Energy Savings Across Cities, Buildings, and Enterprises 在城市、建筑和企业中节能 JUCCCE June 2010
Buildings Are Closely Linked to Energy and GHGs 建筑与能源和温室气体密切相关 <ul><li>公式: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>=  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Energy Use in Chinese Buildings 中国建筑的能源消耗 <ul><li>37% of total energy in China </li></ul><ul><li>中国总能耗的 37% </li></ul><ul>...
Key Question for Today  今天的主要问题 How do you achieve significant and rapid energy savings  across thousands of buildings and...
What Can City and Enterprise Leaders Do? 城市和企业的领导者们能做些什么? <ul><li>Organize collective action across municipal building sto...
How Can Cities Drive Collective Action? 城市如何推动集体行动? <ul><li>Create frameworks and programs  that are managed by city gover...
Government Program Example:  US ENERGY STAR 政府项目实例:美国能源之星 <ul><li>ENERGY STAR Program  能源之星项目 : </li></ul><ul><li>A govern...
Responsibilities of Government Program Organizers 政府项目组织者的职责 <ul><li>Government ENERGY STAR program staff have the followi...
Success of the ENERGY STAR Model 能源之星模式的成效 <ul><li>In 2007, the US economy saved  USD $16 billion  on energy from ENERGY S...
Successful Program Models Exist in China 在中国的成功项目模式 <ul><li>Top 1,000  Program for Industrial Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li...
Enterprise Example:  Enterprise-Wide Energy Efficiency 企业实例:企业级范围内的能源效率 <ul><li>Enterprises often control many tens of ene...
Energy Savings Across a “Portfolio”? “ 组群”的整体节能? What do we mean by Portfolio? “ 组群”是什么意思? What is a “green building? 什么是“...
Different Definitions of “Green Building” “ 绿色建筑”的不同定义 <ul><li>One Example :  举例 : </li></ul><ul><li>LEED Certified Buildi...
Example from Commercial / Industrial “Portfolio” 来自商业 / 工业“组群”的案例 ICF works with large enterprise portfolios to analyze en...
A Variety of Comparisons Become Useful Management Tools 多种的比较成为有用的管理工具   Illustrative CO2 排放强度 排放总量
Energy Data from a Portfolio Tells a Useful Story 组群能耗数据能告诉我们有用的信息 Similar facilities use 10 times the energy ! Energy int...
<ul><li>Energy intensity spread (energy consumption per square foot (SF)) ranges from 10 and 70 kWh/SF </li></ul><ul><li>I...
How Does an Enterprise Reduce Energy Use? 企业如何降低能耗? <ul><li>Once an enterprise has seen its energy data, it can: 当企业看到自己的能...
Goal for the Portfolio:  Reduce Performance Spread 建筑组群的目标:减小能耗强度差异 缩小差距的图示 能耗强度 能耗强度 总能耗 总能耗
Conclusions 结论 <ul><li>Buildings and enterprise facility managers are capable of finding the technical solutions and finan...
谢谢诸位 –  THANK YOU David Hathaway ICF  国际咨询公司中国公司执行董事 [email_address] 中国北京市朝阳区光华路 5 号院 世纪财富中心 2 号楼 1501 室 邮编  100020 电话:  8...
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JUCCCE Energy Forum 2010: ICF Intenational

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ICF International's David Hathaway presented: Energy Savings Across Cities, Buildings, and Enterprises.
在城市、建筑和企业中节能

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  • JUCCCE Energy Forum 2010: ICF Intenational

    1. 1. Energy Savings Across Cities, Buildings, and Enterprises 在城市、建筑和企业中节能 JUCCCE June 2010
    2. 2. Buildings Are Closely Linked to Energy and GHGs 建筑与能源和温室气体密切相关 <ul><li>公式: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>= </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> = </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> = </li></ul></ul>建筑物 能源消耗 燃烧化石燃料 CO2 排放
    3. 3. Energy Use in Chinese Buildings 中国建筑的能源消耗 <ul><li>37% of total energy in China </li></ul><ul><li>中国总能耗的 37% </li></ul><ul><li>14% comes from materials </li></ul><ul><li>14% 来自建筑材料 </li></ul>52% of total CO 2 二氧化碳总排放的 52% <ul><li>23% comes from operations </li></ul><ul><li>23% 来自 运营 </li></ul>
    4. 4. Key Question for Today 今天的主要问题 How do you achieve significant and rapid energy savings across thousands of buildings and enterprise facilities ? 如何使 数以千计的建筑物和企业建筑设施 显著而快速地实现节能?
