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Ancient Middle East
Sumerians         3500-2000 B.C.E.City states, first urban communitites        Agricultural affluence         Central Gove...
Sumerian ArtStandard of Ur 2600-2400 B.C.E.Limestone Box, inlay of shellsand lapis lazuli. Found in agrave, one side celeb...
Narrative told in registers.Hierarchy of scale employed.
"Ziggurat at Ur: Viewed from the East."Library of Congress. Prints and Photographs Division. G. Eric and Edith MatsonPhoto...
Votive figuresRepresent the devout
CylinderSealsThe seals were used to "sign"clay tablet documents--in thecase of the Spurlock seals,commercial receipts--wit...
Lyre 2600 B.C.E.
Gudea 2100Twenty-sixstatues ofGudea havebeen foundBenevolentleaderinstitutedmanyhumanitarianreforms.
Akkadian         2370 ~ 2350         • Victory Stele of Naram-Sin         • Grandson of Sargon, I, the           first Akk...
Stela of Ur-Nammu, c. 2112-2094 B.C.EAkkadian
Victory Stele• http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/victory-  stele-of-naram-sin.html
Compare stelesStela of Ur-Nammu, c.            Victory stele of2112-2094 B.C.E                  Naram Sin3 x 1.5 m        ...
Babylonian Empire"Babylonian Empire." Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File,Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/active...
Babylonians               1792 - 1198• Empire comparable to Roman in size.• Hammurabi 1792-1759, Babylon’s Golden Age.• Co...
Code of Hammurabi• His law code, which was part of an even  earlier tradition, was a means of imposing  order over the ter...
Hammurabi justifies his position as ruler ofBabylon by describing it as a consequenceof the divine ordering of the world, ...
Neo Babylonian                     aka               Chaldean Empire•   626 BC and ended in 539 BC•   Nebuchadnezzar II•  ...
Gilgamesh• A series of tales knit into  one epic poem.• Based on a historical  Sumerian king• The Epic is from the  origin...
Hittites• Used huge boulders in construction• Large fortification• Guardian lions
Hittite
Assyrian• Very masculine, idealizes king• Emotion shown in animals. Domination over  wild beast expressed the authority of...
Assyrian 9-7th c• Build palaces to express power. 14 ft tall.• Decorated palaces with large panels  showing king’s militar...
Major Works• Palace of Sargon II• Lammassu• Lion Hunt                        Lamassu
Palace of Sargon II
Lamassu    Protective spirit or deity.    Winged bull    Usually male face    At city gates so everyone    would see it on...
Ninevah 650
Persian• Persepolis c 500 B.C.E.• Built by Darius I and Xerses I and destroyed by  Alexander the Great• Built for receptio...
Palace Persepolis
Persian• Palace of Shapur  I• Influence of  Roman  architecture in  the barrel vault• Blind arcades, a  Roman feature
Cylinder Seals
Ancient Near East
Ancient Near East
Ancient Near East
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Ancient Near East

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Ancient Near East

  1. 1. Ancient Middle East
  2. 2. Sumerians 3500-2000 B.C.E.City states, first urban communitites Agricultural affluence Central Government First known writing system
  3. 3. Sumerian ArtStandard of Ur 2600-2400 B.C.E.Limestone Box, inlay of shellsand lapis lazuli. Found in agrave, one side celebrates
  4. 4. Narrative told in registers.Hierarchy of scale employed.
  5. 5. "Ziggurat at Ur: Viewed from the East."Library of Congress. Prints and Photographs Division. G. Eric and Edith MatsonPhotograph Collection. Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File,Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE49&iPin=AMH168&SingleRecord=True (accessed September 11, 2012).
  6. 6. Votive figuresRepresent the devout
  7. 7. CylinderSealsThe seals were used to "sign"clay tablet documents--in thecase of the Spurlock seals,commercial receipts--withthe unique seal of anindividual such as the seller.They can be compared to anotarized signature today.The impression gave visualproof of the genuineness ofthe object. They could also beused on the clay "envelope"containing the receipt orletter to prove no one hadtried to open it since it hadleft the merchant’s hand
  8. 8. Lyre 2600 B.C.E.
  9. 9. Gudea 2100Twenty-sixstatues ofGudea havebeen foundBenevolentleaderinstitutedmanyhumanitarianreforms.
  10. 10. Akkadian 2370 ~ 2350 • Victory Stele of Naram-Sin • Grandson of Sargon, I, the first Akkadian ruler to conquer and unite regionSargon
  11. 11. Stela of Ur-Nammu, c. 2112-2094 B.C.EAkkadian
  12. 12. Victory Stele• http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/victory- stele-of-naram-sin.html
  13. 13. Compare stelesStela of Ur-Nammu, c. Victory stele of2112-2094 B.C.E Naram Sin3 x 1.5 m 2.007 m
  14. 14. Babylonian Empire"Babylonian Empire." Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File,Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
  15. 15. Babylonians 1792 - 1198• Empire comparable to Roman in size.• Hammurabi 1792-1759, Babylon’s Golden Age.• Code of Law most famous accomplishment and art.
  16. 16. Code of Hammurabi• His law code, which was part of an even earlier tradition, was a means of imposing order over the territories he conquered, much as the gods Anu (An) and Enlil oversaw the organization of heaven and earth. The codification of responses to certain—and probably recurring— problems would also have served the purpose of simplifying and standardizing the administration of justice in his empire.
  17. 17. Hammurabi justifies his position as ruler ofBabylon by describing it as a consequenceof the divine ordering of the world, andboasts of his achievements as a conquerorand restorer of temples.
  18. 18. Neo Babylonian aka Chaldean Empire• 626 BC and ended in 539 BC• Nebuchadnezzar II• Tower of Babel• Ishtar Gate
  19. 19. Gilgamesh• A series of tales knit into one epic poem.• Based on a historical Sumerian king• The Epic is from the original Babylonian era. It was written in Akkadian.
  20. 20. Hittites• Used huge boulders in construction• Large fortification• Guardian lions
  21. 21. Hittite
  22. 22. Assyrian• Very masculine, idealizes king• Emotion shown in animals. Domination over wild beast expressed the authority of the king over his people and the powerful forces of nature.
  23. 23. Assyrian 9-7th c• Build palaces to express power. 14 ft tall.• Decorated palaces with large panels showing king’s military exploits.
  24. 24. Major Works• Palace of Sargon II• Lammassu• Lion Hunt Lamassu
  25. 25. Palace of Sargon II
  26. 26. Lamassu Protective spirit or deity. Winged bull Usually male face At city gates so everyone would see it on entering. From the front it is standing and from the side walking. Achieve this by placing 5 legs on the lamassu.
  27. 27. Ninevah 650
  28. 28. Persian• Persepolis c 500 B.C.E.• Built by Darius I and Xerses I and destroyed by Alexander the Great• Built for receptions and festivals
  29. 29. Palace Persepolis
  30. 30. Persian• Palace of Shapur I• Influence of Roman architecture in the barrel vault• Blind arcades, a Roman feature
  31. 31. Cylinder Seals

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