Banana in pakistan

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Banana in pakistan

  1. 1. NAME:IQRA JUNEJO CLASS:BS (AGRICULTURE) SPECILIZATION GROUP: ABM
  2. 2. AN OVERVIEW OF BANANA  BANANA is the 4th largest crop of the world.  Banana is staple food for more than 70 million people in sub sharan africa.  Banana is extensively grown in the lower part of Sindh(pakistan).  The total share of Sindh province alone in its cultivation in the area is 87 per cent and 89 per cent in production.
  3. 3.  The area under banana cultivation at the time of independence was only 117 hectares and the production reported was 368 M tons.  According to “Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2011”,out of 34,8000 hectares 32,2000 hectares were grown in sindh province.
  4. 4.  Sindh produced 127.4000 tones of banana.  The average yield per hectare was 3957 kg in sindh .  Average cost of production in sindh is RS 80,000 to RS 150,000.
  5. 5. AMAZING BOTANICAL FACT ABOUT BANANA:  Bananas do not grow on trees.  The banana plant is classified as an arbores cent (tree-like) herb .  The banana itself is actually considered a BERRY.  The correct name for bunch of bananas is a HAND of bananas; a single banana is a FINGER.
  6. 6. AGRONOMIC REQUIREMENTS OF BANANA:  TEMPERATURE: 27ºC FOR OPTIMAL GROWTH.  HUMIDITY:60% IS PERFABLE.  PH:LESS THEN 8 ,BETWEEN 5-7.  FERTILIZER: THE DEMAND OF NITROGEN AND POTASH IS HIGH IN BANANA.  IRRIGATION: AFTER 3 DAYS UNDER HIGH EVAPORATION CONDITIONS, 15 DAYS UNDER LOW EVAPORATION CONDITIONS.
  7. 7. THREE KEY TIPS FOR HARVESTING:  Harvest the fruit during the cool part of the day when possible.  Shade the fruit during transport to the packing shed.  Avoid delays in transporting the fruit to the packing shed.
  8. 8. TOOLS UTILIZED IN HARVESTING OF BANANA:  The curved blade knife is used to cut the bunch when the fruit is not so high in the tree.
  9. 9.  Otherwise it is necessary to use a long pole ended with a similar knife.
  10. 10. HARVESTING IS NOT THE END OF CARING FOR THE BANANAS:  Carefully place individual green hands in plastic bags along with another ripening fruit, such as a red apple. The ripening fruit emits ethylene gas that the green banana uses to ripen.  Place the bag in a dark area, such as a cabinet. Do not place in a refrigerator.  The banana in the plastic bag should be removed in 24 to 48 hours and be allowed to finish ripening on its own.
  11. 11. POST HARVEST LOSSES : According to an estimation 10 to 40% of total produce is lost after harvesting: REASONS OF POST HARVEST LOSSES:  Unskilled and Un educated labor  Wrong use of technology (wrong operation of machinery)  Wrong or delayed harvesting  Early or delayed marketing  Poor storage conditions  Winter season
  12. 12. CONTROL STRATEGIES TO MINIMIZE POST HARVEST LOSSES IN BANANA:  Post harvest losses in banana can be minimize by following these strategies:     Minimizing bruising Prompt cooling to 14 C (58 F) Proper sanitation of handling facilities Hot water treatments [such as 5 minutes in 50 C (120 F) water] By providing Fungicide (such as Imazalil) treatment to control crown rot
  13. 13. POSTHARVEST PROCESSING VALUE ADDITION OF BANANA: OR WHAT IS VALUE ADDED??  Value added describes what happens when you take a basic product and increase the value of that product (and usually also the price) by adding extras in the manufacturing process, or by taking extra products and/or services.
  14. 14.  An activity is considered value added when some customer is willing to pay more for the additional output.
  15. 15. WHY VALUE  For better income.  For improved processing utilization  To keep in-phase with customer need  To provide variety of products  To increase shelf life of fresh fruit and vegetable ADDED:
  16. 16. VALUE ADDED BANANA:  Banana figs  Banana puree  Banana powder  Banana flour  Banana jam  Banana beverages PRODUCTS OF
  17. 17. MAJOR DISTRICTS OF BANANA CULTIVATION IN SINDH ARE:  Major districts in Sindh where banana is grown are  Thatta  Hyderabad  Badin  Mirpurkhas  Sangar  Nawabshah  khair pur and sukkhar.
  18. 18. MAJOR VARIETIES SINDH ARE: GROWN IN  CAVENDISH DWARF (BARSAI) 98% (CONVENTIONAL VARIETY)
  19. 19. TISSUE CULTURED VARIETIES GRAND NINE BANANA WILLIAM HYBRID
  20. 20.  Work is being done on three Chinese cultivar in PARC, islamabad  PISHANG  B-10  W-11
  21. 21. WHY CONVENTIONAL VARIETY IS PREFERED ??  Free of cost.(Suckers)  Initial extra care is required in tissue culture varieties.  Increased cost of production in case of TC variety.  Chances of damages, during transportation. (TC variety)
  22. 22. MARKET ANALYSIS:  Banana being perishable fruit needs careful handling, quick transport, sound packing and completions of operations on time.  There are several factors which influence the efficiency of fruit marketing ,it includes rotting of products, seasonal viability ,quality , price and location.  Banana producers avoid marketing because of perishable nature and unreliable prices.
  23. 23. TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS:  Lack of modern technology and machinery.  Only few big farmers are using new technology.  Farmers feels hesitation for the use of new machines.  Sad but true there is no research institute in sindh to solve the problem of growers.
  24. 24. SWOT ANALYSIS SECTOR: OF  STRENGTHS:  Availability of cheap labor.  Fertile land.  Interest of farmers and landowners in this sector.  Availability of local and international markets. BANANA
  25. 25.  WEAKNESSES:  Lack of awareness  Character of middlemen and contractor.  Bad infrastructure.  Lack of information about new technologies.
  26. 26.  OPPORTUNITIES:  Increasing demand locally and international markets.  Introduction of new technologies  New research and development in this sector.  New research and techniques to control disease.
  27. 27.  THREATS:  Perishable product.  Viral diseases.  Post harvest handling.  Plantation of unhealthy plants.
  28. 28. FAO- STATISTIC 2011-2012
  29. 29. BANANA EXPORT WORLD IMPORT AND STATISTIC:
  30. 30. BANANA- WORLD IMPORT PRICES:
  31. 31. BANANA WHOLESALES PRICES:
  32. 32. BANANA RESALES PRICES:
  33. 33. BANANA EXPORTS STATISTIC): (WORLD
  34. 34. BANANA EXPORTS BY REGION:
  35. 35. BANANA EXPORTS-MAJOR COUNTRIES:
  36. 36. BANANA IMPORTS (WORLD STATISTIC):
  37. 37. BANANA IMPORTS BY REGION:
  38. 38. BANANA IMPORTS COUNTRIES: MAJOR
  39. 39. THANK YOU

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