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  1. 1. ËÅѡࡳ± ¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹ Ẻ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§ ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ
  2. 2. »ÃСÒÈÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ àÃ×èͧ ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Âà»ç¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§ â´Â·Õè䴌¾Ô¨ÒóÒàËç¹Ç‹Ò »ÃСÒÈÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ àÃ×èͧ ¡Òöʹ ÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹âÃÁѹ·Ñ駷Õè໚¹áºº·ÑèÇ仫Öè§à»ç¹¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉõÒÁÇÔ¸Õ͋ҹáÅРẺ¾ÔÊ´ÒëÖè§à»š¹¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉõÒÁÇÔ¸Õà¢Õ¹ à¾×èÍ㪌㹡ÒÃà¢Õ¹¹ÒÁÈѾ· µ‹Ò§æઋ¹ª×èͺؤ¤Åª×èÍÀÙÁÔÈÒʵÏ䴌»ÃСÒÈ㪌ÁÒµÑé§áµ‹Çѹ·ÕèöÁÕ¹Ò¤Á¾Ø·¸- ÈÑ¡ÃÒª òôøò ¹Ñé¹ ÊÁ¤ÇÃᡌ䢻ÃѺ»ÃاãˌàËÁÒÐÊÁÂÔ觢Öé¹ áÅкѴ¹Õé ¤³Ð ¡ÃÃÁ¡ÒûÃѺ»ÃاÇÔ¸Õ¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹ 䴌¨Ñ´·ÓËÅѡࡳ± ¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§àÊÃç¨àÃÕºÌÍÂáÅŒÇ ¨Ö§àËç¹ ¤ÇáàÅÔ¡»ÃСÒÈÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹàÃ×èͧ¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹âÃÁѹÃÇÁ·Ñé§ ¤Óá¶Å§¡Òó ŧÇѹ·Õè ö ÁÕ¹Ò¤Á ¾Ø·¸ÈÑ¡ÃÒª òôøò µÒÁ·Õè䴌»ÃСÒÈänj㹠˹ѧÊ×ÍÃÒª¡Ô¨¨Ò¹ØມÉÒ àŋÁ õö ŧÇѹ·Õè òö ÁÕ¹Ò¤Á ¾Ø·¸ÈÑ¡ÃÒª òôøò â´Âãˌ㪌ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§·Õè䴌 ¨Ñ´·Ó¢Öé¹ãËÁ‹ ´Ñ§á¹º·ŒÒ»ÃСÒȹÕéá·¹ ͹Öè§ à¾×èÍãˌ¡ÒÃà¢Õ¹ª×èͨѧËÇÑ´ ࢵ ÍÓàÀÍ áÅСÔè§ÍÓàÀÍ à»š¹ÍÑ¡Éà âÃÁѹ ໚¹ä»ã¹á¹Ç·Ò§à´ÕÂǡѹµÒÁËÅѡࡳ±·Õè¡Ó˹´¢Öé¹ãËÁ‹¹Õé ¨Ö§ãˌ ¡àÅÔ¡ á¶Å§¡ÒóÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ àÃ×èͧ ¡ÒÃà¢Õ¹ª×èͨѧËÇÑ´ ࢵ ÍÓàÀÍ áÅСÔè§ÍÓàÀÍ Å§Çѹ·Õè òö ¡Ã¡®Ò¤Á ¾.È. òõòð «Öè§ãªŒÇÔ¸Õ¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡Éà ä·Â໚¹âÃÁѹ µÒÁ»ÃСÒÈÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ŧÇѹ·Õè ö ÁÕ¹Ò¤Á ¾Ø·¸ÈÑ¡ÃÒª òôøò ´ŒÇÂ. »ÃСÒÈÁÒ ³ Çѹ·Õè ññ Á¡ÃÒ¤Á ¾.È. òõôò (ÈÒʵÃÒ¨ÒÏ ´Ã.»ÃÐÂÙà ¡Ò­¨¹´ØÅ) ¹Ò¡ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ
