HISTORY & ORIGIN• Peasant girl born in 1412.• Began having visions of God when she was 12.• Led the French Army into victories in the Hundred Years‟War -> led to Charles VIII being crowned.• Kidnapped by the Burgundians, given to the English inexchange for money.• Put on trial with the bishop Pierre Cauchon, and chargedwith “insubordination and heterodoxy”, then burned at thestake.• Declared a martyr by Pope Callixtus III after 25 years.
JEANNE D’ARC (1900)A 10 minute silent film directed by George Méliès starringJeanne dAlcy. One of the first colour films.
JOAN THE WOMAN(1916)Directed by Cecil B. DeMille, starring Geraldine Farrar, with aframework set in the trenches of World War I.
FALL JEANNE D’ARC,DER (1966)TV movie directed by Paul Verhoeven, and starring KathrinSchmid.
BILL AND TED’SEXCELLENT ADVENTURE(1989)Directed by Stephen Herek where Joan of Arc is transportedinto 1980s Southern California.
THE PASSION OFJOAN OF ARC (1928)Directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer, starring Renée JeanneFalconetti. Widely regarded as one of the greatest films of thesilent era, it was initially banned in Britain.A chronicle of the trial of Jeanne dArc on charges of heresy, andthe efforts of her ecclesiastical jurists to force Jeanne to recanther claims of holy visions.
JOAN OF ARC (1948)Directed by Victor Fleming, starring Ingrid Bergman, basedon the Maxwell Anderson play Joan of LorraineIn the Fifteenth Century, France is a defeated and ruined nationafter the One Hundred Years War against England. The fourteenyears old farm girl Joan of Arc claims to hear voices from Heavenasking her to lead Gods Army against Orleans and crowning theweak Dauphin Charles VII as King of France. Joan gathers thepeople with her faith, forms an army and conquerors Orleans.When her army is ready to attack Paris, the corrupt Charles sellshis country to England and dismiss the army. Joan is arrested,sold to the Burgundians England and submitted to a shamefulpolitical trial in Rouen castle.
THE MESSENGER: THESTORY OF JOAN OF ARC(1999)Directed by Luc Besson, starring Milla Jovovich
JEANNE (2011)An experimental feature film directed by Shahram Varza.Premiered at the São Paulo International Film Festival 2011.
VIDEO GAMES• Wars and Warriors: Joan of Arc (2004): PC game, titlecharacter• Jeanne d‟Arc (2006): PSP game set in a fantasy that’s looselybased on the historical story• Bladestorm: The Hundred Years‟ War (2007): PS3/Xbox 360game with Joan of Arc as the main characters and leader ofFrench Army
COMICS/ANIMATION• D‟arc: Histoire de Jeanne D‟arc (1995-1996): Two volumeretelling of the story.• Top 10: Forty-Niners (2005): One of the officers is based onJoan of Arc, dressing in chainmail and using holy powers.• Drifters: Appears as part of villainous group of fallen historicalfigures that wish to destroy the world. Joan is an insane warriorwho exchanged her humanity for the ability to control fire.• Histeria! (1998-2000): WB series parodying figures fromhistory. Joan of Arc is constantly shown extinguishing fires andspeaks with a Valley Girl accent.
LE CHAMPION DESDAMESArtist: Martin LefrancPainted: 1450
JOAN AT THECORONATION OFCHARLES VIIArtist: Jean Auguste Dominique IngresPainted: 1854Attempted to make her appear morefeminine
JOAN OF ARC STATUEArtist: Maxime Real del SarteSculpted: 1928Located a few inches fromexecution place
JEANNED’ARCHETYPEFictional character inspired by Joan of Arc. Always female,considered an „Action Girl‟ who‟s been thrust into leadershipand danger by a greater cause. Possibly a sub trope ofMagnetic Hero.EXAMPLES:• Mulan• Xena• GI Jane• Buffy• Princess Leia• Sarah Connor• Katniss Everdeen
WHY IS JOAN OF ARCSO GREAT?• A symbol of feminism and politics during theRenaissance.• Rejected societies idea of what women were supposed todo.• Led the French Army to win a few victories in battle.
FILM PITCHSet in modern day L.A, where a police officer in her latetwenties is suspended from her job as a gang murder bringsback memories of her brother’s death.She infiltrates a gang, participating in their criminal activities;planning to take down the gang she’s intercepted and theopposing one.Is taken hostage by the other gang, the leader from the gangshe infiltrated attempts to save her but is killed in theprocess. With his murder causing her to find out about thepolice corruption.
BIBLIOGRAPHY• Joan of Arc. Available:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_of_Arc. Last accessed 18thNov 2012.• Cultural Depictions of Joan of Arc. Available:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_depictions_of_Joan_of_Arc. Last accessed 18th Nov 2012.• Carvalho, C. Plot Summary for Joan of Arc (1948). Available:http://uk.imdb.com/title/tt0040491/plotsummary. Last accessed16th Nov 2012.• Jeanne dArchetype. Available:http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/JeanneDArchetype.Last accessed 18th Nov 2012 .