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  1. 1. Chapter 9.1
  2. 2. Monarchs and Nobles <ul><li>Feudal monarchs stood at the head of society but had limited power </li></ul><ul><li>They ruled their own domains but relied on vassals for military support </li></ul><ul><li>The nobles and the Church had as much or more power than the monarchs </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nobles and the Church <ul><li>Both the Nobles and the Church had their own courts </li></ul><ul><li>Collected their own taxes </li></ul><ul><li>And had their own army </li></ul>
  4. 4. Centralizing Power <ul><li>The monarchs tried to centralize power by expanding the Royal Domain and setting up their own system of justice that undermined the feudal and church courts. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Centralizing Power (ctd.) <ul><li>The monarchs also organized a government bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Developed a system of taxes </li></ul><ul><li>And built a standing army </li></ul><ul><li>They also strengthened ties with the middle class </li></ul>
  6. 6. Fight for England <ul><li>During the middle ages, Angles, Saxons, and Vikings all invaded and settled in England. </li></ul><ul><li>Although feudalism developed, English rulers generally kept their kingdom together. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fight for England(ctd.) <ul><li>In 1066, the Anglo-Saxon king Edward died leaving no heir. </li></ul><ul><li>Edward's brother-in-law, Harold, was chosen to rule, but Duke William of Normandy, an agressive descendant of Vikings also claimed the English throne. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fight for England(ctd.) <ul><li>Duke William of Normandy raised an army and gained the backing of the Pope. He sailed across the English Channel. </li></ul><ul><li>At the battle of Hastings, William beat Harold and on Christmas Day 1066, William the conqueror, as he was now called, got the crown of England. </li></ul><ul><li>Williams french speaking nobles took over, the Anglo-Saxons still survived and had 300 years of blending with the people of normandy </li></ul>
  9. 9. Controlling England <ul><li>William took firm control of his land, he granted feifs to the church and to the Norman lords, he kept a large amount of the land for himself. </li></ul><ul><li>He monitored who built castles and where. He required every vassle to swear allegence to him before the feudal lords that they served. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Magna Carta <ul><li> </li></ul>