  3. 3. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Âà»ç¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§ ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Âà»ç¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹ¹Õé à»ç¹¡Òöʹâ´Â ÇÔ¸Õ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§ (Transcription) à¾×èÍãˌ͋ҹ¤ÓÀÒÉÒä·Â·Õèà¢Õ¹´ŒÇÂÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹ ãˌ䴌àÊÕ§ã¡ÅŒà¤Õ§ â´ÂäÁ‹¤Ó¹Ö§¶Ö§¡ÒÃÊС´¡ÒÃѹµáÅÐÇÃóÂØ¡µ ઋ¹ ¨Ñ¹·Ã = chan, ¾ÃÐ = phra, á¡ŒÇ = kaeo ñ. µÒÃÒ§à·ÕºàÊÕ§¾ÂÑ­ª¹ÐáÅÐÊÃÐ ¾ÂÑ­ª¹Ð ¾ÂÑ­ª¹Ðä·Â ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹ µÑÇÍ‹ҧ µÑǵŒ¹ µÑÇÊС´ ¡ k k ¡Ò = ka, ¹¡ = nok ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ khñ k ¢Í = kho, ÊØ¢ = suk ⤠= kho, Âؤ = yuk ¦ŒÍ§ = khong, àÁ¦ = mek § ng ng §ÒÁ = ngam, ʧ¦ = song ¨ © ª ¬ chò t ¨Õ¹ = chin, ÍÓ¹Ò¨ = amnat ©Ôè§ = ching ªÔ¹ = chin, ¤ª = khot à¬Í = choe « ·Ã (àÊÕ§ «) s t «Ò = sa, ¡Ò« = kat È É Ê ·ÃÒ = sai ÈÒÅ = san, ·È = thot ÃÑ¡ÉÒ = raksa, ¡Äɳ = krit ÊÕ = si, ÃÊ = rot ­ y n ­ÒµÔ = yat, ªÒ­ = chan ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ñ ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§
  4. 4. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ¾ÂÑ­ª¹Ðä·Â ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹ µÑÇÍ‹ҧ µÑǵŒ¹ µÑÇÊС´ ® ± (àÊÕ§ ´) ´ d t ®Õ¡Ò = dika, ¡® = kot ºÑ³±Ôµ = bandit, Éѱ = sat ´ŒÒ = dai, à»ç´ = pet ¯ µ t t »¯ÔÁÒ=patima,»ÃÒ¡¯=prakot µÒ = ta, ¨Ôµ = chit ° ± ² ¶ · ¸ thñ t °Ò¹ = than, ÃÑ° = rat Á³±Å = monthon à²‹Ò = thao, ÇѲ¹ = wat ¶‹Ò¹ = than, ¹Ò¶ = nat ·Í§ = thong, º· = bot ¸§ = thong, ÍÒÇظ = awut ³ ¹ n n »Ãгյ = pranit, »ÃÒ³ = pran ¹ŒÍ = noi, ¨¹ = chon º b p 㺠= bai, ¡Òº = kap » p p ä» = pai, ºÒ» = bap ¼ ¾ À phñ p ¼Ò = pha ¾§È = phong, ÅѾ¸ = lap ÊÓàÀÒ = samphao, ÅÒÀ = lap ½ ¿ f p ½Ñè§ = fang ¿‡Ò = fa, àÊÔÏ¿ = soep Á m m ÁŒÒÁ = mam  y – ÂÒ = yai à r n Ì͹ = ron, ¾Ã = phon Å Ì l n ÅÒ¹ = lan, ÈÒÅ = san ¡ÕÌÒ = kila, ¡ÒÌ = kan Ç w – ÇÒ = wai ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ò ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§
