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Phd work in progress 21092011


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Phd work in progress 21092011

  1. 1. Configuring hybrid objects as design spaces. How to design for participation? Jessica Schoffelen Promotor: prof. dr. Oswald Devisch (PHL, Arck) Co-promotor: dr. Liesbeth Huybrechts LSM – MAD-faculty – social spaces
  2. 2. <ul><li>Open design </li></ul><ul><li>Probleemstelling – participatief design </li></ul><ul><li>Opzet </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Michel Avital (2011) </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>“ Open design signifies open-access to digital blueprints that can be adapted at will to meet situated requirements , and can subsequently be used by consumers to fabricate products on demand by commercial, off-the-shelf production methods . </li></ul><ul><li>The open design model diminishes the traditional vertical value chain that is formed by designer-manufacturer-distributor-consumer relationships and offers an alternative, open web of direct links between designers and consumers . </li></ul><ul><li>The resulting short-spanned, transient and non-hierarchical relationships forge dynamic and flexible arrays of blueprints that are not only user-centred but also user-driven ” </li></ul><ul><li>(Avital, 2011, In Van Abel B., et al., p. 52 ). </li></ul><ul><li>producten zijn steeds in beta-fase, nooit af </li></ul><ul><li>producten vragen om participatie ifv iteraties </li></ul>
  5. 6. Open design manifesteert zich op veel manieren <ul><li>diy (MAKE) </li></ul><ul><li>p2p-platforms (Instructables) </li></ul><ul><li>design tools/software ( SketchChair, Scratch ) </li></ul><ul><li>3D-printers </li></ul><ul><li>fablabs </li></ul><ul><li>sharing-economies </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Open design doelt op adaptatie, aanpassingen door gebruikers om tegemoet te komen aan eigen wensen en noden of de vereisten van een specifieke context. </li></ul><ul><li>Maar heeft dat wel zin? </li></ul><ul><li>Cf. uitdaging voor participatief design </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I’d asked people what they wanted, they would have asked for a better horse.” (Henry Ford) </li></ul>
  7. 8. En, willen ze wel meedoen? <ul><li>Nielsen, Participation inequality </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>“ Also, I was surprised to find that makers made my lamp exactly as I had designed. I had secretly hoped to see new solutions and adaptations to the posted design.” </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Design by use (aka non-intentional design) </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Siskind - Lego My own creation </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Sugru Hack things better </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Onderzoek besteedt aandacht aan designactiviteiten van gebruikers </li></ul><ul><li>Design by use </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriation </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption as use </li></ul><ul><li>Tinkering </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Open design als aanzet voor ontwikkeling van andere manieren om </li></ul><ul><li>gebruikers bij ontwerpen te betrekken. </li></ul><ul><li>Verlengde van participatief design: relatie ontwerper-gebruiker? </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>How to design for participation? </li></ul>
  15. 19. <ul><li>Avital, 2011 </li></ul>
  16. 21. <ul><li>Strategieën van infrastructuring (P.Ehn): </li></ul><ul><li>Design patterns - Christopher Alexander “pattern language” </li></ul><ul><li>Ontologieën - open maken, subjectieve infrastructuur transparant maken </li></ul>
  17. 23. <ul><li>I need projects  </li></ul>