US Department of Energy: US - China Energy Overview

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US Department of Energy: US - China Energy Overview

  1. 1. U.S. – China Energy Overview 美中能源概述 Marty Schoenbauer 范旭 Executive Director 主任 DOE China Office 美国能源部驻华办公室
  2. 2. President Obama’s Energy and Climate Policy 美国总统奥巴马关于能源和气候政策 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act 美国复苏与再投资法案 <ul><li>Largest investment in clean energy in U.S. to date 迄今为止美国对清洁能源最大投资 </li></ul><ul><li>$11 billion smarter electric grid 110 亿美元用于智能电网 </li></ul><ul><li>$5 billion weatherize low-income homes 50 亿美元用于增强低收入家庭应对不同气候 的 能力 </li></ul><ul><li>$4.5 billion green federal buildings 45 亿美元用于绿色联邦建筑 </li></ul><ul><li>Additional programs and funding for grants and guaranteed loans 额外的项目和补助资金及保证的贷款 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Selected Energy Priorities of the Obama Administration 奥巴马政府的能源优先政策 G8Website/ANSA Photo: Alessandro Di Meo <ul><li>Creating new jobs in the clean energy economy 在清洁能源产业中创造新的工作职位 </li></ul><ul><li>Doubling electricity generation from wind, solar, and geothermal technologies by 2012 到 2012 年 , 使风力,太阳能和地热技术的发电量加倍 </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 83% by 2050 到 2050 年,减少温室气体排放量的 83 % </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Investments in the next generation of energy technologies 增加下一代能源技术上的投资 </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing dependence on imported oil 减少对进口石油的依靠 </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing exports for goods and services 增加商品和服务业的出口 </li></ul>Some Earlier Pre-Recession Goals Have Been Scaled Back 一些经济萧条前的政策目标已被成比例缩减
  4. 4. <ul><li>United States Secretary of Energy Steven Chu </li></ul><ul><li>美国能源部长朱棣文 </li></ul>“ The U.S. and China are two great nations, and clean energy is one of the great opportunities of our time. Working together, we can accomplish more than acting alone.” – Secretary Chu “ 美国和中国是两个伟大的国家,清洁能源是我们这个时代最伟大的机遇之一。合作共进能使我们比各自为战完成更多目标。” – 朱棣文 President Obama’s Energy and Climate Policy 美国总统奥巴马关于能源和气候政策
  5. 5. U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center 美中清洁能源研究中心 <ul><ul><li>First of its kind joint clean energy research center, bringing together teams of U.S. and Chinese scientists and enginees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>美中科学家和工程师首次携手建立清洁能源研究中心 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$150 million in public and private funding over five years, split evenly between U.S. and China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>在未来的 5 年中,美方和中方各自分担 50% 来自于公共和私人的一亿五千万美元资金 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial topic areas: building energy efficiency, clean coal including CCS, and clean vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>初议研究范围:建筑能效,清洁煤包括 CCS 技术和清洁交通工具 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Other recent U.S.-China clean energy announcements 其他近期美中清洁能源通告 <ul><ul><li>Electric Vehicles Initiative 电动车项目 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency Action Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>能源效率行动计划 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy Partnership 可再生能源合作伙伴 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shale Gas Initiative 页岩气项目 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21 st Century Coal 21 世纪煤炭 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Cooperation Program 能源合作计划 </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Today, the United States has around 300 billion square feet of floor space. 今天 , 美国有大约有 3 千亿平方英尺的建筑面积 China will add about 300 billion square feet in the next 20 years! 在未来的 20 年内中国将增加大约 3 千亿平方英尺 In a typical year, half of all new floor space in the world is built in China. 在有代表性的一年中,全球一半的新增建筑面积是来自于中国
  8. 8. New York-Presbyterian Hospital 纽约长老教会医院 Agenda21 Building 21 世纪节能示范楼 73% energy savings 60% water savings 73 %的能源节省 60 %的水源节省 $1.77 million saved every year 每年节省 177 万美元 Investing in efficiency saves energy – and money 在效率上投资节省能源和金钱
  9. 9. Standards stimulate technological innovation: refrigerator efficiency standards and performance 标准刺激科技创新:冰箱效率标准和表现 Best Available Technology 254 kWh/yr 现有的最好的科技 254 千瓦时/年
  10. 10. China’s auto production is soaring 中国的汽车产量剧增 Total vehicle production (millions) 车辆生产总量(百万)
  11. 11. Industry dominates China’s energy use 工业主宰中国的能源使用 Source: NBS; EIA, AER 2007. Energy Use in China and the U.S. 中美能源使用情况 China 中国 US 美国
  12. 12. U.S. Renewable Energy Generating Capacity 美国可再生能源的发电量 Sources: 2008 Renewable Energy Databook. DOE. 2009. In 2008, renewable energy accounted for more than 43% of all new grid-connected electrical capacity installations in the U.S. 2008 年,可再生能源发电量占多于 43 %的美国新增 上网电量
  13. 13. Science & Technology 科学与技术 - U.S.-China Science and Technology Agreement (1979) 美中科学技术协议 - High Energy Physics Implementing United States Embassy Beijing Accord 高能物理在美国驻华大使馆的执行协议 Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation 核安全和防扩散 - Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Technology (PUNT) 和平使用核技术合作协议 - International Material Protection and Cooperation 国际原料保护与合作 - Megaports Initiative 港口行动计划 - Emergency Management 紧急事件管理 - Multilateral Export Control Program 多边出口控制项目 - International Radiological Threat Reduction 国际放射威胁降低 - Six Party Talk Support 六方会谈支持 Major agreements and initiatives with China 主要协议和计划
  14. 14. Energy 能源 - U.S.-China Energy Policy Dialogue (EPD) 美中能源政策对话 - Oil and Gas Industry Forum (OGIF) 石油与天然气工业论坛 - MOU on the Cooperation and Development of Biofuels 生物燃料合作与发展备忘录 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Protocol 能效与可再生能源议定书 - Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) 全球核能合作 - MOU Concerning Industrial Efficiency Cooperation 关于工业效率合作备忘录 - Fossil Energy Protocol 燃料能源议定书 - Ten Year Framework on Energy and Environment 能源与环境十年框架 - Strategic and Economic Dialogue (SnED) 战略经济对话 Major agreements and initiatives with China 主要协议和倡议
  15. 15. Energy 能源 - MOU to enhance cooperation on climate change, energy and environment 加强在气候变化,能源及环境方面合作的谅解备忘录 - MOC on US-China Renewable Energy Partnership 美中可再生能源伙伴关系的合作备忘录 - T he establishment of the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center 成立美中清洁能源研究中心 - U.S.-China Electric Vehicles Initiative 美中电动汽车倡议书 - U.S.-China Shale Gas Resource Initiative 美中页岩气资源倡议书 Major agreements and initiatives with China 主要协议和倡议

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