  5. 5. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ¾ÂÑ­ª¹Ðä·Â ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹ µÑÇÍ‹ҧ µÑǵŒ¹ µÑÇÊС´ Ë Î h – ËÒ = ha ÎÒ = ha ËÁÒÂà赯 : ñ. ã¹·Ò§ÊÑ·ÈÒʵÏ 㪌 h à»ç¹µÑÇÊÑ­Åѡɳà¾×èÍáÊ´§ÅѡɳÐàÊÕ§ ¸¹Ôµ (àÊÕ§·ÕèÁÕ¡Å؋ÁÅÁ¾Ø‹§µÒÁÍÍ¡ÁÒã¹¢³ÐÍÍ¡àÊÕ§) h ·Õè»ÃÐ- ¡ÍºËÅѧ k p t ¨Ö§à»ç¹ä»µÒÁËÅѡࡳ±·Ò§ÊÑ·ÈÒʵϴѧ¹Õé k á·¹àÊÕ§ ¡ à¾ÃÒÐà»ç¹àÊÕ§ÊÔ¶ÔÅ (àÊÕ§·ÕèäÁ‹ÁÕ¡Å؋ÁÅÁ ¾Ø‹§µÒÁÍÍ¡ÁÒã¹¢³ÐÍÍ¡àÊÕ§) kh ¨Ö§á·¹àÊÕ§ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ à¾ÃÒÐà»ç¹àÊÕ§¸¹Ôµ p á·¹àÊÕ§ » «Öè§à»ç¹àÊÕ§ÊÔ¶ÔÅ ph ¨Ö§á·¹àÊÕ§ ¼ ¾ À à¾ÃÒÐà»ç¹àÊÕ§¸¹Ôµ äÁ‹ãª‹á·¹àÊÕ§ ¿ t á·¹àÊÕ§ ¯ µ «Öè§à»ç¹àÊÕ§ÊÔ¶ÔÅ th ¨Ö§á·¹àÊÕ§ ° ± ² ¶ · ¸ à¾ÃÒÐà»ç¹àÊÕ§¸¹Ôµ ò. µÒÁËÅÑ¡ÊÑ·ÈÒʵÏ ¤ÇÃ㪌 c á·¹àÊÕ§ ¨ «Öè§à»ç¹àÊÕ§ÊÔ¶ÔÅ áÅÐ ch 㪌᷹àÊÕ§ © ª ¬ «Öè§à»ç¹àÊÕ§¸¹Ôµ ´Ñ§·Õè㪌¡Ñ¹ã¹ÀÒÉÒºÒÅÕ- Êѹʡĵ à¢Áà ÎÔ¹´Õ ÍԹⴹÕà«ÕÂáÅÐÀÒÉÒÍ×è¹ æ ÍÕ¡ËÅÒÂÀÒÉÒ áµ‹·ÕèÁÔ䴌ᡌä¢ãˌà»ç¹ä»µÒÁËÅÑ¡ÊÑ·ÈÒʵÏ à¹×èͧ¨Ò¡à¡Ã§Ç‹Ò ¨Ð·Óãˌä¢ÇŒà¢Ç¡Ñº¡ÒÃÊС´áÅÐÍÍ¡àÊÕ§µÑÇ c ã¹ÀÒÉÒÍѧ¡ÄÉ «Ö觤¹ä·ÂÁѡ㪌᷹àÊÕ§ ¤ ËÃ×Í « µÑÇÍ‹ҧઋ¹ ¨¹/¨Ôµ ËÒ¡à¢Õ¹ µÒÁËÅÑ¡ÊÑ·ÈÒʵÏà»ç¹ con/cit ¡çÍÒ¨ÍÍ¡àÊÕ§µÑÇ c à»ç¹àÊÕ§ ¤ 㹤ÓÇ‹Ò con áÅÐÍÍ¡àÊÕ§ « 㹤ÓÇ‹Ò cit ´Ñ§¹Ñ鹨֧Âѧ¤§ãˌ㪌 ch á·¹àÊÕ§ ¨ µÒÁ·Õè¤ØŒ¹à¤Â ઋ¹ ¨ØÌÒ = chula ¨ÔµÃÒ = chittra ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ó ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§
  6. 6. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ÊÃÐ ÊÃÐä·Â ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹ µÑÇÍ‹ҧ ÍÐ, –Ñ (ÍÐ Å´ÃÙ»), a »Ð = pa, Çѹ = wan, ÊÃþ = sap, Ãà (ÁÕµÑÇÊС´), ÍÒ ÁÒ = ma Ãà (äÁ‹ÁÕµÑÇÊС´) an ÊÃÃËÒ = sanha, ÊÇÃä = sawan ÍÓ am ÃÓ = ram ÍÔ, ÍÕ i ÁÔ = mi, ÁÕ´ = mit ÍÖ, Í× ueñ ¹Ö¡ = nuek, ËÃ×Í = rue ÍØ, ÍÙ u ÅØ = lu, ËÃÙ = ru àÍÐ, à–ç (àÍÐ Å´ÃÙ»), àÍ e àÅÐ = le, àÅç§ = leng, àŹ = len áÍÐ, áÍ ae áÅÐ = lae, áʧ = saeng âÍÐ, – (âÍÐ Å´ÃÙ»), o âÅÐ = lo, ÅÁ = lom, âŌ = lo, âÍ, àÍÒÐ, ÍÍ àÅÒÐ = lo, ÅÍÁ = lom àÍÍÐ, à–Ô (àÍÍÐ Å´ÃÙ»), oe àÅÍÐ = loe, àËÅÔ§ = loeng, àÍÍ à¸Í = thoe àÍÕÂÐ, àÍÕ ia à¼ÕÂÐ = phia, àÅÕ¹ = lian àÍ×ÍÐ, àÍ×Í