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Lavage, Hernioplasty, Extraction, And Anastomosis


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Lavage, Hernioplasty, Extraction, And Anastomosis

  1. 1. Lavage, Hernioplasty, Extraction, and Anastomosis<br />Presented By: Jamecia McFarlin<br />
  2. 2. What is Lavage?<br />Lavage is the irrigation or washing out of an organ or cavity, as of the stomach or intestine.<br />Types of Lavage<br />Abdominal Lavage<br />bronchoalveolar lavage<br />colonic lavage<br />gastric lavage<br />ice water lavage<br />ruminal lavage<br />subpalpebral lavage<br />thoracic lavage<br />
  3. 3. Meanings of Different Types of Lavage<br />abdominal lavage the infusion of saline into the peritoneal cavity, usually through a catheter inserted through the abdominal wall, for diagnostic purposes. The fluid returned may be examined for red blood cells, bacteria, enzymes, etc. Called also peritoneal lavage.<br />bronchoalveolar lavage percutaneous entry of a catheter between tracheal rings, followed by infusion of a small volume of normal sterile saline which is then aspirated. The sample is submitted to microbiological and histopathological examination.<br />colonic lavage irrigation of the colon, usually to remove ingested toxins.<br />gastric lavage gastric lavage, or irrigation of the stomach, is usually done to remove ingested poisons. The solutions used for gastric lavage are physiological saline, 1% sodium bicarbonate, plain water or a specific antidote for the poison. A gastric tube is passed and then the irrigating fluid is funneled into the tube. It is allowed to flow into the stomach by gravity. The solution is removed by siphonage; when the funnel is lowered, the fluid flows out, bringing with it the contents of the stomach. Called also gavage.<br />
  4. 4. …Types of Lavage Continued<br />ice water lavage administration of ice water through a stomach tube is used in the treatment of acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. There is a risk of inducing hypothermia.<br />ruminal lavage used in the treatment of carbohydrate engorgement. Serial gavages are performed until the fluid comes back clear. A 2.5 in (6 cm) diameter Kingman tube is necessary if any bulk of material is to be retrieved and a hose from a tap is the only practical irrigating mechanism.<br />subpalpebral lavage a method of medicating the eye, particularly useful in treating corneal ulcerations in horses. Tubing is inserted from the conjunctival sac through the upper eyelid and extended onto the head or neck. Medication can then be delivered continuously in a drip.<br />thoracic lavage irrigation of a pleural sac via a paracentesis cannula<br />
  5. 5. What is Hernioplasty?<br />Hernioplasty is the surgical repair of a hernia, with reconstruction of tissue; sometimes specifically that using a mesh patch or plug for reinforcement. <br />
  6. 6. What is Extraction?<br />Extraction is the surgical removal of a tooth from the mouth.<br />
  7. 7. What is Anastomosis?<br />An anastomosis is a surgical connection between two structures. It usually means a connection that is created between tubular structures, such as blood vessels or loops of intestine.<br />For example, when part of an intestine is surgically removed, the two remaining ends are sewn or stapled together (anastomosed), and the procedure is referred to as an intestinal anastomosis.<br />
  8. 8. THE END!!!<br />