    5. 5. What Can City and Enterprise Leaders Do? 城市和企业的领导者们能做些什么? <ul><li>Organize collective action across municipal building stocks </li></ul><ul><li>在市政建筑中组织集体行动 </li></ul><ul><li>Push energy savings through large enterprise facility “portfolios” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>推进大型企业建筑“组群” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>的节能 </li></ul></ul></ul>Two Strategies: 两个策略:
    6. 6. How Can Cities Drive Collective Action? 城市如何推动集体行动? <ul><li>Create frameworks and programs that are managed by city government. </li></ul><ul><li>创建 由市政府领导管理的 体系和项目 </li></ul><ul><li>Have programs provide incentives for action </li></ul><ul><li>启动能为 各行动提供激励 的项目 </li></ul>
    7. 7. Government Program Example: US ENERGY STAR 政府项目实例:美国能源之星 <ul><li>ENERGY STAR Program 能源之星项目 : </li></ul><ul><li>A government program to promote energy efficiency by companies </li></ul><ul><li>政府项目,通过公司提高能效 </li></ul><ul><li>Free to participating companies (buildings, enterprises) </li></ul><ul><li>公司(建筑、企业)免费参加 </li></ul><ul><li>Provides valuable technical information and strategies </li></ul><ul><li>提供有价值的技术信息和策略 </li></ul><ul><li>Rewards companies with public recognition and certification </li></ul><ul><li>通过公众认可和认证来奖励公司 </li></ul><ul><li>Results in substantial financial savings for companies </li></ul><ul><li>为公司节约可观的资金 </li></ul>
    8. 8. Responsibilities of Government Program Organizers 政府项目组织者的职责 <ul><li>Government ENERGY STAR program staff have the following tasks: </li></ul><ul><li>政府能源之星项目的职员有以下任务: </li></ul>Government Responsibilities 政府职责 Recruit participants 招募参与者 Invest in the program framework (mainly staff, expertise, promotion) 投注于项目结构体系 (主要是职员,专家,推广) Publicize program 宣传项目 Provide incentives via public recognition, certification, labeling 通过获得公众认可、认证、标识进行激励 Provide high quality, trusted technical information 提供高质量、可信的技术信息 Provide useful tools 提供有用的工具
    9. 9. Success of the ENERGY STAR Model 能源之星模式的成效 <ul><li>In 2007, the US economy saved USD $16 billion on energy from ENERGY STAR </li></ul><ul><li>2007 年,美国经济从能源之星项目中获得了 160 亿美元的节能收益 </li></ul><ul><li>Results are expected to double over the next 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>今后 10 年中,节能减排成效有望翻番 </li></ul>
    10. 10. Successful Program Models Exist in China 在中国的成功项目模式 <ul><li>Top 1,000 Program for Industrial Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>提高工业能效的 千家企业节能行动 </li></ul><ul><li>US-China “ eeBuildings ” Program </li></ul><ul><li>中 - 美“ eeBuildings ” 建筑节能项目 </li></ul>Building Name 建筑物名称 Annual Savings / 年节能 Shanghai Information Tower 上海信息大厦 15% Jin Mao Tower Shanghai 金茂物业管理公司 20% New Town Mansion 新虹桥中心大厦 25% Urbn Hotel Shanghai 36% savings Lippo Plaza Shanghai 力宝广场 120,000 RMB / 元人民币 Embassy House Beijing 北京万国公寓 253,000 RMB / 元人民币 Ciro’s Shanghai 上海仙乐斯广场 348,400 RMB / 元人民币
    11. 11. Enterprise Example: Enterprise-Wide Energy Efficiency 企业实例:企业级范围内的能源效率 <ul><li>Enterprises often control many tens of energy consuming buildings and facilities </li></ul><ul><li>企业通常管理数十栋建筑设施,这些建筑消耗着能源。 </li></ul><ul><li>Working site-by-site, one facility at a time would be a time consuming and costly way to improve energy performance over the entire “portfolio” of facilities </li></ul><ul><li>在每栋建筑逐一工作非常消耗时间,对于提高整体建筑“组群”的能效而言,是非常昂贵的方式。 </li></ul><ul><li>An approach to looking for energy savings across the entire portfolio simultaneously can be comparatively quick and cost-effective </li></ul><ul><li>能够在整体组群中同时进行节能的方法将会相当快速、且具有良好的成本效益。 </li></ul><ul><li>Financial savings and economic productivity improvements are substantial </li></ul><ul><li>资金节约和经济生产率提高都是重要的。 </li></ul>
    12. 12. Energy Savings Across a “Portfolio”? “ 组群”的整体节能? What do we mean by Portfolio? “ 组群”是什么意思? What is a “green building? 什么是“绿色建筑”?