ueaò –*, àÅ×Í¡ = lueak ÍÑÇÐ, ÍÑÇ, ua ¼ÑÇÐ = phua, ÁÑÇ = mua, -Ç- (ÍÑÇ Å´ÃÙ») ÃÇÁ = ruam ãÍ, äÍ, ÍÑÂ, äÍÂ, ÍÒ ai ã = yai, äŋ = lai, ÇÑ = wai, ä·Â = thai, ÊÒ = sai àÍÒ, ÍÒÇ ao àÁÒ = mao, ¹ŒÒÇ = nao ÍØ ui ÅØ = lui âÍÂ, ÍÍ oi âà= roi, ÅÍ = loi àÍ oei àÅ = loei àÍ×Í ueai àÅ×éÍ = lueai ÍÇ uai ÁÇ = muai ÍÔÇ ioó ÅÔèÇ = lio ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ô ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§
  7. 7. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ÊÃÐä·Â ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹ µÑÇÍ‹ҧ àÍçÇ, àÍÇ eo àÃçÇ = reo, àÅÇ = leo áÍçÇ, áÍÇ aeo á¼ÅçÇ = phlaeo, áÁÇ = maeo àÍÕÂÇ iao àÅÕéÂÇ = liao Ä (àÊÕ§ ÃÖ), Äå rue ÄÉÕ, ÄåÉÕ = ruesi Ä (àÊÕ§ ÃÔ) ri Ä·¸Ôì = rit Ä (àÊÕ§ àÃÍ) roe ġɏ = roek Æ, Æå lue –*, ÆåÊÒ = luesai ËÁÒÂà赯 : ñ. µÒÁËÅÑ¡à´ÔÁ ÍÖ Í× ÍØ Í٠㪌 u á·¹·Ñé§ ô àÊÕ§ ᵋà¾×èÍᡤÇÒÁ ᵡµ‹Ò§ÃÐËNjҧàÊÕ§ ÍÖ Í× ¡Ñº ÍØ ÍÙ ¨Ö§ãˌ㪌 u á·¹ ÍØ ÍÙ áÅÐ㪌 ue á·¹ ÍÖ Í× ò. µÒÁËÅÑ¡à´ÔÁ àÍ×ÍÐ àÍ×Í ÍÑÇÐ ÍÑÇ ãªŒ ua á·¹·Ñé§ ô àÊÕ§ ᵋà¾×èÍá¡ ¤ÇÒÁᵡµ‹Ò§ÃÐËNjҧàÊÕ§ àÍ×ÍÐ àÍ×Í ¡Ñº ÍÑÇÐ ÍÑÇ ¨Ö§ãªŒ ua á·¹ ÍÑÇÐ ÍÑÇ áÅÐ uea á·¹ àÍ×ÍÐ àÍ×Í à¾ÃÒÐ àÍ×ÍÐ àÍ×Í à»ç¹ÊÃÐ »ÃÐÊÁ«Ö觻ÃСͺ´ŒÇÂàÊÕ§ ÍÖ ËÃ×Í Í× (ue) ¡ÑºàÊÕ§ ÍÐ ËÃ×Í ÍÒ (a) ó. µÒÁËÅÑ¡à´ÔÁ àÊÕ§ ÍÔÇ ãªŒ iu áÅÐàÍÕÂÇ ãªŒ ieu ᵋà¹×èͧ¨Ò¡ËÅÑ¡ ࡳ±¹ÕéàÊÕ§·ÕèÁÕàÊÕ§ Ç Å§·ŒÒ áÅÐá·¹àÊÕ§´ŒÇµÑÇ o «Öè§ ä´Œá¡‹ àÍÒ ÍÒÇ (ao), àÍçÇ àÍÇ (eo), áÍçÇ áÍÇ (aeo) ´Ñ§¹Ñé¹à¾×èÍãˌ à»ç¹ä»ã¹·Ó¹Í§à´ÕÂǡѹ ÍÔÇ «Öè§à»ç¹àÊÕ§ ÍÔ ¡Ñº Ç ¨Ö§á·¹´ŒÇ i + o ¤×Í io ʋǹàÊÕ§ àÍÕÂÇ «Öè§ÁÒ¨Ò¡àÊÕ§ àÍÕ ¡Ñº Ç ¨Ö§á·¹ ´ŒÇ ia + o à»ç¹ iao * äÁ‹ÁÕ¤Ó·Õè»ÃÐÊÁ´ŒÇÂÊÃÐàÊÕ§¹Õé㪌ã¹ÀÒÉÒä·Â ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ õ ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§
  8. 8. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ò. ¤ÇÒÁËÁÒ¢ͧ¤Ó ò.ñ ˹‹ÇÂ¤Ó ËÁÒ¶֧ ˹‹Ç·ÕèàÅç¡·ÕèÊØ´áÅÐÁÕ¤ÇÒÁËÁÒ ÍÒ¨ÁÕà¾Õ§ ¾ÂÒ§¤à´ÕÂÇËÃ×ÍËÅÒ¾ÂÒ§¤¡ç䴌 ઋ¹ ¹Ò ·Õ ¹Ò·Õ Åͧ ¡Í§ Åͧ¡Í§ ¹ÒÌÔ¡Ò ¹Ò¹Ñ»¡Òà àª×èÍ ¡ç à¤Ã×èͧ ò.ò ¤ÓËÁÒ¶֧˹‹Ç¤Óñ˹‹Ç¤ÓËÃ×ÍÁÒ¡¡Ç‹Ò¹Ñé¹àª‹¹Ë¹ŒÒⵍРÅÙ¡àÊ×Í ¨Ò¹¼Õ ÁËÒÃÒª »ÃЪҪ¹ ÃÒªÙ»¶ÑÁÀ ÍÀÔÁËÒÍÓ¹Ò¨ ò.