•A. FIRST IND. REV. AND THE
DO WE HAVE MASTERY OVER OUR
•B. SECOND IND. REV
ARE OUR TOOLS BEYOND OUR
CONTROL? OF CONTROL
P A TIC ON:
INS P E CT 10 N-HOUS E.
IDEA of a NEW PRINCIPLE of CONSTRUCTION applicable to
any Sort of ESTABLISHMENT, in which Perfous of any
Defcription are to be kept under INSPECTION.
AND IN PARTICULAR TO
PENITENTIARY.H'oUSES, P 0 0 R - H 0 USE S.
P R ISO N S, MA NUFACTORIES,
HOUSES OF INDUSTRY, MAD - H 0 USE S,
WORK -H OUSE S, HOSPITALS,
AND S C H 0 0 L S.
WITH A PLAN OF MANAGEMENT ADAPTED TO THR PltINCIPLl..
IN A S E R I E S 0 F LET T E R S.
Written in the Year 1787,
FROM CREcnEFF IN TYHITE RUSS14, TO A FRIEND IN ENGLAND.
By J ERE M Y BEN T HAM,
OF LINCOLN'S INN, E50...
Morals reformed -
health preserved -
industry invigorated -
instruction diffused -
lightened - Economy
seated - all by a
simple idea in
---Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
A Penitentiary-house...designed at once as
a place of safe custody, and a place of
***Remember, the Panopticon was a reform
of dirty, dark, inhuman practices of
imprisonment)...reform ushered in these
losses of freedoms!)
The conﬁnement, which is his
punishment, preventing his
carrying the work to another
market, subjects him to a
monopoly; which the contractor,
his master, like any other
monopolist, makes, of course, as
much of as he can.
as if under
Keepers and Employees
...a small tin tube might reach
from each cell to the
inspector's lodge, passing
across the area...the slightest
whisper of the one might be
heard by the other, especially if
he had proper notice to apply
his ear to the tube.
...the apparent omnipresence of
the inspector ...combined with the
extreme facility of his real
Labor AND discipline
•The ultimate goal is a productive
body – productive in terms of
capitalist goals (i.e. a good,
BUREAUCRACY AND DISCIPLINE
•goal is not to punish but to
•docile workers, docile bodies
rather than ones that will revolt
•regulations, rules, records,
Millbank Penitentiary House, London, 1821
The prisoners were to be kept silent and made to produce various
commercial items. Bentham theorized that this would serve as
punishment while at the same time develop an appreciation of labor.
Q: SPATIALLY-SPEAKING...How is UWO like a city?
Like a prison?
Like a factory?
Like a panopticon?
THINK ABOUT PANOPTIC AND
BUREAUCRATIC PRINCIPLES AS
THEY ENTER THE MODERN
•assembly line approach to food
•menial, repetitive and tedious
•division of labor between
management and worker: the
selection of the right worker
‘one of the very ﬁrst requirements
for a man who is ﬁt to handle pig
iron as a regular occupation is that
he shall be so stupid and so
phlegmatic that he more nearly
resembles in his mental make-up
the ox than any other type’