Many of the everyday
words we use in spoken
and written in English
today have been adopted
from other countries.
Words taken directly from
foreign languages other
than the ancestral
language are known as
Loan Words have come mainly in three ways:
•Brought by foreign invaders who settled in
•Came through foreign contacts originating
in war, exploration, trade, travel etc.
•Came through scholarship, learning and
Cross from Latin Crux
Candle from Latin Candel
Creed from Latin Creeda
Comet from Latin Cometa
Saint from Latin Sanet
The French loan words in English can be classified under the
•Government and administrative word: govern, crown,
empire, minister, duke, duchess
•Military words: army, navy, enemy, battle, defense, admiral,
•Law words: trespass, heir, estate, property, court, accuse,
•Eccleastical terms: theology, sermon, religion, clergy,
•Meat : salmon, sardin, calf, swine,pig, roast, boil, fry, saucer
German gave English certain musical terms
like waltz, yodel etc
•Terms related to mining and metal work:
Quartz, Cobalt, nickel, zinc
•Philosophical terms: zeitgeist, leitmotif
•Psychological term gestalt
•Terms like seminar, kindergarten, diplomacy,
English words of Arabic origin
In science and math:
•algebra, algorithm, average, alchemy
Technical terms (engineering, military,
business, commodities, etc.)
•admiral, adobe, arsenal, assassin,
Knowing a word involves
•recognise what it sounds like
•What it looks like
•being able to provide a dictionary
• being able to use it appropriately and
effectively in a range of contexts.
•The most important part of any language is the
•To understand the meaning of the words and to
use them in day to day life is a very difficult task.
•And knowledge of loan words can help the
students overcome this difficulty.
•They play an important role to help improve the
word database of the students.
•Whatever the teaching methodology can be, but
teaching must be leaner’s centred.
•The language has to be taught in such a way that
it will help us not just to speak and write and listen
but to communicate.
•A child’s receptive vocabulary is typically larger
than his or her productive vocabulary.
•A beginner usually develops a receptive
understanding of new words before they are able
to produce them.