ó ¤Ó»ÃÐÊÁËÁÒ¶֧˹‹Ç¤ӵÑé§áµ‹ò˹‹Ç¤ӢÖé¹ä»àÁ×èÍÃÇÁ¡Ñ¹ áŌÇÁÕ¤ÇÒÁËÁÒÂãËÁ‹ËÃ×ÍÁÕ¤ÇÒÁËÁÒÂà¾ÔèÁ¢Ö鹨ҡà´ÔÁ ઋ¹ ÅÙ¡àÊ×Í (¤¹) ¨Ò¹¼Õ ÅÁ¡Ã´ ò.ô ¤ÓÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ ò.ô.ñ ¤Ó¹ÒÁ·ÑèÇä» àª‹¹ ¾ÃÐ ¤¹ àÊ×éÍ ÊѵǏ áÁÇ ¹¡ µŒ¹äÁŒ ÁÐÁ‹Ç§ ⵍРÇÔ·ÂØ ºÑ¹ä´ ÇÑ´ Çѧ ¶¹¹ ¨Ñ§ËÇÑ´ áÁ‹¹éÓ Í§¤¡Ã ºÃÔÉÑ· ò.ô.ò ª×èÍÀÙÁÔÈÒʵÏ ¤×Í ¤Ó¹ÒÁ·ÑèÇä»·ÕèºÍ¡ÅѡɳÐÀÙÁÔ»ÃÐ- à·ÈµÒÁ¸ÃÃÁªÒµÔ ઋ¹ ÀÙ à¢Ò ÀÙà¢Ò ¤Ç¹ ´Í ¾¹Á áÁ‹¹éÓ ÅÓ¤Åͧ ˌÇ ˹ͧ ºÖ§ à¡ÒÐ ·ÐàÅ ÁËÒÊÁØ·Ã áËÅÁ ͋ÒÇ ËÃ×ͤӹÒÁ·ÑèÇä»·Ò§ÀÙÁÔÈÒʵÏ·ÕèÁ¹Øɏ ·Ó¢Öé¹àª‹¹·‹ÒàÃ×Ͷ¹¹«ÍÂÊоҹáÅÐËÁÒÂÃÇÁ¶Ö§à¢µ¡Òû¡¤Ãͧ´ŒÇÂઋ¹ »ÃÐà·È ¨Ñ§ËÇÑ´ ÍÓàÀÍ á¢Ç§ µÓºÅ ËÁًºŒÒ¹ ò.õ ¤ÓÇÔÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ ËÁÒ¶֧ ¤Ó¹ÒÁ·Õèà»ç¹ª×èÍ੾ÒРઋ¹ ò.õ.ñ ª×èͺؤ¤Åઋ¹¾ÃлÃÁÒÀÔä¸Â¾ÃйÒÁÒÀÔä¸Â¾ÃйÒÁ ÃÒª·Ô¹¹ÒÁ ¹ÒÁ ¹ÒÁÊ¡ØÅ µÑÇÍ‹ҧ ¾ÃлÃÁÒÀÔä¸Â ¾ÃкҷÊÁà´ç¨¾ÃÐ਌ÒÍÂًËÑÇÀÙÁÔ¾ÅÍ´ØÅÂà´ª ¾ÃйÒÁÒÀÔä¸Â ÊÁà´ç¨¾ÃÐà·¾Ãѵ¹ÃÒªÊØ´ÒÏ ÊÂÒÁºÃÁÃÒª¡ØÁÒÃÕ ¾ÃйÒÁ ÊÁà´ç¨Ï ¡ÃÁ¾ÃÐÂÒ´ÓçÃÒªÒ¹ØÀÒ¾ ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ö ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§
  9. 9. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ÃÒª·Ô¹¹ÒÁ ਌ҾÃÐÂҨѡÃÕ ¹ÒÁ ¹ÒÁÊ¡ØÅ ¹ÒÂÊÁªÒ ¤¹¨ÃÔ§ ò.õ.ò ª×èÍʶҹ·ÕèáÅÐͧ¤¡Ã ઋ¹ ˹‹Ç§ҹ ÇÑ´ Çѧ âçàÃÕ¹ µÑÇÍ‹ҧ ͧ¤¡Ã ÁÙŹԸԤ¹¾Ô¡ÒÃáˋ§»ÃÐà·Èä·Â ˹‹Ç§ҹ ¡ÃÁÊÃþҡà ÇÑ´ ÇÑ´´Ç§á¢ Çѧ ÇѧÈØ⢷Ñ âçàÃÕ¹ âçàÃÕ¹ʵÃÕÇÔ·ÂÒ ò.ö ¤Ó¹Ó˹ŒÒ¹ÒÁ ËÁÒ¶֧ ¤Ó·ÕèÍÂً˹ŒÒÇÔÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ ઋ¹ ¾ÃÐ ÍÔÊÃÔÂÂÈ °Ò¹Ñ¹´ÃÈÑ¡´Ôì ÊÁ³ÈÑ¡´Ôì ºÃôÒÈÑ¡´Ôì ÂÈ ¤Ó¹Ó˹ŒÒºØ¤¤Å·ÑèÇä» ÃÇÁ ·Ñ駤ӹÓ˹ŒÒª×èÍ·ÕèºÍ¡ÅѡɳÐʶҹÀÒ¾¢Í§ÇÔÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ¹Ñé¹æઋ¹Ï¾³Ï... ÈÒʵÃÒ¨ÒÏ... ¹ÒÂ... ¹Ò§... ¹Ò§ÊÒÇ... à´ç¡ªÒÂ... à´ç¡Ë­Ô§... ÏÅÏ µÑÇÍ‹ҧ ¾ÃÐÍÔÊÃÔÂÂÈ ¾ÃÐ਌ÒÇÃǧȏà¸Í ¾ÃÐͧ¤à¨ŒÒ¨ØŨѡþ§É °Ò¹Ñ¹´ÃÈÑ¡´Ôì ¾ÃÐ਌ÒÇÃǧȏà¸Í ¾ÃÐͧ¤à¨ŒÒ¨ØŨѡþ§É ÊÁ³ÈÑ¡´Ôì ÊÁà´ç¨¾ÃÐÇѹÃѵ ºÃôÒÈÑ¡´Ôì ਌ҾÃÐÂÒ¸ÃÃÁÈÑ¡´ÔìÁ¹µÃÕ ÂÈ ¾ÅàÍ¡ à»ÃÁ µÔ³ÊÙÅÒ¹¹· ò.÷ ¤Ó·ÑºÈѾ· ËÁÒ¶֧ ¤ÓÀÒÉÒµ‹Ò§»ÃÐà·È·Õèà¢Õ¹´ŒÇµÑÇÍÑ¡Éà ä·Â ÍÒ¨à»ç¹¤ÓÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ ઋ¹ ¤ÍÁ¾ÔÇàµÍÏ à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ¿ØµºÍÅ ËÃ×Í¤Ó ÇÔÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ ઋ¹ ừԿԡ àÁ´ÔàµÍÏàÃà¹Õ¹ äͺÕàÍçÁ ÂÙà¹Êâ¡ ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ÷ ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§
