Center to Discovery System‖ (2001)
  18. 18. And DIY Learning• Technology enabled• Open Content (MIT, 2001)• Open University/Education• Personal Learning Networks• Ex: – School of Everything – Omniuniversity – Massive Open Course (CA) – College Unbound – Open Learning Initiative, etc. • A. Kamenetz, DIY U (2010)
  19. 19. UNIVERSITY OF THE BOOK• All of which sets the stage for a renewed emphasis on deep/extended reading (i.e. books)• Grounded at the 25,000 public and academic libraries in the U.S.• With librarians and others serving as F2F liaison/tutors between learners and networks of scholars and specialists
  20. 20. Facing the ―post Web‖ world• ―Google: The Search Party is Over,‖ Fortune (Aug 16, 2010)• ―The Closing of the Digital Frontier,‖ The Atlantic (July 2010)• ―The Web is Dead,‖ Wired (Sept 2010) * * * – ―How we use the web—and how it looks—is going to be completely different in five years than it is today‖ - Mike McCue, founder, Flipboard
  21. 21. •What do YOU think?

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