    13. 13. Different Definitions of “Green Building” “ 绿色建筑”的不同定义 <ul><li>One Example : 举例 : </li></ul><ul><li>LEED Certified Building </li></ul><ul><li>获 LEED 认证的建筑 </li></ul>Alternate Example: Green Portfolio : Energy savings of 28% per year across 1,000 buildings in a “portfolio” through improved energy management (“Food Lion” in US) 另一实例:绿色组群: 在 1000 栋建筑的“组群”通过提高能源管理,每年节能 28% (美国“狮王食品”)
    14. 14. Example from Commercial / Industrial “Portfolio” 来自商业 / 工业“组群”的案例 ICF works with large enterprise portfolios to analyze energy data and improve energy performance. Different colors show different facility types – there is much variation in energy intensity. ICF 为大型企业群组分析能源数据、提高能源使用效能。 不同的颜色表示不同类型的建筑 - 能耗强度差别非常大。 Energy Intensity 能耗强度
    15. 15. A Variety of Comparisons Become Useful Management Tools 多种的比较成为有用的管理工具 Illustrative CO2 排放强度 排放总量
    16. 16. Energy Data from a Portfolio Tells a Useful Story 组群能耗数据能告诉我们有用的信息 Similar facilities use 10 times the energy ! Energy intensity across the same types of facility – why is there a difference? 相同类型建筑的能耗强度– 为什么存在差异? 排放强度 排放总量 相似的建筑能耗上的 差异超过 10 倍!
    17. 17. <ul><li>Energy intensity spread (energy consumption per square foot (SF)) ranges from 10 and 70 kWh/SF </li></ul><ul><li>If the most energy-intensive facilities reached a conservative target of 45kWh/SF, this enterprise would save a total of about 7.5% of energy consumption across the portfolio, and an annual cost savings of greater than USD $1.5 million (RMB 10 million) . </li></ul><ul><li>能耗强度(每平方英尺能耗)分布从 10-70 千瓦时 / 平方英尺(即, 107.6-753.5 千瓦时 / 平方米)不等 </li></ul><ul><li>如果大部分的高能耗建筑能够达到 45 千瓦时 / 平方英尺(即, 484.4 千瓦时 / 平方米)的保守目标,这家企业就能从整个组群中获得总能耗的 7.5% 的节约,每年节省超过 150 万美元( 1000 万人民币) 。 </li></ul>Target 目标 Portfolio Example: Moving Toward a Reasonable Target 组群举例:向合理的目标移动 能耗强度(千瓦时 / 平方英尺) 建筑面积(平方英尺)
    18. 18. How Does an Enterprise Reduce Energy Use? 企业如何降低能耗? <ul><li>Once an enterprise has seen its energy data, it can: 当企业看到自己的能耗数据,将会 : </li></ul><ul><li>Select a limited number of specific sites for further investigation (more cost effective than audits for every facility in the portfolio) </li></ul><ul><li>选择一定数量的地点进行进一步调查(比在组群中逐个建筑进行审计有更好的成本效益) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify “leaders” and “laggards” across the portfolio </li></ul><ul><li>确定组群中的“领导者”和“落后者” </li></ul><ul><li>Propagate best practices in facility management that are already being implemented by successful facility managers </li></ul><ul><li>宣传设施经理们已经在采用的建筑设施管理方面的最佳实例。 </li></ul><ul><li>Identify training needs </li></ul><ul><li>确定培训需求 </li></ul><ul><li>Implement easy and cost-effective “low-cost and no-cost” measures </li></ul><ul><li>执行简单且具有高成本效益的“低成本和无成本”措施 </li></ul>
    19. 19. Goal for the Portfolio: Reduce Performance Spread 建筑组群的目标:减小能耗强度差异 缩小差距的图示 能耗强度 能耗强度 总能耗 总能耗
    20. 20. Conclusions 结论 <ul><li>Buildings and enterprise facility managers are capable of finding the technical solutions and financing to improve energy performance </li></ul><ul><li>建筑和企业的设施经理们有能力找到技术方案和资金来提高能效 </li></ul><ul><li>However, they won’t do this without a framework, initial assistance, or incentive </li></ul><ul><li>然而,在缺少体系、初步协助或激励的情况下,他们不会这样做 </li></ul><ul><li>Most buildings and enterprises are very eager to receive information to help them succeed, and to save money </li></ul><ul><li>大多数的建筑和企业都非常渴望获得信息,帮助他们取得成功和节省资金 </li></ul><ul><li>There is a clear role for city and enterprise leaders to provide frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>城市和企业领导者具有一个明确的角色 --- 提供框架体系 </li></ul><ul><li>Financial savings from energy provides a powerful incentive, but many other incentives are available to governments and enterprise leaders </li></ul><ul><li>节能带来的经济节约提供了强有力的激励,但是对政府和企业领导者而言仍有其他许多可利用的激励措施 </li></ul>
    21. 21. 谢谢诸位 – THANK YOU David Hathaway ICF 国际咨询公司中国公司执行董事 [email_address] 中国北京市朝阳区光华路 5 号院 世纪财富中心 2 号楼 1501 室 邮编 100020 电话: 86 10 6562 8300

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