  10. 10. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ó. ¡ÒÃ㪌à¤Ã×èͧËÁÒ “–” à¾×èÍ᡾ÂÒ§¤ 㹡óշÕè¤Ó«Öè§ÁÕËÅÒ¾ÂÒ§¤ÍÑ¡ÉõÑÇÊØ´·ŒÒ¢ͧ¾ÂÒ§¤Ë¹ŒÒ¡ÑºÍÑ¡Éà µÑÇáá¢Í§¾ÂÒ§¤·ÕèµÒÁÁÒ ÍÒ¨·Óãˌ͋ҹÂÒ¡ ËÃ×Í͋ҹ¼Ô´ä´Œ ãˌ㪌à¤Ã×èͧ ËÁÒ “–” à¾×èÍ᡾ÂÒ§¤ â´ÂÁÕËÅÑ¡´Ñ§¹Õé ó.ñ àÁ×èÍÍÑ¡ÉõÑÇÊØ´·ŒÒ¢ͧ¾ÂÒ§¤Ë¹ŒÒà»ç¹ÊÃÐ áÅÐÍÑ¡ÉõÑÇáá ¢Í§¾ÂÒ§¤·ÕèµÒÁÁÒ¢Öé¹µŒ¹´ŒÇ¾ÂÑ­ª¹Ð ng (§) ઋ¹ ʧ‹Ò = Sa–nga ó.ò àÁ×èÍÍÑ¡ÉõÑÇÊØ´·ŒÒ¢ͧ¾ÂÒ§¤Ë¹ŒÒà»ç¹ng(§)áÅÐÍÑ¡ÉõÑÇáá ¢Í§¾ÂÒ§¤·ÕèµÒÁÁÒ¢Öé¹µŒ¹´ŒÇÂÊÃРઋ¹ ºÑ§Íà = Bang–on ó.ó àÁ×èÍÍÑ¡ÉõÑÇáá¢Í§¾ÂÒ§¤·ÕèµÒÁÁÒ¢Öé¹µŒ¹´ŒÇÂÊÃÐઋ¹ÊÐÍÒ´ = sa–at, ÊÓÍÒ§ = sam–ang ô. ¡ÒÃá¡¤Ó 㹡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Âà»ç¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹãˌà¢Õ¹á¡à»ç¹¤Ó æ ઋ¹ ʶҺѹä·Â¤´ÕÈÖ¡ÉÒ = Sathaban Thai Khadi Sueksa ˌҧᡌǿ‡Ò = Hang Kaeo Fa ¶¹¹âª¤ªÑ = Thanon Chok Chai «ÍºحÁÒ = Soi Bun Ma ¡ànj¹¤Ó»ÃÐÊÁ«Ö觶×ÍNjÒà»ç¹¤Óà´ÕÂǡѹ áÅÐÇÔÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ·Õèà»ç¹ª×èÍ ºØ¤¤Å ãˌà¢Õ¹µÔ´¡Ñ¹ ઋ¹ ÅÙ¡àÊ×Í (¤¹) = luksuea ¨Ò¹¼Õ = chanphi Ã¶ä¿ = rotfai ËÅǧä¾àÃÒÐàÊÕ§«Í = Luang Phairosiangso ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ø ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§
  11. 11. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ¹ÒÂ⪤ªÑ ¨Ôµ§ÒÁ = Nai Chokchai Chitngam õ. ¡ÒÃ㪌ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹµÑÇãË­‹ õ.ñ ÍÑ¡ÉõÑÇáá¢Í§ÇÔÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ áÅФӹÓ˹ŒÒ¹ÒÁ·ÕèÍÂً˹ŒÒ¤Ó ÇÔÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ¹Ñé¹ æ ãˌ㪌ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹµÑÇãË­‹ ઋ¹ ¹Ò»ÃÕ´Ò ÍÂًàÂç¹ = Nai Prida Yuyen à´ç¡Ë­Ô§Í،ÁºØ­ ·Í§ÁÕ = Dekying Umbun Thongmi ÌҹËÇÁàÊÃÔÁ¡Ô¨ = Ran Ruam Soem Kit ¨Ñ§ËÇÑ´¡Óᾧྪà = Changwat Kamphaeng Phet õ.ò ÍÑ¡ÉõÑÇáá¢Í§¤Óááã¹áµ‹ÅЋÍ˹ŒÒãˌ㪌ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹµÑÇ ãË­‹ ઋ¹ “¢Íãˌ·Ø¡¤¹»ÃÐʺ¤ÇÒÁÊÓàÃ稵ÒÁ»ÃÒö¹Ò䴌ÊÁËÁÒ ... µÒÁ¾Ø·¸ÀÒÉÔµ·Õè¡ÁÒ¢ŒÒ§µŒ¹” ¶Í´à»ç¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹ䴌´Ñ§¹Õé “Kho hai thuk khon prasop khwam samret tam pratthana dai sommai ... tam phutthaphasit thi yok ma khang ton” ö. ¡Òöʹª×èÍÀÙÁÔÈÒʵÏ ãˌ¶Í´¤ÓÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ·Õèà»ç¹ª×èÍÀÙÁÔÈÒʵÏà»ç¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹâ´ÂäÁ‹µŒÍ§ á»Åà»ç¹ÀÒÉÒÍѧ¡ÄÉ àª‹¹ à¢ÒÊÍ´ÒÇ = Khao Soi Dao äÁ‹ãªŒÇ‹Ò Soi Dao Hill áÁ‹¹éÓ»†ÒÊÑ¡ = Maenam Pa Sak äÁ‹ãªŒÇ‹Ò Pa Sak River ¶¹¹·‹Ò¾ÃÐ = Thanon Tha Phra äÁ‹ãªŒÇ‹Ò Tha Phra Road à¡ÒÐÊժѧ = Ko Si Chang äÁ‹ãªŒÇ‹Ò Si Chang Island ÷. ¡Òöʹ¤Ó·ÑºÈѾ· ÷.ñ ¤Ó·ÑºÈѾ··Õèà»ç¹ÇÔÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ ãˌà¢Õ¹µÒÁÀÒÉÒà´ÔÁ ઋ¹ ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ù ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§
  12. 12. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ºÃÔÉÑ·à¿Ôʵ¤ÅÒÊ ¨Ó¡Ñ´ = First Class Co. Ltd. ÷.ò ¤Ó·ÑºÈѾ··Õèà»ç¹Ê‹Ç¹Ë¹Ö觢ͧÇÔÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁáÅÐäÁ‹»ÃÐʧ¤ ¨Ðá»Åª×èÍÇÔÊÒÁҹ¹ÒÁ¹Ñé¹ ãˌà¢Õ¹¤Ó·ÑºÈѾ·¹Ñé¹à»ç¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹµÒÁ¡Òà ÍÍ¡àÊÕ§ã¹ÀÒÉÒä·Â ઋ¹ ʶҺѹ෤â¹âÅÂÕ¡ÒÃà¡ÉµÃáÁ‹â¨Œ = Sathaban Theknoloyi Kankaset Mae Cho ø. ¡Òöʹà¤Ã×èͧËÁÒµ‹Ò§ æ ø.ñ ¤Ó·ÕèÁÕà¤Ã×èͧËÁÒÂäÁŒÂÁ¡ (æ) ãˌ¶Í´«éÓ¤Ó ÇÅÕ ËÃ×Í»ÃÐâ¤ÍÕ¡ ¤ÃÑ駵ÒÁËÅÑ¡¡ÒÃ͋ҹ ઋ¹ ·Óº‹Í æ = tham boi boi ä¿äËÁŒ æ = fai mai fai mai ø.ò ¤Ó·ÕèÁÕà¤Ã×èͧËÁÒÂä»ÂÒŹŒÍ (Ï) «Öè§Â‹Í¤ÇÒÁ¢Í§¤Ó·ÕèÃٌ¨Ñ¡¡Ñ¹´Õ áÅŒÇ àª‹¹ ¡ÃØ§à·¾Ï ËÃ×ͤӷÕèà»ç¹áººá¼¹«Ö觵ŒÍ§Í‹Ò¹àµçÁ ઋ¹ â»Ã´à¡ÅŒÒÏ ãˌ¶Í´à»ç¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹàµçÁµÒÁ¤Ó͋ҹ ઋ¹ ¡ÃØ§à·¾Ï = Krung Thep Maha Nakhon â»Ã´à¡ÅŒÒÏ = protklao protkramom ·ÙÅà¡ÅŒÒÏ = thunklao thunkramom ø.ó ¤Ó·ÕèÁÕà¤Ã×èͧËÁÒÂä»ÂÒŹŒÍ (Ï) ËÒ¡ÁÕ¤ÓàµçÁ«Öè§ãªŒã¹¢ŒÍ¤ÇÒÁ ¡‹Í¹Ë¹ŒÒ¹Ñé¹áÅŒÇ ¨Ð¶Í´àµçÁµÒÁ¤Ó͋ҹËÃ×ÍäÁ‹¡ç䴌 ઋ¹ ¡ÃÁ¾ÃÐÃÒªÇѧºÇÃÏ = Kromphraratchawangbowon Sathanmongkhon ËÃ×Í Kromphraratchawangbowon ø.ô ¤Ó Ͼ³Ï ãˌ¶Í´µÒÁ¤Ó͋ҹ ¤×Í ¾Ð¹Ð·‹Ò¹ = Phanathan ø.õ à¤Ã×èͧËÁÒÂä»ÂÒÅãË­‹(ÏÅÏ)·ÕèÍÂً·ŒÒ¢ŒÍ¤ÇÒÁ«Öè§Í‹Ò¹Ç‹Ò“ÅД ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ñð ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§
  13. 13. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ËÃ×ÍÍ‹Ò¹Ç‹Ò “áÅÐÍ×è¹ æ” ãˌ¶Í´à»ç¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹµÒÁàÊÕ§͋ҹ¹Ñé¹ æ ઋ¹ ã¹µÅÒ´ÁÕà¹×éÍÊѵǏ ¼Ñ¡ ¼ÅäÁŒ ¹éÓµÒÅ ¹éÓ»ÅÒ ÏÅÏ = nai talat mi nueasat phak phonlamai namtan nampla la ËÃ×Í nai talat mi nueasat phak phonlamai namtan nampla lae uen uen ø.ö à¤Ã×èͧËÁÒÂä»ÂÒÅãË­‹ (ÏÅÏ) ·ÕèÍÂً¡ÅÒ§»ÃÐ⤫Öè§Í‹Ò¹Ç‹Ò “Åж֧” ãˌ¶Í´à»ç¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹµÒÁàÊÕ§͋ҹ ઋ¹ ¾ÂÑ­ª¹Ðä·Â ôô µÑÇ ÁÕ ¡ ÏÅÏ Î = phayanchana thai si sip si tua mi ko la thueng ho ù. ¡Òöʹ¤ÓÂ‹Í ù.ñ ¤Ó‹ͷÕèÁÒ¨Ò¡¤ÓàµçÁ·ÕèÃٌ¨Ñ¡¡Ñ¹´ÕáÅÐà»ç¹¤Ó·ÕèäÁ‹ÂÒǹѡ ãˌ͋ҹ àµçÁµÒÁËÅÑ¡¡ÒÃ͋ҹ áÅÐãˌ¶Í´à»ç¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹàµçÁµÒÁ¤Ó͋ҹ ઋ¹ ¨. «Öè§Â‹ÍÁÒ¨Ò¡¤Ó¨Ñ§ËÇÑ´ = changwat Í. ” ” ÍÓàÀÍ = amphoe ªÁ. ” ” ªÑèÇâÁ§ = chuamong ¹. ” ” ¹ÒÌÔ¡Ò = nalika ¾.È. ” ” ¾Ø·¸ÈÑ¡ÃÒª = phutthasakkarat ÃÃ. ” ” âçàÃÕ¹ = rongrian ù.ò ¤Ó‹ͷÕèÁÒ¨Ò¡¤Ó»ÃÐÊÁËÅÒ¤ÓáÅФ‹Í¹¢ŒÒ§ÂÒÇ ËÃ×ÍÂÒÇÁÒ¡ ¨Ð¶Í´µÒÁ¤Ó͋ҹ¢Í§µÑÇÂ‹Í ËÃ×ͶʹàµçÁ¡ç䴌 ઋ¹ Í.µÃ. ‹ͨҡ ͸Ժ´Õ¡ÃÁµÓÃǨ = otoro ËÃ×Í athipbodi krom tamruat ¼Í. ” ¼ÙŒÍӹǡÒà = pho-o ËÃ×Í phu-amnuaikan ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ññ ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§
  14. 14. àÍ¡ÊÒÃÊÓËÃѺà¼Âá¾Ã‹ ˌÒÁ¨Ó˹‹Ò ʻª. ‹ͨҡ Êӹѡ§Ò¹¤³Ð¡ÃÃÁ¡ÒáÒûÃжÁÈÖ¡ÉÒáˋ§ ªÒµÔ = sopocho ËÃ×Í Samnakngan Khanakam- makan Kanprathomsueksa Haeng Chat ñð. ¡ÒöʹµÑÇàÅ¢ ãˌ¶Í´µÒÁËÅÑ¡¡ÒÃ͋ҹÍÑ¡¢ÃÇÔ¸Õä·Â â´Âà¢Õ¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹàµçÁµÒÁ àÊÕ§·Õè͋ҹã¹ÀÒÉÒä·Â ઋ¹ ô.õð ºÒ· Í‹Ò¹Ç‹Ò ÊÕèºÒ·ËŒÒÊԺʵҧ¤ =si bat ha sip satang ðõ.ðð ¹. ” ˌҹÒÌÔ¡Ò =ha nalika ó.ñ.ñ ” ÊÒÁ¨Ø´Ë¹Ö觨ش˹Öè§ =sam chut nueng chut nueng ñ:ò ” ˹Ö觵‹ÍÊͧ =nueng to song ñ + ñ = ò ” ˹Ö觺ǡ˹Öè§à·‹Ò¡ÑºÊͧ =nueng buak nueng thaokap song ñððð ” Ë¹Ö觾ѹ =nueng phan ÃÒªºÑ³±ÔµÂʶҹ ñò ËÅѡࡳ±¡ÒöʹÍÑ¡ÉÃä·Â໚¹ÍÑ¡ÉÃâÃÁѹẺ¶‹ÒÂàÊÕ§

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